Skip to main content

Table 2 Variables independently associated with prevalence of any (A) or multiple (B) cervical HPV infection among women engaged in sex work participating in the Young Women’s Health Study in Phnom Penh, Cambodia (n = 220)

From: Cervical human papillomavirus infection among young women engaged in sex work in Phnom Penh, Cambodia: prevalence, genotypes, risk factors and association with HIV infection

  A. Any HPV infection
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Final model
Variables AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Sociodemographics     
Number of child 0.77 (0.56-1.05) 0.84 (0.61-1.16) 0.80 (0.57-1.11) 0.70 (0.49-1.01)
Type of sex venue (last 30 days)     
Entertainment/others 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Freelances/brothels 3.00 (1.66-5.43)** 2.11 (1.08-4.12)* 1.30 (0.60-2.84) 0.77 (0.32-1.88)
Drugs and alcohol use     
ATS use (last 3 months)     
No   1.0 1.0 1.0
Yes   2.27 (1.11-4.62)* 1.85 (0.88-3.89) 1.85 (0.83-4.12)
Sexual behaviors     
Number of sexual partners (last month)    1.05 (1.01-1.08)* 1.05 (1.01-1.09)*
HIV and STI infections     
Previously diagnosed STI     
No     1.0
Yes     1.55 (0.82-2.92)
HIV result     
Negative     1.0
Positive     7.96 (2.80-22.65)**
  B. Multiple HPV infection (≥2 genotypes)
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Final Model §
Variables OR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Sociodemographics     
Type of sex venue (last 30 days)     
Entertainment/others 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Freelances/brothels 5.34 (2.52-11.33)** 4.18 (1.90-9.21)** 3.56 (1.44-8.82)** 3.05 (1.05-8.84)*
Drugs and alcohol use     
Binge of drugs (last 3 months)     
No   1.0 1.0 1.0
Yes   2.58 (1.12-5.96)* 2.66 (1.09-6.51)** 3.45 (1.32-9.03)*
Sexual behaviors     
Number of sexual partners (last month)    1.07 (1.02-1.13)** 1.09 (1.03-1.16)**
Number of new sexual partners (last month)    0.91 (0.84-0.99)* 0.90 (0.82-0.99)*
HIV result     
Negative     1.0
Positive     5.25 (1.95-14.14)**
  1. † = variable use as continuous § = Final model adjusted for education * = p ≤ 0.05 ** = p ≤ 0.01.