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  1. In the developing world co-infections and polyparasitism within humans appear to be the rule rather than the exception, be it any combination of inter-specific and/or inter- and intra-Genera mixed infections. ...

    Authors: Artemis Koukounari, Christl A Donnelly, Moussa Sacko, Adama D Keita, Aly Landouré, Robert Dembelé, Elisa Bosqué-Oliva, Albis F Gabrielli, Anouk Gouvras, Mamadou Traoré, Alan Fenwick and Joanne P Webster
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:227
  2. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the major cause of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. The global epidemiological scenario of HBV infection has been changing rapidly over the last two decade...

    Authors: Narcisse P Komas, Souleyman Baï-Sepou, Alexandre Manirakiza, Josiane Léal, Aubin Béré and Alain Le Faou
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:226
  3. When Staphylococcus aureus is isolated in urine, it is thought to usually represent hematogenous spread. Because such spread might have special clinical significance, we evaluated predictors and outcomes of S. au...

    Authors: Shingo Chihara, Kyle J Popovich, Robert A Weinstein and Bala Hota
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:225
  4. BED-EIA HIV-1 Incidence Test (BED-CEIA) has been described as a tool to discriminate recent (RS) from long-term (LTS) seroconversion of HIV-1 infection, contributing to a better understanding of the dynamics o...

    Authors: Carlos A Velasco de Castro, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Valdiléa G Veloso, Francisco I Bastos, José H Pilotto and Mariza G Morgado
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:224
  5. Although human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in heterosexual couples has been sparsely studied, it is relevant to understand disease burden and transmission mechanisms. The present study determined the preval...

    Authors: Rocio Parada, Rosalba Morales, Anna R Giuliano, Aurelio Cruz, Xavier Castellsagué and Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:223

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:25

  6. This study was performed to better assess the perceptions, motivating factors, and behaviors associated with the use of hand washing to prevent H1N1 influenza transmission during the peak pandemic period in Ko...

    Authors: Jae-Hyun Park, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Dae-Yong Son, Seon-Ung Kim and Chang-Min Ha
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:222
  7. The A/H1N1 2009 influenza pandemic revealed that operational issues of school closure interventions, such as when school closure should be initiated (activation trigger), how long schools should be closed (durati...

    Authors: Nilimesh Halder, Joel K Kelso and George J Milne
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:221
  8. Data on the performance of Mycobacterium-tuberculosis-specific interferon-(IFN)-γ release assays (IGRAs) in the serial testing of health care workers (HCWs) is limited. The objective of the present study was t...

    Authors: Felix C Ringshausen, Albert Nienhaus, Anja Schablon, Stephan Schlösser, Gerhard Schultze-Werninghaus and Gernot Rohde
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:220
  9. Splenectomy is associated with increased risk for bacteremia, due to impaired clearance of bloodborne agents and to altered phagocytosis and humoral immunity. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patie...

    Authors: Joanne M Langley, Linda Dodds, Deshayne Fell and G Ross Langley
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:219
  10. Rotavirus is the major cause of acute gastroenteritis and severe dehydrating diarrhea in young children.

    Authors: Gianvincenzo Zuccotti, Fabio Meneghin, Dario Dilillo, Luisa Romanò, Roberta Bottone, Cecilia Mantegazza, Roberto Giacchino, Roberto Besana, Giuseppe Ricciardi, Andrea Sterpa, Nicola Altamura, Massimo Andreotti, Giovanni Montrasio, Luigi Macchi, Anna Pavan, Sara Paladini…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:218
  11. Tigecycline, a first-in-class broad-spectrum glycylcycline antibiotic, has broad-spectrum in vitro activity against bacteria commonly encountered in complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAIs), including ae...

    Authors: Zhangjing Chen, Jufang Wu, Yingyuan Zhang, Junming Wei, Xisheng Leng, Jianwei Bi, Rong Li, Lunan Yan, Zhiwei Quan, Xiaoping Chen, Yunsong Yu, Zhiyong Wu, Dawei Liu, Xiaochun Ma, Robert Maroko and Angel Cooper
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:217
  12. DNA of the polyomaviruses WU (WUPyV) and KI (KIPyV) and of human bocavirus (HBoV) has been detected with varying frequency in respiratory tract samples of children. However, only little is known about the humo...

    Authors: Florian Neske, Christiane Prifert, Barbara Scheiner, Moritz Ewald, Jörg Schubert, Andreas Opitz and Benedikt Weissbrich
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:215
  13. This multicenter study describes the type-specific prevalence of HPV infection in the general population from central and southern Italy, comparing the data with previously published Italian studies.

    Authors: Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Simonetta Bisanzi, Irene Paganini, Angela Di Iasi, Claudio Angeloni, Aurora Scalisi, Rosalba Macis, Maria Teresa Pini, Francesco Chini and Francesca Maria Carozzi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:214
  14. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) serological markers and the prevalence of VDRL positive subjects in...

    Authors: Silvio Tafuri, Rosa Prato, Domenico Martinelli, Livio Melpignano, Maria De Palma, Michele Quarto and Cinzia Germinario
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:213
  15. More than 50% of hepatitis C viruses (HCV)-infected patients do not respond to the classical Interferon (IFN)/Ribavirin (RBV) combination therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of retreatm...

    Authors: Fernando L Gonçales Jr, Camila A Moma, Aline G Vigani, Adriana FCF Angerami, Eduardo SL Gonçales, Raquel Tozzo, Maria HP Pavan and Neiva SL Gonçales
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:212
  16. During an influenza pandemic, a substantial proportion of transmission is thought to occur in households. We used data on influenza progression in individuals and their contacts collected by the City of Milwau...

    Authors: Edward Goldstein, Benjamin J Cowling, Justin J O'Hagan, Leon Danon, Vicky J Fang, Angela Hagy, Joel C Miller, David Reshef, James Robins, Paul Biedrzycki and Marc Lipsitch
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:211
  17. Tanzania ranks 15th among the world's 22 countries with the largest tuberculosis burden and tuberculosis has continued to be among the major public health problems in the country. Limited data, especially in pati...

    Authors: Mbazi Senkoro, Sayoki G Mfinanga and Odd Mørkve
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:210
  18. Nitric oxide (NO) produced in macrophages plays a pivotal role as a leishmanicidal agent. A previous study has demonstrated that 20% of the L. (V.) braziliensis isolated from initial cutaneous lesions of patients...

    Authors: Anselmo S Souza, Angela Giudice, Júlia MB Pereira, Luís H Guimarães, Amelia R de Jesus, Tatiana R de Moura, Mary E Wilson, Edgar M Carvalho and Roque P Almeida
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:209
  19. Viral hepatitis is a serious global public health problem affecting billions of people globally, and both hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are rapidly spreading in the developing ...

    Authors: Hasan Ashraf, Nur H Alam, Christian Rothermundt, Abdullah Brooks, Pradip Bardhan, Lokman Hossain, Mohammed A Salam, Mohammed S Hassan, Christoph Beglinger and Niklaus Gyr
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:208
  20. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever epidemics often occur in areas where health services are limited, and result in high case fatality rates. Besides intensive care, ribavirin is often recommended. A solid evidenc...

    Authors: Karla Soares-Weiser, Sherine Thomas, Gail Thomson G and Paul Garner
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:207
  21. Patients with uncharacteristic inflammatory symptoms such as long-standing fatigue or pain, or a prolonged fever, constitute a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The aim of the present study was to determin...

    Authors: Helena Janols, Anders Bredberg, Irene Thuvesson, Sabina Janciauskiene, Olof Grip and Marlene Wullt
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:205
  22. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae have spread worldwide but there are few reports on carriage in hospitals in low-income countries. ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) have...

    Authors: Todisoa Andriatahina, Frédérique Randrianirina, Eliosa Ratsima Hariniana, Antoine Talarmin, Honoré Raobijaona, Yves Buisson and Vincent Richard
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:204
  23. Antimicrobial resistance is an increasing problem in developing countries and antibiotic use is widespread. Our previous surveys in Java, Indonesia, revealed that most antibiotic use was probably unnecessary o...

    Authors: Usman Hadi, Peterhans van den Broek, Erni P Kolopaking, Nun Zairina, Widjoseno Gardjito and Inge C Gyssens
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:203
  24. Prognosis assessment of patients with infectious and neoplastic disorders of the central nervous system (CNS) may still pose a challenge. In this retrospective cross-sectional study the prognostic value of bas...

    Authors: Peter Lackner, Elif Guengoer, Ronny Beer, Gregor Broessner, Raimund Helbok, Florian Deisenhammer, Erich Schmutzhard and Bettina Pfausler
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:202
  25. The relationship between TB/HIV co-infection and common mental disorders (CMD) has been scarcely investigated. In this study, we compared the occurrence of CMD in TB/HIV co-infected and non-co-infected HIV pat...

    Authors: Amare Deribew, Markos Tesfaye, Yohannes Hailmichael, Ludwig Apers, Gemeda Abebe, Luc Duchateau and Robert Colebunders
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:201
  26. The objective of this study was to perform simulated-use testing as well as a clinical study to assess the efficacy of the EVOTECH® Endoscope Cleaner and Reprocessor (ECR) cleaning for flexible colonoscopes, duod...

    Authors: Michelle J Alfa, Pat DeGagne, Nancy Olson and Iram Fatima
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:200

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:291

  27. Most cases of cryptococcal meningitis occur in patients with HIV infection: the course and outcome of disease in the apparently immunocompetent is much more poorly understood. We describe a cohort of HIV uninf...

    Authors: Tran TH Chau, Nguyen H Mai, Nguyen H Phu, Ho D Nghia, Ly V Chuong, Dinh X Sinh, Van A Duong, Pham T Diep, James I Campbell, Stephen Baker, Tran T Hien, David G Lalloo, Jeremy J Farrar and Jeremy N Day
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:199
  28. The mobility of female sex workers (FSWs) is a factor in the geographic spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study describes FSW mobility patterns...

    Authors: Haibo Wang, Ray Y Chen, Gerald B Sharp, Katherine Brown, Kumi Smith, Guowei Ding, Xia Jin, Junjie Xu, Ruiling Dong and Ning Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:198
  29. Environmental surfaces play an important role in transmission of healthcare-associated pathogens. There is a need for new disinfection methods that are effective against Clostridium difficile spores, but also saf...

    Authors: Michelle M Nerandzic, Jennifer L Cadnum, Michael J Pultz and Curtis J Donskey
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:197
  30. Multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii, (MRAB) is an important cause of hospital acquired infection. The purpose of this study is to determine the risk factors for MRAB in a city hospital patient population.

    Authors: Lemuel L Dent, Dana R Marshall, Siddharth Pratap and Robert B Hulette
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:196
  31. Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important cause of community acquired pneumonia, sepsis, meningitis and otitis media globally and has been incriminated as a major cause of serious childhood bacterial infections i...

    Authors: Momodou K Darboe, Anthony JC Fulford, Ousman Secka and Andrew M Prentice
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:195
  32. Universal HIV testing/treatment program has currently been suggested and debated as a useful strategy for elimination of HIV epidemic in Africa, although not without practical issues regarding the costs and fe...

    Authors: Ying-Hen Hsieh, Yun-Shih Wang, Hector de Arazoza and Rachid Lounes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:194
  33. Q fever is a zoonosis distributed worldwide that is caused by Coxiella burnetii infection and the defervescence usually occurs within few days of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Whether the changes of cytokine le...

    Authors: Chung-Hsu Lai, Jiun-Nong Lin, Lin-Li Chang, Yen-Hsu Chen and Hsi-Hsun Lin
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:193
  34. The aim of this study was to confirm recent results from a previous study focussing on the development of a method to measure the bacterial translocation through puncture holes in surgical gloves under real su...

    Authors: Nils-Olaf Hübner, Anna-Maria Goerdt, Natalie Stanislawski, Ojan Assadian, Claus-Dieter Heidecke, Axel Kramer and Lars Ivo Partecke
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:192
  35. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a global public health challenge. Prevalence of current hepatitis B virus infection in the general population in Uganda is about 10%. Health care workers (HCW) have an extr...

    Authors: Abdhalah K Ziraba, Josephine Bwogi, Alice Namale, Caroline W Wainaina and Harriet Mayanja-Kizza
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:191
  36. In recent years large-scale computational models for the realistic simulation of epidemic outbreaks have been used with increased frequency. Methodologies adapt to the scale of interest and range from very det...

    Authors: Marco Ajelli, Bruno Gonçalves, Duygu Balcan, Vittoria Colizza, Hao Hu, José J Ramasco, Stefano Merler and Alessandro Vespignani
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:190
  37. Nigeria has a high tuberculosis incidence, and genotyping studies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex (MTC) in the country are necessary in order to improve our understanding of the epidemic.

    Authors: Agatha Ani, Torbjørn Bruvik, Yetunde Okoh, Patricia Agaba, Oche Agbaji, John Idoko and Ulf R Dahle
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:189
  38. In resource-limited settings where nevirapine-containing regimen is the preferred regimen in women, data on severe adverse events (SAEs) according to CD4 cell count are limited. We estimated the incidence of S...

    Authors: Patrick A Coffie, Besigin Tonwe-Gold, Aristophane K Tanon, Clarisse Amani-Bosse, Gédéon Bédikou, Elaine J Abrams, François Dabis and Didier K Ekouevi
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:188
  39. Avian influenza virus (AIV) is an important public health issue because pandemic influenza viruses in people have contained genes from viruses that infect birds. The H5 and H7 AIV subtypes have periodically mu...

    Authors: Trevon L Fuller, Sassan S Saatchi, Emily E Curd, Erin Toffelmier, Henri A Thomassen, Wolfgang Buermann, David F DeSante, Mark P Nott, James F Saracco, CJ Ralph, John D Alexander, John P Pollinger and Thomas B Smith
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:187
  40. Although causing substantial morbidity, the burden of pneumococcal disease among older children and adults in Africa, particularly in rural settings, is not well-characterized. We evaluated pneumococcal bacter...

    Authors: Daniel R Feikin, Geoffrey Jagero, Barrack Aura, Godfrey M Bigogo, Joseph Oundo, Bernard W Beall, Angela Karani, Susan Morpeth, M Kariuki Njenga and Robert F Breiman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:186
  41. Vaccinia virus strain Lister Elstree (VACV) is a test virus in the DVV/RKI guidelines as representative of the stable enveloped viruses. Since the potential risk of laboratory-acquired infections with VACV per...

    Authors: Holger F Rabenau, Ingrid Rapp and Jochen Steinmann
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:185
  42. Recently, production of 16S rRNA methylases by Gram-negative bacilli has emerged as a novel mechanism for high-level resistance to aminoglycosides by these organisms in a variety of geographic locations. There...

    Authors: Fang-you Yu, Dan Yao, Jing-ye Pan, Chong Chen, Zhi-qiang Qin, Chris Parsons, Le-he Yang, Qiao-qiao Li, Xue-qing Zhang, Di Qu and Liang-xing Wang
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:184
  43. HIV-associated lipodystrophy syndrome (HALS) is characterized by insulin resistance, abnormal lipid metabolism and redistribution of body fat. To date, there has been no quantitative summary of the effects of ...

    Authors: Siddharth H Sheth and Robin J Larson
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:183
  44. A prospective observational registry assessed real world experience with caspofungin monotherapy or combination therapy for the initial or salvage treatment of proven or probable invasive aspergillosis (IA).

    Authors: Johan Maertens, Gerlinde Egerer, Wan Shik Shin, Dietmar Reichert, Michael Stek, Sheenu Chandwani, Malathi Shivaprakash and Claudio Viscoli
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:182
  45. Altered blood glucose concentration is commonly observed in patients with sepsis, even among those without hypoglycemic treatments or history of diabetes mellitus. These alterations in blood glucose are potent...

    Authors: Galo Peralta, M Blanca Sánchez, J Carlos Garrido, Begoña Ceballos, Fátima Mateos, Inés De Benito and M Pía Roiz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:181
  46. The diagnosis of typhoid fever is confirmed by culture of Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi (S. typhi). However, a more rapid, simpler, and cheaper diagnostic method would be very useful especially in developing...

    Authors: Benedikt Ley, George Mtove, Kamala Thriemer, Ben Amos, Lorenz von Seidlein, Ilse Hendriksen, Abraham Mwambuli, Aikande Shoo, Rajabu Malahiyo, Shaali M Ame, Deok R Kim, Leon R Ochiai, John D Clemens, Hugh Reyburn, Harald Wilfing, Stephen Magesa…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:180
  47. Although a dramatic decrease in AIDS progression has been observed after Highly Active Anti Retroviral Therapy (HAART) in both low- and high-resource settings, few data support that fact in low-resource settings.

    Authors: Pierre De Beaudrap, Jean-François Etard, Assane Diouf, Ibrahima Ndiaye, Guèye Fatou N Ndèye, Papa S Sow, Kane Coumba T Ndèye, René Ecochard and Eric Delaporte
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:179
  48. EV71 is associated with the fatal cases of brain stem encephalitis during large HFMD outbreaks from 1998 to 2008. EV71 may continuously shed from upper respiratory tracts and feces of HFMD patients for relativ...

    Authors: Jun Han, Xue-Jun Ma, Jun-Feng Wan, Ying-Hui Liu, Yan-Ling Han, Cao Chen, Chan Tian, Chen Gao, Miao Wang and Xiao-Ping Dong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:178

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