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  1. Previous qualitative studies suggested that the false negative rate of the T cell spot test for tuberculosis infection (T-SPOT.TB) is associated with many risk factors in tuberculosis patients. However, more prec...

    Authors: Kui Li, Caiyong Yang, Zicheng Jiang, Shengxi Liu, Jun Liu, Chuanqi Fan, Tao Li and Xuemin Dong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:673

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Corynebacterium striatum is an emerging multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogen associated with immunocompromised and chronically ill patients, as well as nosocomial outbreaks. In this study, we characterized 23 MDR C...

    Authors: Juliana Nunes Ramos, Cassius Souza, Yuri Vieira Faria, Eliane Cristine da Silva, João Flávio Carneiro Veras, Paulo Victor Pereira Baio, Sérgio Henrique Seabra, Lilian de Oliveira Moreira, Raphael Hirata Júnior, Ana Luíza Mattos-Guaraldi and Verônica Viana Vieira

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:672

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main cause of precancerous lesions and cervical cancer in women. In order to determine the epidemiological characteristics as well as the relationship between the HP...

    Authors: Liang Ma, Jieping Lei, Li Ma, Xiao Cong, Na Wang, Hui Yang, Qian Liu, Yang Yu and Yongtong Cao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:670

    Content type: Research article

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  4. As a gateway for HIV-1 in China, Yunnan has experienced dramatic changes in HIV-1 epidemics, during which HIV-1 genotypes have become complex. To track dynamic changes in HIV-1 genotypes, an HIV-1 molecular ep...

    Authors: Min Chen, Yanling Ma, Huichao Chen, Jie Dai, Hongbing Luo, Chaojun Yang, Lijuan Dong, Xiaomei Jin, Min Yang, Li Yang, Lijun Song, Zhizhong Song and Manhong Jia

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:669

    Content type: Research article

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  5. A severe seasonal influenza epidemic was observed during 2017–2018 in China, prompting questions on clinical characteristics and outcomes of severe cases with influenza.

    Authors: Xiaofang Fu, Yuqing Zhou, Jie Wu, Xiaoxiao Liu, Cheng Ding, Chenyang Huang, Shufa Zheng, Dhanasekaran Vijaykrishna, Yu Chen, Lanjuan Li and Shigui Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:668

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NL ratio) has been reported to be a predictive biomarker of tuberculosis (TB). We assessed the association between the NL ratio and the incidence of active TB cases within 1...

    Authors: Reiko Miyahara, Surachai Piyaworawong, Vivek Naranbhai, Prarit Prachamat, Prapimporn Kriengwatanapong, Naho Tsuchiya, Jiraporn Wongyai, Surasit Bupachat, Norio Yamada, Surin Summanapan, Surakameth Mahasirimongkol and Hideki Yanai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:667

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Human brucellosis is endemic in China and commonly occurs through contact with infected animals from working with livestock or consumption of unpasteurized dairy products. Although rare, human-to-human, and po...

    Authors: Guozhong Tian, Zhifei Zhan, Aimin Zhang, Hongyan Zhao, Xin Xia, Zixiang He, Bing Zhang, Menghua Zhao, Dongri Piao, Dianying Lu and Hai Jiang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:666

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Scrub typhus is a mite borne zoonosis common in the tropics with no good preventive strategy. Children are also affected leading to considerable morbidity and mortality. We conducted a case control study and a...

    Authors: Winsley Rose, Gagandeep Kang, Valsan Philip Verghese, Sadanandane Candassamy, Prasanna Samuel, John Jude Antony Prakash and Jayaprakash Muliyil

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:665

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Several studies have identified predictors of severe infections in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). However, the development of oral candidiasis (OC) as a predictor of subsequen...

    Authors: Makoto Yamaguchi, Takayuki Katsuno, Shiho Iwagaitsu, Hironobu Nobata, Hiroshi Kinashi, Shogo Banno and Yasuhiko Ito

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:664

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Community-acquired sepsis is a life-threatening systemic reaction, which starts within ≤72 h of hospital admittance in an infected patient without recent exposure to healthcare risks. Our aim was to evaluate t...

    Authors: Balint Gergely Szabo, Rebeka Kiss, Katalin Szidonia Lenart, Bence Marosi, Eszter Vad, Botond Lakatos and Eszter Ostorhazi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:584

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Biomedical interventions such as antiretroviral therapy (ART) and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) are highly effective for prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. However, China has not rel...

    Authors: Qing-hai Hu, Kathrine Meyers, Jun-jie Xu, Zhen-xing Chu, Jing Zhang, Hai-bo Ding, Xiao-xu Han, Yong-jun Jiang, Wen-qing Geng and Hong Shang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:663

    Content type: Research article

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  12. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of infectious diseases and risk factors for one-year mortality in elderly emergency department (ED) patients.

    Authors: Maythita Ittisanyakorn, Sukkhum Ruchichanantakul, Alissara Vanichkulbodee and Jiraporn Sri-on

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:662

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Echinococcosis multilocularis (Hydatid Disease - HD) is a zoonotic disease caused by the larval form of Echinococcus multilocularis (EM). The main sites for this zoonosis are the Middle East, China, India, Ala...

    Authors: Marek Kowalczyk, Waldemar Kurpiewski, Ewa Zieliński, Dariusz Zadrożny, Łukasz Klepacki, Wit Juśkiewicz, Jacek Lasocki, Łukasz Dyśko, Krzysztof Batia and Wiesław Pesta

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:661

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Rapid diagnosis and appropriate treatment is imperative in bacterial sepsis due increasing risk of mortality with every hour without appropriate antibiotic therapy. Atypical infections with fastidious organism...

    Authors: Seweryn Bialasiewicz, Tania P. S. Duarte, Son H. Nguyen, Vichitra Sukumaran, Alexandra Stewart, Sally Appleton, Miranda E. Pitt, Arnold Bainomugisa, Amy V. Jennison, Rikki Graham, Lachlan J. M. Coin and Krispin Hajkowicz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:660

    Content type: Case report

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  15. It is estimated that over a third of the world population is infected by malaria and helminthiases mainly among communities with high poverty indices. The distribution of these parasitic infections overlaps in...

    Authors: Nigatu Tuasha, Elifaged Hailemeskel, Berhanu Erko and Beyene Petros

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:659

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is one of the most common HIV-related opportunistic infections. The diagnosis of PCP is based on analyses from respiratory tract specimens which may require the invasive pro...

    Authors: Helena Hammarström, Anna Grankvist, Isabell Broman, Nahid Kondori, Christine Wennerås, Magnus Gisslen and Vanda Friman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:658

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The immune response to seasonal influenza vaccines decreases with advancing age. Therefore, an adjuvanted inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine (Fluad®) exists for elderly individuals. Fluad® is more immunog...

    Authors: Manas K. Akmatov, Peggy Riese, Stephanie Trittel, Marcus May, Jana Prokein, Thomas Illig, Christoph Schindler, Carlos A. Guzmán and Frank Pessler

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:656

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Although significant improvement in efficacy measured by a sustained virological response, the high acquisition costs of direct-acting antivirals limit the access for patients and influence the costs of health...

    Authors: Ru Han, Junwen Zhou, Clément François and Mondher Toumi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:655

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Retaining patients on antiretroviral treatment in care is critical to sustaining the 90:90:90 vision. Nigeria has made some progress in placing HIV-positive patients on treatment. In an effort to increase acce...

    Authors: Chukwuma David Umeokonkwo, Chima Ariel Onoka, Pearl Adaoha Agu, Edmund Ndudi Ossai, Muhammad Shakir Balogun and Lawrence Ulu Ogbonnaya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:654

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The differential diagnosis of Fever of Unknown Origin (FUO) is very extensive, and includes infectious diseases (ID), neoplasms and noninfectious inflammatory diseases (NIID). Many FUO remain undiagnosed. Fact...

    Authors: Francesco Maria Fusco, Raffaella Pisapia, Salvatore Nardiello, Stefano Domenico Cicala, Giovanni Battista Gaeta and Giuseppina Brancaccio

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:653

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Congenital Cytomegalovirus (cCMV) is the most common cause of non-genetic hearing loss in childhood. A newborn hearing screening program (NHSP) is currently running in Italy, but no universal cCMV nor statewid...

    Authors: Laura Pellegrinelli, Cristina Galli, Valeria Primache, Mirko Alde’, Enrico Fagnani, Federica Di Berardino, Diego Zanetti, Elena Pariani, Umberto Ambrosetti and Sandro Binda

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:652

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Hepatitis A, caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV), is a vaccine preventable disease. In Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs), poor hygiene and sanitation conditions are the main risk factors contributing t...

    Authors: Jenna Patterson, Leila Abdullahi, Gregory D. Hussey, Rudzani Muloiwa and Benjamin M. Kagina

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:651

    Content type: Research article

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  23. This study aimed to evaluate the oral switch (OS) stewardship intervention in the intensive care unit (ICU).

    Authors: Juliano Gasparetto, Felipe Francisco Tuon, Dayana dos Santos Oliveira, Tiago Zequinao, Gabriel Rammert Pipolo, Gabriel Velloso Ribeiro, Paola Delai Benincá, June Alisson Westarb Cruz and Thyago Proenca Moraes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:650

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Despite the greater sensitivity of the new dengue clinical classification proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2009, there is a need for a better definition of warning signs and clinical progress...

    Authors: Gleicy Macedo Hair, Flávio Fonseca Nobre and Patrícia Brasil

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:649

    Content type: Technical advance

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  25. Lassa fever virus has been enlisted as a priority pathogen of epidemic potential by the World Health organization Research and Development (WHO R & D) Blueprint. Diagnostics play a crucial role in epidemic pre...

    Authors: Noah Fongwen Takah, Polina Brangel, Priyanka Shrestha and Rosanna Peeling

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:647

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The aim of this study was to establish a set of assessment methods suitable for evaluating the complex indoor environment of hospital wards and to ascertain the composition of bacteria and microbial ecology of...

    Authors: Shao Ling and Liu Hui

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:646

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Long-term outcome of DAAs therapy in kidney transplant recipients was unknown. Thus, we aimed to evaluate it in a Chinese cohort of HCV-infected kidney transplant recipients.

    Authors: Jian Zhang, Wen Sun, Jun Lin, Ye Tian, Linlin Ma, Lei Zhang, Yichen Zhu and Wei Qiu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:645

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Given the widespread use of the Internet among men who have sex with men (MSM) and high risk of Internet-facilitated sexual behaviors, Internet-based interventions to reduce sexual risk are urgently needed.

    Authors: Weibin Cheng, Huifang Xu, Weiming Tang, Fei Zhong, Gang Meng, Zhigang Han and Jinkou Zhao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:644

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection in children is an important public health problem in China. We performed the current study to explore the seroprevalence of VZV infection in Chinese children in order to ...

    Authors: Lin Luan, Xiaochen Shen, Jing Qiu, Yang Jing, Jingqi Zhang, Jie Wang, Jun Zhang and Chen Dong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:643

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Cervicofacial necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare life-threatening infection in the head and neck region that characteristically spreads along the fascial planes to involve subcutaneous tissues, fascia and fa...

    Authors: Arnold A. Mtenga, Boniphace M. Kalyanyama, Sira S. Owibingire, Karpal S. Sohal and Elison N.M. Simon

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:642

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The diagnoses of active smear negative PTB, remains difficult. As a result, treatment is often carried out empirically relaying on clinical criteria. The distribution and magnitude of smear negative PTB, smear...

    Authors: Waganeh Sinshaw, Abebaw Kebede, Adane Bitew, Ephrem Tesfaye, Mengistu Tadesse, Zemedu Mehamed, Bazezew Yenew, Misikir Amare, Biniyam Dagne, Getu Diriba, Ayinalem Alemu, Muluwork Getahun, Dinka Fikadu, Kassu Desta and Habteyes Hailu Tola

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:641

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The virological or clinical relapse is common in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients after stopping long-term nucleos(t)ide analogue (NA) therapy. Soluble growth stimulation expressed gene 2 (sST2), one of the ...

    Authors: Linqing Xie, Guichan Liao, Hongjie Chen, Muye Xia, Xuan Huang, Rong Fan, Jie Peng, Xiaoyong Zhang and Hongyan Liu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:640

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) criteria are often used to evaluate the risk of sepsis and to identify in-hospital mortality among patients with suspected infection. However, utilization of the ...

    Authors: Henry Chih-Hung Tai, Chien-Chun Yeh, Yen-An Chen, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jiann-Hwa Chen, Wei-Lung Chen, Chien-Cheng Huang and Jui-Yuan Chung

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:639

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is a major cause of liver-related morbidity and mortality. High HBV prevalence in immigrants and ethnic minorities and numerous barriers to healthcare access are associated with serio...

    Authors: Chul S. Hyun, Okhyun Ko, Seulgi Lee and Joseph McMenamin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:638

    Content type: Research article

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  35. We describe a case of severe Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) associated with chronic active hepatitis C and mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC). To our knowledge, this association between GBS and hepatitis C virus (HCV)...

    Authors: Alexandre Chlilek, Claire Roger, Laurent Muller, Marie-Josée Carles, Robin Stephan, Didier Laureillard, Jean-Philippe Lavigne, Jean-Yves Lefrant and Albert Sotto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:636

    Content type: Case report

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  36. The outcomes of deep-seated abscesses attributed to chronic disseminated candidiasis (CDC) in patients with hematological malignancies have rarely been reported in recent years.

    Authors: Chien-Yuan Chen, Aristine Cheng, Feng-Ming Tien, Po-Chu Lee, Hwei-Fang Tien, Wang-Huei Sheng and Yee-Chun Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:635

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Elevated rates of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection have been reported in epidemiological studies with people who used illicit drugs (PWUIDs) in different Brazilian regions. In Brazil’s Amazon region, studies ...

    Authors: Aldemir B. Oliveira-Filho, Francisco Junior A. Santos, Fabricio Quaresma Silva, Nairis Costa Raiol, Camila Carla S. Costa, Juliana Nadia F. Piauiense, Luisa Caricio Martins, Yasmin Maria N. Cardoso, Jeruza Ferraz F. Di Miceli, Rafael Lima Resque, Gláucia C. Silva-Oliveira, Luiz Marcelo L. Pinheiro, Luiz Fernando A. Machado, João Renato R. Pinho, José Alexandre R. Lemos, Emil Kupek…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:634

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Group A Streptococcal (GAS) infections cause the autoimmune disease acute rheumatic fever (ARF), which can progress to chronic rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Treating pharyngitis caused by GAS with antibiotics...

    Authors: Julie Bennett, Nicole J. Moreland, Jane Oliver, Julian Crane, Deborah A. Williamson, Dianne Sika-Paotonu, Matire Harwood, Arlo Upton, Susan Smith, Jonathan Carapetis and Michael G. Baker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:633

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  39. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) testing in oral fluid samples may provide advantages in diagnosis, screening or prevalence studies, especially among individuals with venous access difficulties. This study aims to opti...

    Authors: Helena Medina Cruz, Vanessa Salete de Paula, Elisangela Ferreira da Silva, Kycia Maria Rodrigues do Ó, Flavio Augusto Pádua Milagres, Marcelo Santos Cruz, Francisco Inácio Bastos, Jurema Corrêa da Mota, Priscila Pollo-Flores, Erotildes Leal, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro, Lia Laura Lewis-Ximenez, Elisabeth Lampe and Livia Melo Villar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:632

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In hospitalised patients with diarrhoea a positive campylobacter stool Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test with negative culture results as well as Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) positive stool PCRs, c...

    Authors: Jan-Erik Berdal, Benoit Follin-Arbelet and Jørgen Vildershøj Bjørnholt

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:630

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Nosocomial infections and persistence of multidrug resistant biofilm forming Acinetobacter baumannii in hospitals has made it as a serious problem in healthcare settings worldwide.

    Authors: Habib Zeighami, Fatemeh Valadkhani, Reza Shapouri, Elham Samadi and Fakhri Haghi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:629

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Tuberculosis (TB) is the infectious disease that kills the most people worldwide. The use of geoepidemiological techniques to demonstrate the dynamics of the disease in vulnerable communities is essential for ...

    Authors: Luana Seles Alves, Danielle Talita dos Santos, Marcos Augusto Moraes Arcoverde, Thais Zamboni Berra, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Antônio Carlos Vieira Ramos, Ivaneliza Simionato de Assis, Ana Angélica Rêgo de Queiroz, Jonas Boldini Alonso, Josilene Dália Alves, Marcela Paschoal Popolin, Mellina Yamamura, Juliane de Almeida Crispim, Elma Mathias Dessunti, Pedro Fredemir Palha, Francisco Chiaraval-Neto…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:628

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Malnutrition and diabetes are risk factors for active tuberculosis (TB), possible risk factors for latent TB infection (LTBI), and may interact to alter their effect on these outcomes. Studies to date have not...

    Authors: Rachel W. Kubiak, Sonali Sarkar, C. Robert Horsburgh, Gautam Roy, Mario Kratz, Ayiraveetil Reshma, Selby Knudsen, Padmini Salgame, Jerrold J. Ellner, Paul K. Drain and Natasha S. Hochberg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:627

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Visceral disseminated varicella zoster virus (VDVZV) infection is a rare disease with a high mortality rate (55%) in immunocompromised patients, but it is not yet widely recognized in the field of nephrology. ...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Furuto, Mariko Kawamura, Akio Namikawa, Hiroko Takahashi and Yuko Shibuya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:625

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  45. Two outbreaks of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC) occurred successively with an interval of 5 days in two primary boarding schools in Weixi Lisu Autonomous County, Diqing, and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture,...

    Authors: Duo Li, Jie-Nan Zhou, Hong Li, Cun-Ying He, Qing-Shan Dai, Xiang-Lan Li, Jian-Fang He, Hong He, Ming-Bao Li, L I-Li Jiang, Yao-Yao Chen and Wen Xu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:624

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. After publication of the original article [1], we were notified that an author’s name has been incorrectly spelled. Sedzro Divine Mensal should be replaced with Sedzro Divine Mensah.

    Authors: Yongxin Zhao, Kewang Hu, Jisheng Zhang, Yuhang Guo, Xuecai Fan, Yong Wang, Sedzro Divine Mensah and Xiaoli Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:621

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:452

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