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Table 1 Model parameters

From: Comparing large-scale computational approaches to epidemic modeling: Agent-based versus structured metapopulation models

Model parameters



Initial conditions

Origin of pandemic



Arrival of infection in country

Simulating global pandemic

Provided by GLEaM

Transmission dynamics (common to both models)

Basic reproductive ratio, R 0

1.9 [1.5, 2.3]

Average latency period, ε-1

2.0 days

Average infectious period, μ-1

3.0 days

Probability of asymptomatic disease, p a


Reduction in disease transmission due to asymptomatic disease, r β



Long/short range travel

Explicit air travel with 70% daily average occupancy of flights.

Commuting model used for geographically locating schools and workplaces.


Implicit commuting through effective force of infection with τ = 3 day-1 return rate and real commuting fluxes.

Implicit within country through random contacts in the general population.

Impact of symptomatic disease on individual behaviour

Stop travelling when ill with probability 1-p t = 50%

Reduction in school and work attendance, ranging from 90% in daycare centers to 50% in workplaces.

  1. Model assumptions and parameter values used as baseline [and sensitivity analysis] are summarized both for GLEaM and the agent-based model.