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  1. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, especially for those living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Learning about knowledge of and attitudes towards HCV...

    Authors: Wenqian Xu, Peizhen Zhao, Haiyi Li and Cheng Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:599
  2. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) improved the prognosis of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (PLWH). Life-long treatment is required in PLWH and is accompanied by various metabolic abnormalitie...

    Authors: Xiuxia Li, Xiaojing Song, Yang Han, Zhifeng Qiu, Wei Cao and Taisheng Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:598
  3. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) cause substantial morbidity and mortality both in African and China. However, there is limited data available on the prevalence of HI...

    Authors: Mingzhou Xiong, Menglan Yang, Peizhen Zhao, Shujie Huang and Cheng Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:597
  4. Acute otitis media (AOM) is the most common childhood bacterial infectious disease requiring antimicrobial therapy. Most cases of AOM are caused by translocation of Streptococcus pneumoniae or Haemophilus influen...

    Authors: Briallen Lobb, Matthew C. Lee, Christi L. McElheny, Yohei Doi, Kristin Yahner, Alejandro Hoberman, Judith M. Martin, Jeremy A. Hirota, Andrew C. Doxey and Nader Shaikh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:596
  5. Although many studies on asymptomatic norovirus infection in outbreaks have been conducted globally, structured data (important for emergency management of outbreaks) on the prevalence of this epidemic are sti...

    Authors: Jun Wang, Zhao Gao, Zu-rong Yang, Kun Liu and Hui Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:595
  6. Multimorbidity, smoking status, and pregnancy are identified as three risk factors associated with more severe outcomes following a SARS-CoV-2 infection, thus vaccination uptake is crucial for pregnant women l...

    Authors: Mohamed Mhereeg, Hope Jones, Jonathan Kennedy, Mike Seaborne, Michael Parker, Natasha Kennedy, Ashley Akbari, Luisa Zuccolo, Amaya Azcoaga-Lorenzo, Alisha Davies, Krishnarajah Nirantharakumar and Sinead Brophy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:594
  7. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an emerging global public health crisis. Surveillance is a fundamental component in the monitoring and evaluation of AMR mitigation endeavours. The primary aim of the scoping ...

    Authors: Phu Cong Do, Yibeltal Alemu Assefa, Suliasi Mekerusa Batikawai and Simon Andrew Reid
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:593
  8. In immunocompromised populations, such as patients with AIDS and recipients of solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplants, BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) can reactivate and cause several diseases, which can ...

    Authors: Yuchen Wang, Yiling Fang, Ziyan Yan, Renfei Xia, Wenli Zeng, Wenfeng Deng, Jian Xu, Xiaoqin Feng, Jie Peng and Yun Miao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:592
  9. Human orthopneumovirus (HOPV) or respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the important causes of acute respiratory infections (ARIs) during the cold months of the year worldwide. Many countries have reported...

    Authors: Jila Yavarian, Somayeh Shatizadeh Malekshahi, Marziyeh Faraji-Zonouz, Shirin Kalantari, Sevrin Zadheidar, Sara Saghafi, Faezeh Tarpour, Arash Letafati, Akram sadat Ahmadi, Nazanin-Zahra Shafiei-Jandaghi and Talat Mokhtari-Azad
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:591
  10. Vitamin B6 is an essential water-soluble vitamin for humans. It is often used to prevent a variety of neuropathies, relieve vomiting, and relieve symptoms such as hand and foot neuritis.

    Authors: Meng-Yan Cui, Meng-Jie Zhang, Qiao-Li Jiang, Zhong-Mei Pei, Zhen-Yu Cui, Mei Kang, Lun-Gen Lu and Ying-Ying Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:590
  11. During endotracheal intubation, extubation, tracheotomy, and tracheotomy tube replacement, the splashed airway secretions of patients will increase the risk of transmission of SARS-CoV‐2 and many other potenti...

    Authors: Lilong Liu, Yan Deng, Shouli Xia, Zengpeng Sun, Zhipeng Zhu, Weiyi Chen, Dongdong Xiao, Weiyong Sheng and Ke Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:589
  12. To investigate the etiological characteristics of plastic bronchitis (PB) caused by pulmonary infections in children and to identify any differences in the clinical features of PB cases caused by different pat...

    Authors: Feng Huang, Wenjing Gu, Jianfeng Diwu, Xinxing Zhang, Yanyu He, Youjian Zhang, Zhengrong Chen, Li Huang, Meijuan Wang, Heting Dong, Shanshan Wang, Yuqing Wang, Canhong Zhu and Chuangli Hao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:588
  13. Escherichia coli significantly causes nosocomial infections and rampant spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). There is limited data on genomic characterization of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producin...

    Authors: Ivan Sserwadda, Benson R. Kidenya, Stephen Kanyerezi, Inyasi Lawrence Akaro, Baraka Mkinze, Stephen E. Mshana, Suhaila O. Hashim, Everlyne Isoe, Jeremiah Seni, Moses L. Joloba and Gerald Mboowa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:587
  14. Tuberculosis (TB) has a high morbidity and mortality rate, and its prevention and treatment focus is on impoverished areas. The Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture is a typical impoverished area in western Chin...

    Authors: Tao Wang, Chaoxin Zhou, Lan Shang and Xiyuan Zhou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:586
  15. To study the efficacy and safety of arbidol hydrochloride tablets as a treatment for influenza-like diseases.

    Authors: Xinfeng Bai, Suya Xi, Guiyan Chen, Xiaoying Fan, Kaiwei Wang, Yong Li, Yang Zhao, Weizhan Wang and Yingping Tian
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:585
  16. To estimate the prevalence and risk factors associated with tuberculosis (TB) among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in China.

    Authors: Cong-Cong Qi, Li-Ran Xu, Chang-Jia Zhao, Hai-Yan Zhang, Qing-Ya Li, Mei-Jun Liu, Ye-Xuan Zhang, Zhou Tang and Xiu-Xia Ma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:584
  17. To date, few cases of TSS caused by coagulase negative (CoN) staphylococci have been reported in the literature. Recent data show that CoN staphylococci are capable of secreting a number of enterotoxins and cytot...

    Authors: Charis Armeftis, Andreas Ioannou, Theodorakis Lazarou, Achilleas Giannopoulos, Efrosyni Dimitriadou, Kostantinos Makrides and Zoi Dorothea Pana
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:583
  18. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is considered one of the most prevalent infections that may lead to many renal complications. They account for almost 10% of all infections in Saudi Arabia, making them the second...

    Authors: Yahya A. Almutawif and Hamza M. A. Eid
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:582
  19. Immune dysregulation in patients with acute COVID-19 under chronic hemodialysis (CHD) is fully not elucidated. The changes of mononuclear counts and mediators before and after HD and associations with final ou...

    Authors: Dimitra Bacharaki, Minas Karagiannis, Panagiotis Giannakopoulos, Evangelos Papachristou, Dimitrios Divanis, Aggeliki Sardeli, Dimitra Petrou, Petros Nikolopoulos, Adamantia Bratsiakou, Vassiliki Zoi, Nikitas Piliouras, Georgia Damoraki, Vassilios Liakopoulos, Dimitrios Goumenos and Evangelos J. Giamarellos-Bourboulis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:581
  20. Many factors determine empirical antibiotic treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). We aimed to describe the empirical antibiotic treatment CAP patients with an acute hospital visit and to determine i...

    Authors: Morten Hjarnø Lorentzen, Flemming Schønning Rosenvinge, Annmarie Touborg Lassen, Ole Graumann, Christian B. Laursen, Christian Backer Mogensen and Helene Skjøt-Arkil
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:580
  21. Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) is the second leading cause of community-acquired and hospital-acquired gram-negative bloodstream infection (BSI). This study aimed to assess the epidemiological and microbia...

    Authors: Taghreed A. Hafiz, Sarah Alanazi, Shahad S. Alghamdi, Murad A. Mubaraki, Waleed Aljabr, Nouf Madkhali, Sarah R. Alharbi, Khalifa Binkhamis and Fawzia Alotaibi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:579
  22. HIV post- exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is a prevention tool for individuals with a recent potential exposure to HIV. Doravirine has been available since 2019 in combination with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and...

    Authors: Inès Devred, Kick Kayembe, Nadia Valin, Hayette Rougier, Bruce Wuembulua Shinga, Sidonie Lambert-Niclot, Thibault Chiarabini, Marie-Caroline Meyohas and Karine Lacombe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:578
  23. Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) mRNA vaccine effectiveness (VE) has recently declined, and reports about COVID-19 breakthrough infection have increased. We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis on population-b...

    Authors: Xiaohui Jing, Menglin Han, Xiaoxuan Wang and Li Zhou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:577

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:648

  24. So far, there have been more than 761 million confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 worldwide, with more than 6.8 million deaths. The most common direct causes of death for COVID-19 are diffuse alveolar injury and acu...

    Authors: Jiangwei Kong, Tengfei Yang, Fu Zhang, XinBiao Liao, Sihao Du, Xingan Yang and Dongri Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:576
  25. Data on recent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and syphilis prevalence among drug users in the Southwest China are sparse despite the high burden of drug use. This study aims at ass...

    Authors: Tong Luo, Zhaosen Lin, Zhenxian Wu, Ping Cen, Aidan Nong, Rongye Huang, Jianhua Che, Fengfeng Liang, Yuan Yang, Jie Liu, Li Huang, Jie Cai, Yanyun Ou, Li Ye, Lijuan Bao, Bingyu Liang…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:575
  26. Diagnosis of infected individuals with Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) is often performed by real-time PCR or transcription-mediated amplification (TMA). A limitation of the MG-TMA assay is the relatively short time s...

    Authors: Nikki Adriaens, Anne-Marije Pennekamp, Alje P. van Dam and Sylvia M. Bruisten
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:574
  27. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are drugs growingly employed in cancer immunotherapy which have significantly improved the prognosis of several tumours. ICIs act by restoring the “exhausted” immune system ...

    Authors: Cecilia Azzarà, Andrea Lombardi, Andrea Gramegna, Margherita Ori, Andrea Gori, Francesco Blasi and Alessandra Bandera
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:573
  28. Cholera in Kolkata remains endemic and the Indian city is burdened with a high number of annual cases. Climate change is widely considered to exacerbate cholera, however the precise relationship between climat...

    Authors: Debbie Shackleton, Theo Economou, Fayyaz Ali Memon, Albert Chen, Shanta Dutta, Suman Kanungo and Alok Deb
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:572
  29. Collagenomas are rare connective tissue hamartomas composed of dermal collagen. Patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can present with HIV-related lipodystrophy or lipomas. There are no kno...

    Authors: Kevin K. Wu, Masoud Movassaghi, Brittney DeClerck and Maggie Chow
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:571
  30. Integration of a sensitive point-of-care (POC) HIV viral load (VL) test into screening algorithms may help detect acute HIV infection earlier, identify people with HIV (PWH) who are not virally suppressed, and...

    Authors: Mohammad Harris Bayan, Travis Smalls, Alec Boudreau, Agha W. Mirza, Courtney Pasco, Zoe O Demko, Richard E. Rothman, Yu-Hsiang Hsieh, Susan H. Eshleman, Heba H. Mostafa, Nathalie Gonzalez-Jimenez, Pollyanna R. Chavez, Brian Emerson, Kevin P. Delaney, Debra Daugherty, Robin J. MacGowan…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:570
  31. Epithelial trauma is a risk factor of HIV infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) and female sex workers (FSWs). Painful intercourse may be indicative of epithelial tissue disruption. Previous studies on ...

    Authors: Bastian Fischer, Walter Jaoko, Elvis Kirui, Bernard Muture, Isaac Madegwa and Lisbeth Kageni
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:569
  32. Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) complicated with extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) infection can aggravate the disease, but there have been few reports.

    Authors: Tianshui Niu, Fei He, Jianshe Yang, Chengxi Ma, Jingyi Xu, Tianzhi Sun, Xin Zhang, Shuyi Chen and Chuhui Ru
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:488
  33. There is no doubt about the cardiovascular complications of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Several genetic studies have demonstrated an association between genetic variants in a region on chromosome 9p21...

    Authors: Eman A. Badr, Nesreen G. Elhelbawy, Alaa Osama Nagy, Amany A. Sultan and Shereen S. Elnaidany
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:568
  34. This study assessed the distribution characteristics of pathogens isolated from cases of orthopedic infections and focused on the antimicrobial susceptibility of the main pathogens.

    Authors: Boyong Wang, Qiaojie Wang, Musha Hamushan, Jinlong Yu, Feng Jiang, Mingzhang Li, Geyong Guo, Jin Tang, Pei Han and Hao Shen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:567
  35. The tuberculosis (TB) epidemic remains a major global health problem and Eswatini is not excluded. Our study investigated the circulating genotypes in Eswatini and compared them at baseline (start of treatment...

    Authors: Talent C. Dlamini, Brenda T. Mkhize, Clive Sydney, Nontuthuko E. Maningi and Lesibana A. Malinga
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:566
  36. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is usually diagnosed in children, and the type of respiratory specimen is critical. Differences in pathogens detection between induced sputum (IS) and bronchoalveolar lavage ...

    Authors: Le Wang, Sukun Lu, Yinghui Guo, Jianhua Liu, Peng Wu and Shuo Yang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:565
  37. Gram-negative bloodstream infections (GN-BSIs) are a significant clinical challenge. The utility of follow-up blood cultures (FUBCs) in GN-BSIs and their impact on mortality and antibiotic consumption are area...

    Authors: Mehmet Yildiz, Hamid Habibi, Fatma Betul Altin, Seref Kerem Corbacioglu and Hasan Selcuk Ozger
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:564
  38. Influenza infection is a highly preventable transmissible viral disease associated with mild upper respiratory symptoms and more severe conditions such as lethal pneumonia. Studies have shown that a broader sp...

    Authors: Rodrigo Luiz Carregaro, Alessandra N. C. P. Roscani, Augusto Cesar Sousa Raimundo, Larissa Ferreira, Tazio Vanni, Maria da Graça Salomão, Livia Fernandes Probst and Juliana Yukari K. Viscondi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:563
  39. Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) play a pivotal role in controlling typhoid fever, as it is primarily transmitted through oral-fecal pathways. Given our constrained resources, staying current with the mos...

    Authors: Chaelin Kim, Gerard R. Goucher, Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse, Woojoo Lee, Kaja Abbas and Jong-Hoon Kim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:562
  40. Intestinal tuberculosis is a chronic and specific infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis invading the intestine. Due to the nonspecific clinical presentation, it is stressed that intestinal perforation...

    Authors: Guobin Liu, Tianyan Chen, Xiaofeng Song, Bolin Chen and Quan Kang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:559
  41. Evidence on the real-world effects of “Treat All” on attrition has not been systematically reviewed. We aimed to review existing literature to compare attrition 12 months after antiretroviral therapy (ART) ini...

    Authors: Richard Makurumidze, Tom Decroo, Bart K. M. Jacobs, Simbarashe Rusakaniko, Wim Van Damme, Lutgarde Lynen and Tinne Gils
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:558
  42. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a life-threatening complication in patients with advanced cirrhosis. Prophylactic Norfloxacin used to be considered effective in SBP prevention, but in recent years i...

    Authors: Shuailing Song, Yi Yang, Chong Geng, Zeya Tang, Chunhui Wang and Xiao Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:557
  43. Colistin is one of the last resort therapeutic options for treating carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales, which are resistant to a broad range of beta-lactam antibiotics. However, the increased use of coli...

    Authors: Adhiratha Boonyasiri, Lauren M. Brinkac, Elita Jauneikaite, Richard C. White, Chris Greco, Chakkraphong Seenama, Teerawit Tangkoskul, Kevin Nguyen, Derrick E. Fouts and Visanu Thamlikitkul
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:556
  44. Leprosy is a public health burden in Indonesia with a high number of new cases every year and a high proportion of disability among new cases. Case detection delay (CDD) can contribute to ongoing transmission ...

    Authors: Yudhy Dharmawan, Ida J. Korfage, Ulfah Abqari, Bagoes Widjanarko and Jan Hendrik Richardus
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:555
  45. Hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKP) is emerging globally and can cause various, severe infections in healthy individuals. However, the clinical manifestations of hvKP infections are nonspecific, and there ...

    Authors: Jieen Huang, Yanzhu Chen, Ming Li, Shujin Xie, Huasheng Tong, Zhusheng Guo and Yi Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:554
  46. Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) has a high prevalence among persons with HIV infection. Since Integrase Strand Transfer Inhibitors (INSTIs) are used worldwide and have been associated with weight gai...

    Authors: Sara Rodrigues Fernandes, Ana Rita Leite, Rita Lino, André Rodrigues Guimarães, Carmela Pineiro, Rosário Serrão and Paula Freitas
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:553
  47. Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are a significant burden on the global population and represent a key area of focus in the hospital environment. Blood culture (BC) testing is the standard diagnostic test utilise...

    Authors: Benjamin R. McFadden, Timothy J. J. Inglis and Mark Reynolds
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:552
  48. Point-of-care testing (POCT) using rapid diagnostic tests for infectious disease can potentially guide appropriate use of antimicrobials, reduce antimicrobial resistance, and economise use of healthcare resour...

    Authors: Justine Tin Nok Chan, Van Nguyen, Thuy Ngan Tran, Nam Vinh Nguyen, Nga Thi Thuy Do, H. Rogier van Doorn and Sonia Lewycka
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:551

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