*Temporary residents who will stay in Canada for more than 6 months and who have spent >6 consecutive months in a high incidence countries are also screened.
‡ In Australia, countries with TB rates < 20/100,000 get a CXR if coming for > 12 months and if ≥ 20/100,000 than a CXR is done if coming for more than 3 months >.
** New Zealand screens all applicants intending to stay for more than 12 months for TB. It also screens applicants intending to stay more than six months if there are risk factors present (ie. they hold a passport for a country not considered to be low incidence of TB, or if, in the five years prior to application, they have spent three months or more in any such country/ies)