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Table 3 Univariate and multivariate analysis of risk factors for ocular tuberculosis among HIV/MDR-TB co-infected patients (n=47)

From: Ocular inflammatory disease and ocular tuberculosis in a cohort of patients co-infected with HIV and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Mumbai, India: a cross-sectional study

Factors   Risk ratio 95% Confidence intervals (CI) p Adjusted risk ratio 95% CI p
Sex Male 1      
Female 0.17 0.02- 1.51 0.11
Age, years >40 1    1   
≤39 4.80 0.85-26.95 0.07 6.38 1.05-38.80 0.04
Nadir CD4-count ≤200 1      
>200 0.65 0.13-3.21 0.60
CD4-count at evaluation ≤200 1    1   
>200 0.59 0.10-3.35 0.55 0.21 0.18-2.52 0.21
HIV viral load at evaluation undetectable 1      
detectable 1.18 0.20-6.75 0.85
Tuberculosis site pulmonary 1    1   
extrapulmonary 11.62 1.96-68.87 0.007 13.65 2.37-78.53 0.003
Time on MDR-TB treatment (months) >6 1    1   
≤6 0.53 0.09-2.99 0.47 0.39 0.03-4.79 0.46