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Table 3 Incidence rates of clinically-diagnosed skin and soft tissue infection episodes and adjusted relative rate ratios: model including race*age interaction

From: Incidence, microbiology, and patient characteristics of skin and soft-tissue infections in a U.S. population: a retrospective population-based study

Patient characteristic Race * age interaction Adjusted relative rate ratio (95% CI) a
All   
Gender   
  Female   1.05 (1.04,1.07)
  Male   REF
Diabetes   
  Yes   1.95 (1.93,1.98)
  No   REF
Race/ethnicity   
  Asian   0.43 (0.41,0.44)
  African-American   0.64 (0.61,0.67)
  Hispanic   0.73 (0.71,0.75)
  Native American   0.94 (0.85,1.04)
  Multiracial   0.96 (0.92,1.00)
  White   REF
Race/ethnicity * Age   
  Asian Under 5 1.86 (1.74,2.00)
  5- < 18 1.18 (1.12,1.24)
  18- < 50 1.05 (1.01,1.10)
  50- < 65 0.86 (0.82,0.90)
  65+ REF
  African-American Under 5 1.51 (1.40,1.62)
  5- < 18 0.99 (0.94,1.05)
  18- < 50 1.59 (1.52,1.66)
  50- < 65 1.19 (1.14,1.25)
  65+ REF
  Hispanic Under 5 1.22 (1.14,1.30)
  5- < 18 0.92 (0.88,0.96)
  18- < 50 0.96 (0.93,0.99)
  50- < 65 0.91 (0.87,0.94)
  65+ REF
  Native American Under 5 0.99 (0.82,1.20)
  5- < 18 0.81 (0.70,0.93)
  18- < 50 0.98 (0.87,1.10)
  50- < 65 0.95 (0.84,1.08)
  65+ REF
  Multiracial Under 5 0.94 (0.85,1.03)
  5- < 18 0.74 (0.69,0.78)
  18- < 50 0.85 (0.81,0.89)
  50- < 65 0.87 (0.83,0.91)
  65+ REF
  White Under 5 0.95 (0.89,1.00)
  5- < 18 0.78 (0.75,0.81)
  18- < 50 0.80 (0.78,0.82)
  50- < 65 0.78 (0.76,0.81)
  65+ REF
  1. Kaiser Permanente of Northern California, 2009 to 2011
  2. a Rate ratios were derived from a single multivariate negative binomial model. The entire KPNC membership for years 2009–2011 were summarized into strata by gender, age, race, and diabetes status. Each record in the analytic dataset was one of these strata. The dependent variable was the number of SSTI episodes for all members in the strata. Independent variables were gender, race, race*age, and diabetes status. The log of member years in each strata was used as an offset term. Ref = reference group; CI = 95% confidence interval.