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  1. Enteroviruses are among the most common viruses infecting humans worldwide and they are associated with diverse clinical syndromes. Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a clinical manifestation of enteroviral neur...

    Authors: Mohsan Saeed, Sohail Z Zaidi, Asif Naeem, Muhammad Masroor, Salmaan Sharif, Shahzad Shaukat, Mehar Angez and Anis Khan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:6

    Content type: Research article

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  2. A procedure for including activity against enveloped viruses in the post-contamination treatment of hands has been recommended, but so far no European standard is available to implement it. In 2004, the German...

    Authors: Günter Kampf, Jochen Steinmann and Holger Rabenau

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:5

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Although Kabul city, Afghanistan, is currently the worldwide largest focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) with an estimated 67,500 cases, donor interest in CL has been comparatively poor because the disease i...

    Authors: Richard Reithinger and Paul G Coleman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:3

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Few studies on bacteraemia in Africa have been published. We aimed to prospectively identify the causative organisms of bacteraemia in The Gambia and their relation to clinical diagnoses, outcome and antimicro...

    Authors: Philip C Hill, Charles O Onyeama, Usman NA Ikumapayi, Ousman Secka, Samuel Ameyaw, Naomi Simmonds, Simon A Donkor, Stephen R Howie, Mary Tapgun, Tumani Corrah and Richard A Adegbola

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:2

    Content type: Research article

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  5. This is a correction of an earlier published article.

    Authors: Magdarina D Agtini, Rooswanti Soeharno, Murad Lesmana, Narain H Punjabi, Cyrus Simanjuntak, Ferry Wangsasaputra, Dazwir Nurdin, Sri Pandam Pulungsih, Ainur Rofiq, Hari Santoso, H Pujarwoto, Agus Sjahrurachman, Pratiwi Sudarmono, Lorenz von Seidlein, Jacqueline L Deen, Mohammad Ali…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2007 7:1

    Content type: Erratum

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    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2005 5:89

  6. There are few reports in the literature of invasive infection caused by Brevundimonas vesicularis in patients without immunosuppression or other predisposing factors. The choice of antimicrobial therapy for bacte...

    Authors: Mei-Li Yang, Yen-Hsu Chen, Tun-Chieh Chen, Wei-Ru Lin, Chun-Yu Lin and Po-Liang Lu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:179

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Patients with psychiatric disorders were found to show a high seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection. There is scarce information about the epidemiology of T. gondii infection in psychiatric patients in Me...

    Authors: Cosme Alvarado-Esquivel, Olga-Patricia Alanis-Quiñones, Miguel-Ángel Arreola-Valenzuela, Alfredo Rodríguez-Briones, Luis-Jorge Piedra-Nevarez, Ehecatl Duran-Morales, Sergio Estrada-Martínez, Sergio-Arturo Martínez-García and Oliver Liesenfeld

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:178

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The number of leishmaniasis cases associated with immunosuppression has increased regularly over the past 20 years. Immunosuppression related to HIV infection, immunosuppressive treatment, organ transplantatio...

    Authors: Silvia Pittalis, Emanuele Nicastri, Francesco Spinazzola, Piero Ghirga, Michele De Marco, Maria Grazia Paglia and Pasquale Narciso

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:177

    Content type: Case report

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  9. The disease burden and associated medical costs of rotavirus infections in inpatient and outpatient sectors in Taiwan were examined in anticipation of the availability of new rotavirus vaccines.

    Authors: Chun-Yi Lu, Tsai-Ling Lauderdale, Yin-Hua Fang, Chung-Yi Wang, Yu-Huai Ho, Che-Lun Hung, Luan-Yin Chang, Chin-Yun Lee and Li-Min Huang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:176

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of viral bronchiolitis in infants worldwide, and environmental, viral and host factors are all of importance for disease susceptibility and severity. To study...

    Authors: Hans-Olav Fjaerli, Geir Bukholm, Anne Krog, Camilla Skjaeret, Marit Holden and Britt Nakstad

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:175

    Content type: Correspondence

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  11. Infection rates for many infectious diseases have declined over the past century. This has created a cohort effect, whereby older individuals experienced a higher infection rate in their past than younger indi...

    Authors: Arni SR Srinivasa Rao, Maggie H Chen, Ba' Z Pham, Andrea C Tricco, Vladimir Gilca, Bernard Duval, Murray D Krahn and Chris T Bauch

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:174

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Several clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of fluconazole as empiric antifungal therapy in cancer patients with fever and neutropenia. Our objective was to assess the frequency and resource utiliza...

    Authors: Donghui T Yu, Diane L Seger, Josh F Peterson, Ritesh N Kumar and David W Bates

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:173

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Both religious practices and male circumcision (MC) have been associated with HIV and other sexually-transmitted infectious diseases. Most studies have been limited in size and have not adequately controlled f...

    Authors: Paul K Drain, Daniel T Halperin, James P Hughes, Jeffrey D Klausner and Robert C Bailey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:172

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Wound infections are a common complication of surgery that add significantly to the morbidity of patients and costs of treatment. The global trend towards reducing length of hospital stay post-surgery and the ...

    Authors: Emily S Petherick, Jane E Dalton, Peter J Moore and Nicky Cullum

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:170

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), a group of neurodegenerative diseases, are thought to be caused by an abnormal isoform of a naturally occurring protein known as cellular prion protein, PrPC. The...

    Authors: Konstantia Kotta, Ioannis Paspaltsis, Sevasti Bostantjopoulou, Helen Latsoudis, Andreas Plaitakis, Dimitrios Kazis, John Collinge and Theodoros Sklaviadis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:169

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) continues to be a major cause of serious infections in hospitals and in the community worldwide. In this study, MRSA isolated from patients in Kuwait hospitals w...

    Authors: Edet E Udo, Noura Al-Sweih, Eiman Mokaddas, Molly Johny, Rita Dhar, Huda H Gomaa, Inaam Al-Obaid and Vincent O Rotimi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:168

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Low levels of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) viral load are frequently detected following allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) and CMV disease may still develop in some allogeneic SCT patients who have negative p...

    Authors: Giuseppe Gentile, Alessandra Picardi, Angela Capobianchi, Alessandra Spagnoli, Laura Cudillo, Teresa Dentamaro, Andrea Tendas, Luca Cupelli, Marco Ciotti, Antonio Volpi, Sergio Amadori, Pietro Martino and Paolo de Fabritiis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:167

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Ureaplasma urealyticum and U. parvum have been associated with respiratory diseases in premature newborns, but their role in the pathogenesis of the respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is unclear. The aim of thi...

    Authors: Rosario Cultrera, Silva Seraceni, Rossella Germani and Carlo Contini

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:166

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Data on the subtypes of HIV in a population help in predicting the potential foci of epidemic, tracking the routes of infection and following the patterns of the virus' genetic divergence. Globally, the most p...

    Authors: Saeed Khan, Mohammad A Rai, Mohammad R Khanani, Muhammad N Khan and Syed H Ali

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:164

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The nosocomial acquisition of Candida albicans is a growing concern in intensive care units (ICUs) and understanding the route of contamination is relevant for infection control guidelines.

    Authors: Odile Eloy, Stéphanie Marque, Françoise Botterel, François Stephan, Jean-Marc Costa, Virginie Lasserre and Stéphane Bretagne

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:162

    Content type: Research article

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  21. African malaria vectors bite predominantly indoors at night so sleeping under an Insecticide-Treated Net (ITN) can greatly reduce malaria risk. Behavioural adaptation by mosquitoes to increasing ITN coverage c...

    Authors: Gerry F Killeen, Japhet Kihonda, Edith Lyimo, Fred R Oketch, Maya E Kotas, Evan Mathenge, Joanna A Schellenberg, Christian Lengeler, Thomas A Smith and Chris J Drakeley

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:161

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To establish the magnitude of bacteraemia in severely malnourished children, and describe the types of bacteria and antimicrobial sensitivity by HIV status.

    Authors: Hanifa Bachou, Thorkild Tylleskär, Deogratias H Kaddu-Mulindwa and James K Tumwine

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:160

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Over the last years, the mean age of subjects with HIV infection and AIDS is increasing. Moreover, some epidemiological and clinical differences between younger and older HIV-infected individuals have been obs...

    Authors: MaMercedes Nogueras, Gemma Navarro, Esperança Antón, Montserrat Sala, Manel Cervantes, MaJosé Amengual and Ferran Segura

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:159

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Recent investigations on the antifungal properties of essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia Cheel (Tea Tree Oil, TTO) have been performed with reference to the treatment of vaginal candidiasis. However, there i...

    Authors: Francesca Mondello, Flavia De Bernardis, Antonietta Girolamo, Antonio Cassone and Giuseppe Salvatore

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:158

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Infection by hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes complicated biochemical, immunological and histological changes in host immune response against the virus which can be specific or non-specific. Recent attention has...

    Authors: Ilknur Kaleli, Melek Demir, Nural Cevahir, Mustafa Yılmaz and Suleyman Demir

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:157

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Glycopeptides such as vancomycin are frequently the antibiotics of choice for the treatment of infections caused by methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). For the last 7 years incidence of vancomycin...

    Authors: Hare Krishna Tiwari and Malay Ranjan Sen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:156

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Disseminated mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) occurs mainly in immunocompromised hosts, which is associated with abnormal cellular immunity.

    Authors: Joon Young Song, Cheong Won Park, Sae Yoon Kee, Won Seok Choi, Eun Young Kang, Jang Wook Sohn, Woo Joo Kim, Min Ja Kim and Hee Jin Cheong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:154

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Listeriosis is a rare disease caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes, the normal vehicle of which is food. The disease, which is largely confined to its risk groups of pregnant women, the elderly and immu...

    Authors: Gonçalo N Almeida, Paul A Gibbs, Tim A Hogg and Paula C Teixeira

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:153

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Chlamydophila pneumoniae infection has been implicated as a potential risk factor for atherosclerosis, however the mechanism leading to persistent infection and its role in the disease process remains to be eluc...

    Authors: Nicole Borel, Sanghamitra Mukhopadhyay, Carmen Kaiser, Erin D Sullivan, Richard D Miller, Peter Timms, James T Summersgill, Julio A Ramirez and Andreas Pospischil

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:152

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Only a minority of probable SARS cases caused transmission. We assess if any epidemiological or clinical factors in SARS index patients were associated with increased probability of transmission.

    Authors: Mark IC Chen, Angela LP Chow, Arul Earnest, Hoe Nam Leong and Yee Sin Leo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:151

    Content type: Research article

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  31. A low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) white-blood cell count (WBC) has been identified as an independent risk factor for adverse outcome in adults with bacterial meningitis. Whereas a low CSF WBC indicates the prese...

    Authors: Martijn Weisfelt, Diederik van de Beek, Lodewijk Spanjaard, Johannes B Reitsma and Jan de Gans

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:149

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Past clinical trials of antimicrobial treatment in soft tissue infections have focused on non-standardized clinical and physiological outcome variables, and have not considered the subjective experience of pat...

    Authors: Aric J Storck, Kevin B Laupland, Ronald R Read, Manuel W Mah, John M Gill, Deborah Nevett and Thomas J Louie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:148

    Content type: Research article

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  33. In May 2003 the Soest County Health Department was informed of an unusually large number of patients hospitalized with atypical pneumonia.

    Authors: Klaudia Porten, Jürgen Rissland, Almira Tigges, Susanne Broll, Wilfried Hopp, Mechthild Lunemann, Ulrich van Treeck, Peter Kimmig, Stefan O Brockmann, Christiane Wagner-Wiening, Wiebke Hellenbrand and Udo Buchholz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:147

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Despite the known efficacy of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), a large proportion of potentially-eligible HIV-infected patients do not access, and may stand to benefit from this treatment. In orde...

    Authors: Bohdan Nosyk, Huiying Sun, Xin Li, Anita Palepu and Aslam H Anis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:146

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Enterococci are the third leading cause of nosocomial bloodstream infection (BSI). Vancomycin resistant enterococci are common and provide treatment challenges; however questions remain about VRE's pathogenici...

    Authors: Katharine Bar, Hilmar Wisplinghoff, Richard P Wenzel, Gonzalo ML Bearman and Michael B Edmond

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:145

    Content type: Research article

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  36. CD14 has been postulated to play a role in chlamydial immunity and immunopathology. There is evidence to support this role in human infections but its function in a mouse model has not been investigated.

    Authors: Muhammad T Imtiaz, Justin H Schripsema, Ira M Sigar and Kyle H Ramsey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:144

    Content type: Research article

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  37. On 26 December 2004, a tsunami struck the coast of the state of Tamil Nadu, India, where one-dose measles coverage exceeded 95%. On 29 December, supplemental measles immunization activities targeted children 6...

    Authors: Arumugam Mohan, Manoj V Murhekar, Niteen S Wairgkar, Yvan J Hutin and Mohan D Gupte

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:143

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Current theories underline the crucial role of pro-inflammatory mediators produced by monocytes for the pathogenesis of sepsis. Since monocytes derive from progenitor hemopoetic cells, the kinetics of stem cel...

    Authors: Thomas Tsaganos, Evangelos J Giamarellos-Bourboulis, Spyridon Kollias, Dimitrios Zervakis, Vassiliki Karagianni, Aimilia Pelekanou, Ekaterini-Christina Tampaki, Marina Kontogiorgi, Apostolos Koroneos, Nikolaos Drakoulis, Apostolos Armaganidis, Charis Roussos and Helen Giamarellou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:142

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Since the introduction of HAART the incidence of HIV dementia has declined and HAART seems to improve neurocognitive function in patients with HIV dementia. Currently, HIV dementia develops mainly in patients ...

    Authors: Lars-Magnus Andersson, Lars Hagberg, Lars Rosengren, Dietmar Fuchs, Kaj Blennow and Magnus Gisslén

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:141

    Content type: Case report

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  40. Basidiobolomycosis is a rare disease caused by the fungus Basidiobolus ranarum, member of the class Zygomycetes, order Entomophthorales, found worldwide. Usually basidiobolomycosis is a subcutaneous infection but...

    Authors: Guido EL van den Berk, L Arnold Noorduyn, Ruud J van Ketel, Jeannouel van Leeuwen, Willem A Bemelman and Jan M Prins

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:140

    Content type: Case report

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  41. Determinants of the clinical presentation of the leishmaniases are poorly understood but Leishmania species and strain differences are important. To examine the relationship between clinical presentation, species...

    Authors: Manuel Calvopina, Rodrigo X Armijos, Jorge D Marco, Hiroshi Uezato, Hirotomo Kato, Eduardo A Gomez, Masataka Korenaga, Paola A Barroso, Tatsuyuki Mimori, Philip J Cooper, Shigeo Nonaka and Yoshihisa Hashiguchi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:139

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Though influenza vaccines are the cornerstone of medical interventions aimed at protecting individuals against epidemic influenza, their effectiveness in HIV infected individuals is not certain. With the recen...

    Authors: Julius Atashili, Linda Kalilani and Adaora A Adimora

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:138

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Endocarditis is a common complication in Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB). We compared risk factors, clinical manifestations, and outcome in a large, prospective cohort of patients with S. aureus endocardit...

    Authors: Eeva Ruotsalainen, Kari Sammalkorpi, Janne Laine, Kaisa Huotari, Seppo Sarna, Ville Valtonen and Asko Järvinen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:137

    Content type: Research article

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