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  1. Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is a life-threatening opportunistic infection. In non-HIV immunocompromised patients with PCP, a standard second-line treatment has not been established up to now.

    Authors: Anlei Liu, Ruixue Sun, Guanghui Cao, Xiaohang Liu, Huadong Zhu and Jing Yang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:546
  2. The recent coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic mainly affects the respiratory system; however, several oral and maxillofacial post-COVID-19 complications have also been observed. This series reports the gr...

    Authors: Haytham Al-Mahalawy, Yehia El-Mahallawy, Noha Y. Dessoky, Sally Ibrahim, Hatem Amer, Haytham Mohamed Ayad, Hagar Mahmoud El Sherif and Alshaimaa Ahmed Shabaan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:544
  3. Immune checkpoints are crucial for the maintenance of subtle balance between self-tolerance and effector immune responses, but the role of soluble immune checkpoints (sICs) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) i...

    Authors: Huaxin Chen, Jingyu Zhou, Xinguo Zhao, Qianqian Liu, Lingyun Shao, Yehan Zhu and Qinfang Ou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:543
  4. The burden of carbapenem resistance is not well studied in the Middle East. We aimed to describe the molecular epidemiology and outcome of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) infections from several Sa...

    Authors: Basem M. Alraddadi, Emily L. G. Heaphy, Yamama Aljishi, Waleed Ahmed, Khalid Eljaaly, Hanan H. Al-Turkistani, Abeer N. Alshukairi, Mohammed O. Qutub, Kholoud Alodini, Roaa Alosaimi, Waseem Hassan, Dalya Attalah, Rakan Alswaiel, Mohammed F. Saeedi, Mohammed A. Al-Hamzi, Lama K. Hefni…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:542
  5. The SARS-COV2 pandemic has been ongoing worldwide since at least 2 years. In severe cases, this infection triggers acute respiratory distress syndrome and quasi-systemic damage with a wide range of symptoms. L...

    Authors: Peter-Joe Noujaim, Damien Jolly, Claire Coutureau and Lukshe Kanagaratnam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:541
  6. The impact of the variant of concern (VOC) Alpha on the severity of COVID-19 has been debated. We report our analysis in France.

    Authors: Guillaume Martin-Blondel, François-Xavier Lescure, Lambert Assoumou, Charlotte Charpentier, Jean-Marc Chapplain, Thomas Perpoint, Gaspard Grouteau, Hugues Cordel, Gilles Pialoux, Jérome Pacanowski, Michael Thy, Adeline Bauvois, Didier Laureillard, Fadia Hamrouni, Michèle Algarte-Genin, Julien Poissy…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:540
  7. Acute myocardial injury is associated with poor prognosis in respiratory tract infections. We aimed to highlight the differences in prevalence of myocardial injury and its impact on prognosis in patients with ...

    Authors: Lars Mizera, Monika Zdanyte, Johannes Gernert, Álvaro Petersen-Uribe, Karin Müller, Meinrad Paul Gawaz, Simon Greulich and Dominik Rath
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:539
  8. Bronchiolitis, the most common cause of hospitalization in infancy has not yet a definitive treatment. This study was conducted to assess the effect of Zinc and vitamin D on treatment of infants with bronchiol...

    Authors: Parisa Khoshnevisasl, Mansour Sadeghzadeh, Koorosh Kamali and Armita Ardalani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:538
  9. Passive immunization against SARS-CoV-2 limits viral burden and death from COVID-19; however, it poses a theoretical risk of disease exacerbation through antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE). ADE after anti-SA...

    Authors: Ahmed N. Hegazy, Jan Krönke, Stefan Angermair, Stefan Schwartz, Carl Weidinger, Ulrich Keller, Sascha Treskatsch, Britta Siegmund and Thomas Schneider
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:537
  10. To prevent nosocomial transmission of SARS-CoV-2, infection prevention control (IPC) measures are implemented for patients with symptoms compatible with COVID-19 until reliable test results are available. This...

    Authors: Susanne E. Mortazavi, Malin Inghammar, Claus Christiansen, Anne-Katrine Pesola, Mikael Stenkilsson and Magnus Paulsson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:536
  11. This study determined if non-communicable disease status, HIV status, COVID-19 status and co-habiting were associated with COVID-19 test status in sub-Saharan Africa.

    Authors: Morenike O. Folayan, Roberto Ariel Abeldaño Zuñiga, Jorma I. Virtanen, Maha El Tantawi, Giuliana Florencia Abeldaño, Anthonia Omotola Ishabiyi, Mohammed Jafer, Nuraldeen Maher Al-Khanati, Mir Faeq Ali Quadri, Muhammad Abrar Yousaf, Passent Ellakany, Ntombifuthi Nzimande, Eshrat Ara, Zumama Khalid, Folake Barakat Lawal, Joanne Lusher…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:535
  12. Taenia solium cysticercosis/taeniasis (TSCT) is reported to be endemic in pig producing areas around the world, causing significant disease burden and economic losses.

    Authors: Chacha Nyangi, Dominik Stelzle, Ernatus M. Mkupasi, Helena A. Ngowi, Ayubu J. Churi, Veronika Schmidt, Christopher Mahonge and Andrea S. Winkler
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:534
  13. Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection involving multiple organs and systems. Its hematological presentation mainly includes anemia and leukocytosis. Evans syndrome is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by...

    Authors: Xiao-hong Pan, Jie-kun Xu, Lei Pan, Cai-hong Wang, Xiao-qing Huang, Jun-ke Qiu, Xiao-bo Ji and Min-jie Mao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:533
  14. The empirical prescription of antibiotics to inpatients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is frequent despite uncommon bacterial coinfections. Current knowledge of the effect of antibiotics on the survi...

    Authors: Efrén Murillo-Zamora, Xóchitl Trujillo, Miguel Huerta, Mónica Ríos-Silva, Agustin Lugo-Radillo and Oliver Mendoza-Cano
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:532
  15. Despite high vaccination coverage, measles outbreaks have been reported in measles elimination countries, especially among healthcare workers in their 20 and 30 s. This study was designed to identify measles-s...

    Authors: Hyeri Seok, Erica Españo, Jooyun Kim, Ji Hoon Jeon, Won Suk Choi, Yun-Kyung Kim, Jeong-Ki Kim and Dae Won Park
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:530
  16. Pandoraea species are multidrug-resistant glucose-nonfermenting gram-negative bacilli that are usually isolated from patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and from water and soil. Reports of diseases, including bloo...

    Authors: Naoya Itoh, Nana Akazawa, Yuichi Ishibana, Toshiki Masuishi, Akinobu Nakata and Hiromi Murakami
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:529
  17. Deworming programs aimed at reducing morbidity and mortality from geohelminth infections are common in many countries where these infections are endemic, but data demonstrating increasing levels of resistance ...

    Authors: Greisi Curico, Paul García-Bardales, Tackeshy Pinedo, Wagner Shapiama, Miguel Moncada-Yaicate, Lucero Romaina, Pablo P. Yori, Maribel Paredes-Olortegui, Graciela Meza-Sánchez, Andrés G. Lescano, Valerie A. Paz-Soldan, Francesca Schiaffino, Richard A. Oberhelman and Margaret N. Kosek
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:528
  18. Latinos have had higher case counts, hospitalization rates and deaths during the COVID-19 pandemic nationally and in the state of California. Meanwhile, Latino vaccination rates remain lower than those of non-...

    Authors: Janet M. Wojcicki, Milagro Escobar, Andrea DeCastro Mendez and Suzanna M. Martinez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:527
  19. Bacterial opportunistic infections are common in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA). Besides HIV-TB co-infection, lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) due to multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria cause sign...

    Authors: Riju Maharjan, Anup Bastola, Nabaraj Adhikari, Komal Raj Rijal, Megha Raj Banjara, Prakash Ghimire and Upendra Thapa Shrestha
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:526
  20. Guizhou is located in the southwest of China with high multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) epidemic. To fight this disease, Guizhou provincial authorities have made efforts to establish MDR-TB service sy...

    Authors: Wang Yun, Chen Huijuan, Liao Long, Lu Xiaolong and Zhang Aihua
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:525
  21. The European Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme (Euro-GASP) performs annual sentinel surveillance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae susceptibility to therapeutically relevant antimicrobials across the Europea...

    Authors: Michaela J. Day, Susanne Jacobsson, Gianfranco Spiteri, Carina Kulishev, Noshin Sajedi, Neil Woodford, Benjamin Blumel, Marieke J. van der Werf, Andrew J. Amato-Gauci, Magnus Unemo and Michelle J. Cole
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:524
  22. Rapid phage enumeration/quantitation and viable bacteria determination is critical for phage application and treatment of infectious patients caused by the pathogenic bacteria.

    Authors: Jun Luo, Min Liu, Peng Wang, Qianyuan Li, Chunhua Luo, Hongping Wei, Yuanyuan Hu and Junping Yu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:523
  23. Retention of patients who are receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) remains a challenge especially in the setting of rapid expansion of HIV services. Retention in care remains vital to the HIV care continuum,...

    Authors: P. Wekesa, A. McLigeyo, K. Owuor, J. Mwangi and E. Ngugi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:522
  24. Women of reproductive age group have greater predilection to urinary tract infections (UTI). Various risk factors increase the prevalence in women. Emergence of multidrug resistant uropathogens make clinical m...

    Authors: S. Jagtap, S. Harikumar, V. Vinayagamoorthy, S. Mukhopadhyay and A. Dongre
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:521
  25. Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI), caused by rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM), is a rare infectious complication in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients and can often be misdiagn...

    Authors: Emiri Muranaka, Ryota Hase, Yoshikazu Utsu, Tomohisa Watari, Yoshihito Otsuka and Naoto Hosokawa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:520
  26. Actinomyces species are gram-positive, obligate anaerobic rods and are rare causes of cholecystitis. Because Actinomyces species are anaerobic bacteria, it is difficult for Actinomyces to survive in bile apart fr...

    Authors: Kento Furuya, Kenta Ito, Kyohei Sugiyama, Akitsugu Fujita, Hideyuki Kanemoto and Toshio Shimada
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:518
  27. Blood cultures remain the gold standard investigation for the diagnosis of bloodstream infections. In many locations, quality-assured processing of positive blood cultures is not possible. One solution is to i...

    Authors: Tamalee Roberts, Arjun Chandna, Wanitda Watthanaworawit, Areerat Thaiprakong, Sona Soeng, Manivone Simmalavong, Phonelavanh Phoumin, Weerawut Saengchun, Nongyao Khatta, Pattaraporn Hinfonthong, Napaporn Kaewpundoem, Sue J. Lee, Carlo Perrone, Ben Amos, Paul Turner, Elizabeth A. Ashley…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:517
  28. SmartAmp-Eprimer Binary code (SEB) Genotyping is a novel isothermal amplification method for rapid genotyping of any variable target of interest.

    Authors: Diane Delobel, Yutaka Furutani, Sumiko Nagoshi, Akihito Tsubota, Akio Miyasaka, Koichi Watashi, Takaji Wakita, Tomokazu Matsuura and Kengo Usui
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:516
  29. To identify risk-prone areas for the spread of tuberculosis, analyze spatial variation and temporal trends of the disease in these areas and identify their determinants in a high burden city.

    Authors: Thaís Zamboni Berra, Antônio Carlos Vieira Ramos, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Felipe Mendes Delpino, Juliane de Almeida Crispim, Yan Mathias Alves, Felipe Lima dos Santos, Fernanda Bruzadelli Paulino da Costa, Márcio Souza dos Santos, Luana Seles Alves, Regina Célia Fiorati, Aline Aparecida Monroe, Dulce Gomes and Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:515
  30. The city of Melbourne, Australia experienced two waves of the COVID-19 epidemic peaking, the first in March and a more substantial wave in July 2020. During the second wave, a series of control measure were pr...

    Authors: Allan Saul, Nick Scott, Tim Spelman, Brendan S. Crabb and Margaret Hellard
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:514
  31. Herpes zoster (commonly called shingles) is caused by the reactivation of varicella zoster virus, and results in substantial morbidity. While the risk of zoster increases significantly with age and immunosuppr...

    Authors: Sharon L. Cadogan, Jennifer S. Mindell, Judith Breuer, Andrew Hayward and Charlotte Warren-Gash
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:513
  32. Facing a global epidemic of new infectious diseases such as COVID-19, non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs), which reduce transmission rates without medical actions, are being implemented around the world to...

    Authors: Naoya Fujiwara, Tomokatsu Onaga, Takayuki Wada, Shouhei Takeuchi, Junji Seto, Tomoki Nakaya and Kazuyuki Aihara
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:512
  33. Hepatitis C virus self-testing (HCVST) is an additional approach that may expand access to HCV testing. We conducted a mixed-methods cross-sectional observational study to assess the usability and acceptabilit...

    Authors: Emmanuel Fajardo, Victoria Watson, Moses Kumwenda, Dali Usharidze, Sophiko Gogochashvili, David Kakhaberi, Ana Giguashvili, Cheryl C. Johnson, Muhammad S. Jamil, Russell Dacombe, Ketevan Stvilia, Philippa Easterbrook and Elena Ivanova Reipold
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:510
  34. An increasing number of patients are being prescribed anticoagulants and platelet inhibitors (antithrombotic treatment). Basic research has suggested an association between antithrombotic treatment and bactere...

    Authors: Svava E. Steiner, Gustaf Edgren, Keira Melican, Agneta Richter-Dahlfors and Annelie Brauner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:509
  35. Zika virus infection is commonly described as a mild and self-limiting illness. However, cardiac complications were associated with acute Zika virus infection.

    Authors: Camila Helena Aguiar Bôtto-Menezes, Izabella Picinin Safe, Ana Cláudia da Cunha Ferreira, Katia do Nascimento Couceiro, Armando Menezes Neto, Rafael Freitas Oliveira Franca, Guilherme Amaral Calvet, Ana Maria Bispo de Filippis, Edna Oliveira Kara, Marcia da Costa Castilho, Michele Souza Bastos, Carlos Alexandre Antunes de Brito, Kayvon Modjarrad, Nathalie Jeanne Nicole Broutet, Patrícia Brasil, Ludhmila Abrahão Hajjar…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:508
  36. This study aimed to identify differences and similarities among adolescents and parents in various psychosocial factors influencing meningococcal ACWY (MenACWY) vaccination acceptance. Besides, the impact of t...

    Authors: Veja Widdershoven, Rianne P. Reijs, Amanja Verhaegh-Haasnoot, Robert A. C. Ruiter and Christian J. P. A. Hoebe
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:507
  37. Xpert MTB/Rif, a molecular test to detect tuberculosis (TB), has been proven to have high sensitivity and specificity when compared with liquid culture in clinical settings. However, little is known about its ...

    Authors: Hai Viet Nguyen, Petra de Haas, Hoa Binh Nguyen, Nhung Viet Nguyen, Frank G. J. Cobelens, Veriko Mirtskhulava, Alyssa Finlay, Hung Van Nguyen, Pham T. T. Huyen and Edine W. Tiemersma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:506
  38. Coronavirus-2019 (COVID-2019) is a novel coronavirus known as Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV-2). The premier standard test for SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis is a one-step RT-qPCR method, which requires specific p...

    Authors: Asra Malekshahi, Sayyad Khanizadeh, Shirzad Fallahi, Gholamreza Talei, Mehdi Birjandi and Faezeh Hajizadeh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:505
  39. Due to safety signals after vaccination with COVID-19 vector vaccines, several states recommended to complete the primary immunization series in individuals having received one dose of ChAdOx1 (AstraZeneca) wi...

    Authors: Lisette Warkentin, Nikoletta Zeschick, Thomas Kühlein, Philipp Steininger, Klaus Überla, Isabelle Kaiser, Christine Gall, Maria Sebastião and Susann Hueber
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:504
  40. As people living with HIV (PLWH) are growing older, there is increased incidence of metabolic diseases, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, for which insulin resistance is a key determinant. In this study, we ...

    Authors: Julie Høgh, Malene Hove-Skovsgaard, Marco Gelpi, Anne Marie Reimer Jensen, Jan Gerstoft, Thomas Benfield, Heidi Storgaard and Susanne Dam Nielsen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:503
  41. Tuberculosis remains a major threat to global public health. Regarding its control, directly observed therapy is not suitable as a global strategy for all tuberculosis patients. Self-management may be an impor...

    Authors: Jin Li, Liwen Zhang, Jiani Zhou, Geng Wang, Rui Zhang, Jiaqing Liu, Shili Liu, Yong Chen, Song Yang, Quan Yuan and Ying Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:502
  42. There remain gaps in quantifying mortality risk among individuals co-infected with chronic hepatitis B (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in sub-Saharan African contexts. Among a cohort of HIV-positi...

    Authors: Justine Umutesi, Sabin Nsanzimana, Carol Yingkai Liu, Patrizio Vanella, Jördis J. Ott and Gérard Krause
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:500
  43. Our aim was to assess the ability of the Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) in predicting drug resistance profile of multidrug-resistant mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-MTB) from newly diagnosed cases in China.

    Authors: Wenwen Sun, Xuwei Gui, Zheyuan Wu, Yangyi Zhang and Liping Yan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:499
  44. The bacterial genus Aggregatibacter was categorized in 2006 to accommodate the former Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Haemophilus aphrophilus, and H. segnis species. Aggregatibacter kilianii is a normal res...

    Authors: Dahae Yang, Chang-Ki Kim, Junja Park, Na Yeong Song, Yunna Lee and Woonhyoung Lee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:497

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