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  1. HHV-8 is closely related to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), but the clinical presentations of these two infections in early childhood are not well understood. Also, it is not known whether infection by one virus cor...

    Authors: Veenu Minhas, Brad P Brayfield, Kay L Crabtree, Chipepo Kankasa, Charles D Mitchell and Charles Wood
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:115
  2. Avian influenza (AI) is a public health challenge because of ongoing spread and pandemic potential. Non-pharmaceutical measures are important to prevent the spread of AI and to contain a pandemic. The effectiv...

    Authors: Onno de Zwart, Irene K Veldhuijzen, Jan Hendrik Richardus and Johannes Brug
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:114
  3. Influenza A, including avian influenza, is a major public health threat in developed and developing countries. Rapid and accurate detection is a key component of strategies to contain spread of infection, and ...

    Authors: Elektra Szewczuk, Kiran Thapa, Terry Anninos, Kenneth McPhie, Geoff Higgins, Dominic E Dwyer, Keith K Stanley and Jonathan R Iredell
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:113
  4. Immune complex deposition is the accepted mechanism of pathogenesis of VL glomerulopathy however other immune elements may participate. Further in the present study, no difference was seen between immunoglobul...

    Authors: Francisco AL Costa, Maria G Prianti, Teresa C Silva, Silvana MMS Silva, José L Guerra and Hiro Goto
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:112
  5. Transfusion-transmissible infectious agents such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and syphilis are among the greatest threats to blood safety for the reci...

    Authors: Belay Tessema, Gizachew Yismaw, Afework Kassu, Anteneh Amsalu, Andargachew Mulu, Frank Emmrich and Ulrich Sack
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:111
  6. The incidence of pediatric infections due to community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA), including children with no identifiable risk factors, has increased worldwide in the last d...

    Authors: Débora A Tavares, Raquel Sá-Leão, Maria Miragaia and Hermínia de Lencastre
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:110
  7. Since 2003, the Global Fund has supported the scale-up of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria control in low- and middle-income countries. This paper presents and discusses a methodology for estimating the live...

    Authors: Ryuichi Komatsu, Eline L Korenromp, Daniel Low-Beer, Catherine Watt, Christopher Dye, Richard W Steketee, Bernard L Nahlen, Rob Lyerla, Jesus M Garcia-Calleja, John Cutler and Bernhard Schwartländer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:109
  8. Scrub typhus is a mite-borne bacterial infection of humans caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi that causes a generalized vasculitis that may involve the tissues of any organ system. The aim of this study was to iden...

    Authors: Dong-Min Kim, Seok Won Kim, Seong-Hyung Choi and Na Ra Yun
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:108
  9. Healthcare workers are still recognised as a high-risk group for latent TB infection (LTBI). Therefore, the screening of people employed in the healthcare sector for active and LTBI is fundamental to infection...

    Authors: Anja Schablon, Melanie Harling, Roland Diel and Albert Nienhaus
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:107
  10. In recent years, the number of syphilis cases has stabilised in many countries of Western Europe, however several countries have reported increases among men who have sex with men (MSM). The aim of this articl...

    Authors: Irena Jakopanec, Andrej M Grjibovski, Øivind Nilsen and Preben Aavitsland
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:105
  11. Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most frequently encountered pathogens in humans but its differentiation from closely related but less pathogenic streptococci remains a challenge.

    Authors: Nabil Abdullah El Aila, Stefan Emler, Tarja Kaijalainen, Thierry De Baere, Bart Saerens, Elife Alkan, Pieter Deschaght, Rita Verhelst and Mario Vaneechoutte
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:104
  12. The administration of hepatitis B immunoglobulin followed by hepatitis B vaccine can result in a protective efficacy of almost 90% in mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus (HBV). However, little is...

    Authors: Haruki Komatsu, Ayano Inui, Tsuyoshi Sogo, Eitaro Hiejima, Akihiko Tateno, Paul Klenerman and Tomoo Fujisawa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:103
  13. Kocuria, established by Stackebrandt et al., previously was classified into Micrococcus. Only two species, K. rosea and K. kristinae are reported to be associated as pathogenic and found with catheter-related ba...

    Authors: Cheng-Yu Tsai, Shou-hsin Su, Yu-Hsin Cheng, Yu-lin Chou, Tai-Hsin Tsai and Ann-Shung Lieu
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:102
  14. Increasing resistance to quinolones and ceftriaxone in non typhoidal Salmonellae is a global concern. Resistance to quinolone and 3rd generation cephalosporin amongst non typhoidal Salmonellae (NTS) from Pakistan...

    Authors: Kauser Jabeen, Afia Zafar, Seema Irfan, Erum Khan, Vikram Mehraj and Rumina Hasan
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:101
  15. The detection of Brucellae in tissue specimens using PCR assays is difficult because the amount of bacteria is usually low. Therefore, optimised DNA extraction methods are critical. The aim of this study was t...

    Authors: Herbert Tomaso, Mireille Kattar, Meike Eickhoff, Ulrich Wernery, Sascha Al Dahouk, Eberhard Straube, Heinrich Neubauer and Holger C Scholz
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:100
  16. On the 30th September 2009, the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza vaccine was made available to adults and children aged 10 years and over, in Australia. Acceptance of a novel vaccine is influenced by perceptions...

    Authors: Holly Seale, Anita E Heywood, Mary-Louise McLaws, Kirsten F Ward, Chris P Lowbridge, Debbie Van and C Raina MacIntyre
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:99
  17. Sexual transmitted infections (STIs) have increased in Germany and other countries in Europe since the mid-nineties. To obtain a better picture of diagnostic methods used in STI testing institutions in Germany...

    Authors: Andreas Gilsdorf, Alexandra Hofmann, Osamah Hamouda and Viviane Bremer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:98
  18. Concerns about the hepatitis C virus (HCV) are due to the high risk of chronic liver disease and poor treatment efficacy. Synthesizing evidence from multiple data sources is becoming widely used to estimate HC...

    Authors: Annunziata Faustini, Paola Colais, Emanuele Fabrizi, Anna Maria Bargagli, Marina Davoli, Domenico Di Lallo, Anteo Di Napoli, Patrizio Pezzotti, Chiara Sorge, Rita Grillo, Carla Maresca, Olga Recchia and Carlo A Perucci
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:97
  19. Little is known about the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in low income countries. We conducted a cross sectional survey for pulmonary TB and TB symptoms in Bissau, Guinea-Bissau, in an urban cohort ...

    Authors: Morten Bjerregaard-Andersen, Zacarias J da Silva, Pernille Ravn, Morten Ruhwald, Paul L Andersen, Morten Sodemann, Per Gustafson, Peter Aaby and Christian Wejse
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:96
  20. Salmonella enterica is an important emerging cause of invasive infections worldwide. However, population-based data are limited. The objective of this study was to define the occurrence of S. enterica bacteremia...

    Authors: Kevin B Laupland, Henrik C Schønheyder, Karina J Kennedy, Outi Lyytikäinen, Louis Valiquette, John Galbraith and Peter Collignon
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:95
  21. Ingestion of cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon Ait.) has traditionally been utilized for prevention of urinary tract infections. The proanthocyanidins (PACs) in cranberry, in particular the A-type linkages have be...

    Authors: Amy B Howell, Henry Botto, Christophe Combescure, Anne-Béatrice Blanc-Potard, Lluis Gausa, Tetsuro Matsumoto, Peter Tenke, Albert Sotto and Jean-Philippe Lavigne
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:94
  22. Diagnostic tests are generally used in situations with similar pre-test probability of disease to where they were developed. When these tests are applied in situations with very different pre-test probabilitie...

    Authors: Sanne C van Kampen, Richard M Anthony and Paul R Klatser
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:93
  23. In recent years there has been renewed interest in the use of air ionizers to control the spread of infection in hospitals and a number of researchers have investigated the biocidal action of ions in both air ...

    Authors: Simon J Shepherd, Clive B Beggs, Caroline F Smith, Kevin G Kerr, Catherine J Noakes and P Andrew Sleigh
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:92
  24. In August 2006, a case of leptospirosis occurred in an athlete after a triathlon held around Heidelberg and in the Neckar river. In order to study a possible outbreak and to determine risk factors for infectio...

    Authors: Stefan Brockmann, Isolde Piechotowski, Oswinde Bock-Hensley, Christian Winter, Rainer Oehme, Stefan Zimmermann, Katrin Hartelt, Enno Luge, Karsten Nöckler, Thomas Schneider, Klaus Stark and Andreas Jansen
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:91
  25. The 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine has been introduced in national immunisation programmes of most industrialised countries and recently in two African GAVI eligible countries (Rwanda and The Gambia)....

    Authors: Alessia Melegaro, Yoon Hong Choi, Robert George, W John Edmunds, Elizabeth Miller and Nigel J Gay
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:90
  26. A selective, systematic, Internet-based, Chlamydia Screening Implementation for 16 to 29-year-old residents started in three regions in the Netherlands in April 2008: in the cities of Amsterdam and Rotterdam and ...

    Authors: Ingrid VF van den Broek, Christian JPA Hoebe, Jan EAM van Bergen, Elfi EHG Brouwers, Eva M de Feijter, Johannes SA Fennema, Hannelore M Götz, Rik H Koekenbier, Sander M van Ravesteijn and Eline LM Op de Coul
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:89
  27. During acute Human parvovirus B19 (B19) infection a transient reduction in blood haemoglobin concentration is induced, due to a 5-7 day cessation of red cell production. This can precipitate severe anaemia in sub...

    Authors: James Wildig, Yvonne Cossart, Norbert Peshu, Nimmo Gicheru, James Tuju, Thomas N Williams and Charles R Newton
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:88
  28. Phospho-tau deposition has been described in a rare genetic human prion disease, Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome, but is not common neuropathological picture for other human and animal transmissible sp...

    Authors: Gui-Rong Wang, Song Shi, Chen Gao, Bao-Yun Zhang, Chan Tian, Chen-Fang Dong, Rui-Min Zhou, Xiao-Li Li, Cao Chen, Jun Han and Xiao-Ping Dong
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:86
  29. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most significant bacterial cause of community-acquired pneumonia among children under five years worldwide. Updated resistance information of S. pneumoniae among children is essen...

    Authors: Nguyen Quynh Hoa, Nguyen V Trung, Mattias Larsson, Bo Eriksson, Ho D Phuc, Nguyen TK Chuc and Cecilia Stalsby Lundborg
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:85
  30. Bacterial meningitis in children causes high rates of mortality and morbidity. In a recent clinical trial, oral glycerol significantly reduced severe neurological sequelae in paediatric meningitis caused by Haemo...

    Authors: Cornelia Blaser, Matthias Klein, Denis Grandgirard, Matthias Wittwer, Heikki Peltola, Michael Weigand, Uwe Koedel and Stephen L Leib
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:84
  31. HIV-1 and Mycobacterium tuberculosis cause substantial morbidity and mortality. Despite the availability of antiretroviral and antituberculosis treatment in Africa, clinical deterioration during antituberculosis ...

    Authors: Dominique J Pepper, Suzaan Marais, Robert J Wilkinson, Feriyl Bhaijee, Gary Maartens, Helen McIlleron, Virginia De Azevedo, Helen Cox, Cheryl McDermid, Simiso Sokhela, Janisha Patel and Graeme Meintjes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:83
  32. After the WHO issued the global alert for 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1), many national health agencies began to screen travelers on entry in airports, ports and border crossings to try to delay local transm...

    Authors: Benjamin J Cowling, Lincoln LH Lau, Peng Wu, Helen WC Wong, Vicky J Fang, Steven Riley and Hiroshi Nishiura
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:82
  33. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) has been most consistently linked to sexual behaviour, and the epidemiological profile of BV mirrors that of established sexually transmitted infections (STIs). It remains a matter of ...

    Authors: Hans Verstraelen, Rita Verhelst, Mario Vaneechoutte and Marleen Temmerman
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:81
  34. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the principal etiologic agent of human tuberculosis (TB) and a member of the M. tuberculosis complex (MTC). Additional MTC species that cause TB in humans and other mammals include

    Authors: Sidra E Gonçalves Vasconcellos, Richard C Huard, Stefan Niemann, Kristin Kremer, Adalberto R Santos, Philip N Suffys and John L Ho
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:80
  35. Authors: Akihiro Ohkado, Yoshiro Murase, Masaaki Mori, Naoki Hasegawa, Goro Otsuka, Michiko Nagamine, Hideo Maeda, Kazuhiro Uchimura, Masako Ohmori, Norio Yamada, Shinji Maeda, Seiya Kato, Toru Mori and Nobukatsu Ishikawa
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:79

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:138

  36. Foams containing 62% ethanol are used for hand decontamination in many countries. A long drying time may reduce the compliance of healthcare workers in applying the recommended amount of foam. Therefore, we ha...

    Authors: Günter Kampf, Sigunde Marschall, Sven Eggerstedt and Christiane Ostermeyer
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:78
  37. Given that helminth infections are thought to have strong immunomodulatory activity, the question whether helminth infections might affect responses to malaria antigens needs to be addressed. Different cross-s...

    Authors: Aprilianto E Wiria, Margaretta A Prasetyani, Firdaus Hamid, Linda J Wammes, Bertrand Lell, Iwan Ariawan, Hae Won Uh, Heri Wibowo, Yenny Djuardi, Sitti Wahyuni, Inge Sutanto, Linda May, Adrian JF Luty, Jaco J Verweij, Erliyani Sartono, Maria Yazdanbakhsh…
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:77
  38. Viral hepatitis and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are key public health problems that pose an enormous risk for disease transmission in the general population. This study estimated, for the first time...

    Authors: Cynthia M Pérez, Edmir Marrero, Marytere Meléndez, Sandra Adrovet, Héctor Colón, Ana P Ortiz, Marievelisse Soto-Salgado, Carmen Albizu, Esther A Torres and Erick Suárez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:76
  39. T-cell interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) may have a role in the diagnosis of active tuberculosis when evaluating patients for whom standard microbiology has limited sensitivity. Our objective was to exam...

    Authors: Adithya Cattamanchi, Isaac Ssewenyana, J Lucian Davis, Laurence Huang, William Worodria, Saskia den Boon, Samuel Yoo, Alfred Andama, Philip C Hopewell and Huyen Cao
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:75
  40. Clients of street sex workers may be at higher risk for HIV infection than the general population. Furthermore, there is a lack of knowledge regarding HIV testing of clients of sex workers in developed countries.

    Authors: Esther-Amélie Diserens, Patrick Bodenmann, Chantal N'Garambe, Anne Ansermet-Pagot, Marco Vannotti, Eric Masserey and Matthias Cavassini
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:74
  41. The 23-valent polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccine (PPV) is currently recommended in elderly and high-risk adults. However, its efficacy in preventing pneumococcal infections remains controversial. This study a...

    Authors: Angel Vila-Corcoles, Olga Ochoa-Gondar, Jorge A Guzmán, Teresa Rodriguez-Blanco, Elisabet Salsench and Cruz M Fuentes
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:73
  42. Meropenem is a carbapenem that has an excellent activity against many gram-positive and gram-negative aerobic, facultative, and anaerobic bacteria. The major objective of the present study was to assess the in vi...

    Authors: Marie-Laure Joly-Guillou, Marie Kempf, Jean-Didier Cavallo, Monique Chomarat, Luc Dubreuil, Jeanne Maugein, Claudette Muller-Serieys and Micheline Roussel-Delvallez
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:72
  43. Seasonal influenza imposes a substantial personal morbidity and societal cost burden. Vaccination is the major strategy for influenza prevention; however, because antigenically drifted influenza A and B viruse...

    Authors: Lisa A Jackson, Manjusha J Gaglani, Harry L Keyserling, John Balser, Nancy Bouveret, Louis Fries and John J Treanor
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:71
  44. A Q-fever outbreak occurred in an urban area in the south of the Netherlands in May 2008. The distribution and timing of cases suggested a common source. We studied the spatial relationship between the residen...

    Authors: Barbara Schimmer, Ronald ter Schegget, Marjolijn Wegdam, Lothar Züchner, Arnout de Bruin, Peter M Schneeberger, Thijs Veenstra, Piet Vellema and Wim van der Hoek
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:69
  45. Biofilm production has been established as a virulence factor which allows Staphylococcus to adhere and persist in medical devices. The objective was to determine whether therapeutic failure in patients infected ...

    Authors: Bernardo Diemond-Hernández, Fortino Solórzano-Santos, Blanca Leaños-Miranda, Leoncio Peregrino-Bejarano and Guadalupe Miranda-Novales
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:68
  46. The presentation and causes of adult meningitis in South Africa have changed substantially as a result of HIV. Knowledge of aetiology and laboratory findings in patients presenting with meningitis are importan...

    Authors: Joseph N Jarvis, Graeme Meintjes, Anthony Williams, Yolande Brown, Tom Crede and Thomas S Harrison
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:67
  47. Although, in South Korea, human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(HIV/AIDS) keeps increasing and tuberculosis(TB) burden is still significant, there have been few reports on TB/HIV case...

    Authors: Chang-Hoon Lee, Ji-young Hwang, Dae-Kyu Oh, Mee-Kyung Kee, Eunjung Oh, Jung-wook An, Jinhyun Kim, Heonsook Do, Hee-Jin Kim, Sung Soon Kim, Hwahyun Kim and Jeong-Gu Nam
    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2010 10:66

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