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Table 3 Predictors of mortality among TB-HIV co-infected patients in Bahir Dar town, 2012

From: Predictors of mortality among TB-HIV Co-infected patients being treated for tuberculosis in Northwest Ethiopia: a retrospective cohort study

Variable Number at risk Number of death Incidence of mortality per 100 person month observation (95% CI) Crude hazard ratio (95% CI)
ART     
   Started 272 49 3.17 (2.39, 4.19) 0.54 (0.36, 0.82)*
   Not started 150 44 6.03 (4.49, 8.11) 1
CPT prophylaxis     
   Prescribed 348 60 3.59 (2.66, 4.87) 1
   Not prescribed 49 23 10.18 (6.77, 15.32) 3.15 (1.95, 5.11)*
Type of TB     
   Smear negative PTB 143 17 2.02 (1.26, 3.25) 1
   Smear positive PTB 93 21 4.31 (2.81, 6.61) 2.02 (1.07, 3.83)*
   Extra PTB 186 55 5.81 (4.46, 7.57) 2.77 (1.61, 4.78)*
Past OIs     
   No 206 50 4.62 (3.50, 6.09) 1
   Yes 160 31 3.53 (2.48, 5.02) 0.77 (0.49, 1.20)
Past TB treatment     
   No 313 66 3.95 (3.10, 5.03) 1
   Yes 89 18 3.58 (2.25, 5.68) 0.91 (0.54, 1.54)
Functional status     
   Working 239 31 2.21 (1.55, 3.14) 1
   Ambulatory 116 36 6.39 (4.61, 8.87) 2.77 (1.71, 4.47)*
   Bedridden 42 17 7.31 (3.81, 14.05) 3.88 (2.15, 7.02)*
CD4 count     
   < 75 107 33 6.22 (4.42, 8.75) 2.08 (1.17, 3.30)*
   75-150 91 21 4.44 (2.90, 6.81) 1.50 (0.80, 2.82)
   150-250 95 19 3.57 (2.28, 5.59) 1.24 (0.65, 2.37)
   > = 250 115 18 2.89 (1.82, 4.59) 1
Health institution     
   Health center 226 34 2.67 (1.91, 3.72) 1
   Hospital 196 59 5.89(4.57, 7.61) 2.18 (1.43, 3.33)*
Age(n = 408)     
   15-24 100 18 3.30 (2.08, 5.24) 1
   25-34 193 40 3.79 (2.78, 5.17) 1.15 (0.66, 2.01)
   35-44 69 16 4.40 (2.70, 7.18) 1.30 (0.66, 2.55)
   > = 45 46 19 8.97 (5.72, 14.06) 2.58 (1.34, 4.92)*
Sex     
   Male 187 45 4.53 (3.36, 6.07) 1
   Female 224 45 3.69 (2.75, 4.94) 0.82 (0.54, 1.24)
Educational status     
   Not educated 117 26 4.47 (3.05, 6.57) 1
   Primary 96 11 1.93 (1.07, 3.49) 0.45 (0.22, 0.90)*
   Secondary 143 37 4.82 (3.49, 6.66) 1.10 (0.66, 1.81)
   Tertiary 51 13 4.48 (2.60, 7.72) 1.05 (0.54, 2.05)
  1. *Significant at α = 0.05.