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Table 5 Multivariate model of the association between subclinical atherosclerosis with sociodemographic variables, habits, family history, clinical parameters, lipid profile, fasting glucose and features related to HIV by age group including all patients (total of 694 patients)

From: Risk factors for subclinical atherosclerosis in HIV-infected patients under and over 40 years: a case–control study

Variables < 40 years old ≥ 40 years old
OR(IC) p-value OR(CI) p-value
Age (continuous) 1.12 (1.05 – 1.20) 0.001 1.11 (1.05 – 1.17) < 0.001
Male sex 2.77 (1.43 – 5.34) 0.002 1.62 (0.94 – 2.81) 0.080
Nonwhite 3.01 (1.23 - 6.53) 0.007 1.37 (0.73 – 2.57) 0.321
BMI overweight 1.65 (0.79 – 3.44) 0.344 1.93 (1.04 – 3.57) 0.036
Obese 5.13 (1.79 – 14.7) 0.002 2.53 (0.85 – 7.54) 0.095
Metabolic Syndrome 3.30 (1.44 – 7.58) 0.005 1.01 (0.54 – 1.88) 0.968
Total cholesterol <200 1.0   1.0  
200 to < 240 mg/dL 0.83 (0.32 - 2.03) 0.701 1.24 (0.66 – 2.32) 0.491
≥ 240 mg/dL 2.28 (0.83 – 9.40) 0.095 2.14 (0.76 – 5.98) 0.145
Stable partner 2.07 (1.03 – 4.19) 0.041 2.41 (1.24 – 4.67) 0.009
CD4+ T-lymphocytes <200 1.0   1.0  
200 to < 350 cels/mm3 0.86 (0.33 – 2.24) 0.758 1.18 (0.59 – 2.37) 0.631
≥ 350 cels/mm3 0.71 (0.24 – 2.09) 0.542 2.81 (1.22 – 6.47) 0.015
HAART duration of use     
No HAART use 1.0   1.0  
PI < 5 years 0.64 (0.27 – 1.54) 0.323 0.67 (0.32 – 1.39) 0.287
PI ≥ 5 years 2.15 (0.23 – 20.1) 0.503 1.81 (0.38 – 8.59) 0.453
NNRTI < 5 years 1.52 (0.74 – 3.08) 0.248 1.31 (0.66 – 2.60) 0.426
NNRTI ≥ 5 years 1.94 (0.62 – 6.07) 0.254 2.65 (1.10 – 6.37) 0.028