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  1. Content type: Research article

    The resurgence of mumps around the world occurs frequently in recent years. As the country with the largest number of cases in the world, the status of mumps epidemics in China is not yet clear. This study, ta...

    Authors: Guoqi Yu, Rencong Yang, Yi Wei, Dongmei Yu, Wenwen Zhai, Jiansheng Cai, Bingshuang Long, Shiyi Chen, Jiexia Tang, Ge Zhong and Jian Qin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:360

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  2. Content type: Research article

    An adjunctive topical therapy with gentamicin-sponges to systemic antibiotic therapy might improve the healing of infected diabetic foot ulcers (DFUI).

    Authors: Ilker Uçkay, Benjamin Kressmann, Sarah Malacarne, Anna Toumanova, Jaafar Jaafar, Daniel Lew and Benjamin A. Lipsky

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:361

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Clostridium ramosum is a generally non-pathogenic enteric anaerobe, and Fournier’s gangrene is a rare necrotizing soft tissue infection with male predisposition affecting the perineum and the genital area. We rep...

    Authors: Noriyoshi Takano, Midori Sasaki Yatabe, Junichi Yatabe, Masaaki Kato, Daisuke Sueoka, Shigekazu Iguchi, Atsushi Yoshida, Yutaka Uzawa, Ken Kikuchi, Kimitaka Tani, Shinpei Ogawa, Michio Itabashi, Masakazu Yamamoto, Daisuke Watanabe, Takashi Ando, Satoshi Morimoto…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:363

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Dyslipidemia represents a significant non-infectious comorbidity among people living with HIV. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact on lipid profile of switches from an efavirenz (EFV) or protease i...

    Authors: Lucia Taramasso, Paola Tatarelli, Elena Ricci, Giordano Madeddu, Barbara Menzaghi, Nicola Squillace, Giuseppe Vittorio De Socio, Canio Martinelli, Roberto Gulminetti, Paolo Maggi, Giancarlo Orofino, Francesca Vichi, Antonio Di Biagio and Paolo Bonfanti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:357

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infections (BSIs) occur with significant prevalence and high mortality worldwide. Antimicrobial resistance and virulence are two main factors participating in the pathogenicity o...

    Authors: Min Xu, Yiqi Fu, Haishen Kong, Xiao Chen, Yu Chen, Lanjuan Li and Qing Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:358

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  6. Content type: Research article

    In Cape Town, the roll-out of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has increased over the last decade with an estimated coverage of 63% of HIV- positive patients in 2013. The influence of ART on the characteristics of...

    Authors: Richard Kaplan, Sabine Hermans, Judy Caldwell, Karen Jennings, Linda-Gail Bekker and Robin Wood

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:356

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Infectious diarrhea is a common problem in the developing world, especially among people living with HIV/AIDS. Traditional diagnostic methods such as stool culture and microscopic examination are limited by re...

    Authors: Lubaba Seid, William Stokes, Abebe Genetu Bayih, Sisay Getie, Aberham Abere, Habtie Tesfa and Dylan R. Pillai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:354

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  8. Content type: Research article

    MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (MS) on whole cells enables the detection of different cell types and cell activation. Here, we wondered whether this approach would be useful to investigate the host response in se...

    Authors: Aurélie Daumas, Julie Alingrin, Richard Ouedraogo, Patrick Villani, Marc Leone and Jean-Louis Mege

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:355

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Maternal vaginal colonization with antibiotic resistant organisms is a growing concern in countries with high antibiotic resistance rates.

    Authors: Dulmini Nanayakkara, Veranja Liyanapathirana, Chaminda Kandauda, Champika Gihan, Asela Ekanayake and Dinuka Adasooriya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:351

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  10. Content type: Research article

    No study has reported the epidemiology of AIDS-related opportunistic illnesses (AOIs) in patients with newly diagnosed HIV infection in Taiwan in the past decade. Understanding the current trends in AOI-relate...

    Authors: Chun-Yuan Lee, Yu-Ting Tseng, Wei-Ru Lin, Yen-Hsu Chen, Jih-Jin Tsai, Wen-Hung Wang, Po-Liang Lu and Hung-Chin Tsai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:352

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM), caused by Naegleria fowleri, is a rare protozoan infectious disease in China. A fatality rate of over 95% had been reported due to extremely rapid disease progression in...

    Authors: Qiang Wang, Jianming Li, Jingkai Ji, Liuqing Yang, Li Chen, Rongrong Zhou, Yang Yang, Haixia Zheng, Jing Yuan, Liqiang Li, Yuhai Bi, George F. Gao, Jinmin Ma and Yingxia Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:349

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Male circumcision provides men with approximately 60% protection from acquiring HIV infection via heterosexual sex, and has become a key component of HIV prevention efforts in sub-Saharan Africa. Possible mech...

    Authors: Stephanie M. Davis, Sherri Pals, Chunfu Yang, Elijah Odoyo-June, Joy Chang, Maroya Spalding Walters, Walter Jaoko, Naomi Bock, Larry Westerman, Carlos Toledo and Robert C. Bailey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:350

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  13. Content type: Research article

    In clinical studies involving a healthy volunteer human challenge model, a valid and reliable measure to assess the evolution of patient-reported symptom type and severity following viral exposure is necessary...

    Authors: Alison Han, Jiat-Ling Poon, John H. Powers III, Nancy K. Leidy, Ren Yu and Matthew J. Memoli

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:353

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Dengue viruses (DENV) have emerged and reemerged in Brazil in the past 30 years causing explosive epidemics. The disease may range from clinically asymptomatic infections to severe and fatal outcomes. We aimed...

    Authors: Priscila Conrado Guerra Nunes, Ana Maria Bispo de Filippis, Monique Queiroz da Rocha Lima, Nieli Rodrigues da Costa Faria, Fernanda de Bruycker-Nogueira, Jaqueline Bastos Santos, Manoela Heringer, Thaís Chouin-Carneiro, Dinair Couto-Lima, Bianca de Santis Gonçalves, Simone Alves Sampaio, Eliane Saraiva Machado de Araújo, Juan Camilo Sánchez-Arcila, Flávia Barreto dos Santos and Rita Maria Ribeiro Nogueira

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:346

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) is an emerging global multiple-drug-resistant organism. It becomes increasingly challenging to treat S. maltophilia infection effectively. Novel therapeutic and preve...

    Authors: Guangyang Xu, Xueping Tang, Xueyi Shang, Yan Li, Jing Wang, Junjie Yue and Yan Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:347

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Studies comparing self-samples and clinician-collected samples for high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) detection using clinically validated PCR-based HPV DNA assays are limited. We measured the concordance of...

    Authors: Mette Tranberg, Jørgen Skov Jensen, Bodil Hammer Bech, Jan Blaakær, Hans Svanholm and Berit Andersen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:348

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Asking people how they would seek healthcare in a hypothetical situation can be an efficient way to estimate healthcare utilization, but it is unclear how intended healthcare use corresponds to actual healthca...

    Authors: Karen K. Wong, Adam L. Cohen, Neil A. Martinson, Shane A. Norris, Stefano Tempia, Claire von Mollendorf, Sibongile Walaza, Shabir A. Madhi, Meredith L. McMorrow and Cheryl Cohen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:344

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are considered to be key mediators of tuberculosis (TB) pathology but their role in tuberculosis – diabetes comorbidity (TB-DM) is not well understood.

    Authors: Nathella P. Kumar, Kadar Moideen, Vijay Viswanathan, Basavaradhya S. Shruthi, Shanmugam Sivakumar, Pradeep A. Menon, Hardy Kornfeld and Subash Babu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:345

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a rare, benign disease of the aerodigestive tract, especially the larynx, caused by infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 or 11. Current management...

    Authors: Paul Stefan Mauz, Fabian Axel Schäfer, Thomas Iftner and Phillipp Gonser

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:343

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  20. Content type: Research article

    In late 2016, an uncommon recombinant NoV genotype called GII.P16-GII.2 caused a sharp increase in outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis in different countries of Asia and Europe, including China. However, we did...

    Authors: Jiankang Han, Xiaofang Wu, Liping Chen, Yun Fu, Deshun Xu, Peng Zhang and Lei Ji

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:342

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  21. Content type: Research article

    One third of travellers to low- and middle-income regions of the tropics and subtropics become colonized by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE). The risk varies by destination ...

    Authors: Tinja Lääveri, Jessica A. Vlot, Alje P. van Dam, Hanni K. Häkkinen, Gerard J. B. Sonder, Leo G. Visser and Anu Kantele

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:341

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Increasing case notifications is one of the top programmatic priorities of National TB Control Programmes (NTPs). To find more cases, NTPs often need to consider expanding TB case-detection activities to popul...

    Authors: Marek Lalli, Matthew Hamilton, Carel Pretorius, Debora Pedrazzoli, Richard G. White and Rein M. G. J. Houben

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:340

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a widespread problem in prisons. The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of HCV seropositivity, HCV genotypes, factors associated with HCV seropositivity in newly ...

    Authors: Kristel Kivimets, Anneli Uusküla, Jeffrey V. Lazarus and Kristi Ott

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:339

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer is the most common cancer among women in Nepal. The prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 and or HPV 18 among women with cervical pre-cancer and cancer is higher than the incidence of HPV...

    Authors: Niresh Thapa, Muna Maharjan, Girishma Shrestha, Narayani Maharjan, Marcia A. Petrini, Na Zuo, Can He, Jing Yang, Mengfei Xu, Caiyun Ge, Ziye Song and Hongbing Cai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:338

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Neisseria meningitidis serogroup A disease in Burkina Faso has greatly decreased following introduction of a meningococcal A conjugate vaccine in 2010, yet other serogroups continue to pose a risk of life-threate...

    Authors: Adam C. Retchless, Malika Congo-Ouédraogo, Dinanibè Kambiré, Jeni Vuong, Alex Chen, Fang Hu, Absetou Ky Ba, Abdoul-Salam Ouédraogo, Soumeya Hema-Ouangraoua, Jaymin C. Patel, Rasmata Ouédraogo Traoré, Lassana Sangaré and Xin Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:337

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Blastomycosis is an endemic mycosis in North America that is caused by the dimorphic fungus Blastomyces dermatitidis. The illness is a systemic disease with a wide variety of pulmonary and extra-pulmonary manifes...

    Authors: Syed Mohammed Qasim Hussaini, Deng Madut, Betty C. Tong, Elizabeth N. Pavlisko, Wiley A. Schell, John R. Perfect and Nathan M. Thielman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:336

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) is a commonly causative pathogen for respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in humans. The epidemiological features of M. pneumoniae infections during post-epidemic, including a...

    Authors: Jiuxin Qu, Chunxia Yang, Fang Bao, Shuyan Chen, Li Gu and Bin Cao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:335

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Human anelloviruses (TTV, TTMDV and TTMV) are at high prevalence all across the globe, having also a controversial disease-inducing potential. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of anelloviral DNA in ...

    Authors: Sonia Spandole-Dinu, Dănuț Gheorghe Cimponeriu, Anne-Marie Crăciun, Irina Radu, Silvia Nica, Mihai Toma, Oana Andrada Alexiu, Corneliu Sorin Iorga, Lavinia-Mariana Berca and Remus Nica

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:334

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Refugees in sub-Saharan Africa face both the risk of HIV infection and barriers to HIV testing. We conducted a pilot study to determine the feasibility and acceptability of home-based HIV testing in Nakivale R...

    Authors: Kelli N. O’Laughlin, Wei He, Kelsy E. Greenwald, Julius Kasozi, Yuchiao Chang, Edgar Mulogo, Zikama M. Faustin, Patterson Njogu, Rochelle P. Walensky and Ingrid V. Bassett

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:332

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Patients with suspected Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection should be hospitalized in isolation wards to avoid transmission. This suspicion can also lead to medical confusion and ...

    Authors: A. Bleibtreu, S. Jaureguiberry, N. Houhou, D. Boutolleau, H. Guillot, D. Vallois, J. C. Lucet, J. Robert, B. Mourvillier, J. Delemazure, M. Jaspard, F. X. Lescure, C. Rioux, E. Caumes and Y. Yazdanapanah

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:331

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Globally, 40% of all tuberculosis (TB) cases, 65% paediatric cases and 75% multi-drug resistant TB (MDR-TB) cases are missed due to underreporting and/or under diagnosis. A recent Kenyan TB prevalence survey f...

    Authors: J. N. Oliwa, J. Maina, P. Ayieko, D. Gathara, I. A. Kathure, E. Masini, A. H. van’t Hoog, M. B. van Hensbroek and M. English

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:328

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Chikungunya virus infection in neonates is relatively rare and can lead to death.

    Authors: Rhaquel de Morais Alves Barbosa Oliveira, Francisca Kalline de Almeida Barreto, Ana Maria Peixoto Cabral Maia, Ileana Pitombeira Gomes, Adriana Rocha Simião, Rebeca Bandeira Barbosa, Adilina Soares Romeiro Rodrigues, Kilma Wanderley Lopes, Fernanda Montenegro de Carvalho Araújo, Regina Lúcia Sousa do Vale, John Washington Cavalcante and Luciano Pamplona de Góes Cavalcanti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:333

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Human bocavirus 1 (HBoV1) is an important cause of acute respiratory illness (ARI), yet the epidemiology and effect of meteorological conditions on infection is not fully understood. To investigate the distrib...

    Authors: Wen-Kuan Liu, Qian Liu, De-Hui Chen, Wei-Ping Tan, Yong Cai, Shu-Yan Qiu, Duo Xu, Chi Li, Xiao Li, Zheng-Shi Lin and Rong Zhou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:329

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  34. Content type: Research article

    In 2010, influenza, influenza-like illness (ILI) and acute respiratory infection (ARI) surveillance was established by the government of Burkina Faso. We provide preliminary descriptive results from this surve...

    Authors: Tani Sagna, Abdoul Kader Ilboudo, Carine Wandaogo, Assana Cissé, Moussa Sana, Dieudonné Tialla, Armel Moumouni Sanou, David J. Muscatello and Zékiba Tarnagda

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:330

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Despite wide spread use of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) by pregnant women living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the transmission rate is still higher by 18% after breastfeeding ends. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Girma Alemayehu Beyene, Lelisa Sena Dadi and Solomon Berhanu Mogas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:327

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  36. Content type: Database

    There are several epidemiological studies available on hepatitis B virus among pregnant women in Ethiopia. These individual studies revealed wide variation over time and across geographical areas. The aim of t...

    Authors: Kindie Mitiku Kebede, Dejene Derseh Abateneh and Alemayehu Sayih Belay

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:322

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  37. Content type: Research article

    The incidence and severity of tuberculosis chemotherapy toxicity is poorly characterised. We used data available from patients in the REMoxTB trial to provide an assessment of the risks associated with the sta...

    Authors: Conor D. Tweed, Angela M. Crook, Evans I. Amukoye, Rodney Dawson, Andreas H. Diacon, Madeline Hanekom, Timothy D. McHugh, Carl M. Mendel, Sarah K. Meredith, Michael E. Murphy, Saraswathi E. Murthy, Andrew J. Nunn, Patrick P. J. Phillips, Kasha P. Singh, Melvin Spigelman, Genevieve H. Wills…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:317

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  38. Content type: Technical advance

    Underlying coinfections may complicate infectious disease states but commonly go unnoticed because an a priori clinical suspicion is usually required so they can be detected via targeted diagnostic tools. Shot...

    Authors: D. N. Birdsell, Y. Özsürekci, A. Rawat, A. E. Aycan, C. L. Mitchell, J. W. Sahl, A. Johansson, R. E. Colman, J. M. Schupp, M. Ceyhan, P. S. Keim and D. M. Wagner

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:319

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Etravirine (ETR), a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) available in France since 2006, is indicated for antiretroviral-experienced HIV-infected adults, in combination with a ritonavir-boost...

    Authors: Valérie Potard, Cécile Goujard, Marc Antoine Valantin, Jean Marc Lacombe, Rima Lahoulou, Arnaud Chéret, Pierre Marie Girard and Dominique Costagliola

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:326

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  40. Content type: Research article

    IL-17 and IL-22 cytokines play an important role in protective immune responses against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. Information on the production of these cytokines and the factors that regulate t...

    Authors: Kamakshi Prudhula Devalraju, Venkata Sanjeev Kumar Neela, Sharadambal Sunder Ramaseri, Arunabala Chaudhury, Abhinav Van, Siva Sai Krovvidi, Ramakrishna Vankayalapati and Vijaya Lakshmi Valluri

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:321

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Indonesia ranking third in the world, regarding leprosy burden. Chemoprophylaxis is effective in reducing risk of developing leprosy among contacts. ‘Blanket approach’ is an operational strategy for leprosy po...

    Authors: Anuj Tiwari, Steaven Dandel, Rita Djupuri, Liesbeth Mieras and Jan Hendrik Richardus

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:324

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  42. Content type: Research article

    HIV infection continues to be epidemic of public health importance with a prevalence of 1.1% and incidence of 0.33/1000 population having low-intensity mixed epidemic. Ethiopia has adopted the 90–90-90 by 2020...

    Authors: Tadele Girum, Abebaw Wasie and Abdulsemed Worku

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:320

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  43. Content type: Research article

    With a prevalence of 4.7–13% in Danish Ixodes ricinus ticks, Rickettsia helvetica is one of the most frequently detected tick-borne organisms in Denmark. Most reports of human exposure have described asymptomatic...

    Authors: Lukas Frans Ocias, Ram Benny Dessau, Anne-Mette Lebech, Charlotte Sværke Jørgensen, Randi Føns Petersen and Karen Angeliki Krogfelt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:325

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  44. Content type: Case report

    Laryngeal aspergillosis is uncommon and is usually secondary to pulmonary involvement in immunocompromised patients. Primary laryngeal aspergillosis in immunocompetent individuals is extremely rare, with a few...

    Authors: Supram Hosuru Subramanya, Joseph Jillwin, Shivaprakash Mandya Rudramurthy, Krishna Chandra Rijal, Niranjan Nayak, Arunaloke Chakrabarti and Arnab Ghosh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:323

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  45. Content type: Research article

    GII noroviruses are a common cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) outbreaks in institutional settings globally. However, AGE outbreaks caused by GI norovirus, especially the GI.5 genotype, are relatively uncom...

    Authors: Jian Li, Xia Gao, Yu-Long Ye, Tang Wan, Hao Zang, Ping-Hua Mo and Can-Lei Song

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:316

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is considered highly prevalent in West Africa. However, major gaps in surveillance exist in Sierra Leone. Although healthcare workers (HCWs) are at high risk for HBV infection, little i...

    Authors: Yu-Ling Qin, Bo Li, Yue-Su Zhou, Xin Zhang, Lei Li, Bing Song, Peng Liu, Yue Yuan, Zhong-Peng Zhao, Jun Jiao, Jing Li, Yi Sun, Stephen Sevalie, Joseph E. Kanu, Ya-Jun Song, Jia-Fu Jiang…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:315

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) is associated with less renal and bone toxicity compared with tenofovir disoproxil (TDF). TAF's recent FDA approval has spurred HIV providers to consider switching antiretroviral th...

    Authors: Sarah S. Lee, Joshua P. Havens, Harlan R. Sayles, Jennifer L. O’Neill, Anthony T. Podany, Susan Swindells, Kimberly K. Scarsi and Sara H. Bares

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:310

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Globally, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a complex public problem, which is mainly fuelled by inappropriate use of antimicrobials. Rational use of antimicrobials is the main strategy for the prevention of A...

    Authors: Mohammed Assen Seid and Mohammed Seid Hussen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:312

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