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Table 2 Primary clinical presentations and outcomes of 145 cases of melioidosis

From: Incidence, risk factors and clinical epidemiology of melioidosis: a complex socio-ecological emerging infectious disease in the Alor Setar region of Kedah, Malaysia

Type of primary clinical presentationa Culture + ve (91 cases) Culture - ve/Serology +ve (54 cases)
  Number of patients (n) Number died (% of n) Number of patients (n1) Number died (% of n1)
   Pneumonia 39 25 (64.1) 22 4 (18.2)
   Soft tissue abscess 19 8 (42.1) 6 3 (50.0)
   Osteomyelitis/septic arthritis 7 3 (42.9) 0 -
   Prostatic abscess 1 0 0 -
   Liver abscess 6 1 (16.7) 4 0
   Splenic abscess 9 1 (11.1) 6 0
   Brain/neurological abscess 2 1 (50.0) 5 2 (40.0)
   Others 40 20 (50.0) 14 3 (37.2)
   Total 91 41 (45.1) 54 8 (14.8)
  1. a In some cases, a single patient had more than one presentation