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Table 1 High immigration countries with respective incidences of all forms of TB and smear positive active pulmonary TB (PTB)

From: A comparative examination of tuberculosis immigration medical screening programs from selected countries with high immigration and low tuberculosis incidence rates

Country % contribution to world migration 2005* (in millions)† All forms of TB incidence rate per 100,000 reported in 2006§ (absolute number of cases) Smear positive PTB† incidence rate per 100,000 reported in 2006§ (absolute number of cases) WHO 3 year estimate average sputum positive smear PTB incidence rate per 100,000 Included in survey
United States 20.2 (38.4) 4 (13,148) 2 (5,777) 2 Yes
Russian Fed 6.4 (12.1) 107(152,797) 48(68,178) 51 No
Germany 5.3 (10.1) 6 (5,370) 3 (2,407) 3 Yes
Ukraine 3.6 (6.8) 106(49,308) 47(21,902) 45 No
France 3.4 (6.5) 14(8,630) 6 (3,830) 6 Yes
Saudi Arabia 3.3 (6.4) 44(10,631) 20(4,784) 19 No
Canada 3.2(6.1) 5(1,678) 2 (748) 2 Yes
India 3.0(5.7) 168(1,932,852) 75(867,455) 75 No
United Kingdom 2.8(5.4) 15(9,358) 7(4,177) 6 Yes
Spain 2.5(4.8) 30 (13,179) 13 (5,810) 12 Yes
Australia 2.2(4.1) 6(1,329) 3(595) 3 Yes
Pakistan 1.7(3.3) 181(291,743) 82(131,192) 82 No
UAE (United Arab Emirates) 1.7(3.2) 16 (681) 7(306) 7 Yes
Hong Kong, SAR China 1.6(3.0) 62(4,433) 28(1,995) 32 No
Israel 1.4(2.7) 8(521) 3(233) 3 Yes
Italy 1.3(2.5) 7(4,393) 3(1,945) 3 Yes
Kazakhstan 1.3(2.5) 130(19,961) 59(8,971) 64 No
Cote d'Ivoire 1.2(2.4) 420 (79,515) 183(34,669) 173 No
Jordan 1.2(2.2) 5 (306) 2 (138) 2 Yes
Japan 1.1(2.0) 22(28,330) 10(12,736) 12 Yes
  1. *United Nations, Trends in total migrant stock: The 2005 revision[22]
  2. †The number of international migrants, also called the international migrant stock, generally represents the number of persons born in a country other than that in which they live.
  3. ‡ PTB - pulmonary TB
  4. § World Health Organization, Tuberculosis Control, Surveillance, Planning and Finances[54].