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Table 2 Associations between patient characteristics and parasitic infection for children aged 5 years and below with diarrhoea in a study of intestinal parasites in urban poor, Nairobi, January 2010 to December 2011

From: Intestinal parasitic infections in children presenting with diarrhoea in outpatient and inpatient settings in an informal settlement of Nairobi, Kenya

Patient characteristics E. histolytica(%) Crude Adjusted
    OR 95% CI p-value AOR 95% CI p-value
Total 225/2112(10.7) - - - - - -
Gender
Male (ref) 134/1116(12) 1.0 - - 1.0 - -
Female 91/996(9.1) 0.74 0.56,0.98 0.033* 0.68 0.51,0.92 0.012*
Age group1
0 to 12 months (ref) 42/758(5.5) 1.0 - - 1.0 - -
13 to 24 months 52/528(9.8) 1.86 1.22,2.84 0.004* 1.46 0.93,2.28 0.098
25 to 36 months 61/408(15) 3.0 1.98,4.53 <0.001* 2.04 1.31,3.19 0.002*
37 to 48 months 46/241(19.1) 4.02 2.57,6.29 <0.001* 2.55 1.59,4.13 <0.001*
49 to 60 months 24/148(16.2) 3.3 1.93,5.64 <0.001* 1.96 1.12,3.43 0.019*
HIV status2
Negative (ref) 178/1598(11.1) 1.0 - - 1.0 - -
Positive 41/302(13.6) 1.25 0.87,1.80 0.225 1.58 1.18,2.33 0.019*
Patient type
Outpatients (ref) 218/1577(13.8) 1.0 - - 1.0 - -
Inpatients 7/535(1.3) 0.83 0.04,0.18 <0.001* 0.11 0.51,0.24 <0.001*
Seasonality - -  
Dry Season (ref)   1.0 - - 1.0 - -
Wet season 0   0.96 0.72,1.27 0.769 1.29 0.96,1.74 0.096
  1. KEY: *significant, missing values 1 = 29; 2 = 212.
  2. Infection with Entamoeba histolytica.