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Table 1 Characteristics on admission of K. pneumoniae infected patients compared to patients with H. influenzae/S pneumoniae ALRI aged ≥5 years in univariate analysis

From: Klebsiella pneumoniaerelated community-acquired acute lower respiratory infections in Cambodia: Clinical characteristics and treatment

  Patients with K. pneumoniaeALRI
(n = 43)
Patients with H. influenzaeand S. pneumoniaeALRI
(n = 160)
P-value
Age, median years (Inter Quartile Range [IQR]) 55 (45-72) 57 (42-65) 0.8
Male gender (%) 14 (32.6) 80 (50.0) 0.04
Co-morbidities (%)    
   Smoking history 10 (23.3) 50 (31.2) 0.3
   Cardiovascular disease 6 (13.9) 17 (10.6) 0.5
   Diabetes mellitus 7 (16.3) 10 (6.2) 0.03
   Alcoholism 6 (13.9) 35 (21.9) 0.2
   Renal impairment 3 (7.0) 10 (6.2) 0.8
   Liver disease 1 (2.3) 1 (0.6) 0.3
Prior treatment 19 (44.2) 92 (57.5) 0.08
Prior antibiotic 5 (11.6) 7 (4.4) 0.08
Clinical data    
   Chest pain 24 (55.8) 106 (66.2) 0.1
   Hemoptysis 10 (23.2) 23 (14.4) 0.1
   Severity criteria 5 (11.6) 8 (5.0) 0.1
Laboratory results    
Leucocytes, median 109/L (IQR) 8.5 (6.7 - 10.8) 8.3 (6.2 - 10.6) 0.6
   AST*, median U/L (IQR) 29 (25-42) 27.5 (21-38) 0.1
   ALT*, median U/L (IQR) 30 (21-32) 26 (20-34) 0.4
   Blood creatinine μmol/L (IQR) 88.4 (77.8 - 108.7) 88.4 (76.0 - 99.0) 0.6
  1. NOTE. Liver enzymes: AST (Aspartate transaminase) and ALT (Alanine transaminase)