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  1. Content type: Research article

    Viral hepatitis is an important public health issue in sub-Saharan Africa. Due to rising mortality from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma and limited implementation of screening and treatment programmes, ...

    Authors: Alexander J Stockdale, Collins Mitambo, Dean Everett, Anna Maria Geretti and Melita A Gordon

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:516

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Incomplete virologic suppression results in mutations associated with resistance and is a major obstacle to disease control. We analyzed the genotypic profiles of HIV-1 patients at the time of the first virolo...

    Authors: Marta Iglis Oliveira, Valter Romão de Souza Junior, Claudia Fernanda de Lacerda Vidal and Paulo Sérgio Ramos de Araújo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:514

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The first step of designing any genome-based molecular diagnostic test is to find a specific target sequence. The modified genome comparison method is one of the easiest and most comprehensive ways to achieve ...

    Authors: Alireza Neshani, Reza Kamali Kakhki, Mojtaba Sankian, Hosna Zare, Amin Hooshyar Chichaklu, Mahsa Sayyadi and Kiarash Ghazvini

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:517

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Human papillomavirus (HPV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and herpes simplex virus (HSV) cause sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) that are frequently found in men who have sex with men (MSM) with human immunodeficie...

    Authors: Jureeporn Chuerduangphui, Kanisara Proyrungroj, Chamsai Pientong, Saowarop Hinkan, Jiratha Budkaew, Charinya Pimson, Bandit Chumworathayi, Ploenpit Hanond and Tipaya Ekalaksananan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:509

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Clinical studies and mathematical simulation suggest that active surveillance with contact isolation is associated with reduced vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) prevalence compared to passive surveillanc...

    Authors: Agnes Loo Yee Cheah, Allen C. Cheng, Denis Spelman, Roger L. Nation, David C. M. Kong and Emma S. McBryde

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:511

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  6. Content type: Research article

    We aimed to identify the main spreading clones, describe the resistance mechanisms associated with carbapenem- and/or multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa and characterize patients at risk of acquiring these strains...

    Authors: Kaidi Telling, Mailis Laht, Age Brauer, Maido Remm, Veljo Kisand, Matti Maimets, Tanel Tenson and Irja Lutsar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:513

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Antistaphylococcal penicillins (ASPs) and cefazolin have become the most frequent choices for the treatment of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) infections. However, the best therapeutic agent ...

    Authors: Changcheng Shi, Yubo Xiao, Qi Zhang, Qingyu Li, Fei Wang, Jing Wu and Nengming Lin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:508

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are the most common illness in children, and rapid diagnosis is required for the optimal management of RTIs, especially severe infections.

    Authors: Jin Li, Yue Tao, Mingyu Tang, Bailu Du, Yijun Xia, Xi Mo and Qing Cao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:510

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Healthcare-associated infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa are associated with poor outcomes. However, the role of P. aeruginosa in surgical site infections after colorectal surgery has not been evaluated....

    Authors: A Gomila, J Carratalà, J M Badia, D Camprubí, M Piriz, E Shaw, V Diaz-Brito, E Espejo, C Nicolás, M Brugués, R Perez, A Lérida, A Castro, S Biondo, D Fraccalvieri, E Limón…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:507

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  10. Content type: Debate

    The ongoing transmission of Mycobacterium (M.) leprae reflected in a very slow decline in leprosy incidence, forces us to be innovative and conduct cutting-edge research. Single dose rifampicin (SDR) as post-expo...

    Authors: Liesbeth F Mieras, Anna T Taal, Wim H van Brakel, Emmanuelle Cambau, Paul R Saunderson, W Cairns S Smith, Cita Rosita S Prakoeswa, Linda Astari, David M Scollard, Dejair Caitano do Nascimento, Jacques Grosset, Hemanta K Kar, Shinzo Izumi, Laura Gillini, Marcos C L Virmond and Marieke G G Sturkenboom

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:506

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Healthcare exposure may increase drug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae colonization risk. Nascent antimicrobial stewardship efforts in low- and middle-income countries require setting-specific data. We aimed to ev...

    Authors: Renu Bharadwaj, Matthew L Robinson, Usha Balasubramanian, Vandana Kulkarni, Anju Kagal, Priyanka Raichur, Sandhya Khadse, Dileep Kadam, Chhaya Valvi, Aarti Kinikar, Savita Kanade, Nishi Suryavanshi, Ivan Marbaniang, George Nelson, Julia Johnson, Jonathan Zenilman…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:504

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Antimicrobial resistance is a public-health threat and antimicrobial consumption is the main contributor. The ten-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV10) was introduced into the Icelandic vaccination...

    Authors: Elias Eythorsson, Samuel Sigurdsson, Birgir Hrafnkelsson, Helga Erlendsdóttir, Ásgeir Haraldsson and Karl G Kristinsson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:505

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  13. Content type: Research article

    HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective for prevention of HIV acquisition, but requires HIV testing at regular intervals. Female sex workers (FSWs) are a priority population for HIV prevention ...

    Authors: Katrina F. Ortblad, Michael M. Chanda, Daniel Kibuuka Musoke, Thomson Ngabirano, Magdalene Mwale, Aidah Nakitende, Steven Chongo, Nyambe Kamungoma, Catherine Kanchele, Till Bärnighausen and Catherine E. Oldenburg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:503

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Vaccine regulation in China meets World Health Organization standards, but China’s vaccine industry and immunization program have some characteristics that differ from other countries. We described the history...

    Authors: Yaming Zheng, Lance Rodewald, Juan Yang, Ying Qin, Mingfan Pang, Luzhao Feng and Hongjie Yu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:502

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Herpes zoster (HZ) is a painful dermatomal rash caused by reactivation of latent varicella zoster virus surviving in the patient’s sensory ganglia after a previous episode of varicella. The incidence of HZ inc...

    Authors: Desmond Curran, Ruprecht Schmidt-Ott, Ulf Schutter, Jörg Simon, Anastassia Anastassopoulou and Sean Matthews

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:496

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Identification of factors associated with antifungal utilization in neonatal, pediatric, and adult patient groups is needed to guide antifungal stewardship initiatives in academic medical centers.

    Authors: Jeremy S. Stultz, Rose Kohinke and Amy L. Pakyz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:501

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Youth in southern Africa, particularly adolescent girls and young women, are a key population for HIV prevention interventions. Untreated genital tract infections (GTIs) increase both HIV transmission and acqu...

    Authors: Angela Kaida, Janan J. Dietrich, Fatima Laher, Mags Beksinska, Manjeetha Jaggernath, Megan Bardsley, Patricia Smith, Laura Cotton, Pooja Chitneni, Kalysha Closson, David A. Lewis, Jenni A. Smit, Thumbi Ndung’u, Mark Brockman and Glenda Gray

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:499

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Rotavirus is a leading cause of severe diarrheal disease, and one of the common causes of death in children aged under five years old. The dominant epidemic strains may change in different years in the same ar...

    Authors: Yi Tian, Abrar Ahmad Chughtai, Zhiyong Gao, Hanqiu Yan, Yanwei Chen, Baiwei Liu, Da Huo, Lei Jia, Quanyi Wang and Chandini Raina MacIntyre

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:497

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Ebolavirus and Marburgvirus are genera of the virus family Filoviridae. Filoviruses cause rare but fatal viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) in remote villages of equatorial Africa with potential for regional and int...

    Authors: Peace Babirye, Carol Musubika, Samuel Kirimunda, Robert Downing, Julian J Lutwama, Edward K Mbidde, Jacqueline Weyer, Janusz T Paweska, Moses L Joloba and Misaki Wayengera

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:498

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), caused by Leishmania donovani complex parasites, is a neglected parasitic disease that is generally fatal if untreated. Despite decades of research to develop a sensitive VL diagnosti...

    Authors: Wen-Wei Zhang, Ayan Kumar Ghosh, Raodoh Mohamath, Jacqueline Whittle, Alessandro Picone, Patrick Lypaczewski, Momar Ndao, Randall F Howard, Pradeep Das, Steven G Reed and Greg Matlashewski

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:500

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  21. Content type: Research article

    The depletion of CD4 cell is the underlying reason for TB hyper-susceptibility among people with HIV. Consequently, the trend of TB dynamics is usually hidden by the HIV outbreak.

    Authors: Dao Nguyen Vinh, Dang Thi Minh Ha, Nguyen Thi Hanh, Guy Thwaites, Maciej F. Boni, Hannah E. Clapham and Nguyen Thuy Thuong Thuong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:494

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Leishmaniasis is endemic in many countries worldwide, with a prevalence of 12 million people infected, and an estimated annual incidence of 500 000 visceral leishmaniasis cases. In Europe visceral leishmaniasi...

    Authors: Charlotte Adamczick, Alexa Dierig, Tatjana Welzel, Alexandra Schifferli, Johannes Blum and Nicole Ritz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:495

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    The World Health Organization recommends all men who have sex with men (MSM) receive Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) testing. MSM in China are a high-risk group for HBV and HCV infection, b...

    Authors: Thomas Fitzpatrick, Kali Zhou, Yu Cheng, Po-Lin Chan, Fuqiang Cui, Weiming Tang, Katie R Mollan, Wilson Guo and Joseph D Tucker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:489

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Carbapenem resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii in China was mainly mediated by OXA-23-like carbapenemases, while OXA-24/40-like carbapenemases were rarely identified. OXA-72 is one variant of OXA-24/40-like car...

    Authors: Yong Chen, Yuying Yang, Lin Liu, Guangbin Qiu, Xuelin Han, Shuguang Tian, Jingya Zhao, Fangyan Chen, Hajo Grundmann, Haifeng Li, Jinke Sun and Li Han

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:491

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  25. Content type: Study protocol

    An estimated 10% of tuberculosis (TB) deaths are attributable to problematic alcohol use globally, however the causal pathways through which problem alcohol use has an impact on TB treatment outcome is not cle...

    Authors: Bronwyn Myers, Tara C Bouton, Elizabeth J Ragan, Laura F White, Helen McIlleron, Danie Theron, Charles D H Parry, C Robert Horsburgh, Robin M Warren and Karen R Jacobson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:488

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia is a common and significant infection, associated with high rates of mortality. Therefore, early identification is important for the initiation of appropriate treatment. The obje...

    Authors: Yoshiro Hadano, Miwako Isoda, Kazushige Ishibashi and Tatsuyuki Kakuma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:490

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  27. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the susceptibility rates of aerobic and facultative Gram-negative bacterial isolates from Chinese intra-abdominal infections (IAI) and urinary tract infections (UTI) focusing on carbapenems and com...

    Authors: Hui Zhang, Haishen Kong, Yunsong Yu, Anhua Wu, Qiong Duan, Xiaofeng Jiang, Shufang Zhang, Ziyong Sun, Yuxing Ni, Weiping Wang, Yong Wang, Kang Liao, Huayin Li, Chunxia Yang, Wenxiang Huang, Bingdong Gui…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:493

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Antiretroviral therapy (ART) use in pregnancy presents unquestionable benefits in preventing mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV although it is associated with maternal adverse effects. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Adriane M. Delicio, Giuliane J. Lajos, Eliana Amaral, Fabia Lopes, Fernanda Cavichiolli, Isabeli Myioshi and Helaine Milanez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:485

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Salmonella Typhi is a human pathogen that causes typhoid fever. It is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries and is responsible for several outbreaks in developed countries. Studying cer...

    Authors: Adedoyin Awofisayo-Okuyelu, Noel McCarthy, Ifunanya Mgbakor and Ian Hall

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:483

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  30. Content type: Research article

    The programmatic management of Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is entirely based on a WHO recommended long-term, 18–24 month lasting treatment regimen. However, growing evidence shows that low treatm...

    Authors: Setegn Eshetie, Animut Alebel, Fasil Wagnew, Demeke Geremew, Alebachew Fasil and Ulrich Sack

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:486

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  31. Content type: Correction

    After the publication of our article [1] we have been made aware of a number of mislabelling and reporting errors, which were introduced in the preparation of the manuscript. The conclusions are not affected b...

    Authors: Shuhui Cui, Ruoyan Gai Tobe, Xiuting Mo, Xiaoyan Liu, Lingzhong Xu and Shixue Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:487

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    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2016 16:677

  32. Content type: Research article

    Three patients hospitalised in the coronary care unit of a general district hospital (England, UK) were tested positive for Panton-Valentine leucocidin methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonisation dur...

    Authors: Panagiotis Papastergiou and Eleni Tsiouli

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:484

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Burkholderia pseudomallei is a gram negative bacteria that causes a spectrum of human diseases in the tropics. Although melioidosis is endemic in Southeast Asia, large clinical case series were rarely reported fr...

    Authors: Jaime Mei-Fong Chien, Seyed Ehsan Saffari, Ai-Ling Tan and Thuan-Tong Tan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:482

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  34. Content type: Research article

    HIV is a major driver of the tuberculosis epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. The population-level impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) scale-up on tuberculosis rates in this region has not been well studied. We...

    Authors: Diya Surie, Martien W. Borgdorff, Kevin P. Cain, Eleanor S. Click, Kevin M. DeCock and Courtney M. Yuen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:481

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, and Candida parapsilosis are three prevalent causes of candidiasis, worldwide. These species are considered as nine medically important complex species. Limited knowledge about...

    Authors: Amir Arastehfar, Wenjie Fang, Weihua Pan, Wanqing Liao, Liang Yan and Teun Boekhout

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:480

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Despite advances in the development of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines, acute otitis media (AOM) is a common childhood infection, caused mainly by Streptococcus pneumoniae. It has been suggested that persistence ...

    Authors: Izabela Korona-Glowniak, Piotr Zychowski, Radoslaw Siwiec, Elżbieta Mazur, Grażyna Niedzielska and Anna Malm

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:478

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Ascertaining if the clinical and immunological response to repeat syphilis differs from that in initial syphilis may assist in designing optimal syphilis screening strategies and vaccine design.

    Authors: Chris Kenyon, Kara Krista Osbak, Tania Crucitti and Luc Kestens

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:479

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are the two common transmissible pathogens from pregnant women to their neonates. Given the lack of routine screening and treatment of pregnant women in some areas,...

    Authors: Bahman Pourabbas, Zahra Rezaei, Jalal Mardaneh, Mozhgan Shahian and Abdolvahab Alborzi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:477

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  39. Content type: Study protocol

    Pneumonia is the leading infectious cause of death in children under 5 years of age around the globe. In addition to preventing pneumonia, there is a critical need to provide greater access to appropriate and ...

    Authors: Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Susanne J. May, Evangelyn Nkwopara, Gwen Ambler, Eric D. McCollum, Tisungane Mvalo, Ajib Phiri, Norman Lufesi and Salim Sadruddin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:476

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B virus infection is a global health problem with the highest prevalence in East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The majority of infected people, including healthcare workers are unaware of their status...

    Authors: Elichilia R. Shao, Innocent B. Mboya, Daniel W. Gunda, Flora G. Ruhangisa, Elizabeth M. Temu, Mercy L. Nkwama, Jeremia J. Pyuza, Kajiru G. Kilonzo, Furaha S. Lyamuya and Venance P. Maro

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:474

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  41. Content type: Research article

    The live attenuated tetravalent dengue vaccine (CYD-TDV) is licensed using a 0-, 6- and 12-month schedule in dengue-endemic areas. An effective shorter schedule may provide more rapid, optimal protection of ta...

    Authors: Judith Kirstein, William Douglas, Manoj Thakur, Mark Boaz, Thomas Papa, Anna Skipetrova and Eric Plennevaux

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:475

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  42. Content type: Research article

    The extent to which reproductive tract infections (RTIs) are associated with poor menstrual hygiene management (MHM) practices has not been extensively studied. We aimed to determine whether poor menstrual hyg...

    Authors: Belen Torondel, Shalini Sinha, Jyoti Ranjan Mohanty, Tapoja Swain, Pranati Sahoo, Bijaya Panda, Arati Nayak, Mary Bara, Bibiana Bilung, Oliver Cumming, Pinaki Panigrahi and Padmalaya Das

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:473

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common condition with high mortality, morbidity and healthcare costs. This study aimed to determine whether clinical pathway (CP) implementation in different hospitals i...

    Authors: Liping Zhu, Jie Bai, Yongcong Chen and Di Xue

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:471

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a viral disease caused by human enteroviruses. Although HFMD reinfection is common, studies investigating this phenomenon are insufficient.

    Authors: Chao Shi, Juan Liu, Ping Shi, Hong Ji, Yuan Shen and Yan-Hua Qian

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:472

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  45. Content type: Case report

    Trichosporon species may colonize the skin, respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract of human beings. The yeast is recognized as etiological agent of white piedra, a superficial mycosis. Nevertheless, immunoc...

    Authors: Eveline Pipolo Milan, Walicyranison Plinio Silva-Rocha, Jéssica Jacinto Salviano de Almeida, Tatiane Uetti Gomes Fernandes, André Luciano de Araújo Prudente, Matheus Firmino de Azevedo, Elaine Cristina Francisco, Analy Salles de Azevedo Melo, Arnaldo Lopes Colombo and Guilherme Maranhão Chaves

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:470

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Zimbabwe is on track towards achieving viral suppression among adults (87%). However, adolescents have only achieved 44% by 2016. In Harare city, 57% of adolescents had attained viral suppression after 12 mont...

    Authors: Zvanaka Sithole, Elizabeth Mbizvo, Prosper Chonzi, More Mungati, Tsitsi Patience Juru, Gerald Shambira, Notion Tafara Gombe and Mufuta Tshimanga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:469

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  47. Content type: Research article

    To prevent cross infection the surgical team perform preoperative hand disinfection before dressed in surgical gowns and gloves. Preoperative hand disinfection does not make hands sterile and the surgical glov...

    Authors: Camilla Wistrand, Bo Söderquist, Karin Falk-Brynhildsen and Ulrica Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:466

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Most guidelines recommend 6 to 12 weeks of parenteral antibiotic treatment for pyogenic spondylodiscitis. When surgical debridement is adequately performed, further intravenous antibiotic treatment duration ca...

    Authors: Yun-Da Li, Chak-Bor Wong, Tsung-Ting Tsai, Po-Liang Lai, Chi-Chien Niu, Lih-Huei Chen and Tsai-Sheng Fu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:468

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