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Table 3 Comparison of skin and soft tissue infections with and without intensive care unit (ICU) admission$

From: Skin and soft tissue infections in hospitalized and critically ill patients: a nationwide population-based study

Variables Other cellulitis or abscess Decubitus ulcer Post-operation wound infection Infection due to vascular device/implant Gangrene Necrotizing fasciitis
  ICU (n = 227)/Non-ICU (n = 5,755) ICU (n = 302)/Non-ICU (n = 1,022) ICU (n = 225)/Non-ICU (n = 1,037) ICU (n = 80)/Non-ICU (n = 297) ICU (n = 78)/Non-ICU (n = 428) ICU (n = 85)/Non-ICU (n = 272)
Age ≥65 yr 55.9/35.3* 83.1/81.8 52.0/31.6* 61.3/49.5 75.6/58.9# 45.9/32.4#
Men 63.0/60.7 57.3/52.2 66.7/61.6 48.8/51.2 61.5/53.5 69.4/66.2
Surgical conditions 37.0/10.2* 24.8/14.5* 92.9/51.3* 67.5/56.2 65.4/59.8 77.6/72.4
Hospital levels, Center/Regional/District 34.4, 45.4, 20.3/25.4, 42.5, 32.1* 17.2, 46.7, 36.1/20.5, 33.6, 45.9* 45.8, 44.0, 10.2/41.5, 39.7, 18.8# 36.3,53.8, 10.0/51.5, 42.8, 5.7 35.9, 44.9, 19.2/29.7, 39.7, 30.6 43.5, 47.1, 9.4/18.4, 62.1, 19.5*
Charlson Comorbid Index ≥1 70.0/37.1* 60.9/69.4# 63.6/37.8* 85.0/97.0* 73.1/71.5 67.1/52.9#
Comorbid conditions       
   COPD 6.6/4.0 14.2/12.3 4.0/2.0 2.5/3.4 3.8/3.3 1.2/2.6
   Congestive heart failure 11.9/2.6* 8.6/5.5# 3.1/0.6# 12.5/3.4# 12.8/3.7# 5.9/2.9
   Cerebrovascular disease 11.5/3.8* 16.6/21.8# 7.6/2.1* 8.8/3.0# 10.3/7.0 2.4/4.0
   Diabetes mellitus 32.6/21.2* 21.2/25.8 15.6/16.4 16.3/21.2 23.1/23.6 44.7/33.8
   End stage renal disease 7.0/2.8* 6.6/4.1 2.7/2.2 47.5/52.2 17.9/9.1# 5.9/2.9
   Cirrhosis 8.8/2.8* 1.3/1.9 1.8/1.7 1.3/2.4 5.1/0.2* 11.8/2.9#
   Cancer 9.3/4.1* 5.6/7.2 29.3/15.6* 18.8/38.0# 2.6/2.6 9.4/1.5*
Infections other than SST 51.1/18.0* 78.5/56.6* 44.9/21.2* 62.5/38.4* 50.0/17.8* 56.5/22.8*
Hospital mortality, % 14.5/0.6* 20.2/6.2* 8.9/0.5* 17.5/3.4* 23.1/2.8* 28.2/1.5*
  1. $ Digits in cells represent percentages; * p < 0.001; # p < 0.05; Center/Regional/District: Medical center/Regional hospital/district hospital; COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; SST: skin/soft tissue.