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Table 1 Demographic distribution and viral prevalence in specimens tested, by camp, Kenya, September 2007-August 2010

From: Epidemiology of respiratory viral infections in two long-term refugee camps in Kenya, 2007-2010

  Total (N = 6264)
n (%)
Location Case classification
   Kakuma (N = 3323)
n (%)
Dadaab (N = 2941)
n (%)
ILI1
(N = 1815)
n (%)
SARI2
(N = 4449)
n (%)
Gender      
   Male 3394 (54.2) 1800 (54.2) 1594 (54.2) 939 (51.7) 2455 (55.2)
   Female 2870 (45.8) 1523 (45.8) 1347 (45.8) 876 (48.3) 1994 (44.8)
Age      
   < 1 years 2292 (36.6) 1228 (37.0) 1064 (36.2) 520 (28.7) 1772 (39.8)
   1 - < 2 years 1379 (22.0) 798 (24.0) 581 (19.8) 361 (19.9) 1018 (22.9)
   2 - < 5 years 1467 (23.4) 815 (24.5) 652 (22.2) 497 (27.4) 970 (21.8)
   ≥ 5 years 1126 (18.0) 482 (14.5) 644 (21.9) 437 (24.1) 689 (15.5)
Nationality      
   Somali 3891 (62.1) 980 (29.5) 2911 (99.0) 996 (54.9) 2895 (65.1)
   Sudanese 1441 (23.0) 1431 (43.1) 10 (0.3) 407 (22.4) 1034 (23.2)
   Kenyan 591 (9.4) 578 (17.4) 13 (0.4) 315 (17.4) 276 (6.2)
   Ethiopian 183 (2.9) 178 (5.4) 5 (0.2) 59 (3.6) 124 (2.8)
   Other 3 158 (2.5) 156 (4.7) 2 (0.1) 38 (2.1) 120 (2.7)
Infection prevalence      
   Adenovirus 1361 (21.7) 815 (24.5) 546 (18.6) 352 (19.4) 1009 (22.7)
   RSV 781 (12.5) 364 (11.0) 417 (14.2) 155 (8.5) 626 (14.1)
   hMPV 359 (5.7) 180 (5.4) 179 (6.1) 93 (5.1) 266 (6.0)
   Parainfluenza 591 (9.4) 319 (9.6) 272 (9.3) 155 (8.5) 436 (9.8)
   Influenza A 607 (9.7) 300 (9.0) 307 (10.4) 197 (10.9) 410 (9.2)
   Influenza B 161 (2.6) 75 (2.3) 86 (2.9) 55 (3.0) 106 (2.4)
   At least one virus 3119 (49.8) 1642 (49.4) 1477 (50.2) 837 (46.1) 2282 (51.3)
  1. 1Influenza-like illness; 2Severe acute respiratory infection; 3Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Uganda