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Table 3 Rate ratio relative to the occurrence of AIDS-defining illnesses 42 months after HAART initiation (Adult Senegalese cohort, 1998-2008, 293 patients).

From: Incidence and determinants of new AIDS-defining illnesses after HAART initiation in a Senegalese cohort

  Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
Factors Rate ratio 95% CI Rate ratio 95% CI
Age (year) 1.00 [0.96;1.05]   
Sex (female vs. male) 0.52 [0.25; 1.07]   
Baseline CD4a 0.95 [0.82;1.10]   
Baseline BMIb (kg/m2) 0.90 [0.80; 1.01]   
CDC stage at baseline (C vs. A or B) 1.77 [0.77;4.09]   
VLc ≤ 103 cp/mL at period start 0.33 [0.15;0.73]   
Current CD4 cell counta 0.80 [0.74;0.87] 0.79 [0.71;0.87]
Variability in CD4 increased 0.61 [0.44;0.84]   
Current viral load
(≤ 103 vs. > 103 cp/mL)
4.33 [1.86;10.08] 2.74 [1.15;6.57]
Duration of VLc ≤ 103 cp/mL 0.88 [0.81; 0.96]   
  1. a: per 50 cells/mm3; b: Body Mass Index; c: Viral Load; d: per standard deviation unit.