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Table 3 Multivariate GEE*ϕ analysis of sociodemographic, behavioural and clinical factors associated with ≥ 95% ART adherence.

From: Female gender predicts lower access and adherence to antiretroviral therapy in a setting of free healthcare

Variable OR (95% CI) p-value
Gender    
   (Female vs. Male) 0.70 (0.53-0.93) 0.013
Age    
   (<24 yrs vs. ≥ 24 yrs) 0.27 (0.13-0.57) <0.001
Heroin use*    
   (Daily vs. not daily) 0.56 (0.43-0.73) <0.001
Cocaine use*    
   (Daily vs. not daily) 0.57 (0.47-0.71) <0.001
Methadone treatment    
   (Yes vs. no) 2.35 (1.88-2.94) <0.001
Education    
   (less than highschool vs. other) 0.65 (0.43-0.98) 0.04
Viral load    
   (per log10copies/mL) 0.81 (0.68-0.97) 0.018
CD4+ count    
   (per 100 cells/mm3) 0.89 (0.84-0.94) <0.001
  1. *Refers to the previous six-month period. Defined as drug treatment other than methadone in the past six months. ϕGEE = Generalized Estimating Equation.