Skip to main content

Advertisement

Articles

Page 161 of 162

  1. Rabies is one of the most hazardous zoonoses in the world. Oral mass vaccination has developed into the most effective management method to control fox rabies. The future need to control the disease in large c...

    Authors: Hans-Hermann Thulke, Thomas Selhorst, Thomas Müller, Tomasz Wyszomirski, Uli Müller and Urs Breitenmoser

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:9

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. The transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are a group of neurodegenerative diseases affecting both human and animals. The neuroanatomical changes which occur in the central nervous system (CNS) of T...

    Authors: Janice B Barr, Robert A Somerville, Yuen-Li Chung and Janet R Fraser

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:8

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  3. A small fraction of Human T cell Leukemia Virus type-1 (HTLV-I) infected subjects develop a severe form of myelopathy. It has been established that patients with HTLV-I associated myelopathy/tropical spastic p...

    Authors: Silvane Braga Santos, Aurélia Fonseca Porto, André Luiz Muniz, Amélia Ribeiro de Jesus, Elza Magalhães, Ailton Melo, Walderez O Dutra, Kenneth J Gollob and Edgar M Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:7

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Conventional tests for tuberculous pleuritis have several limitations. A variety of new, rapid tests such as nucleic acid amplification tests – including polymerase chain reaction – have been evaluated in rece...

    Authors: Madhukar Pai, Laura L Flores, Alan Hubbard, Lee W Riley and John M Colford Jr

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:6

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a polymicrobial syndrome characterized by a change in vaginal flora away from predominantly Lactobacillus species. The cause of BV is unknown, but the condition has been implicated in ...

    Authors: Michael J Ferris, Alicia Masztal, Kenneth E Aldridge, J Dennis Fortenberry, Paul L Fidel Jr and David H Martin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:5

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Non-organ-specific autoantibodies are found in a considerable number of anti-HCV positive patients. Previous studies investigated the clinical relevance of these antibodies in patients treated with interferon ...

    Authors: Hermann E Wasmuth, Christian Stolte, Andreas Geier, Christoph G Dietrich, Carsten Gartung, Johann Lorenzen, Siegfried Matern and Frank Lammert

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:4

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. A new respiratory infectious epidemic, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), broke out and spread throughout the world. By now the putative pathogen of SARS has been identified as a new coronavirus, a single ...

    Authors: Hongchao Lu, Yi Zhao, Jingfen Zhang, Yuelan Wang, Wei Li, Xiaopeng Zhu, Shiwei Sun, Jingyi Xu, Lunjiang Ling, Lun Cai, Dongbo Bu and Runsheng Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Common variable immunodificiency syndrome predominantly affects adults. It is characterized by low production of all the major classes of immunoglobulins. We report a case of common variable immunodeficiency s...

    Authors: Arzu Didem Yalcin, Nese Aydemir, Huseyin Turgut, Riza Hakan Erbay and Ata Nevzat Yalcin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:2

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  9. The potential use of microorganisms as agents of biological warfare (BW) is a growing concern. Lassa virus, a member of the Arenavirus class of Hemorrhagic fever (HF) viruses has emerged as a worldwide concern...

    Authors: Fatih M Uckun, Alexander S Petkevich, Alexei O Vassilev, Heather E Tibbles and Leonid Titov

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:1

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2004 4:14

  10. HIV infected adults have increased susceptibility to bacterial pneumonia but the underlying immune defect is poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that HIV infection might be associated with increased ba...

    Authors: Stephen B Gordon, Janelisa Musaya, Lorna Wilson, Amos Phiri, Eduard E Zijlstra and Malcolm E Molyneux

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:29

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. The Republic of Ireland has the second highest incidence of BSE worldwide. Only a single case of vCJD has been identified to date.

    Authors: Michael S Harney, Azra C Ghani, CA Donnelly, Rory McConn Walsh, Michael Walsh, Rachel Howley, Francesca Brett and Michael Farrell

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:28

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Cellulose acetate phthalate (CAP) has been used for several decades in the pharmaceutical industry for enteric film coating of oral tablets and capsules. Micronized CAP, available commercially as "Aquateric" a...

    Authors: A Robert Neurath, Nathan Strick and Yun-Yao Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:27

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Molecular identification of Mycobacterium species has two primary advantages when compared to phenotypic identification: rapid turn-around time and improved accuracy. The information content of the 5' end of the ...

    Authors: Dag Harmsen, Stefan Dostal, Andreas Roth, Stefan Niemann, Jörg Rothgänger, Michael Sammeth, Jürgen Albert, Matthias Frosch and Elvira Richter

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:26

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Incarceration has been associated with HIV infection among injection drug users. However, data on HIV risk factors of the inmates during incarceration are rarely reported from Thailand.

    Authors: Hansa Thaisri, John Lerwitworapong, Suthon Vongsheree, Pathom Sawanpanyalert, Chanchai Chadbanchachai, Archawin Rojanawiwat, Wichuda Kongpromsook, Wiroj Paungtubtim, Pongnuwat Sri-ngam and Rachaneekorn Jaisue

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:25

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Prior to the selection of disinfectants for low, intermediate and high (sterilizing) levels, the decimal reduction time, D-value, for the most common and persistent bacteria identified at a health care facilit...

    Authors: Priscila Gava Mazzola, Thereza Christina Vessoni Penna and Alzira M da S Martins

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:24

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. As a proportion of high grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2/3) are associated with equivocal cervical smears, which show borderline or mild dyskaryosis, follow up with repeat smears, colposcopy and ...

    Authors: Andrea Guyot, Shakir Karim, May S Kyi and John Fox

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:23

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Infection with human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), also known as Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), is the necessary causal agent in the development of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). Infection with HIV-1, male g...

    Authors: Janet M Wojcicki, Rob Newton, Margaret I Urban, Lara Stein, Martin Hale, Moosa Patel, Paul Ruff, Ranjan Sur, Dimitra Bourboulia and Freddy Sitas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:21

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Castleman's disease (CD), a rare condition of uncertain etiology, involves a massive proliferation of lymphoid tissues and typically presents as mediastinal masses. We describe a patient with CD who presented ...

    Authors: Ifeoma S Izuchukwu, Kamal Tourbaf and Martin C Mahoney

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:20

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  19. An epidemic of a Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) caused by a new coronavirus has spread from the Guangdong province to the rest of China and to the world, with a puzzling contagion behavior. It is imp...

    Authors: Tuen Wai Ng, Gabriel Turinici and Antoine Danchin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:19

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. To describe the demographic and geographic distribution of tuberculosis (TB) in Manitoba, thus determining risk factors associated with clustering and higher incidence rates in distinct subpopulations.

    Authors: Kym S Blackwood, Assaad Al-Azem, Lawrence J Elliott, Earl S Hershfield and Amin M Kabani

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:18

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. An 11-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine could provide significantly larger reduction in pneumococcal disease burden than the currently available 7-valent vaccine formulation in many countries.

    Authors: Maria Z Rosario Capeding, Taneli Puumalainen, Connie P Gepanayao, Helena Käyhty, Marilla G Lucero and Hanna Nohynek

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:17

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Although European Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato isolates have been divided into five genospecies, specific tools for the serotype characterization of only three genospecies are available. Monoclonals antibodies...

    Authors: Karine Ryffel, Olivier Péter, Eric Dayer, Anne-Gabrielle Bretz and Edmond Godfroid

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:14

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. We used human papillomaviruses (HPV) as a model system to evaluate the utility of a nucleic acid, hybridization-based bioelectronic DNA detection platform (eSensor™) in identifying multiple pathogens.

    Authors: Suzanne D Vernon, Daniel H Farkas, Elizabeth R Unger, Vivian Chan, Donna L Miller, Yin-Peng Chen, Gary F Blackburn and William C Reeves

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:12

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Low-dose ritonavir (RTV) boosts plasma amprenavir (APV) exposure. Little has been published on the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of APV 600 mg/RTV 100 mg (APV600/RTV) twice daily (BID) compared to APV 120...

    Authors: Jeffrey P Nadler, Joseph C Gathe, Richard B Pollard, Gary J Richmond, Qiming Liao, Sandy Griffith, C Tracey Lancaster, Jaime E Hernandez and Keith A Pappa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:10

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Prevention of poxvirus infection is a topic of great current interest. We report inhibition of vaccinia virus in cell culture by porphyrins and phthalocyanines. Most previous work on the inhibition of viruses ...

    Authors: Avril RM Chen-Collins, Dabney W Dixon, Andrei N Vzorov, Luigi G Marzilli and Richard W Compans

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:9

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Toxoplasma gondii infection is embryotoxic in humans. It is mainly transmitted through raw/undercooked meat and ingestion of oocysts in cat feces. There remains controversy about the actual risk of cats transmit...

    Authors: Samar Shuhaiber, Gideon Koren, Rada Boskovic, Thomas R Einarson, Offie Porat Soldin and Adrienne Einarson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:8

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by the parasitic protozoan Toxoplasma gondii. It is endemic worldwide and, depending on the geographic location, 15 to 85% of the human population are asymptomaticall...

    Authors: Udo Reischl, Stéphane Bretagne, Dominique Krüger, Pauline Ernault and Jean-Marc Costa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:7

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Serological study of human papillomavirus (HPV)-antibodies in order to estimate the HPV-prevalence as risk factor for the development of HPV-associated malignancies in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positi...

    Authors: Reinhard Höpfl, Anton Petter, Petra Thaler, Mario Sarcletti, Andreas Widschwendter and Robert Zangerle

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:6

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Past projections of the future course of the vCJD epidemic in the UK have shown considerable uncertainty, with wide confidence bounds. However, recent vCJD case data have indicated a decrease in the annual inc...

    Authors: Azra C Ghani, Christl A Donnelly, Neil M Ferguson and Roy M Anderson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:4

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Tuberculosis (TB) surveillance programs in Canada have established that TB in Canada is becoming a disease of geographically and demographically distinct groups. In 1995, treaty status aboriginals from the pro...

    Authors: M Kaushal Sharma, A Al-Azem, J Wolfe, E Hershfield and A Kabani

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Mathematical models can be used to predict the emergence and transmission of antiviral resistance. Previously it has been predicted that high usage of antivirals (in immunocompetent populations) to treat Herpe...

    Authors: Hayley B Gershengorn, Graham Darby and Sally M Blower

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2003 3:1

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Infection with human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) requires binding of the viral envelope gp120 to CD4 and to the CXCR4 coreceptor. Both, gp120 and CXCR4 are subject to N-glycosylation. Here we investi...

    Authors: Ingo Thordsen, Svenja Polzer and Michael Schreiber

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:31

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Periodontitis is associated with elevated levels of C-reactive protein and fibrinogen and it may be a coronary heart disease risk factor. We wanted to study if treatment of periodontitis can decrease the level...

    Authors: Kimmo Mattila, Marja Vesanen, Ville Valtonen, Markku Nieminen, Timo Palosuo, Vesa Rasi and Sirkka Asikainen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:30

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and schistosomiasis are major public health problems in the Nile Delta of Egypt. To control schistosomiasis, mass treatment campaigns using tartar emetic injections were condu...

    Authors: Malla R Rao, Abdollah B Naficy, Medhat A Darwish, Nebal M Darwish, Enrique Schisterman, John D Clemens and Robert Edelman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:29

    Content type: Hypothesis

    Published on:

  35. Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly known as P. carinii f.sp. hominis) is an opportunistic fungus that causes Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in immunocompromised individuals. Pneumocystis jiroveci can be detected by p...

    Authors: Jannik Helweg-Larsen, Jørgen Skov Jensen, Birthe Dohn, Thomas L Benfield and Bettina Lundgren

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:28

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Despite major developments in the management of septic shock, the mortality rate had progressively increased. Ibuprofen has been shown to have beneficial physiological effects when used as a treatment. However...

    Authors: Ilhami Celik, Ayhan Akbulut, S Sirri Kilic, Ali Rahman, Pervin Vural, Mukaddes Canbaz and Suleyman Felek

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:26

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. We report the characterisation of the variable large protein (vlp) gene expressed by clinical isolate A1 of Borrelia recurrentis; the agent of the life-threatening disease louse-borne relapsing fever.

    Authors: Vincent Vidal, Sally Cutler, Ian G Scragg, David JM Wright and Dominic Kwiatkowski

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:25

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of the WINGS project, an intervention to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases among urban women at high risk for sexual acquisition of HIV.

    Authors: Harrell W Chesson, Judith B Greenberg and Michael Hennessy

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:24

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are neurodegenerative diseases affecting both humans and animals. They are associated with post-translational conversion of the normal cellular prion protein (PrPC

    Authors: Magdalini Polymenidou, Susan Verghese-Nikolakaki, Martin Groschup, Melanie J Chaplin, Mick J Stack, Andreas Plaitakis and Theodoros Sklaviadis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:23

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Suboptimal specimen processing and storage conditions of samples which contain hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA may result in a decline of HCV RNA concentration or false-negative results in the detection of HCV RNA...

    Authors: Anne-Isabelle de Moreau de Gerbehaye, Monique Bodéus, Annie Robert, Yves Horsmans and Patrick Goubau

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:22

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Chlamydia pneumoniae antigens, nucleic acids, or intact organisms have been detected in human atheroma. However, the presence of antibody does not predict subsequent cardiovascular (CV) events. We performed a sy...

    Authors: Marek Smieja, James Mahony, Astrid Petrich, Jens Boman and Max Chernesky

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2002 2:21

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

Featured videos

View featured videos from across the BMC-series journals