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Table 2 Associations between cervicitis and sociodemographic, behavioral and biological characteristics

From: Prevalence and predictors of cervicitis in female sex workers in Peru: an observational study

Characteristic Unadjusted OR (95%CI) pvalue Adjusted OR (95%CI) pvalue
Age (years) 1.03 (1.00, 1.06) 0.02 1.01 (0.99, 1.04)a 0.32
Age at first sex 1.03 (0.94, 1.13) 0.53 1.02 (0.93, 1.12)a 0.66
Age of starting sex work 1.02 (0.98, 1.05) 0.33 0.99 (0.96, 1.03)a 0.72
Drug and/or alcohol use 1.01 (0.56, 1.82) 0.98 0.79 (0.43, 1.44)a 0.44
Earnings per client 1.00 (1.00, 1.01) 0.11 1.00 (1.00, 1.01)a 0.13
History of STI 1.26 (0.75, 2.09) 0.38 1.20 (0.70, 2.05)a 0.52
Illegal workplace 1.76 (0.96, 3.25) 0.07 1.48 (0.77, 2.84)a 0.24
Registered 0.65 (0.37, 1.15) 0.14 1.58 (0.63, 4.01)g 0.33
Months doing sex work 1.00 (1.00, 1.01) 0.03 1.00 (1.00, 1.01)a 0.1
Regularly receives medical care 0.48 (0.30, 0.77) <0.01 0.54 (0.34, 0.87)a 0.01
Has a non-client sexual partner 1.39 (0.87, 2.24) 0.17 1.42 (0.86, 2.33)a 0.17
Number of clients per week     
  None 1.00 (Ref) _ 1.00 (Ref) _
  1 to 10 1.42 (0.79, 2.55) 0.24 1.33 (0.73, 2.41)b 0.35
  11 to 20 1.57 (0.80, 3.09) 0.19 1.45 (0.72, 2.90)b 0.3
  21 to 40 0.47 (0.19, 1.14) 0.1 0.42 (0.17, 1.04)b 0.06
  > 40 0.45 (0.19, 1.09) 0.08 0.49 (0.20, 1.20)b 0.12
Condom use with clients (always) 0.77 (0.43, 1.38) 0.38 0.84 (0.46, 1.54)a 0.58
Condom use with clients or non-client partners (never) 1.35 (0.42, 4.33) 0.62 _ _
Condom use with non-client partners (always) 0.95 (0.82, 1.09) 0.48 0.50 (0.17, 1.48)c 0.21
Use of oral contraceptive pill 1.11 (0.62 - 1.98) 0.74 1.33 (0.72, 2.45)a 0.36
Education     
  Primary or less 0.95 (0.41, 2.17) 0.9 0.87 (0.36, 2.10)a 0.76
  Secondary, incomplete 1.02 (0.61, 1.70) 0.94 0.98 (0.55, 1.72)a 0.93
  Secondary complete 1.00 (Ref) _ 1.00 (Ref) _
  Technical School 0.74 (0.29, 1.64) 0.41 0.62 (0.25, 1.53)a 0.3
  University 0.63 (0.23, 1.70) 0.36 0.47 (0.15, 1.44)a 0.19
Nationality     
  Peruvian 1.00 (Ref) _ 1.00 (Ref) _
  Ecuadorian 0.27 (0.11, 0.64) <0.01 0.31 (0.13, 0.76)a 0.01
  Columbian or Dominican 0.8 (0.22, 2.94) 0.74 0.67 (0.18, 2.47)a 0.54
Sexual practices     
  Vaginal/Oral 1.00 (Ref)   1.00 (Ref)  
  Vaginal 2.05 (0.81, 5.17) 0.13 1.95 (0.72, 5.30)a 0.19
  Vaginal/Oral/Anal 0.87 (0.48, 1.57) 0.65 0.84 (0.45, 1.56)a 0.58
Genital tract infections     
  Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) 1.50 (0.89, 2.52) 0.12 1.47 (0.87, 2.48)f 0.15
  Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) 0.94 (0.29, 3.03) 0.91 _ _
  Any cervicitis-causing STId 1.78 (0.72, 4.39) 0.21 _ _
  Human Papillomavirus 0.95 (0.59, 1.53) 0.84 0.96 (0.60, 1.55)f 0.87
  HTLVe 1.83 (0.43, 7.81) 0.41 1.90 (0.45, 8.12)f 0.39
  Pelvic Inflammatory Disease 1.35 (0.41, 4.49) 0.62 1.34 (0.40, 4.45)f 0.64
  Vaginal discharge 0.68 (0.43, 1.09) 0.11 0.67 (0.42, 1.08)f 0.10
  1. aAdjusted for receipt of regular medical care and nationality.
  2. bAdjusted for nationality.
  3. cAdjusted for age, earnings, and regular medical care.
  4. d C. Trachomatis, N. Gonorrhoea, T. vaginalis.
  5. eHuman T-cell Lymphotropic Virus.
  6. fAdjusted for presence of any cervicitis-causing STI.
  7. gAdjusted for receipt of regular medical care.