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  1. Schitosomiasis japonica is still a significant public health problem in China. A protective vaccine for human or animal use represents an important strategy for long-term control of this disease. Due to the co...

    Authors: Xindong Xu, Dongmei Zhang, Wei Sun, Qingfeng Zhang, Jingjing Zhang, Xiangyang Xue, Luhui Shen and Weiqing Pan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:54

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Upper Respiratory Infections (URIs) are common in children. The cause is usually viral, but parents' attitude often contributes to inappropriate antibiotic prescribing, promoting antibiotic resistance. The obj...

    Authors: Sotiria G Panagakou, Maria N Theodoridou, Vassiliki Papaevangelou, Panagiotis Papastergiou, George A Syrogiannopoulos, Georgia P Goutziana and Christos S Hadjichristodoulou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:52

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The pathogenesis of severe acute respiratory disease syndrome (SARS) is not fully understood. One case-control study has reported an association between susceptibility to SARS and mannan-binding lectin (MBL) in C...

    Authors: Yan Wang, Jiangwei Yan, Yuling Shi, Ping Li, Chuanxuan Liu, Qingjun Ma, Ruifu Yang, Xiaoyi Wang, Lina zhu, Xiao Yang and Cheng Cao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:51

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Daptomycin, a lipopeptide antibiotic, could be an alternative to vancomycin for treatment of pneumococcal meningitis. We determined the activity of daptomycin versus vancomycin, with dexamethasone as an adjuva...

    Authors: Barry B Mook-Kanamori, Mark S Rouse, Cheol-In Kang, Diederik van de Beek, James M Steckelberg and Robin Patel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:50

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The usefulness of procalcitonin (PCT) measurement in critically ill medical patients with suspected nosocomial infection is unclear. The aim of the study was to assess PCT value for the early diagnosis of bact...

    Authors: Pierre Emmanuel Charles, Emmanuel Kus, Serge AHO, Sébastien Prin, Jean-Marc Doise, Nils-Olivier Olsson, Bernard Blettery and Jean-Pierre Quenot

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:49

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Leptospirosis is endemic in both urban and rural areas of Sri Lanka and there had been many out breaks in the recent past. This study was aimed at validating the leptospirosis surveillance case definition, usi...

    Authors: Dinesh LB Dassanayake, Harith Wimalaratna, Suneth B Agampodi, Veranja C Liyanapathirana, Thibbotumunuwe ACL Piyarathna and Bimba L Goonapienuwala

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:48

    Content type: Research article

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  7. In patients with chronic respiratory disease, Pneumocystis jirovecii (P. jirovecii) colonization is observed, and may influence disease progression and systemic inflammation. Pneumocystis pneumonia causes interst...

    Authors: Yasuo Shimizu, Noriaki Sunaga, Kunio Dobashi, Makoto Fueki, Naoto Fueki, Sohei Makino and Masatomo Mori

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:47

    Content type: Research article

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  8. To assess the risk and the prognostic significance of tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis in patients from The TREAT Asia HIV Observational Database, a multi-centre prospective cohort of HIV-infected patients receivin...

    Authors: Jialun Zhou, Julian Elliott, Patrick CK Li, Poh Lian Lim, Sasisopin Kiertiburanakul, Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, Tuti Parwati Merati, Sanjay Pujari, Yi-Ming A Chen, Praphan Phanuphak, Saphonn Vonthanak, Thira Sirisanthana, Somnuek Sungkanuparph, Christopher KC Lee, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Shinichi Oka…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:46

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccination led to a significant decrease in invasive bacterial infections in children. The aim of this study was to assess a potential shift to more non-type b invasive inf...

    Authors: Helen Kalies, Anette Siedler, Britta Gröndahl, Veit Grote, Astrid Milde-Busch and Rüdiger von Kries

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:45

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis (TB) is difficult, especially so in health care facilities in developing countries where laparoscopy and colonoscopy are rarely available. There is little information on...

    Authors: Edford Sinkala, Sylvia Gray, Isaac Zulu, Victor Mudenda, Lameck Zimba, Sten H Vermund, Francis Drobniewski and Paul Kelly

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:44

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In Southeast Asia, HIV-infected patients frequently die during TB treatment. Many physicians are reluctant to treat HIV-infected TB patients with anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and have questions about the adde...

    Authors: Jay K Varma, Sriprapa Nateniyom, Somsak Akksilp, Wiroj Mankatittham, Chawin Sirinak, Wanchai Sattayawuthipong, Channawong Burapat, Wanitchaya Kittikraisak, Patama Monkongdee, Kevin P Cain, Charles D Wells and Jordan W Tappero

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:42

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Clinical outcomes of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) due to extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella species (ESBL-EK) have not been adequately investigated.

    Authors: Kyoung-Ho Song, Jae Hyun Jeon, Wan Beom Park, Sang-Won Park, Hong Bin Kim, Myoung-don Oh, Hyo-Suk Lee, Nam Joong Kim and Kang Won Choe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:41

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Ukraine was the epicentre of the HIV epidemic in Eastern Europe, which has the most rapidly accelerating HIV epidemic world-wide today; national HIV prevalence is currently estimated at 1.6%. Our objective was...

    Authors: Claire Thorne, Igor Semenenko, Tatyana Pilipenko and Ruslan Malyuta

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:40

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is the leading cause of genital ulcer disease in developing countries, including Brazil, and is especially prevalent among men who have sex with men (MSM). HSV-2 infection r...

    Authors: Junia Rodrigues, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Francisco I Bastos, Luciane Velasque, Paula M Luz, Claudia TV de Souza, Ingebourg Georg, Jose H Pilotto and Valdilea G Veloso

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:39

    Content type: Research article

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  15. HIVAIDS is spreading globally, hitting the younger generations. In Pakistan, the prevalence of HIV in high-risk subpopulations is five per cent or higher. This poses a serious threat of a generalised epidemic ...

    Authors: Syed Farid-ul-Hasnain, Eva Johansson and Gunilla Krantz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:38

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV) is recommended for all adults 65 years of age and older and for younger adults with high-risk conditions. While data from national surveys provide information on the p...

    Authors: Lisa A Jackson, Roger Baxter, Allison L Naleway, Edward A Belongia and James Baggs

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:37

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Pneumococcal diseases remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Updated data on drug-resistance from different populations may be important to recognize changes in disease patterns. This study...

    Authors: Angel Vila-Corcoles, Ferran Bejarano-Romero, Elisabeth Salsench, Olga Ochoa-Gondar, Cinta de Diego, Frederic Gomez-Bertomeu, Xavier Raga-Luria, Xavier Cliville-Guasch and Victoria Arija

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:36

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In Uzbekistan, routine serologic testing has not been available to differentiate etiologies of acute viral hepatitis (AVH). To determine the age groups most affected by hepatitis E virus (HEV) during documente...

    Authors: Makhmudkhan B Sharapov, Michael O Favorov, Tatiana L Yashina, Matthew S Brown, Gennady G Onischenko, Harold S Margolis and Terence L Chorba

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:35

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Migration is one of the major causes of tuberculosis in developed countries. Undocumented patients are usually not screened at the border and are not covered by a health insurance increasing their risk of deve...

    Authors: Patrick Bodenmann, Paul Vaucher, Hans Wolff, Bernard Favrat, Fanny de Tribolet, Eric Masserey and Jean-Pierre Zellweger

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:34

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Praziquantel treatment of schistosomiasis during pregnancy was only recommended in 2002; hence the effects of treatment during pregnancy are not fully known. We have therefore evaluated the effects on infectio...

    Authors: Robert Tweyongyere, Patrice A Mawa, Nicholas O Emojong, Harriet Mpairwe, Frances M Jones, Trinh Duong, David W Dunne, Birgitte J Vennervald, Eli Katunguka-Rwakishaya and Alison M Elliott

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:32

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Knowledge of predominant microbial patterns in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) constitutes the basis for initial decisions about empirical antimicrobial treatment, so a prospective study was performed durin...

    Authors: Youning Liu, Minjun Chen, Tiemei Zhao, Hui Wang, Rui Wang, Baiqiang Cai, Bin Cao, Tieying Sun, Yunjian Hu, Qingyu Xiu, Xin Zhou, Xing Ding, Lan Yang, Jiansheng Zhuo, Yingchun Tang, Kouxing Zhang…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:31

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Increasing reports of carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infections are of serious concern. Reliable susceptibility testing results remains a critical issue for the clinical outcome. Automated systems a...

    Authors: Canan Kulah, Elif Aktas, Fusun Comert, Nagihan Ozlu, Isin Akyar and Handan Ankarali

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:30

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Targeted chlamydia screening has been advocated to reduce chlamydia associated reproductive sequelae. General practitioners are well positioned to play a major role in chlamydia control. The primary aim of thi...

    Authors: Jade E Bilardi, Lena A Sanci, Christopher K Fairley, Jane S Hocking, Danielle Mazza, Dot J Henning, Susan M Sawyer, Michelle J Wills, Debra A Wilson and Marcus Y Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:29

    Content type: Research article

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  24. John Cunningham virus (JCV) constitutes a family of polyoma viruses, which plays important roles in the progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) and tumorigenesis. However, no bibliometric investigatio...

    Authors: Hua-chuan Zheng, Lei Yan, Lei Cui, Yi-fu Guan and Yasuo Takano

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:28

    Content type: Correspondence

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  25. Nosocomial infections due to multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii are often treated with colistin, but there are few data comparing its safety and efficacy with other antimicrobials.

    Authors: Ronald Gounden, Colleen Bamford, Richard van Zyl-Smit, Karen Cohen and Gary Maartens

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:26

    Content type: Research article

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  26. A high proportion of children with persistent diarrhoea in middle and low income countries die. The best treatment is not clear. We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of antimicrobial ...

    Authors: Katharine Abba, Rebecca Sinfield, C Anthony Hart and Paul Garner

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:24

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Immune responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens could serve as surrogate markers of treatment response.

    Authors: Samantha Ribeiro, Kelly Dooley, Judith Hackman, Carla Loredo, Anne Efron, Richard E Chaisson, Marcus B Conde, Neio Boechat and Susan E Dorman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:23

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Current and past pertussis epidemiology in the two parts of Germany is compared in the context of different histories of vaccination recommendations and coverage to better understand patterns of disease transm...

    Authors: Wiebke Hellenbrand, Dietmar Beier, Evelin Jensen, Martina Littmann, Christiane Meyer, Hanna Oppermann, Carl-Heinz Wirsing von König and Sabine Reiter

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:22

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Identifying novel TB diagnostics is a major public health priority. We explored the diagnostic characteristics of antimycobacterial lymphocyte proliferation assays (LPA) in HIV-infected subjects with latent or...

    Authors: Timothy Lahey, Mecky Matee, Lillian Mtei, Muhammad Bakari, Kisali Pallangyo and C Fordham von Reyn

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:21

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Children aged between one and five years are particularly vulnerable to disease caused by soil-transmitted helminths (STH). Periodic deworming has been shown to improve growth, micronutrient status (iron and v...

    Authors: Patrick Kirwan, Samuel O Asaolu, Síle F Molloy, Titilayo C Abiona, Andrew L Jackson and Celia V Holland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:20

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Suitable algorithms based on a combination of two or more simple rapid HIV assays have been shown to have a diagnostic accuracy comparable to double enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or double ELISA wi...

    Authors: Eligius F Lyamuya, Said Aboud, Willy K Urassa, Jaffer Sufi, Judica Mbwana, Faustin Ndugulile and Charles Massambu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:19

    Content type: Research article

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  32. West Nile Virus (WNV) is endemic in Israel and a significant level of antibodies is present in the population due to natural exposure. Anecdotal cases suggested that the presence of anti-WNV antibodies in intr...

    Authors: David Ben-Nathan, Orly Gershoni-Yahalom, Itzchak Samina, Yevgeny Khinich, Israel Nur, Orgad Laub, Ahuva Gottreich, Michael Simanov, Angel Porgador, Bracha Rager-Zisman and Nadav Orr

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:18

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Developing vaccines for the prevention of human infection by H5N1 influenza viruses is an urgent task. DNA vaccines are a novel alternative to conventional vaccines and should contribute to the prophylaxis of ...

    Authors: Liyun Zheng, Fuyan Wang, Zhongdong Yang, Jianjun Chen, Haiyan Chang and Ze Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:17

    Content type: Research article

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  34. High grade HPV infections and persistence are the strongest risk factors for cervical cancer. Nevertheless other genital microorganisms may be involved in the progression of HPV associated lesions.

    Authors: Rosita Verteramo, Alessandra Pierangeli, Emanuela Mancini, Ettore Calzolari, Mauro Bucci, John Osborn, Rosa Nicosia, Fernanda Chiarini, Guido Antonelli and Anna Marta Degener

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:16

    Content type: Research article

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  35. A new generation of diagnostic tests, the interferon-γ release assays (IGRAs), have been developed for the detection of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Limited data are available on their use in HIV-infe...

    Authors: Naasha J Talati, Ulrich Seybold, Bianca Humphrey, Abiola Aina, Jane Tapia, Paul Weinfurter, Rachel Albalak and Henry M Blumberg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:15

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Little is known about the prevalence of HIV or HCV in injecting drug users (IDUs) in Serbia and Montenegro. We measured prevalence of antibodies to HIV (anti-HIV) and hepatitis C virus (anti-HCV), and risk fac...

    Authors: Ali Judd, Tim Rhodes, Lisa G Johnston, Lucy Platt, Violeta Andjelkovic, Danijela Simić, Boban Mugosa, Milena Simić, Sonja Žerjav, Ruth P Parry and John V Parry

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:14

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Monitoring the incidence of bacterial meningitis is important to plan and evaluate preventive polices. The study's aim was to estimate the incidence of bacterial meningitis by aetiological agent in the period ...

    Authors: Paolo Giorgi Rossi, Jessica Mantovani, Eliana Ferroni, Antonio Forcina, Elena Stanghellini, Filippo Curtale and Piero Borgia

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:13

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The identification and differentiation of strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by DNA fingerprinting has provided a better understanding of the epidemiology and tracing the transmission of tuberculosis. We set o...

    Authors: Benon B Asiimwe, Moses L Joloba, Solomon Ghebremichael, Tuija Koivula, David P Kateete, Fred A Katabazi, Alexander Pennhag, Ramona Petersson and Gunilla Kallenius

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:12

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Epidemiological surveillance of infectious diseases through the mandatory-reporting system is crucial in the planning and evaluation of disease control and prevention program. This study investigated the repor...

    Authors: Hsiu-Fen Tan, Chia-Yu Yeh, Hsueh-Wei Chang, Chen-Kang Chang and Hung-Fu Tseng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:11

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Mupirocin is a topical antimicrobial agent which is used for the treatment of skin and postoperative wound infections, and the prevention of nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). H...

    Authors: Adebayo O Shittu, Edet E Udo and Johnson Lin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:10

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Epidemiologic studies show a strong association between Ureaplasmas and urogenital tract disease in humans. Since healthy humans can be colonized with Ureaplasmas, its role as a pathogen remains controversial. In...

    Authors: Leticia Reyes, Mary Reinhard and Mary B Brown

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:9

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Plasmid encoded bla CTX-M enzymes represent an important sub-group of class A β-lactamases causing the ESBL phenotype which is increasingly found in Enterobacteriaceae inclu...

    Authors: Hans-Jürg Monstein, Maria Tärnberg and Lennart E Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:7

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Gingivitis has been linked to adverse pregnancy outcome (APO). Bacterial vaginosis (BV) has been associated with APO. We assessed if bacterial counts in BV is associated with gingivitis suggesting a systemic i...

    Authors: Rutger Persson, Jane Hitti, Rita Verhelst, Mario Vaneechoutte, Rigmor Persson, Regula Hirschi, Marianne Weibel, Marilynn Rothen, Marleen Temmerman, Kathleen Paul and David Eschenbach

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:6

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Until recently, mathematical models of person to person infectious diseases transmission had to make assumptions on transmissions enabled by personal contacts by estimating the so-called WAIFW-matrix. In order...

    Authors: Niel Hens, Nele Goeyvaerts, Marc Aerts, Ziv Shkedy, Pierre Van Damme and Philippe Beutels

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:5

    Content type: Research article

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