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Table 2 Costs associated with rotavirus acute gastroenteritis in Western Europe, 2009US$

From: Burden of community-acquired and nosocomial rotavirus gastroenteritis in the pediatric population of Western Europe: a scoping review

Country/Study Costs per patient      National cost estimate per year (per GDP)
  Direct costs Indirect costs Direct costs Indirect costs
  Hospital Primary care Home care Hospital Primary care Home care   
Austria         
Fruhwirth, 2001[66] 384 NRV: 3,752 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Belgium         
Bilcke, 2009[67] NA NA 22 NA NA NA 10,258,095 (22) 15,372,592 (33)
Bilcke, 2008[64] NA NA 24 NA NA 253 10,832,292 (23) 22,448,225 (48)
Giaquinto, 2007[68] 2,109 110 NA 287 623 NA NA NA
Denmark         
Fischer, 2007[45] NA NA NA NA NA NA 2,211,901 (7) NA
France         
Fau, 2008[20] 44*   NA 271*   NA NA NA
Melliez, 2008[24] 1,613 53 10 NA NA NA 33,829,068 (13) NA
Giaquinto, 2007[68] 2,103 121 NA 260 377 NA NA NA
Huet, 2007[69] NA NA NA NA NA NA 152,230,808 (57)
Melliez, 2005[70] NA NA NA NA NA NA 35,003,757 (13) NA
Sermet Gaudelus, 2004[71] NRV: 7,185 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Piednoir, 2003[27] NRV: 4,534 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Germany         
Giaquinto, 2007[68] 2,306 146 NA 925 524 NA NA NA
Ireland         
Harrington, 2003[60] 1,428 NRV: 7,856 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Italy         
Marsella, 2009[72] 2,075-2,945 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Panatto, 2009[65] 2,076 26 NA NA NA NA 543,775 (0.26) 1,763,070 (0.83)
Giaquinto, 2007[68] 1,982 81 NA 964 372 NA NA NA
Spain         
Gil-Prieto, 2009[29] 4,880 NA NA NA NA NA 53,643,376 (37) NA
Lopez-de- Andres, 2008[73] 1,905 NA NA NA NA NA 8,967,305 (6) NA
Luquero Alcalde, 2008[74] 4,505 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Giaquinto, 2007[68] 1,973 64 NA 432 194 NA NA NA
Gil, 2004[75] 1,838 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Sweden         
Giaquinto, 2007[68] 2,389 260 NA 866 716 NA NA NA
UK         
Lorgelly, 2008[76] 113 ± 203 NA NA 157 ± 283 NA NA NA NA
Giaquinto, 2007[68] 1,942 141 NA 1,061 440 NA NA NA
  1. NRV: nosocomial rotavirus
  2. *pooled data from hospital & primary care settings
  3. total including direct and indirect
  4. NB: Indirect costs include work days lost by parents of children hospitalized for RVGE and out-of-pocket expenses; direct medical costs include hospitalization, outpatient consultation, prescribed & over the counter medication, and medical services (diagnostic, lab tests, etc....)