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Table 2 Odds ratios for the HCoV results according to the clinical characteristics

From: Coronavirus infections in hospitalized pediatric patients with acute respiratory tract disease

   Models (a) Models (b)
   HCoV negative vs HCoV positive (n = 395 vs 37) HCoV positive with coinfection vs HCoV positive with monoinfection (n = 26 vs 11) HCoV negative vs HCoV positive with monoinfection (n = 395 vs 11)
   OR 95% CI P OR 95% CI P OR 95% CI P
Specific symptoms Fever 0.76 0.35,1.67 0.49 0.37 0.07,1.96 0.24 0.37 0.09,1.51 0.17
Oxygen support required 2.46 1.18, 5.17 0.02 7.63 0.99,58.61 0.05 11.62 1.79,75.64 0.01
Cough 2.03 0.93, 4.41 0.07 8.75 1.41,54.37 0.02 9.43 1.97,45.23 0.01
Rhinorrhea 0.63 0.28,1.40 0.26 6.81 1.17,39.80 0.03 2.36 0.56,9.93 0.24
Dyspnea 6.85 3.18,14.76 <0.001 7.63 0.99,58.61 0.05 32.26 4.90,213.37 <0.001
Wheezing 2.79 1.28, 6.07 0.01 3.28 0.43,25.16 0.25 6.76 1.04, 43.92 0.05
Vomiting 0.48 0.14, 1.61 0.23 2.90 0.11,74.05 0.52 0.99 0.05, 21.13 >0.99
Diagnoses LRTI vs URTI 7.61 2.97,19.54 <0.001 2.62 0.44,15.54 0.29 15.72 3.26,75.81 <0.001
  Bronchiolitis 5.48 2.50,11.99 <0.001 5.72 0.96,33.94 0.05 19.58 4.03,95.12 <0.001
  1. Key: The odds ratios and 95% CIs were derived from univariate logistic regression models. In models (a): the outcome is the presence of the specific symptom, HCoV positivity is the covariate, and the reference category is “HCoV positive”. In models (b), the outcome is the presence of the specific symptom, the covariate HCoV has three categories (HCoV positive with a monoinfection, HCoV positive with coinfection, and HCoV negative), and the reference category is “HCoV positive with monoinfection”.