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Table 1 Blood culture results in children between 2 months and 5 years of age

From: Systemic bacteraemia in children presenting with clinical pneumonia and the impact of non-typhoid salmonella (NTS)

  All pneumonia
n = 173
Non-severe pneumonia*
n = 72
Severe pneumonia
n = 101
No pneumonia
n = 859
Total
n = 1032
  n %   % n % n % n %
NTS 16 9.3 7 9.7 9 8.9 112 13.0 128 12.4
S. Typhi 4 2.3 1 1.4 3 3.0 11 1.3 15 1.5
Shigella spp. 0 - 0 - 0 - 3 0.4 3 0.3
Enterococcus spp. 0 - 0 - 0 - 1 0.1 1 0.1
S. pneumoniae 8 4.6 2 2.8 6 5.9 12 1.4 20 1.9
H. influenzae 0 - 0 - 0 - 1 0.1 1 0.1
Streptococcus spp. 1 0.6 1 1.4 0 - 3 0.4 4 0.4
S. aureus 5 2.9 1 1.4 4 4.0 17 2.0 22 2.1
Klebsiella spp. 2 1.2 1 1.4 1 1.0 2 0.2 4 0.4
Pseudomonas spp. 1 0.6 0 - 1 1.0 0 - 1 0.1
Acinetobacter spp. 1 0.6 0 - 1 1.0 2 0.2 3 0.3
M. morganii 1 0.6 0 - 1 1.0 0 - 1 0.1
E. coli 1 0.6 0 - 1 1.0 4 0.5 4 0.5
Contaminant 11 6.4 5 6.9 6 5.9 79 9.2 90 8.7
Negative 122 70.5 54 75.0 68 67.3 612 71.3 734 71.1
  1. * Pneumonia cases according to WHO-IMCI definition. Agogo Presbyterian Hospital 09/2007-07/2009
  2. # Severe pneumonia included the WHO definitions for "very severe pneumonia" and "severe pneumonia"