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Table 3 Factors associated with sustaining contraceptive decision among young people

From: To use or not to use a condom: A prospective cohort study comparing contraceptive practices among HIV-infected and HIV-negative youth in Uganda

Factors Sustained contraceptive use (N = 652) Continued non-contraceptive use (N = 620)
  (Row %) Crude OR Adjusted OR (Row %) Crude OR Adjusted OR
Age of respondent Yes    Yes   
   15- 19 years 37 (15.2) 1.0 1.0 68 (24.7) 1.0 1.0
   20 -24 years * 107 (26.2) 1.99 (1.31, 3.02) 1.78 (1.16, 2.74) 44 (12.8) 0.44 (0.29, 0.68) 0.85 (0.52, 1.37)
HIV status of respondent       
   Negative 107 (24.1) 1.0 1.0 45 (11.8) 1.0 1.0
   Infected 37 (17.8) 0.68 (0.45, 1.04) 0.63 (0.41, 0.98) 67 (28.2) 2.93 (1.91, 4.50) 2.80 (1.80, 4.36)
Sex of respondent       
   Female 98 (20.0) 1.0 1.0 76 (16.2) 1.0 1.0
   Male* 46 (28.4) 1.57 (1.05, 2.39) 1.64 (1.08, 2.51) 36 (23.7) 1.60 (1.02, 2.51) 1.32 (0.81, 2.13)
Marital status       
   Single/separated/widowed 25 (17.4) 1.0 1.0 76 (33.2) 1.0 1.0
   Married/in a relationship* 119 (82.6) 2.82 (1.77, 4.53) 1.70 (1.15, 2.50) 33 (9.4) 0.21 (0.13, 0.33) 0.29 (0.18, 0.45)
Education level       
   Primary 25 (15.9) 1.0   27 (17.0) 1.0  
   Secondary 45 (18.1) 1.16 (0.68, 1.99)   52 (20.3) 1.25 (0.74, 2.09)  
   Higher and above 74 (30.2)* 2.28 (1.37, 3.82)   32 (15.8) 0.91 (0.52, 1.60)  
Age difference with partner       
   5 years or less 76 (27.9) 1.0   21 (9.7) 1.0  
   6 years or more 31 (23.5) 0.79 (0.49, 1.28)   10 (9.0) 0.92 (0.42, 2.04)  
   No partner* 37 (14.9) 0.45 (0.29, 0.71)   81 (27.7) 2.58 (2.10, 6.10)  
Religion of respondent       
   Born again (Pentecostal) 25 (19.1) 1.0   28 (20.9) 1.0  
   Catholic 46 (20.9) 1.12 (0.65, 1.93)   38 (17.9) 0.83 (0.48, 1.43)  
   Protestant 49 (24.1) 1.35 (0.78, 2.32)   33 (17.7) 0.81 (0.64, 1.42)  
   Muslim 24 (25.3) 1.43 (0.76, 2.71)   13 (15.5) 0.69 (0.33, 1.43)  
Discussed with health workers about pregnancy, contraception, birth spacing       
   No 14 (14.6) 1.0   12 (12.8) 1.0  
   Yes 130 (23.4) 1.79 (0.99, 3.26)   100 (19.0) 1.60 (0.84, 3.06)  
Discussed with partner about childbearing*       
   No 45 (14.8) 1.0   87 (25.1) 1.0  
   Yes 99 (28.5) 2.29 (1.54, 3.41)   25 (9.1) 0.30 (0.18, 0.49)  
H-Lemeshow statistic    77.9%    81.8%
P value    0.221    0.779
  1. Adjusted for age gender and marital status.