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  1. In the Americas, endemic countries for Aedes-borne diseases such as dengue, chikungunya, and Zika face great challenges particularly since the recent outbreaks of CHIKV and ZIKV, all transmitted by the same insec...

    Authors: Rocio Cardenas, Laith Hussain-Alkhateeb, David Benitez-Valladares, Gustavo Sánchez-Tejeda and Axel Kroeger
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:235
  2. Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (gbMSM) experience disproportionate risks of HIV acquisition and transmission. In 2017, Montréal became the first Canadian Fast-Track City, setting the 2030 g...

    Authors: Rachael M. Milwid, Yiqing Xia, Carla M. Doyle, Joseph Cox, Gilles Lambert, Réjean Thomas, Sharmistha Mishra, Daniel Grace, Nathan J. Lachowsky, Trevor A. Hart, Marie-Claude Boily and Mathieu Maheu-Giroux
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:233
  3. In settings with zero community transmission, any new SARS-CoV-2 outbreaks are likely to be the result of random incursions. The level of restrictions in place at the time of the incursion is likely to conside...

    Authors: Romesh G. Abeysuriya, Dominic Delport, Robyn M. Stuart, Rachel Sacks-Davis, Cliff C. Kerr, Dina Mistry, Daniel J. Klein, Margaret Hellard and Nick Scott
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:232
  4. The incidence of schistosomiasis‐induced male reproductive dysfunction and infertility is probably underestimated compared to female genital schistosomiasis. This study aimed to investigate the impact of Schistos...

    Authors: Hermine Boukeng Jatsa, Ulrich Membe Femoe, Calvine Noumedem Dongmo, Romuald Issiaka Ngassam Kamwa, Betrand Nono Fesuh, Louis-Albert Tchuem Tchuente and Pierre Kamtchouing
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:230
  5. Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) are extremely common sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that are associated with adverse birth and neonatal outcomes, and the risk of vertical transmi...

    Authors: Adriane Wynn, Aamirah Mussa, Rebecca Ryan, Emily Hansman, Selebaleng Simon, Bame Bame, Badani Moreri-Ntshabele, Doreen Ramogola-Masire, Jeffrey D. Klausner and Chelsea Morroni
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:229
  6. Unlike Escherichia coli bacteremia, which is common, E. coli endocarditis is uncommon, particularly in patients with native valve, leading to its delayed diagnosis.

    Authors: Shu Koito, Yuto Unoki, Keimei Yoshida, Sho Takemoto, Takayuki Uchida and Takashi Matono
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:226
  7. Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) and tuberculosis (TB) remain leading causes of hospitalization and death amongst people living with HIV, particularly those with advanced HIV disease. In hospitalized patients, pro...

    Authors: Cecilia Kanyama, Maganizo B. Chagomerana, Chimwemwe Chawinga, Jonathan Ngoma, Idah Shumba, Wiza Kumwenda, Billio Armando, Tapiwa Kumwenda, Emily Kumwenda and Mina C. Hosseinipour
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:224
  8. TB is still one of the leading causes of death among HIV patients. This study evaluates the effect of TB on the mortality rate, survival time, and predictors of survival in patients with AIDS living in differe...

    Authors: Mariza Vono Tancredi, Sumire Sakabe and Eliseu Alves Waldman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:223
  9. To assess the performance of various coding algorithms for identifying people with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) using claims data according to different reference standards (RSs) and stu...

    Authors: Ming-Jen Sheu, Tsung-Wei Chin, Fang-Ping Ku, Chung-Yi Li, Sheng-Tun Li and Tsung-Hsueh Lu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:222
  10. The nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT) and antigen test are approved diagnostic tests for COVID-19. In this study, we aimed to investigate the assay performance of two NAATs (Xpert Xpress SARS-CoV-2 and Fi...

    Authors: Yosuke Hirotsu, Makoto Maejima, Masahiro Shibusawa, Yume Natori, Yuki Nagakubo, Kazuhiro Hosaka, Hitomi Sueki, Kenji Amemiya, Miyoko Hayakawa, Hitoshi Mochizuki, Toshiharu Tsutsui, Yumiko Kakizaki, Yoshihiro Miyashita and Masao Omata
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:221
  11. Disseminated mucormycosis presenting with multiple subcutaneous nodules is a rare condition with a poor prognosis, and delayed diagnosis and treatment is common.

    Authors: Apiradee Taweesuk, Piriyaporn Chongtrakool, Panitta Sitthinamsuwan and Pakpoom Phoompoung
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:220
  12. Active tuberculosis (TB) case finding is important as it helps detect pulmonary TB cases missed by the other active screening methods. It requires periodic mass screening in risk population groups such as pris...

    Authors: Valerie Flore Donkeng-Donfack, Jules Brice Tchatchueng-Mbougua, Ngu Njei Abanda, Suzanne Magloire Ongboulal, Yvonne Josiane Djieugoue, Yannick Kamdem Simo, Micheline Mekemnang Tchoupa, Frédéric Bekang Angui, Albert Kuate Kuate, Vincent Mbassa, Edwige Mvondo Abeng Belinga and Sara Eyangoh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:219
  13. Understanding the intention of receiving COVID-19 vaccines is important to inform effective vaccination strategies. This study aimed to investigate such intention, identify the key influencing factors, and det...

    Authors: Carolina Oi Lam Ung, Yuanjia Hu, Hao Hu and Ying Bian
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:218
  14. Ever since the administration of early doses of COVID-19 vaccines, instances of adverse effects have been reported. Viral infections, specifically herpes simplex reinfection and coinfections, have been reporte...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Moslemi, Mohammadreza Ardalan, Morteza Haramshahi, Homa Mirzaei, Sahba Khosousi Sani, Ramtin Dastgir and Nima Dastgir
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:217
  15. COVID-19 is a pandemic disease responsible for many deaths worldwide. Many neurological manifestations have been described. We report a case of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) 2 months after acute COVID19 ...

    Authors: Thaís de Maria Frota Vasconcelos, Paulo Ribeiro Nóbrega, Glauber de Menezes Ferreira, Moysés Loiola Ponte de Souza, Alander Sobreira Vanderlei, José Daniel Vieira de Castro, Pedro Braga-Neto and Manoel Alves Sobreira-Neto
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:216
  16. Visceral disseminated varicella zoster virus (VZV) infections frequently affect immunocompromised patients. Diabetes mellitus has been associated with VZV infection, and most cases of disseminated infection in...

    Authors: Daisuke Mizu, Haruka Nishida, Yoshinori Matsuoka and Koichi Ariyoshi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:215
  17. The emergence of dysautonomia as a consequence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2; or COVID-19) is becoming more prevalent. We have seen evidence in several post-COVID patients and ...

    Authors: Joan Bosco and Ruwanthi Titano
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:214
  18. There is a paucity of knowledge on the long-term outcome in patients diagnosed with COVID-19. We describe a cohort of patients with a constellation of symptoms occurring four weeks after diagnosis causing diff...

    Authors: Francisco Tejerina, Pilar Catalan, Cristina Rodriguez-Grande, Javier Adan, Carmen Rodriguez-Gonzalez, Patricia Muñoz, Teresa Aldamiz, Cristina Diez, Leire Perez, Chiara Fanciulli and Dario Garcia de Viedma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:211
  19. Community-acquired Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is an emerging pathogen that leads to severe outcomes, especially in pediatric patients with multiple sites infection.

    Authors: Pei Xiao, Jing Liu, Xue Yang, Yixue Wang, Weiming Chen, Chuanqing Wang, Qian Liu, Quanli Shen, Guoping Lu and Gangfeng Yan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:210
  20. Asian-born gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (gbMSM) newly arrived in Australia are more than four times as likely than their Australian-born counterparts to be diagnosed with incident HIV. Our...

    Authors: Tiffany R. Phillips, Nicholas Medland, Eric P. F. Chow, Kate Maddaford, Rebecca Wigan, Christopher K. Fairley, Jade E. Bilardi and Jason J. Ong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:209
  21. The Public Health Services in the Rotterdam region, the Netherlands, observed a substantial decrease of non-COVID-19 notifiable infectious diseases and institutional outbreaks during the first wave of the COVI...

    Authors: Babette van Deursen, Margot Hagenaars, Abraham Meima, Liselotte van Asten, Jan Hendrik Richardus, Ewout Fanoy and Helene Voeten
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:208
  22. Patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) can develop severe illness necessitating intensive care admission. Critically ill patients are susceptible for the development ...

    Authors: Astrid De Bruyn, Stijn Verellen, Liesbeth Bruckers, Laurien Geebelen, Ina Callebaut, Ilse De Pauw, Björn Stessel and Jasperina Dubois
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:207
  23. Early identification of sepsis is mandatory. However, clinical presentation is sometimes misleading given the lack of infection signs. The objective of the study was to evaluate the impact on the 28-day mortal...

    Authors: Francesco Campanelli, Agnès Soudry-Faure, Aurélie Avondo, Jean-Baptiste Roudaut, Jean-Pierre Quenot, Patrick Ray and Pierre-Emmanuel Charles
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:205

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:262

  24. There was a lack of information about prognostic accuracy of time to sputum culture conversion (SCC) in forecasting cure among extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) patients. Therefore, this study e...

    Authors: Muhammad Abubakar, Nafees Ahmad, Muhammad Atif, Izaz Ahmad, Abdul Wahid, Asad Khan, Fahad Saleem and Abdul Ghafoor
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:204
  25. Studies on aetiology of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) vary in terms of microbial sampling methods, anatomical locations, and laboratory analyses, since no gold standard exists. In this large, multicentre,...

    Authors: Bjørn Waagsbø, Eva Margrethe Buset, Jørn-Åge Longva, Merete Bjerke, Birgitte Bakkene, Anne-Stine Ertesvåg, Hanne Holmen, Marko Nikodojevic, To Thy Tran, Andreas Christensen, Einar Nilsen, Jan Kristian Damås and Lars Heggelund
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:203
  26. Denmark has signed the WHO strategy to eliminate hepatitis C virus (HCV). In the absence of a national strategy for elimination, a local action plan was developed in the Region of Southern Denmark (RSD). The a...

    Authors: Sandra Dröse, Anne Lindebo Holm Øvrehus, Dorte Kinggaard Holm, Lone Wulff Madsen, Belinda Klemmensen Mössner, Jacob Søholm, Janne Fuglsang Hansen, Birgit Thorup Røge and Peer Brehm Christensen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:202
  27. China is one of 30 countries with a high tuberculosis (TB) burden, and poor adherence to TB treatment is one of the biggest challenges for TB control. We aimed to explore the barriers and facilitators of treat...

    Authors: Rui Zhang, Jie Pu, Jiani Zhou, Qingya Wang, Ting Zhang, Shili Liu, Geng Wang, Yong Chen, Jiaqing Liu, Daiyu Hu and Ying Li
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:201
  28. In most African countries where a legitimate vital registration system is lacking, physicians often review verbal autopsy (VA) data to determine the cause of death, while there are concerns about the routine p...

    Authors: Haileleuel Bisrat, Tsegahun Manyazewal, Hussen Mohammed, Bilal Shikur and Getnet Yimer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:200
  29. Infections in kidney transplant recipients are particularly challenging owing to the immunosuppressive treatment, usually long history of chronic illness, comorbidities and prior exposures to antibiotics. Amon...

    Authors: Agata Ostaszewska, Piotr Domagała, Michał Zawistowski, Edyta Karpeta and Michał Wszoła
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:199
  30. Febrile urinary tract infections (fUTIs), which include pyelonephritis, prostatitis, and urosepsis, are the most common cause of sepsis. However, the treatment has become more complex because of the worldwide ...

    Authors: Tomohiro Taniguchi, Sanefumi Tsuha, Soichi Shiiki and Masashi Narita
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:198
  31. Escherichia coli (E. coli) is an important pathogen in sepsis. This study aimed to explore the factors which were associated with in-hospital mortality in adult sepsis with E. coli infection based on a public dat...

    Authors: Kun Song, Cuirong Guo, Zhao Zeng, Changluo Li and Ning Ding
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:197
  32. While HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has become more readily available in Canada, its uptake among HIV priority populations continues to be affected by system-level and individual factors. Such impediment...

    Authors: Lauren Orser, Patrick O’Byrne and Dave Holmes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:196
  33. Regular HIV testing is the best way to detect people living with HIV promptly, yet not much is known about the characteristics of frequent, voluntary testers. This study explores factors related to HIV testing...

    Authors: Kedi Jiao, Ran Wei, Haochu Li, Eric P. F. Chow, Eduardo Piqueiras, Taylor Lewis, Zece Xu, Ci Ren and Wei Ma
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:195
  34. Urinary tract infections (UTIs), which are usually caused by bacteria in the Enterobacterales family, are a common reason for outpatient visits. Appropriate empiric therapy for UTIs requires an understanding o...

    Authors: Michael W. Dunne, Steven I. Aronin, Kalvin C. Yu, Janet A. Watts and Vikas Gupta
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:194
  35. Recently, Tropheryma whipplei has been suggested as one of the causative agents of diarrhea among children worldwide. Limited data is available on the prevalence of T. whipplei among children with diarrhea in mos...

    Authors: Shirin Sayyahfar, Mina Latifian, Parisa Esmaeili, Neda Baseri, Fahimeh Bagheri Amiri, Bita Bakhshi, Abdoulreza Esteghamati and Saber Esmaeili
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:193
  36. Drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a public health threat. There are few studies on transmission and genotyping of MDR-TB family households in China. This study aimed to investigate transmission ...

    Authors: Jun Chen, Lifeng Chen, Meng Zhou, Gang Wu, Fenglian Yi, Chen Jiang, Qionghong Duan and Meilan Zhou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:192
  37. People with bacteriologically confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis require sputum smear monitoring at 2, 5, and 6 months to establish treatment outcomes. However, there is limited information about sputum smear mo...

    Authors: Ronald Nsubuga, Norbert Adrawa, Stephen Okoboi, Alimah Komuhangi and Jonathan Izudi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:191
  38. After 40 years of its starting, the HIV epidemic in Brazilian Amazon region remains on an increasing trend. The young men who have sex with men (MSM) have been the most impacted by the HIV in the last decade. ...

    Authors: Iaron Leal Seabra, Andrey Oeiras Pedroso, Taymara Barbosa Rodrigues, Glenda Roberta Oliveira Naiff Ferreira, Ana Lucia da Silva Ferreira, Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio, Dulce Gomes, Richardson Augusto Rosendo da Silva and Eliã Pinheiro Botelho
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:190
  39. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is a common pathogen that usually causes bacteraemia, osteomyelitis, as well as skin and soft tissue infections. However, deep venous throm...

    Authors: Mei Lu, Meijiao Fu, Yanhong Zhang, Tong Shen, Hui Xie and Dengli Liu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:189
  40. Mitochondrial myopathy caused by the long-term use of nucleos(t)ide analogue in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is mostly characterized by myasthenia and myalgia. Cases with respiratory failure as the ...

    Authors: Xiao Lin, Aixin Song, Sujun Zheng and Xinyue Chen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:188
  41. While several studies aimed to identify risk factors for severe COVID-19 cases to better anticipate intensive care unit admissions, very few have been conducted on self-reported patient symptoms and characteri...

    Authors: Pablo Diaz Badial, Hugo Bothorel, Omar Kherad, Philippe Dussoix, Faustine Tallonneau Bory and Majd Ramlawi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:187
  42. Poor antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence is a challenge to containing the spread of HIV. This is an especially difficult challenge in conflict and post-conflict settings. This study investigates the relatio...

    Authors: Emily Coard, Daniel Oliver and Felix Monday
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:186
  43. Severe acute respiratory syndrome 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has had a heavy impact on national health system, especially in the first wave. That impact hit principally the intensive care units (ICUs). The large ...

    Authors: Gianluca Zuglian, Diego Ripamonti, Alessandra Tebaldi, Marina Cuntrò, Ivano Riva, Claudio Farina and Marco Rizzi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:185
  44. Pseudomembranous necrotizing laryngotracheobronchitis refers to an acute diffuse necrotizing inflammation in the mucosa of the larynx, trachea, and bronchus. It often occurs in infants and children having vira...

    Authors: Wu Lei, Zhang Fei-Zhou, Chen Jing, Li Shu-Xian, Wu Xi-Ling and Tang Lan-Fang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:183
  45. SARS-CoV-2 is the major cause of infections in humans since December 2019 and is top of the global health concern currently. Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the leading pathogens of invasive bacterial diseases...

    Authors: Katarzyna Guziejko, Piotr Czupryna, Ewa Katarzyna Zielenkiewicz-Madejska and Anna Moniuszko-Malinowska
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:182
  46. Chlamydia abortus is generally considered to cause abortion, stillbirth, and gestational sepsis in pregnant women, but it’s rare in bloodstream infection and pneumonia.

    Authors: Changjun Zhu, Minjie Lv, Jianling Huang, Changwen Zhang, Lixu Xie, Tianming Gao, Bo Han, Wenjing Wang and Ganzhu Feng
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2022 22:181

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