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Table 1 Univariate analysis of predictors of death during admission among patients with S. aureus bacteremia and a contemporaneous urine culture obtained a

From: Staphylococcus aureus bacteriuria as a prognosticator for outcome of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia: a case-control study

Risk Factorb Death during admission No death during admission OR (95% CI) P value
N 36 253   
Demographics
Male 22 (61) 176 (70)   0.31
Race/Ethnicity     0.46
   Black 22 (61) 145 (50)   
   Hispanic 9 (25) 44 (15)   
   Other race 2 (6) 23 (8)   
   White 3 (8) 41 (14)   
Age 51.6 (15.8) 47.6 (15.3)   0.15
Microbiological Factors
Epidemiologic risk     0.76
   Community associated 11 (31) 69 (27)   
   Healthcare associated 8 (22) 71 (28)   
   Hospital onset 17 (47) 113 (45)   
MRSA 17 (47) 103 (41)   0.46
Urine culture positive 14 (39) 43 (17) 3.11 (1.47 - 6.55) 0.002
Clinical Factors
HIV 6 (17) 28 (11)   0.32
Bladder catheter 19 (53) 86 (34) 2.17 (1.07 - 4.39) 0.03
Charlson score 2.84 2.04   0.22
Hemodialysis 1 (3) 26 (11) 0.24 (0.03 - 1.90) 0.15
Immunosuppressed 8 (22) 45 (18)   0.52
Urological surgery 0 (0) 13 (5)   0.16
DM 13 (36) 70 (28)   0.30
IVDA 4 (11) 42 (17)   0.40
Prosthetic device 3 (8) 63 (25) 0.27 (0.08-0.92) 0.03
Alcoholism 7 (19) 40 (16)   0.58
ID consult or managementc 18 (50) 128 (60)   0.25
Line/phlebitis 2 (6) 56 (22) 0.21 (0.05-0.89) 0.02
Skin soft tissue infection 7 (19) 50 (20)   0.96
Bone/joint infection 2 (6) 25 (25)   0.40
Pulmonary infection 6 (17) 35 (14)   0.65
GU infection 0 (0) 22 (9)   0.05
Incubation Period 26.8 (67.4) 12.4 (24.0)   0.21
Outcome
Fever days 2.7 (4.8) 3.7 (5.0)   0.11
Time to effective therapy 1.06 (2.6) days 1.8 (3.7) days   0.12
Length of stay after culture 10.1 (11.3) days 13.5 (14.1) days   0.17
  1. Footnotes: a Contemporaneous urine cultures are performed within 72 hours of the blood culture. bData represent count (%) and mean (standard deviation) for count and continuous data, respectively. cPatient management was either primarily by infectious diseases clinician or with infectious diseases consultation.