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Table 1 Characteristics by age in untreated HIV-infected children.

From: Severe morbidity and mortality in untreated HIV-infected children in a paediatric care programme in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, 2004-2009

  Overall Age < 1 year Age 1 - 2 years Age 2 - 5 years Age 5 - 10 years Age 10 - 15 years
BASELINE N = 405 N = 64 N = 42 N = 108 N = 142 N = 49
Age, years, median (IQR) 4.5 (1.9; 7.5) 0.3 (0.01; 0.6) 1.7 (1.6; 1.8) 3.4 (2.6; 4.1) 7 (5.9; 8.5) 12.1 (11.2; 13.1)
Female, n (%) 189 (46.7) 30 (46.9) 19 (45.2) 47 (43.5) 75 (52.8) 18 (36.7)
Weight available, n (%) 383 (94.6) 59 (92.2) 37 (88.1) 100 (92.6) 138 (97.2) 49 (100.0)
Height available, n (%) 369 (91.1) 59 (92.2) 36 (85.7) 95 -88 131 (92.3) 48 (97.9)
   Weight for age z-score, median (IQR) -2.09 (-3.45; -0.95) - 1.94 (-3.01; -0.91) -2.67 (-4.10; -1.60) -1.93 (-3.36; -0.74) -1.84 (-3.22; -0.75) -2.58 (-4.05; -1.62)
   Height for age z-score, median (IQR) -1,59 (-2;69; -0.76) - -1.34 (-1.47; -0.93) -1.79 (-3.01; -0.74) -1.32 (-2.44; -0.72) -1.88 (-2.79; -1.06)
   Weight for height z-score, median (IQR) -1,11 (-2.63; -0.21) - -1.33 (-1.32; -0.38) -0.86 (-2.37; 0.06) -1.38 (-3.57; -0.43) -1.67 (-1.85; -1.49)
   Failure to thrive, n (%) 198 (51.7) 29 (49.2) 26 (70.3) 48 -48 63 (45.7) 32 (65.3)
CD4 count measurement available, n (%) 308 (76.1) 36 (56.3) 36 (85.7) 92 (85.2) 106 (74.6) 38 (94)
   CD4 cell %, median (IQR) 19 (14; 25.5) 18.3 (14.1; 26) 17.9 (11.7; 23.3) 20.7 (14; 26.2) - -
   CD4 count/μL, median (IQR) 403 (151; 665) -   - - 507.5 (234; 723) 213.5 (55; 413)
   Immunodepressed* children*, n (%) 112 (27.7) 10 (15.6) 10 (15.6) 26 (24.1) 39 (27.5) 27 (55.1)
CDC stage C, n (%) 50 (12.3) 7 (10.9) 6 (14.3) 12 (11.1) 14 (9.9) 11 (2.1)
Baseline cotrimoxazole prophylaxis n (%) 271 (66.9) 23 (35.9) 33 (78.6) 74 (68.5) 102 (71.8) 39 (67.4)
Born to known HIV-infected mothers 273 (67.4) 64 (100) 33 (78.6) 86 (76.6) 77 (54.2) 13 (26.5)
Diagnosis by PCR before 18 months 71 (19.2) 53 (82.8) 6 (14.3) 5 (4.6) 6 (4.2) 1 (2.1)
Mother deceased at inclusion, n (%) 97 (30.9) 1 (1.6) 1 (2.4) 15 (13.9) 52 (36.6) 28 (57.1)
Breastfeeding history, n (%) 191 (47.2) 40 (62.5) 19 (45.2) 43 (39.9) 67 (47.2) 22 (44.9)
History of PMTCT intervention 65 (18.1) 50 (78.1) 10 (23.8) 5 (4.6) - -
  1. Children followed-up by the CePReF and the MTCT-Plus programme, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire (January-2004-December 2009). n = 405. * Immunodeficiency according to the 2006 criteria;