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Table 2 Variables independently associated with prevalence of any (A) or multiple (B) cervical HPV infection among women engaged in sex work participating in the Young Women’s Health Study in Phnom Penh, Cambodia (n = 220)

From: Cervical human papillomavirus infection among young women engaged in sex work in Phnom Penh, Cambodia: prevalence, genotypes, risk factors and association with HIV infection

 

A. Any HPV infection

Model 1

Model 2

Model 3

Final model

Variables

AOR (95% CI)

AOR (95% CI)

AOR (95% CI)

AOR (95% CI)

Sociodemographics

    

Number of child

0.77 (0.56-1.05)

0.84 (0.61-1.16)

0.80 (0.57-1.11)

0.70 (0.49-1.01)

Type of sex venue (last 30 days)

    

Entertainment/others

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

Freelances/brothels

3.00 (1.66-5.43)**

2.11 (1.08-4.12)*

1.30 (0.60-2.84)

0.77 (0.32-1.88)

Drugs and alcohol use

    

ATS use (last 3 months)

    

No

 

1.0

1.0

1.0

Yes

 

2.27 (1.11-4.62)*

1.85 (0.88-3.89)

1.85 (0.83-4.12)

Sexual behaviors

    

Number of sexual partners (last month)

  

1.05 (1.01-1.08)*

1.05 (1.01-1.09)*

HIV and STI infections

    

Previously diagnosed STI

    

No

   

1.0

Yes

   

1.55 (0.82-2.92)

HIV result

    

Negative

   

1.0

Positive

   

7.96 (2.80-22.65)**

 

B. Multiple HPV infection (≥2 genotypes)

 

Model 1

Model 2

Model 3

Final Model §

Variables

OR (95% CI)

AOR (95% CI)

AOR (95% CI)

AOR (95% CI)

Sociodemographics

    

Type of sex venue (last 30 days)

    

Entertainment/others

1.0

1.0

1.0

1.0

Freelances/brothels

5.34 (2.52-11.33)**

4.18 (1.90-9.21)**

3.56 (1.44-8.82)**

3.05 (1.05-8.84)*

Drugs and alcohol use

    

Binge of drugs (last 3 months)

    

No

 

1.0

1.0

1.0

Yes

 

2.58 (1.12-5.96)*

2.66 (1.09-6.51)**

3.45 (1.32-9.03)*

Sexual behaviors

    

Number of sexual partners (last month)

  

1.07 (1.02-1.13)**

1.09 (1.03-1.16)**

Number of new sexual partners (last month)

  

0.91 (0.84-0.99)*

0.90 (0.82-0.99)*

HIV result

    

Negative

   

1.0

Positive

   

5.25 (1.95-14.14)**

  1. † = variable use as continuous § = Final model adjusted for education * = p ≤ 0.05 ** = p ≤ 0.01.