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Table 1 Characteristics of ART-naïve and experienced HIV-patients in Hasan Sadikin Hospital, September 2007 - August 2009 (n = 869)

From: Anemia and iron homeostasis in a cohort of HIV-infected patients in Indonesia

Characteristics ART naïve ART experienced p value
  Total
n = 611
No anemia
n = 304
Mild
n = 186
Moderate-severe
n = 114
Total
n = 258
No anemia
n = 216
Mild
n = 37
Moderate-severe
n = 5
 
Male sex, % 68.2 67.1 68.8 69.3 81.6 83.6 73.0 60.0 < 0.001
Median age, yrs (IQR) 28 (26-31) 28 (25-30) 29 (26-32) 29 (26-34) 29 (26-32) 29 (26-32) 30 (26-34) 31 (29-31) 0.45
Median BMI, kg/m2
(IQR)
19.5
(17.3-22.0)
19.8
(17.8-22.6)
19.1
(16.9-21.6)
19.6
(16.8-21.8)
20.3
(18.6-22.5)
20.4
(18.5-22.5)
20.2
(18.5-22.3)
17.8
(15.7-22.1)
0.63
History of IDU, % 63.1 64.9 61.8 61.0 84.4 86.5 78.4 40.0 < 0.001
Anti HCV (+), % 58.5 59.6 61.3 50.0 80.0 84.0 64.7 25.0 < 0.001
Median CD4, cells/mm3
(IQR)
76
(20-305)
232
(66-406)
45
(15-144)
17
(6-45)
272
(201-395)
280
(220-425)
195
(128-314)
190
(72-375)
< 0.001
TB treatment, % 21.3 6.3 27.4 50.9 3.9 2.8 5.4 40.0 < 0.001
Oral Candidiasis, % 27.8 21.8 35.4 31.4 3.3 2.0 5.7 40.0 < 0.001
Median MCV (IQR) (fl) 84.3
(80.3-87.5)
85.8
(82.8-88.6)
82.8
(77.6-86.4)
81.3
(76.0-84.7)
108.5
(103.0-114.0)
109.0
(104.0-114.0)
108.0
(99.8-114.0)
88.4
(81.0-100.1)
< 0.001
Median MCH (IQR) (pg) 28.9
(27.3-30.2)
29.5
(28.2-30.5)
28.4
(25.9-29.8)
27.8
(25.7-29.2)
38.4
(36.0-40.6)
38.4
36.3-40.7)
39.0
(34.2-40.5)
29.2
(27.7-33.8)
0.58
Reticulocyte index (%) 0.8 (0.6-1.5) 1.0 (0.6-1.8) 0.8 (0.6-1.0) 1.0 (0.5-2.7) 0.8 (0.6-1.0) 0.9 (0.7-1.4) 0.6 (0.5-1.0) 1.0 (1.0-1.0) 0.02
  1. * p value for difference between ART-naïve and experienced group
  2. Mild anemia: Hb 10.5 - 12.99 g/dL for men; and 10.5 - 11.99 g/dL for women, moderate-severe anemia: Hb < 10.5 g/dL.
  3. TB treatment: receive TB treatment in presentation or within 3 months of presentation
  4. Anemia status missing in 7 patients, gender in 3 patients, age in 1 patients, BMI in 151 patients, IDU status in 46 patients, anti HCV in 117 patients, CD4 in 13 patients, oral candidiasis in 94 patients, reticulocyte index only available from 184 patients
  5. BMI: body mass index; IDU: injecting drug user; HCV: Hepatitis C virus; TB: tuberculosis; MCV: mean corpuscular volume; MCH: mean corpuscular hemoglobin; IQR: interquartile range.