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Table 3 Gynaecologically examined risk factors for vaginal infections

From: The burden and risk factors of Sexually Transmitted Infections and Reproductive Tract Infections among pregnant women in Zimbabwe

Risk factors Vaginal Infections Positive Vaginal Infections Negative Unadjusted odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)
Age debut n = 439 n = 237   
>20 years 120 (57) 92 (43) 1  
<20 years 319 (69) 145 (31) 1.69 (1.21-2.36) 1.60 (1.06-2.42)
Vaginal pH n = 353 n = 319   
<4.5 56 (52) 51 (48) 1  
>4.5 302 (65) 161 (35) 2.06 (1.35-3.15) 1.67 (1.04-2.68)
Curd-like vaginal discharge n = 357 n = 202   
Absent 198 (59) 135 (41) 1  
Present 159 (70) 67 (30) 1.61 (1.13-2.32) 1.54 (1.00-2.38)
Yellow vaginal discharge n = 339 n = 208   
Absent 217 (58) 155 (42)   
Present 122 (70) 53 (30) 1.64 (1.12-2.41) 1.71 (1.08-2.72)
Abnormal vaginal discharge n = 434 n = 238   
Absent 292 (60) 191 (40) 1  
Present 142 (75) 47 (25) 1.98 (1.35-2.88) 1.59 (0.96-2.60)
Reported genital itchiness n = 239 n = 434   
No 251 (59) 174 (41) 1  
Yes 183 (74) 65 (26) 1.95 (1.38-2.75) 1.29 (0.82-2.03)
  1. Vaginal infections positive was the outcome in multivariate analysis