Skip to main content

Table 2 Bivariate analysis for significant risk factors for *HBV-seropositivity

From: Prevalence and risk factors of hepatitis B and C virus infections in an impoverished urban community in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Risk factors *HBV positive n = 582 (100%) HBV negative n = 1406 (100%) Odds Ratio (95% CI) p-value
1. Marital status
Un-married 200 (34.4) 764 (54.3) 1.0  
Married 382 (65.6) 642 (45.7) 2.27 (1.85-2.79) < 0.001
2. History of jaundice
No 431 (74.1) 1116 (79.4) 1.0  
Yes 151 (25.9) 290 (20.6) 1.35 (1.07-1.70) 0.009
3. Previous surgery
No 431 (74.1) 1101 (78.3) 1.0  
Yes 151 (25.9) 305 (21.7) 1.26 (1.00-1.59) 0.04
4. Circumcision in males only (n = 734)
No 37 (15.9) 190 (37.8) 1.0  
Yes 195 (84.1) 312 (62.2) 3.21 (2.13-4.86) < 0.001
5. Needle-stick injuries
No 550 (94.5) 1368 (97.3) 1.0  
Yes 32 (5.5) 38 (2.7) 2.09 (1.26-3.47) 0.002
6. Ear-nose-body piercing in females only (n = 1254)
No 14 (4) 155 (17.1) 1.0  
Yes 336 (96) 749 (82.9) 4.97 (2.76-9.10) < 0.001
7. Animal bites
No 451 (77.5) 1204 (85.6) 1.0  
Yes 131 (22.5) 202 (14.4) 1.73 (1.34-2.23) < 0.001
8. Visiting community barber for shaving in males only (n = 734)
No 64 (27.6) 296 (59) 1.0  
Yes 168 (72.4) 206 (14) 3.77 (2.65-5.37) < 0.001
9. Visiting unregistered health care providers
No 98 (16.8) 310 (22.0) 1.0  
Yes 484 (83.2) 1096 (78.0) 1.40 (1.08-1.81) 0.008
10. Receiving treatment for STD
No 528 (90.7) 1330 (94.6) 1.0  
Yes 54 (9.3) 76 (5.4) 1.79 (1.23-2.61) 0.001
  1. (Note: *HBV-seropositivity includes HBsAg positive/anti-HBc positive/both HBsAg and anti-HBc positive study participants)