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Table 4 Description of patients with acute community-acquired Lm meningitis who survivied or died

From: Three-year multicenter surveillance of community-acquired listeria monocytogenes meningitis in adults

  Survivors n = 31 Non-Survivors n = 12 p
Age (median ± IQR) 67 ± 26 71 ± 43 0.999
Elderly patient 17 (55) 7 (58) 0.836
Immunocompromised 22 (71) 7 (58) 0.482
Neurological finding 9 (29) 2 (17) 0.698
GCSb at presentation (median ± IQR) 13 ± 11 13 ± 8 0.453
Classic Triadc 14 (45) 7 (58) 0.438
WBC > 999 cells/mL 10 (33) 5 (42) 0.282
Protein level g/L (median ± IQR) 2.08 ±1.3 2.1 ± 4.4 0.685
CSFd/blood glucose ratio (median ± IQR) 0.27 ± 0.24 0.18 ± 0.21 0.448
Hyponatremia 13 (42) 6 (50) 0.633
Seizures 2 (7) 2 (17) 0.308
Empirical Ampicilllin + gentamicin therapy 8 (26) 3 (25) 0.957
Definitive Ampicillin + gentamicin therapy 10 (32) 8 (67) 0.040
Dexamethasone concomitant to antibiotic 17 (55) 4 (33) 0.206
Phenytoin 8 (26) 3 (25) 0.999
  1. a Results are expressed as n (%) unless otherwise specified
  2. b GCS: Glasgow Coma Scale.
  3. c Triad of fever, neck stiffness and change in mental status.
  4. d CSF: Cerebrospinal Fluid.