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  1. Healthcare Workers (HCWs) are susceptible to hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and are advised to receive vaccination. However, vaccination rates remain low in developing countries. There is little data concer...

    Authors: Savoeun Sok, Chanroth Chhoung, Bunlorn Sun, Ko Ko, Aya Sugiyama, Tomoyuki Akita, Shingo Fukuma and Junko Tanaka
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:658
  2. Multi-drug or rifamycin-resistant tuberculosis (MDR/RR-TB) is an important public health concern, including in settings with high HIV prevalence. TB drug resistance can be directly transmitted or arise through...

    Authors: Nesbert Zinyakatira, Nathan Ford and Helen Cox
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:657
  3. Vaccination against COVID-19 was integral to controlling the pandemic that persisted with the continuous emergence of SARS-CoV-2 variants. Using a mathematical model describing SARS-CoV-2 within-host infection...

    Authors: Maxine W Tan, Anet J.N. Anelone, An Ting Tay, Ren Ying Tan, Kangwei Zeng, Kelvin Bryan Tan and Hannah Eleanor Clapham
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:654
  4. An improper host immune response to Mycoplasma pneumoniae generates excessive inflammation, which leads to the impairment of pulmonary ventilation function (PVF). Azithromycin plus inhaled terbutaline has been us...

    Authors: Yongcheng Sheng, Yi Liang, Chongyang Zhao, Deying Kang and Xueting Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:653
  5. Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1), also denominated Human T-cell leukemia virus-1, induces immune activation and secretion of proinflammatory cytokines, especially in individuals with HTLV-1-asso...

    Authors: Luana Leandro Gois, Bárbara Ribeiro-Soares, Carlos Gustavo Regis-Silva, Dalila L Zanette, Raphaella Lisboa, Regina Santos Nascimento, Raimundo Coutinho Junior, Bernardo Galvão-Castro and Maria Fernanda Rios Grassi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:652
  6. Respiratory viral illnesses among children are a prominent cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing world. The aim of this study is to understand the seasonal pattern and surge of respiratory viruses...

    Authors: Nagarajan Muruganandam, Veena Vipat, Sheetal Jadhav, Alwin Vins, Nisha Beniwal, Harpreet Kaur, Remya Rajan Renuka, Rehnuma Parvez and Varsha Potdar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:651
  7. Intravenous fosfomycin (IVFOF) is gaining interest in severe infections. Its use may be limited by adverse events (AEs). Little experience exists on IVFOF therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) in real-life setting.

    Authors: Simona Biscarini, Davide Mangioni, Chiara Bobbio, Ludovica Mela, Laura Alagna, Sara Baldelli, Francesco Blasi, Ciro Canetta, Ferruccio Ceriotti, Andrea Gori, Giacomo Grasselli, Bianca Mariani, Antonio Muscatello, Dario Cattaneo and Alessandra Bandera
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:650
  8. Refractory Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection inevitably increase the difficulty of drug selection. Here, we described our experience with the use of a novel tetravalent IgY against H. pylori for the treat...

    Authors: Nan Hao, Bo Liu, Meng Zhao, Mingming Lu, Feiyi Chen, Jialu Kang, Xiaojun Tang, Yong Zhang and Chengxue Dang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:647
  9. When COVID-19 hit the world in 2019, an enhanced focus on diagnostic testing for SARS-CoV-2 was essential for a successful pandemic response. Testing laboratories stretched their capabilities for the new coron...

    Authors: Pius Lutaaya, Ocung Guido, Hasifah Nakato Ssentamu, George William Kasule, Mary Akumu, Jupiter Marina Kabahita, Bernard Bagaya, Kenneth Musisi, Denis Oola, Anitah Katuramu, Andrew Nsawotebba, Edgar Kigozi, Faith Nakazzi, Joel Kabugo Solomon, Isa Adam, Orena Beatrice…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:646
  10. Tuberculosis (TB), one of the leading causes of death worldwide, has a higher incidence among indigenous people. Albeit uncommon, autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) has been deemed a risk condition to develop ...

    Authors: Bryan Tabares, Alisson Dayana Sarmiento-Suárez, Óscar Gil, Juan Camilo Hernández-Pabón and Carolina Firacative
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:645
  11. Late human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosis is the most prominent cause of HIV/AIDS-related mortality and also increases the risk of transmission and spread of the disease in society. Adolescents are the...

    Authors: Misgana Kebede Gabre, Tadesse Bekele Tafesse, Leta Adugna Geleta, Cherugeta Kebede Asfaw and Henok Abebayehu Delelegn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:644
  12. Malassezia restricta, a lipophilic and lipodependent yeast belonging to the basidiomycetes group, is an opportunistic fungal pathogen associated with various skin diseases, including seborrheic dermatitis and dan...

    Authors: Guoxuan Peng, Yuan Lin, Qiang Zou, Hongcheng Peng, Anyi Lei, Xu Zou, Zhe Xu, Hong Sun, Xu Ning and Mingzhi Huang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:643
  13. Given the high prevalence of hypertension among Chinese adults, this population is at a significantly increased risk of severe COVID-19 complications. The purpose of this study is to assess the willingness of ...

    Authors: Zhi Lei, Dongyang Liu, Minghui Li, Deqiang Xian and Song Fan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:642
  14. Since May 2022, Mpox has spread extensively outside of Africa, posing a serious threat to the health of people globally, and particularly to the men who have sex with men (MSM) population. Chongqing, a provinc...

    Authors: Sen Yang, Chao Xia, Yuxin Zhang, Yan Shen, Chengshuang Xia, Yanqiu Lu, Shifang Su, Changgang Deng, Vijay Harypursat, Jing Wang, Jing Yuan and Yemiao Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:641
  15. There is a need to understand the relationship between COVID-19 Convalescent Plasma (CCP) anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG levels and clinical outcomes to optimize CCP use. This study aims to evaluate the relationship betw...

    Authors: Hyung Park, Chang Yu, Liise-anne Pirofski, Hyunah Yoon, Danni Wu, Yi Li, Thaddeus Tarpey, Eva Petkova, Elliott M. Antman and Andrea B. Troxel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:639
  16. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic abilities of the non-invasive serum biomarkers to predict liver fibrosis staging and evaluate the progress of hepatitis B.

    Authors: Shaoxiong Zeng, Zhenzhen Liu, Bilun Ke, Yiwang Zhang, Qian Wang and Siwei Tan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:638
  17. Chronic lung disease is a major cause of morbidity in African children with HIV infection; however, the microbial determinants of HIV-associated chronic lung disease (HCLD) remain poorly understood. We conduct...

    Authors: Prince K. Mushunje, Felix S. Dube, Courtney Olwagen, Shabir Madhi, Jon Ø Odland, Rashida A. Ferrand, Mark P. Nicol and Regina E. Abotsi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:637
  18. Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease caused by trematodes of the genus Schistosoma. The intravascular worms acquire the nutrients necessary for their survival from host blood. Since all animals are auxotrophic ...

    Authors: Akram A. Da’dara, Catherine S. Nation and Patrick J. Skelly
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:636
  19. Annual epidemics of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) had consistent timing and intensity between seasons prior to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic (COVID-19). However, starting in April 2020, RSV seasonal activity dec...

    Authors: Deus Thindwa, Ke Li, Dominic Cooper-Wootton, Zhe Zheng, Virginia E Pitzer and Daniel M Weinberger
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:635
  20. CKD patients on hemodialysis (HD) with Staphylococcus aureus (SA) bacteremia present high morbidity, mortality and increased risk of MRSA. Vancomycin is the antibiotic of choice in these cases, it has a narrow th...

    Authors: Julian Felipe Ramirez-Osorio, Juan Esteban Velez-Hernandez, Nathalia Fernandez-Castaño, David Felipe Rojas-Hernandez and Fabian Jaimes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:634
  21. Proper diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) lymphadenitis is critical for its treatment and prevention. Fine needle aspirate cytology (FNAC) is the mainstay method for the diagnosis of TB lymphadenitis in Ethiopia; ...

    Authors: Hawi Kumbi, Musa Mohammed Ali and Alegntaw Abate
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:633
  22. Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs) are a global public health issue, representing a significant burden of disease that leads to prolonged hospital stays, inappropriate use of antimicrobial drugs, intricat...

    Authors: Antonio Antonelli, Maria Elena Ales, Greta Chiecca, Zeno Dalla Valle, Emanuele De Ponti, Danilo Cereda, Lucia Crottogini, Cristina Renzi, Carlo Signorelli and Matteo Moro
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:632
  23. Acinetobacter baumannii is a health threat due to its antibiotic resistance. Herein, antibiotic susceptibility and its association with the Toxin-antitoxin (TA) system genes in A. baumannii clinical isolates from...

    Authors: Marziyeh Sadat Amini, Majid Baseri Salehi and Nima Bahador
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:631
  24. The pathogenesis of hypertension (HTN) in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) is complex and remains not fully understood. Chronic immune activation (IA) is postulated to be one of the culprits. This notion is...

    Authors: Tosi M. Mwakyandile, Grace A. Shayo, Philip G. Sasi, Ferdinand M. Mugusi, Godfrey Barabona, Takamasa Ueno and Eligius F. Lyamuya
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:630
  25. Marburg viral disease (MVD) is a highly infectious disease with a case fatality rate of up to 90%, particularly impacting resource-limited countries where implementing Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) me...

    Authors: Erick Kinyenje, Joseph Hokororo, Ruth Ngowi, Michael Kiremeji, Elice Mnunga, Angela Samwel, Erasto Sylvanus, Emmanuel Mnken, Missana Yango, Mikidadi Mtalika, Vida Mmbaga, Noel Saitoti, Alex Malecha, Faith Kundy, Martin Rwabilimbo, Issessanda Kaniki…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:628
  26. Virological failure, drug resistance, toxicities, and other issues make it difficult for ART to maintain long-term sustainability. These issues would force a modification in the patient's treatment plan. The a...

    Authors: Tsegaye Hailu Kumsa, Andargachew Mulu, Joseph Beyene and Zeytu Gashaw Asfaw
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:627
  27. The emergence of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) may provide a promising tool for early and comprehensive identification of the causative pathogen in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). In this s...

    Authors: Mengling Liu, Haiyue Zhang, Liangyu Li, Jieyu Mao, Ruiyun Li, Jing Yin and Xiaojun Wu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:626
  28. In the last two decades, a significant increase in the number of Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) cases has been observed. It is understandable to attempt to determine the factors that can predict the ...

    Authors: Jarosław Drobnik, Piotr Pobrotyn, Mária Belovičová, Katarzyna Madziarska, Małgorzata Trocha and Mateusz Baran
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:625
  29. Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare but potentially life-threatening soft tissue infection. The objective of this study was to assess the association between timely surgery within 6 h and hospital mortality i...

    Authors: Chi Ho Lau, Lowell Ling, Jack Zhenhe Zhang, Pauline Yeung Ng, Cheuk Yan Chan, Alwin Wai Tak Yeung, Ka Man Fong, Jacky Ka Hing Chan, Gary Ka Fai Au, Ting Liong, Manimala Dharmangadan, Fu Loi Chow, Koon Ngai Lam, Kai Man Chan, Steven Ling and Anna Lee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:624
  30. Sexually transmitted infections (STI) are public health problems in Ethiopia. Women have a higher chance of acquiring STI. STI complications are more severe in women compared to men. Despite that, treatment se...

    Authors: Gedefaw Abeje, Meseret Zelalem, Firmaye Bogale and Netsanet Worku
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:623
  31. Respiratory infections have long been recognized as a primary cause of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AE-COPD). Additionally, the emergence of antimicrobial resistance has led to ...

    Authors: Duy Tuyen Dao, Huu Y Le, Minh Hai Nguyen, Thi Duyen Thi, Xuan Dung Nguyen, Thanh Thuyet Bui, Thi Huyen Trang Tran, Van Luan Pham, Hang Nga Do, Jim-Tong Horng, Huu Song Le and Dinh Tien Nguyen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:622
  32. Authors: Yoshihiro Takayama, Yining S. Xu, Yusuke Shimakawa, Gerardo Chowell, Masahiro Kozuka, Ryosuke Omori, Ryota Matsuyama, Taro Yamamoto and Kenji Mizumoto
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:621

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:542

  33. Currently, several studies have observed that chronic hepatitis B virus infection is associated with the pathogenesis of kidney disease. However, the extent of the correlation between hepatitis B virus infecti...

    Authors: Danjing Chen, Rong Yu, Shuo Yin, Wenxin Qiu, Jiangwang Fang and Xian-e Peng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:620
  34. Despite emerging evidence linking blood cell indices (BCIs) to sepsis mortality, the inconsistency of observational studies obscures the clarity of these associations. This study aims to clarify the causal inf...

    Authors: Tao Zeng, Yina Sun, Shuru Chen, Jiahui Pang, Heping Wang, Xianghao Cai, Yingying Liao, Xiaolong Xiao, Yibo Zhang, Yutian Chong, Jiao Gong and Xinhua Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:619
  35. Spinal tuberculosis (STB) is a local manifestation of systemic infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, accounting for a significant proportion of joint tuberculosis cases. This study aimed to explore t...

    Authors: Fei Qi, Lei Luo, Chuangye Qu, Weibing Bao, Wenqi Wang, Xiaozhong Zhu and Dengjiang Wu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:618
  36. Toll-Like receptors (TLRs) play an important role in the immune response during hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. In this study, we evaluated the association between two SNP variants (TLR3 rs3775290 and TLR4 ...

    Authors: Tetou Soumbara, Crystel Bonnet, Cheikh Tijani Hamed, Fatimetou Veten, Mohamed Hemeyine, F-Zahra Fall-Malick, Mohamed Mahmoud El Yezid, Aichetou Diallo, Moustapha Mouhamedou Mounah and Ahmed Houmeida
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:616
  37. To determine the relationship of Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR), Monocyte Lymphocyte Ratio (MLR), and Neutrophil Monocyte Ratio (NMR) with treatment response in Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) patients during ...

    Authors: Muniza Omair, Mirza Saifullah Baig, Waqas Ahmed Farooqui, Shaheen Kousar, Muhammad Yahya Noori, Nida Zeehan, Ayesha Khan, Saman Isa, Durre Sameen Kamran, Muhammad Furqan Bari and Mehreen Mehmood
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:615
  38. Nocardia is an ubiquitous soil organism. As an opportunistic pathogen, inhalation and skin inoculation are the most common routes of infection. Lungs and skin are the most frequent sites of nocardiosis. Testis is...

    Authors: Saohoine Inthasot, Sophie Leemans, Mony Hing and Julien Vanderhulst
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:614
  39. Since the mpox outbreak in 2022, it was unclear if and how often infections with mpox virus (MPXV) were clinically inapparent, i.e. not presenting to clinical care with mpox symptoms. Moreover, it was hypothes...

    Authors: Uwe Koppe, Klaus Jansen, Axel Jeremias Schmidt, Christoph Weber, Heike Schulze, Robert Kasimir Kulis-Horn, Carsten Tiemann and Ulrich Marcus
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:613
  40. Advanced HIV disease (AHD) in young people living with HIV (PLHIV) is an increasingly pressing public health issue in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite global progress in early HIV testing and reducing HIV-related d...

    Authors: Mamadu Baldeh, Samuel Kizito, Sulaiman Lakoh, Daniel Sesay, Samuel Adeyemi Williams, Umu Barrie, Frida Dennis, Dimbintsoa Rakotomalala Robinson, Franck Lamontagne, Franck Amahowe, Patrick Turay, Ozge Sensoy Bahar, Elvin Geng and Fred M. Ssewamala
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:611
  41. Globally, there were an estimated 39 million people living with HIV with 1.3 million new HIV infections by the end of 2023. The Sub-Saharan Africa accounted 51% of new HIV infections. HIV case-based Surveillan...

    Authors: Nigatu Admasu, Abraham Lomboro, Enyew Kebede, Birra Bejiga, Jaleta Bulti, Saro Abdella, Wudinesh Belete and Gemechu Chemeda
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:609
  42. Pneumococcal pneumonia (PP) is a serious infection caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus), with a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. The aim of this study was to analyze the comorbidity factors ...

    Authors: Enrique Gea-Izquierdo, Rossana Ruiz-Urbaez, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Michael Stich and Ángel Gil-de-Miguel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:607
  43. Oncogenic types of human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection cause substantial morbidity and mortality in Nigeria. Nigeria has low cervical cancer screening and vaccination rates, suggesting the need for community ...

    Authors: Eneyi E Kpokiri, Agatha E Wapmuk, Chisom Obiezu-Umeh, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, Titilola Gbaja-Biamila, Ifeoma Obionu, Ekenechukwu Kokelu, Jennifer Smith, Benedict N Azuogu, Kayode Ajenifuja, Abdulhammed O Babatunde, Oliver Ezechi, Joseph D Tucker and Juliet Iwelunmor
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2024 24:606

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