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  1. Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are at risk for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) coinfection. The advent of antiretroviral therapy restores immunity in HIV-infected patients, but predisp...

    Authors: Jiun-Nong Lin, Chung-Hsu Lai, Yen-Hsu Chen, Lin-Li Chang, Susan Shin-Jung Lee and Hsi-Hsun Lin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:321
  2. Influenza-like illness (ILI) is often defined as fever (>38.0°C) with cough or sore throat. In this study, we tested the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of this case defin...

    Authors: Matthew R Kasper, Thomas F Wierzba, Ly Sovann, Patrick J Blair and Shannon D Putnam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:320
  3. The diagnosis and antimicrobial treatment of pneumonia in African children in the absence of diagnostic means such as x-ray facilities or microbiological laboratories relies primarily on clinical symptoms pres...

    Authors: Norbert G Schwarz, Nimako Sarpong, Frank Hünger, Florian Marks, Samuel EK Acquah, Alex Agyekum, Bernard Nkrumah, Wibke Loag, Ralf M Hagen, Jennifer A Evans, Denise Dekker, Julius N Fobil, Christian G Meyer, Jürgen May and Yaw Adu-Sarkodie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:319
  4. The mortality in patients with persistent low CD4 count despite several years of HAART with sustained viral suppression is poorly documented. We aimed to identify predictors for inadequate CD4 cell recovery an...

    Authors: Frederik N Engsig, Jan Gerstoft, Gitte Kronborg, Carsten S Larsen, Gitte Pedersen, Birgit Røge, Janne Jensen, Lars N Nielsen and Niels Obel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:318
  5. Serological testing for Lyme borreliosis (LB) is frequently requested by general practitioners for patients with a wide variety of symptoms.

    Authors: Ram B Dessau, Jette M Bangsborg, Tove Ejlertsen, Sigurdur Skarphedinsson and Henrik C Schønheyder
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:317
  6. The 2009 pandemic of influenza A (H1N1) infection has alerted many governments to make preparedness plan to control the spread of influenza A (H1N1) infection. Vaccination for influenza is one of the most impo...

    Authors: Samuel YS Wong, Eliza LY Wong, Josette Chor, Kenny Kung, Paul KS Chan, Carmen Wong and Sian M Griffiths
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:316
  7. Otitis media (OM), one of the most common pediatric infectious diseases, causes inner ear inflammation resulting in vertigo and sensorineural hearing loss. Previously, we showed that spiral ligament fibrocytes...

    Authors: Jeong-Im Woo, Huiqi Pan, Sejo Oh, David J Lim and Sung K Moon
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:314
  8. Hospitals with inadequate infection control are risky environments for the emergence and transmission of tuberculosis (TB). We evaluated TB infection control practices, and the prevalence of latent TB infectio...

    Authors: Guang Xue He, Susan van den Hof, Marieke J van der Werf, Guo Jie Wang, Shi Wen Ma, Dong Yang Zhao, Yuan Lian Hu, Shi Cheng Yu and Martien W Borgdorff
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:313
  9. In a previous study we observed an increasing trend in candidemia in Finland in the 1990s. Our aim was now to investigate further population-based secular trends, as well as outcome, and evaluate the associati...

    Authors: Eira Poikonen, Outi Lyytikäinen, Veli-Jukka Anttila, Irma Koivula, Jukka Lumio, Pirkko Kotilainen, Hannu Syrjälä and Petri Ruutu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:312
  10. Diarrhea is common in HIV/AIDS patients, caused by both classic enteric pathogens and different opportunistic agents. Infection with these different pathogens may lead to similar radiological findings, thus causi...

    Authors: Rohit Singla, Samriti Hari and Surendra K Sharma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:310
  11. Meningococcal infection causes severe, rapidly progressing illness and reporting of cases is mandatory in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. The NSW Department of Health operates near real-time Emergency Depart...

    Authors: Libby O'Toole, David J Muscatello, Wei Zheng and Tim Churches
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:309
  12. Since the Influenza A pandemic in 1819, the association between the influenza virus and Streptococcus pneumoniae has been well described in literature. While a leading role has been so far attributed solely to In...

    Authors: Timothy Aebi, Maja Weisser, Evelyne Bucher, Hans H Hirsch, Stephan Marsch and Martin Siegemund
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:308
  13. Klebsiella pneumoniae is the major cause of community-acquired pyogenic infections in Taiwan. This retrospective study evaluated the clinical and microbiological characteristics of bacteremic community-acquired ...

    Authors: Yi-Tsung Lin, Yuan-Yu Jeng, Te-Li Chen and Chang-Phone Fung
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:307
  14. Recent in vitro evidence suggests a link between vitamin D status and the risk of tuberculosis (TB). This study sought to examine the association between vitamin D status, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and the risk o...

    Authors: Lan T Ho-Pham, Nguyen D Nguyen, Tong T Nguyen, Dung H Nguyen, Phuong K Bui, Vien N Nguyen and Tuan V Nguyen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:306
  15. Although the most frequent extra-pulmonary manifestations of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection involve the cardiovascular system, no data regarding heart function in infants with bronchiolitis associ...

    Authors: Susanna Esposito, Patrizia Salice, Samantha Bosis, Silvia Ghiglia, Elena Tremolati, Claudia Tagliabue, Laura Gualtieri, Paolo Barbier, Carlotta Galeone, Paola Marchisio and Nicola Principi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:305
  16. To determine the prevalence of carriage of respiratory bacterial pathogens, and the risk factors for and serotype distribution of pneumococcal carriage in an Australian Aboriginal population.

    Authors: Grant A Mackenzie, Amanda J Leach, Jonathan R Carapetis, Janelle Fisher and Peter S Morris
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:304
  17. In France, it is estimated that 24% of HIV-infected patients are also infected with HCV. Longitudinal studies addressing clinical and public health questions related to HIV-HCV co-infection (HIV-HCV clinical p...

    Authors: Marc-Arthur Loko, Dominique Salmon, Patrizia Carrieri, Maria Winnock, Marion Mora, Laurence Merchadou, Stéphanie Gillet, Elodie Pambrun, Jean Delaune, Marc-Antoine Valantin, Isabelle Poizot-Martin, Didier Neau, Philippe Bonnard, Eric Rosenthal, Karl Barange, Philippe Morlat…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:303
  18. Melioidosis, a severe and fatal infectious disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is believed to an emerging global threat. However, data on the natural history, risk factors, and geographic epidemiology of...

    Authors: Muhammad RA Hassan, Subhada P Pani, Ng P Peng, Kirtanaa Voralu, Natesan Vijayalakshmi, Ranjith Mehanderkar, Norasmidar A Aziz and Edwin Michael
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:302
  19. The level of herd immunity before and after the first 2009 pandemic season is not precisely known, and predicting the shape of the next pandemic H1N1 season is a difficult challenge.

    Authors: Fabrice Carrat, Camille Pelat, Daniel Levy-Bruhl, Isabelle Bonmarin and Nathanael Lapidus
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:301
  20. Members of the CD36 scavenger receptor family have been implicated as sensors of microbial products that mediate phagocytosis and inflammation in response to a broad range of pathogens. We investigated the rol...

    Authors: Michael Hawkes, Xiaoming Li, Maryanne Crockett, Angelina Diassiti, Constance Finney, Gundula Min-Oo, W Conrad Liles, Jun Liu and Kevin C Kain
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:299
  21. Combination vaccines improve coverage, compliance and effectively introduce new antigens to mass vaccination programmes. This was a phase III, observer-blind, randomized study of GSK Biologicals diphtheria-tet...

    Authors: Sukanta Chatterjee, Sylvan J Rego, Fulton D'Souza, BD Bhatia, Alix Collard, Sanjoy K Datta and Jeanne-Marie Jacquet
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:298
  22. Diphtheria-tetanus-whole-cell pertussis (DTPw)-based combination vaccines are an attractive option to rapidly achieve high coverage and protection against other important pathogens, such as hepatitis B virus (...

    Authors: Felix Espinoza, Miguel Tregnaghi, Angela Gentile, Katia Abarca, Javier Casellas, Alix Collard, Inge Lefevre and Jeanne-Marie Jacquet
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:297
  23. The trajectory of an infectious disease outbreak is affected by the behavior of individuals, and the behavior is often related to individuals' risk perception. We assessed temporal changes and geographical dif...

    Authors: Yoko Ibuka, Gretchen B Chapman, Lauren A Meyers, Meng Li and Alison P Galvani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:296
  24. The implementation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among HIV-positive patients results in immune reconstitution, slower progression of HIV disease, and a decrease in the occurrence of opportuni...

    Authors: Sadeep Shrestha, Staci L Sudenga, Jennifer S Smith, Laura H Bachmann, Craig M Wilson and Mirjam C Kempf
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:295
  25. In Laos, small backyard poultry systems predominate (90%). The first lethal human cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) occurred in 2007. Few studies have addressed the impact of outbreaks and educ...

    Authors: Hubert Barennes, Aina N Harimanana, Somchay Lorvongseng, Somvay Ongkhammy and Cindy Chu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:294
  26. Implementing Chlamydia trachomatis screening in the Netherlands has been a point of debate for several years. The National Health Council advised against implementing nationwide screening until additional data co...

    Authors: Jan EAM van Bergen, Johannes SA Fennema, Ingrid VF van den Broek, Elfi EHG Brouwers, Eva M de Feijter, Christian JPA Hoebe, Rik H Koekenbier, Eline LM Op de Coul, Sander M van Ravesteijn and Hannelore M Götz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:293
  27. Surveillance cultures may be helpful in identifying patients at increased risk of developing invasive candidiasis. However, only scant information exists on the effect of Candida colonization on serum levels of d...

    Authors: Eiman Mokaddas, Mona HA Burhamah, Zia U Khan and Suhail Ahmad
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:292
  28. Used in conjunction with biological surveillance, behavioural surveillance provides data allowing for a more precise definition of HIV/STI prevention strategies. In 2008, mapping of behavioural surveillance in...

    Authors: Françoise Dubois-Arber, André Jeannin, Brenda Spencer, Jean-Pierre Gervasoni, Bertrand Graz, Jonathan Elford, Vivian Hope, France Lert, Helen Ward, Mary Haour-Knipe, Nicola Low and Marita van de Laar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:290
  29. Cryptococcus neoformans is commonly associated with meningoencephalitis in immunocompromised patients and occasionally in apparently healthy individuals. Recurrence of infection after initial treatment is not un...

    Authors: María T Illnait-Zaragozí, Gerardo F Martínez-Machín, Carlos M Fernández-Andreu, Ferry Hagen, Teun Boekhout, Corné HW Klaassen and Jacques F Meis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:289
  30. Data for predicting which patients with pandemic influenza A (H1N1) infection are likely to run a complicated course are sparse. We retrospectively studied whether the admission serum C-reactive protein (CRP) ...

    Authors: Ofer Zimmerman, Ori Rogowski, Galit Aviram, Michal Mizrahi, David Zeltser, Dan Justo, Esther Dahan, Roy Arad, Oholi Touvia, Luba Tau, Jalal Tarabeia, Shlomo Berliner and Yael Paran
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:288
  31. Tigecycline is a novel antibiotic with activity against multidrug resistant bacteria. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of tigecycline use in serious hospital-acquired infections (HAI)

    Authors: Matteo Bassetti, Laura Nicolini, Ernestina Repetto, Elda Righi, Valerio Del Bono and Claudio Viscoli
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:287
  32. Differential diagnosis of patients with lung infiltrates remains a challenge. Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM)-1 is a neutrophil and monocyte receptor up-regulated during infection. The ai...

    Authors: Ilias Porfyridis, Diamantis Plachouras, Vasiliki Karagianni, Anastasia Kotanidou, Spyridon A Papiris, Helen Giamarellou and Evangelos J Giamarellos-Bourboulis
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:286
  33. Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococcus; GBS) is a significant cause of perinatal and neonatal infections worldwide. To detect GBS colonization in pregnant women, the CDC recommends isolation of the bact...

    Authors: Nabil A El Aila, Inge Tency, Geert Claeys, Bart Saerens, Piet Cools, Hans Verstraelen, Marleen Temmerman, Rita Verhelst and Mario Vaneechoutte
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:285
  34. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) and 15 species that cause sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in negative cytology. In addition, we compared the diagnosti...

    Authors: Hyo-Sub Shim, Songmi Noh, Ae-Ran Park, Young-Nam Lee, Jong-Kee Kim, Hyun-Jae Chung, Keum-Soon Kang and Nam Hoon Cho
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:284
  35. The Kenyan highlands were malaria-free before the 1910s, but a series of malaria epidemics have occurred in the highlands of western Kenya since the 1980s. Longitudinal studies of the genetic structure, comple...

    Authors: Frederick N Baliraine, Yaw A Afrane, Dolphine A Amenya, Mariangela Bonizzoni, Anne M Vardo-Zalik, David M Menge, Andrew K Githeko and Guiyun Yan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:283
  36. In 2007, Park et al. identified a novel serotype among Streptococcus pneumoniae serogroup 6 which they named serotype 6C. The aim of this study was to evaluate with the Neufeld test a novel S. pneumoniae serotype...

    Authors: Lotte Lambertsen and Mette B Kerrn
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:282
  37. Untreated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease disrupts B cell populations causing reduced memory and reduced naïve resting B cells leading to increases in specific co-infections and impaired responses t...

    Authors: Herbert Longwe, Stephen Gordon, Rose Malamba and Neil French
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:280
  38. The importation of malaria to non-endemic countries remains a major cause of travel-related morbidity and a leading cause of travel-related hospitalizations. Currently they are three priority medications for m...

    Authors: Lukas L Widmer, Patricia R Blank, Koen Van Herck, Christoph Hatz and Patricia Schlagenhauf
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:279
  39. Chlorhexidine digluconate (CHG) is a widely used skin antiseptic, however it poorly penetrates the skin, limiting its efficacy against microorganisms residing beneath the surface layers of skin. The aim of the...

    Authors: Tarja J Karpanen, Barbara R Conway, Tony Worthington, Anthony C Hilton, Tom SJ Elliott and Peter A Lambert
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:278
  40. Helminth infections can alter susceptibility to malaria. Studies need to determine whether or not deworming programs can impact on Plasmodium infections in preschool children.

    Authors: Patrick Kirwan, Andrew L Jackson, Samuel O Asaolu, Sile F Molloy, Titilayo C Abiona, Marian C Bruce, Lisa Ranford-Cartwright, Sandra M O' Neill and Celia V Holland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:277
  41. Diagnostic options for pulmonary tuberculosis in resource-poor settings are commonly limited to smear microscopy. We investigated whether bleach concentration by sedimentation and sputum cytology analysis (SCA...

    Authors: Pamela Hepple, Pascal Nguele, Jane Greig, Maryline Bonnet and Vinciane Sizaire
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:276
  42. Genital chlamydia is the most commonly notified sexually transmissible infection (STI) in Australia and worldwide and can have serious reproductive health outcomes. Partner notification, testing and treatment ...

    Authors: Natasha L Pavlin, Rhian M Parker, Anna K Piggin, Carol A Hopkins, Meredith J Temple-Smith, Christopher K Fairley, Jane E Tomnay, Francis J Bowden, Darren B Russell, Jane S Hocking, Marian K Pitts and Marcus Y Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:274
  43. Antigens encoded in the region of difference (RD) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis constitute a potential source of specific antigens for immunodiagnosis. In the present study, recombinant protein Rv1985c from RD2 w...

    Authors: Jiazhen Chen, Sen Wang, Ying Zhang, Xiaodi Su, Jing Wu, Lingyun Shao, Feifei Wang, Shu Zhang, Xinhua Weng, Honghai Wang and Wenhong Zhang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:273
  44. The objective of this study is to estimate the incidence of genital warts in Hong Kong and explore a way to establish a surveillance system for genital warts among the Hong Kong general population.

    Authors: Chunqing Lin, Joseph TF Lau, King-Man Ho, Man-Chun Lau, Hi-Yi Tsui and Kuen-Kong Lo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:272

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