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  1. While oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has been shown to reduce the risk of HIV, challenges such as adhering to a daily-dosing regimen and persistence have emerged as barriers for at-risks populations in S...

    Authors: Morgan S. Brown, Homaira Hanif, Kristen M. Little, Meredith R. Clark, Andrea R. Thurman, Lola Flomen and Gustavo F. Doncel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:919
  2. Antimicrobial stewardship programs are intended to improve patient outcomes, reduce side effects, bacterial resistance, and costs. Thus, it is important to assess their impact on an ongoing basis. We aimed to ...

    Authors: Rula M. Darwish, Sajeda Ghassan Matar, Ahmad Atef Abu Snaineh, Mohammad Refat Alsharif, Ahmad Bassam Yahia, Haneen Nidal Mustafa and Elfatih A. Hasabo
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:916
  3. Several methodological tests are available to detect SARS-CoV-2 antibody. Tests are mostly used in the aid of diagnosis or for serological assessment. No tests are fully confirmatory and have variable level of...

    Authors: Puneet Misra, Shashi Kant, Randeep Guleria, Mohammad Ahmad, Suprakash Mandal, P. K. Chaturvedi, Guruprasad R. Medigeshi, Suneeta Meena, Sanjay Kumar Rai, Anisur Rahman, Meenu Sangral, Kapil Yadav, Mohan Bairwa and Partha Haldar
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:915
  4. Both disseminated intravascular coagulation and thrombotic microangiopathy are complications of sepsis as Salmonella septicemia, respectively. They are related and have similar clinical characteristics as thro...

    Authors: Yingxin Lin, Lei Huang, Yunliang Tu, Bin Huang, Sheng Zhang, Yingqun Chen and Weijia Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:914
  5. Although the prevalence of hepatitis B in Guangzhou, China, is high, the epidemiological trends are not well-documented. We aimed to analyse newly reported hepatitis B cases in Guangzhou between 2009 and 2020 ...

    Authors: Wei Liu, Zhiqiang Dong, Wensui Hu, Ke Li, Lili Sun, Jianrong Hou, Shijie Jia and Yuan Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:913
  6. There is a high prevalence of anemia among people living with HIV in Guangxi, China. Therefore, we investigated anemia and opportunistic infections in hospitalized people living with HIV and explored the risk ...

    Authors: Bo Xie, Wei Huang, Yanling Hu, Yanyun Dou, Luman Xie, Yong Zhang, Shanfang Qin, Ke Lan, Xianwu Pang, Hong Qiu, Lanxiang Li, Xihua Wei, Zengjing Liu, Zhihao Meng and Jiannan Lv
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:912
  7. Multiple vaccines have been tested in clinical trials for their efficacy and safety. In Saudi Arabia, Pfizer–BioNTech or Moderna were approved for children, however, previous studies to report their safety pro...

    Authors: Hassan Alwafi, Abdallah Y. Naser, Abdulelah M. Aldhahir, Ahmad Alhazmi, Areen Naif Alosaimi, Rasha Abdulaziz Mandili, Zaid Majeed, Emad Salawati, Rakan Ekram, Mohammed Samannodi, Hamza Assaggaf, Mohammed Almatrafi, Jaber S. Alqahtani, Safaa Mohammed Alsanosi and Faisal Minshawi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:911
  8. Environmental quality of life (QoL) assesses individually perceived factors such as physical safety and security, accessibility, quality of healthcare, and physical environment. These factors are particularly ...

    Authors: Claire Chen, Stefan Baral, Carly A. Comins, Mfezi Mcingana, Linwei Wang, Deliwe Rene Phetlhu, Ntambue Mulumba, Vijay Guddera, Katherine Young, Sharmistha Mishra, Harry Hausler and Sheree R. Schwartz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:910
  9. Influenza spreads from schools to the rest of society. Thus, we conducted questionnaire surveys of influenza vaccination in elementary and middle schools in a district for 10 years to determine immunization ra...

    Authors: Teruyuki Kajiume, Sumera Mukai, Nobutaka Toyota, Ikuo Kanazawa, Akiko Kato, Etsushi Akimoto and Toshio Shirakawa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:909
  10. The relationship between in-utero antiretroviral (ARV) drug exposure and child growth needs further study as current data provide mixed messages. We compared postnatal growth in the first 18-months of life bet...

    Authors: Vundli Ramokolo, Louise Kuhn, Carl Lombard, Debra Jackson and Ameena E. Goga
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:908
  11. Incarcerated people are at a disproportionate risk of contracting HIV. We estimated the prevalence and correlates of HIV testing among incarcerated people with a history of HIV-related high-risk behaviours in ...

    Authors: Fatemeh Tavakoli, Najmeh Parhizgari, Mostafa Shokoohi, Mehrdad Khezri, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Iman Ghasemzadeh, Ivana Bozicevic, Armita Shahesmaeili, Naser Nasiri, Ahmad Danesh, Mohammad Karamouzian and Hamid Sharifi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:907
  12. This study was conducted with the intension of providing a more detailed view about the dynamics of COVID-19 pandemic. To this aim, characteristics, implemented public health measures, and health outcome of CO...

    Authors: Rozhin Amin, Mohammad-Reza Sohrabi, Ali-Reza Zali and Khatereh Hannani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:906
  13. Prosthesis removal and antibiotic bone cement spacer implantation is a very important link in two-stage revision of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after artificial joint replacement, which is key to the ...

    Authors: Qingkai Wang, Jincheng Huang, Xiao Chen and Yi Jin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:905
  14. Cambodia was recently removed from the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) top 30 high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries. However, Cambodia’s TB burden remains substantial, and the country is on the WHO’s new...

    Authors: Jianing Ma, Avina Vongpradith, Jorge R. Ledesma, Amanda Novotney, Siyan Yi, Kruy Lim, Simon I. Hay, Christopher J. L. Murray and Hmwe H. Kyu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:904
  15. Kodamaea ohmeri is a rare pathogen with high mortality and is found among blood samples in a considerable proportion; however, gastrointestinal infection of K. ohmeri is extremely rare. Invasive pulmonary aspergi...

    Authors: Zi-Mu Li, Yu-Kun Kuang, Yi-Fan Zheng, Pei-Hang Xu, Ji-Yu Wang, Run-Jing Gan, Hui-Xia Li, Li-Hong Bai, Can-Mao Xie and Ke-Jing Tang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:903
  16. To gain insight into the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and containment measures on the HIV epidemic and services, this study aims to describe HIV trends in 2020 and compare them with previous years.

    Authors: Dominique Van Beckhoven, Ben Serrien, Marion Montourcy, Chris Verhofstede, Dorien Van den Bossche, Agnes Libois, Deborah De Geyter, Thierry Martin, Sandra Van den Eynde, Bea Vuylsteke, Gilles Darcis, Karlijn van Halem, Eric Florence and Jessika Deblonde
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:901
  17. There are growing reports on the prevalence of non-falciparum species and submicroscopic infections in sub-Saharan African countries but little information is available from Cameroon.

    Authors: Loick Pradel Kojom Foko, Joseph Hawadak, Francine Dorgelesse Kouemo Motse, Carole Else Eboumbou Moukoko, Lugarde Kamgain Mawabo, Veena Pande and Vineeta Singh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:900
  18. Active tuberculosis (ATB) originates from primary Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection or reactivation of latent tuberculosis. Besides bacteriological examination, MTB-reactive immunocytes detection can be ...

    Authors: Yong Fang, Na Wang, Liang Tang, Xiao-Jun Yang, Yuan Tang, Lin Li, Wen-Fei Wu, Bo Su and Wei Sha
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:899
  19. Authors: Ladjane Santos Wolmer de Melo, Maria Verônica Monteiro de Abreu, Bernuarda Roberta de Oliveira Santos, Maria das Graças Washington Casimiro Carreteiro, Maria Fernanda Aparecida Moura de Souza, Maria Carolina Andrade Lins de Albuquerque, Claudia Fernanda de Lacerda Vidal and Heloisa Ramos Lacerda
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:898

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:212

  20. Many of the acute infections that are seen in primary care and sometimes managed with antibiotics are self-resolving and antibiotics may be unnecessary. Information about the natural history of these infection...

    Authors: Kwame Peprah Boaitey, Mina Bakhit, Natalia Krzyzaniak and Tammy C. Hoffmann
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:897

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:13

  21. Authors: Xiao Wei, Biao Meng, Hong Peng, Yan Li, Min Liu, Hairui Si, Rui Wu, Hailong Chen, Ying Bai, Qunling Feng, Changjun Wang and Xiangna Zhao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:896

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:761

  22. Sexual uses of alcohol and drugs are pervasive among men who have sex with men (MSM) and associated with increased risk of HIV infection. However, there are limited studies related to sexual uses of alcohol an...

    Authors: Jinshen Wang, Peizhen Zhao, Wenqian Xu and Cheng Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:895
  23. The drive to vaccinate large populations is nowadays the main instrument for combating the pandemic and preventing serious disease and death. However, breakthrough infection (post-vaccination infection) still ...

    Authors: Sihem Ben Fredj, Rim Ghammem, Nawel Zammit, Amani Maatouk, Nihel Haddad, Nouha Haddad, Manel Kachroudi, Senda Rebai, Hafsia Laadhari, Mohamed Mizouni Ghodhbani, Jihen Maatoug and Hassen Ghannem
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:894
  24. The infection rate of human papillomavirus (HPV) is high in the coastal regions of China. However, the infection rate among high-risk genotypes of women in Putian City is unknown. Therefore, this study aimed t...

    Authors: Zhanfei Chen, Hua Lin, Jinyuan Zheng, Lili Cai, Zhonghui Chen, Jinqiu Li and Liumin Yu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:893
  25. Neutrophil CD64 (nCD64) index has been widely studied as an indication of bacteria-infected diseases, but the exact usage of nCD64 index in monitoring infections remains debated. So this study aims to investig...

    Authors: Yanting Gao, Lihui Lin, Jinyan Zhao, Xia Peng and Li Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:892
  26. The impact of corticosteroids on patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)/chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) co-infection is currently unknown. We aimed to investigate the association of corticost...

    Authors: Mei Meng, Yufeng Chu, Sheng Zhang, Xuechuan Li, Jing Sha, Peng Wang, Yunliang Cui, Meihong Han, Xuan Dong, Wenqing Sun, Zhongfa Zhang, Yunxin Deng, Tao Wang, Djillali Annane, Shouqiang Jia and Dechang Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:891
  27. Increased frequency of circulating double negative T (DNT, CD4CD8CD3+) cells with protective immune function has been observed in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and tuberculosis (TB). Here the rol...

    Authors: Yuting Tan, Shi Zou, Wei Guo, Yanni Xiang, Yu Dong, Qi Zhu, Songjie Wu, Mingqi Luo, Ling Shen and Ke Liang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:890
  28. Our study examines if SARS-CoV-2 infections varied by vaccination status, if an individual had previously tested positive and by neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation across the Delta and Omicron epidemic wa...

    Authors: Mark A. Green, Daniel J. Hungerford, David M. Hughes, Marta Garcia-Fiñana, Lance Turtle, Christopher Cheyne, Matthew Ashton, Gary Leeming, Malcolm G. Semple, Alex Singleton and Iain Buchan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:889
  29. Herpes zoster increases the burden on the elderly in an aging society. Although an effective vaccine licensed by China Food and Drug Administration in 2019 was introduced into the market in June 2020, the will...

    Authors: Binshan Jiang, Qing Wang, Zhenzhong Wang, Yunshao Xu, Tao Yang, Weizhong Yang, Mengmeng Jia and Luzhao Feng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:888
  30. Persons in Pakistan have suffered from various infectious diseases over the years, each impacted by various factors including climate change, seasonality, geopolitics, and resource availability. The COVID-19 p...

    Authors: Bayan Missaghi, Muhammad Wasif Malik, Waseem Shaukat, Muazam Abbas Ranjha, Aamer Ikram and Herman W. Barkema
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:887
  31. Trans women face tremendous social inequities as well as disproportionate rates of HIV and substance use, yet disaggregated substance use data specific to trans women remain limited.

    Authors: Elaine Hsiang, Akua Gyamerah, Glenda Baguso, Jennifer Jain, Willi McFarland, Erin C. Wilson and Glenn-Milo Santos
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:886
  32. To monitor Sweden’s progress towards the WHO goal of eliminating viral hepatitis, we estimated the prevalence, notification rate, and liver-related morbidity and mortality for diagnosed hepatitis B virus (HBV)...

    Authors: Soledad Colombe, Maria Axelsson, Soo Aleman, Ann-Sofi Duberg, Josefine Lundberg Ederth and Viktor Dahl
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:885
  33. Tuberculosis has remained a leading cause of death among people living with HIV (PLHIV) globally. Isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) is the recommended strategy by the World Health Organization to prevent TB d...

    Authors: Renatus Fabiano Nyarubamba, Adam Silumbwe, Choolwe Jacobs, Patricia Maritim, Paschal Mdoe and Joseph Mumba Zulu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:884
  34. Authors: Vincenzo Scaglione, Salvatore Rotundo, Nadia Marascio, Carmela De Marco, Rosaria Lionello, Claudia Veneziano, Lavinia Berardelli, Angela Quirino, Vincenzo Olivadese, Francesca Serapide, Bruno Tassone, Helen Linda Morrone, Chiara Davoli, Valentina La Gamba, Andrea Bruni, Bruno Mario Cesana…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:883

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:793

  35. Antimicrobial resistance has reached an alarming rate globally, especially in middle-income countries such as Lebanon. The development of antifungal resistance is associated with the increased population’s inj...

    Authors: Deema Rahme, Mayssam Ayoub, Khalil Shaito, Nadine Saleh, Sara Assaf and Nathalie Lahoud
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:882
  36. Group B Streptococci (GBS) colonize almost one third of human gastrointestinal and genitourinary tracts, particularly in females. The aim of this study is to evaluate the epidemiology, microbiological characteris...

    Authors: Maisa Ali, Mohammed A. Alamin, Gawahir A. Ali, Khalid Alzubaidi, Bashir Ali, Abdellatif Ismail, Joanne Daghfal, Muna Almaslamani and Hamad Abdel Hadi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:881
  37. The efficacy of early treatment with convalescent plasma in patients with COVID-19 is debated. Nothing is known about the potential effect of other plasma components other than anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies.

    Authors: Paola Maria Manzini, Giovannino Ciccone, Francesco Giuseppe De Rosa, Rossana Cavallo, Valeria Ghisetti, Sergio D’Antico, Claudia Galassi, Fabio Saccona, Anna Castiglione, Nadia Birocco, Tiziana Francisci, Huijing Hu, Clara Pecoraro, Franca Danielle, Luciana Labanca, Anna Maria Bordiga…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:879
  38. Obstetrical infection is one of the causes of maternal death and a difficult problem for many clinicians. Changes in the demographic and obstetric background of pregnant women following the Universal Two-Child...

    Authors: Huiqing Yuan, Cui Zhang, Ei Ni Tar Maung, Songli Fan, Zijia Shi, Fang Liao, Shuo Wang, Ying Jin, Le Chen and Li Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:878
  39. Bacterial infections are a common complication in patients with seasonal viral respiratory tract infections and are associated with poor prognosis, increased risk of intensive care unit admission and 29–55% mo...

    Authors: Jeniffer Munyiva Mutua, John Mwaniki Njeru and Abednego Moki Musyoki
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:877
  40. Bedaquiline (BDQ) is a core drug for rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) treatment. Accurate prediction of a BDQ-resistant phenotype from genomic data is not yet possible. A Bayesian method to predict BD...

    Authors: Pham Hien Trang Tu, Degefaye Zelalem Anlay, Anzaan Dippenaar, Emilyn Costa Conceição, Jasna Loos and Annelies Van Rie
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:876
  41. In order to verify the existence of an anthrax outbreak, determine its scope, grasp the epidemiological characteristics and find out the cause of the outbreak and recommend preventive and control measures.

    Authors: Xiaolin Yu, Ming Fang, Shuang Wang, Zhong Li, Lixiao Cheng, Zhaoshan Liu, Dandan Zhang, Dandan Dong and Zengqiang Kou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:875
  42. The Mycobacterium abscessus complex (MABC) is a group of acid-fast, rapidly dividing non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) that include a number of clinically important subspecies, including M. abscessus, M. bolleti...

    Authors: Ashley R. Rizzo and Nader H. Moniri
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:874
  43. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality after transplantation. This study aimed to investigate CMV seroprevalence, infection, and disease in Chinese thoracic organ transpl...

    Authors: Chunrong Ju, Xiaohua Wang, Xin Xu, Shaobo Xie, Qingdong Cao, Wanli Lin, Jianheng Zhang, Yu Xu, Qiaoyan Lian, Danxia Huang, Rongchang Chen and Jianxing He
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:872
  44. In Bangladesh, safely managed sanitation (SMS) coverage is low, and diarrheal disease is a significant health problem. This study estimated the inequality in access to SMS facilities at the national and sub-na...

    Authors: Jahanara Akter, Md. Rashedul Islam, Shamima Akter, Md. Mizanur Rahman, Fahima Hossain, Md Rifat Anam, Md. Ashraful Alam, Papia Sultana and Shahedur Rashid
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:871
  45. Human brucellosis has become one of the major public health problems in China, and increases atypical manifestations, such as fever of unknown origin (FUO), and misdiagnosis rates has complicated the diagnosis...

    Authors: Zhi-guo Wu, Zhi-ying Song, Wei-xin Wang, Wen-na Xi, Di Jin, Mao-xing Ai, Yu-chan Wu, Yu Lan, Shu-fen Song, Gong-chang Zhang, Xue-bing Yao, Zhen Gao, Cui-yun Liu, Ke Sun, Dong-shan Yu, Bao-gang Xie…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:868

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2023 23:23

  46. Highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) can successfully suppress human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viral replication and reconstruct immune function reconstruction in HIV-1-infected patients. However, ...

    Authors: Xiaojie Lao, Xinyin Mei, Jun Zou, Qing Xiao, Qiuyue Ning, Xianli Xu, Chunlan Zhang, Lei Ji, Shengwei Deng, Bingyang Lu and Maowei Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:867
  47. The efficacy of non-carbapenems as an empirical antibiotic for extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremia in children remains controversial. We compared ...

    Authors: Saera Park, HyeJin So, Mi-Na Kim and Jina Lee
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:866

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