Skip to main content

Table 4 Socio-economic characteristics and factors associated with adherence to ACT in Southeast Alego location

From: Factors associated with non-adherence to Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) to malaria in a rural population from holoendemic region of western Kenya

Socio-economic factors Adhered Did not adhere P-valuea OR 95 % CI P-valueb
Education level Primary 70 (50.0 %) 73 (46.5 %)   0.074 0.017-0.322 <0.01
  Secondary 47 (33.6 %) 42 (26.8 %)   0.059 0.013-0.264 <0.01
  Post-Secondary 17 (12.1 %) 11 (7.0 %) <0.01 0.038 0.008-0.195 >0.01
  Still in school 4 (2.9 %) 2 (1.3 %)     
  None 2 (1.4 %) 29 (18.5 %)   1.00 (reference category)   
HH inc. source Salaried employment 23 (16.4 %) 16 (10.2 %)   0.370 0.175-0.782 0.009
  Self employed 28 (20.0 %) 21 (13.4 %)   0.444 0.224-0.878 0.020
  Petty business 29 (20.7 %) 31 (19.7 %) 0.094 0.632 0.335-1.192 0.157
  Casual worker 17 (12.1 %) 19 (12.1 %)   0.661 0.310-1.410 0.284
  Farming 43 (30.7 %) 70 (44.6 %)   1.00 (reference category)   
HH monthly inc. Below Ksh.4,500 60 (42.9 %) 99 (53.5 %)   1.00 (reference category)   
  Ksh.4500-9,000 55 (39.3 %) 42 (26.8 %) 0.002 0.451 0.269-0.754 0.002
  Over Ksh. 9,000 25 (17.9 %) 16 (10.2 %)   0.340 0.167-0.694 0.003
Ability to read Able to read 114 (81.4 %) 90 (57.3 %)   0.285 0.167-0.486 <0.01
  Unable to read 24 (18.6 %) 67 (42.7 %) <0.01 1.00 (reference category)   
  1. Legend: HH-Household, ACT- Artemisinin-based combined therapies, inc.-Income. From the results above, education level, household monthly income and ability to read affected the proportions of those that adhered to ACT. The P-values in bold are statistically significant at P ≤ 0.050. aStatistical significance determined by Chi-square tests. bStatistical significance determined by logistic regression tests.
\