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Table 5 Environmental factors associated with adherence to ACT in Southeast Alego location

From: Factors associated with non-adherence to Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) to malaria in a rural population from holoendemic region of western Kenya

Independent variables Adhered Did not adhere P-valuea OR 95 % CI P-valueb
Environmental factors       
Source of ACT       
Health facility 132 (95.7 %) 144 (91.7 %) 0.162 1.00 (reference category)   
Bought drugs from Chemist 2 (1.4 %) 1 (0.6 %)   0.458 0.041-5.114 0.526
Left-over, given by neighbour /friend /relative 4 (2.9 %) 12 (7.6 %)   2.750 0.866-8.737 0.086
Availability at source       
No 60 (42.9 %) 97 (61.8 %) 0.001 1.00 (reference category)   
Yes 80 (57.1 %) 60 (38.2 %)   0.464 0.292-0.738 0.001
Distance to source       
≤ 30 minutes 67 (47.9 %) 66 (42.0 %) 0.350 1.00 (reference category)   
> 30 minutes 73 (52.1 %) 91 (58.0 %)   1.265 0.800-2.002 0.314
  1. Legend: HH- Household; ACT- Artemisinin-based Combination Therapy. The results above show that availability of ACT at the source was significantly associated with adherence to the drug and it was not associated to the source and distance to source of ACT. P-value in bold is statistically significant at P ≤ 0.050. aStatistical significance determined by Chi-square tests. bStatistical significance determined by logistic regression tests.
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