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  1. Tuberculosis (TB) is an established occupational disease affecting health care workers (HCWs). Determining the risk of TB among HCWs is important to enable authorites to take preventative measures in health ca...

    Authors: Caglar Cuhadaroglu, Mustafa Erelel, Levent Tabak and Zeki Kilicaslan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:14
  2. Leptospirosis is an emerging infectious disease. The differential diagnosis of leptospirosis is difficult due to the varied and often "flu like" symptoms which may result in a missed or delayed diagnosis. Ther...

    Authors: Lee D Smythe, Ina L Smith, Greg A Smith, Michael F Dohnt, Meegan L Symonds, Leonie J Barnett and David B McKay
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:13
  3. The parasite Toxoplasma gondii infects 30–60% of humans worldwide. Latent toxoplasmosis, i.e., the life-long presence of Toxoplasma cysts in neural and muscular tissues, leads to prolongation of reaction times in...

    Authors: Jaroslav Flegr, Jan Havlícek, Petr Kodym, Marek Malý and Zbyněk Smahel
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:11
  4. In previous experiments, it was demonstrated that maternal antibodies (maAb) against rabies in foxes (Vulpes vulpes) were transferred from the vixen to her offspring. However, data was lacking from cubs during th...

    Authors: Thomas Müller, Thomas Selhorst, Peter Schuster, Ad Vos, Ulf Wenzel and Andreas Neubert
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:10
  5. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is frequently used at a concentration of up to 95% in the formulation of antiherpetic agents because of its properties as a skin penetration enhancer. Here, we have analyzed the effec...

    Authors: JS Aguilar, D Roy, P Ghazal and EK Wagner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:9
  6. Prognosis of chronic osteomyelitis depends heavily on proper identification and treatment of the bone-infecting organism. Current knowledge on selecting the best specimen for culture is confusing, and many con...

    Authors: Andrés F Zuluaga, Wilson Galvis, Fabián Jaimes and Omar Vesga
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:8
  7. The thymidine kinase (tk) mutagenesis assay is often utilized to determine the frequency of herpes simplex virus (HSV) replication-mediated mutations. Using this assay, clinical and laboratory HSV-2 isolates were...

    Authors: Karen E Duffy, Matthew R Quail, Tammy T Nguyen, Robert J Wittrock, Joan O Bartus, Wendy M Halsey, Jeffry J Leary, Teresa H Bacon and Robert T Sarisky
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:7
  8. Cellulose acetate phthalate (CAP), a promising candidate microbicide for prevention of sexual transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and other sexually transmitted disease (STD) pathog...

    Authors: A Robert Neurath, Nathan Strick, Shibo Jiang, Yun-Yao Li and Asim K Debnath
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:6
  9. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection of airway epithelial cells stimulates the expression and secretion of a variety of cytokines including the chemotactic cytokines interleukin-8 (IL-8), monocyte chemo...

    Authors: Laura R Carpenter, James N Moy and Kenneth A Roebuck
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:5
  10. Anaemia is a common manifestation of paediatric HIV infection. Although there are many causes, anaemia of chronic diseases is the most frequent type. In poor countries iron deficiency is widespread. It is prob...

    Authors: Brian S Eley, Alan A Sive, Margaret Shuttleworth and Gregory D Hussey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:3
  11. To prevent importations of wild polioviruses into a polio free region a high level of population immunity must be kept. Standard methodology for determination of polio antibodies is a feature aimed at obtainin...

    Authors: Sabine Diedrich, Hermann Claus and Eckart Schreier
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:2
  12. Acyclovir (ACV) resistant herpes simplex virus (HSV) isolates can be readily selected in animal infection models receiving suboptimal ACV treatment, however no comparative studies of the emergence of resistanc...

    Authors: Robert T Sarisky, H Ron Bartus, Shelley A Dennis, Matthew R Quail, Tammy T Nguyen, Robert J Wittrock, Wendy S Halsey, Teresa H Bacon, Jeffry J Leary and David Sutton
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2001 1:24
  13. Mucormycosis (or zygomycosis) is the term for infection caused by fungi of the order Mucorales. Mucoraceae may produce severe disease in susceptible individuals, notably patients with diabetes and leukemia. Rhin...

    Authors: Atahan A Çagatay, Serkan S Öncü, Semra S Çalangu, Taner T Yildirmak, Halit H Özsüt and Haluk H Eraksoy
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2001 1:22
  14. The prevalence of infections by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and non-tuberculous Mycobacterium species in the HIV-infected patient population in Colombia was uncertain despite some pilot studies. We determined the ...

    Authors: Martha I Murcia-Aranguren, Jorge E Gómez-Marin, Fernando S Alvarado, José G Bustillo, Ellen de Mendivelson, Bertha Gómez, Clara I León, William A Triana, Erwing A Vargas and Edgar Rodríguez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2001 1:21
  15. Many case reports of acute pancreatitis have been reported but, up to now, pancreatic abnormalities during acute gastroenteritis have not been studied prospectively.

    Authors: Giulia Tositti, Paolo Fabris, Eleonor Barnes, Francesca Furlan, Marzia Franzetti, Clara Stecca, Elena Pignattari, Valeria Pesavento and Fausto de Lalla
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2001 1:18
  16. Cellulose acetate phthalate (CAP), a pharmaceutical excipient used for enteric film coating of capsules and tablets, was shown to inhibit infection by the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and severa...

    Authors: A Robert Neurath, Nathan Strick, Yun-Yao Li and Asim K Debnath
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2001 1:17
  17. Due to the growing number of outbreaks of infection in hospital nurseries, it becomes essential to set up a sanitation program that indicates that the appropriate chemical agent was chosen for application in t...

    Authors: Thereza Christina Vessoni Penna, Priscila Gava Mazzola and Alzira Maria Silva Martins
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2001 1:16
  18. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonitis has been shown to be associated with lymphocytic alveolitis after lung transplantation. In the present study, we investigated a series of bronchoalveolar (BAL) and blood sampl...

    Authors: François Stéphan, Jean-François Bernaudin, Danielle Cesari, Anne Fajac, Dominique Grenet, Isabelle Caubarrere and Marc Stern
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2001 1:15
  19. Echoviruses are the commonest cause of aseptic meningitis. Echovirus type 13 which has not been isolated in Germany over a long period of time was the predominant enterovirus serotype associated with different...

    Authors: Sabine Diedrich and Eckart Schreier
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2001 1:14
  20. The association of Chlamydia pneumoniae with atherosclerosis is controversial. We investigated the presence of C. pneumoniae and other Chlamydia spp. in atheromatous carotid artery tissue.

    Authors: Grace M Ong, Peter V Coyle, Aires AB Barros D'Sa, W Glenn McCluggage, W Paul Duprex, Hugh J O'Neill, Dorothy E Wyatt, Kathleen B Bamford, Barney O'Loughlin and Conall McCaughey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2001 1:12
  21. Nested nucleic acid amplification tests are often thought too sensitive or prone to generatingfalse positive results for routine use. The current study investigated the specificity and clinicalutility of a rou...

    Authors: Peter V Coyle, Hugh J O'Neill, Conall McCaughey, Dorothy E Wyatt and Michael O McBride
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2001 1:11
  22. Plasmodium falciparum malaria, is a major health problem in forested tribal belt of central India. Rapid and accurate methods are needed for the diagnosis of P. falciparum. We performed a blinded evaluation of t...

    Authors: Neeru Singh and Manmohan Shukla
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2001 1:10
  23. HIV-I can be transmitted by intravenous inoculation of contaminated blood or blood product or sexually through mucosal surfaces. Here we performed a pilot study in the SIVmac251 macaque model to address whether t...

    Authors: Liljana Stevceva, Elzbieta Tryniszewska, Zdenek Hel, Janos Nacsa, Brian Kelsall, Robyn Washington Parks and Genoveffa Franchini
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2001 1:9
  24. Transmission of hepatitis C vims (HCV) is strongly associated with use of contaminated blood products and injection drugs. Other "non-parental" modes of transmission including sexual activity have been increas...

    Authors: Leland J Yee, Heidi L Weiss, Rebecca G Langner, Jorge Herrera, Richard A Kaslow and Dirk J van Leeuwen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2001 1:8
  25. This retrospective chart review describes the epidemiology and clinical features of 40 patients with culture-proven Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

    Authors: Tariq A Madani and Aisha A Al-Ghamdi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2001 1:6
  26. Pyrazinamide (PZA) is among the first-line drugs for the treatment of tuberculosis. In vitro, it kills semidormant mycobacteria only at low pH. The purpose of this study was to compare PZA resistance with pyra...

    Authors: Soon Kew Park, Jung Yoo Lee, Chulhun Ludgerus Chang, Min Ki Lee, Han Chul Son, Cheol Min Kim, Hyun Jung Jang, Hee Kyung Park and Seok Hoon Jeong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2001 1:4
  27. CMV is a major clinical problem in transplant recipients. Thus, it is important to use sensitive and specific diagnostic techniques to rapidly and accurately detect CMV infection and identify patients at risk ...

    Authors: Maria Luís Amorim, José Manuel Cabeda, Rui Seca, Ana Constança Mendes, Ana Paula Castro and José Manuel Amorim
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2001 1:2

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