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Table 4 Cytokine concentrations in acute serum samples of patients with HFRS according to the causative agent and disease severity

From: Serum levels of inflammatory and regulatory cytokines in patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome

Patient group Mean levels (min-max) of cytokines (pg/ml)
  IL-10 IL-12 INF-γ TNF-α
DOBV 292.5 (2.24-6600) 100.4 (1.94-544) 89.1 (0-1916) 9.8 (0-62.5)
   severe 474.4 (12.4-6600) 97.7 (10.9-544) 131.5 (0-1916) 12.3 (1.87-62.5)
   mild-moderate 44.4 (2.24-328) 104.0 (1.94-440) 31.4 (0-354) 6.3 (0-17)
PUUV 130.3 (6.63-2120) 139.2 (0.98-637) 24.1 (0.43-692) 10.8 (0-138)
   severe 89.9 (15.5-731) 151.1 (2.49-570) 46.6 (1.61-692) 7.6 (2.47-15.2)
   mild-moderate 148.6 (6.63-2120) 133.8 (0.98-637) 14.0 (0.43-203) 12.3 (0-138)