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In vitro anti-HIV activity of crude extracts from Tinospora cordifolia

Background

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and is a global public health issue. Anti-HIV therapy involving chemical drugs has improved the life quality of HIV/AIDS patients. However, emergence of HIV drug resistance, side effects and the necessity for long-term anti-HIV treatment are the main reasons for failure of anti-HIV therapy. Therefore, it is essential to isolate novel anti-HIV therapeutics from natural resources. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the invitro anti-HIV activity of T. cordifolia plant extracts.

Methods

Extracts were prepared from dried leaves in n-hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and n-butanol. A toxicity study was performed on all crude extracts using peripheral mononuclear blood cells (PBMCs) isolated from whole blood. HIV-1 RT inhibition activity of the all solvent extracts of T. cardifolia was determined using a commercial kit.

Results

Among the tested extracts, the n-hexane and n-butanol crude extracts of T. cordifolia showed moderate cytotoxic activities against PBMCs with CC50 values ranging from 5.7-12.0 µg/ml. In the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase assay T. cardifolia plant extracts showed good inhibitory activity, which was near that of the reference drug. Ethyl acetate extract shows 85 percentage of HIV-1 RT inhibition activity at a concentration of 20 mg/ml.

Conclusion

The leaves of T. cardifolia extracts are shows anti-HIV 1 activity and this plant has great potential for developing useful drugs. Extraction of important biologically-active phytochemicals from this plant will certainly be helpful in protecting and treating various viral diseases in human beings.

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Correspondence to Mamidala Estari.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Estari, M., Venkanna, L. & Reddy, A.S. In vitro anti-HIV activity of crude extracts from Tinospora cordifolia. BMC Infect Dis 12, P10 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-12-S1-P10

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Keywords

  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • Crude Extract
  • Acquire Immune Deficiency Syndrome
  • Ethyl Acetate Extract
  • Peripheral Mononuclear Blood