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  1. Infectious mastitis is a common condition during lactation and in fact, represents one of the main causes leading to a precocious weaning. The number of studies dealing with lactational mastitis is low and, up...

    Authors: Susana Delgado, Rebeca Arroyo, Rocío Martín and Juan M Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:51

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The use of hypertonic crystalloid solutions, including sodium chloride and bicarbonate, for treating severe sepsis has been much debated in previous investigations. We have investigated the effects of three cr...

    Authors: Zhi Xun Fang, Yu Feng Li, Xiao Qing Zhou, Zhen Zhang, Jin Song Zhang, Hai Ming Xia, Guo Ping Xing, Wei Ping Shu, Ling Shen and Guo Qing Yin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:50

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Only a few previous studies have focused on the long-term prognosis of the patients with infective endocarditis (IE). Our purpose was to delineate factors potentially associated with the long-term outcome of I...

    Authors: Maija Heiro, Hans Helenius, Saija Hurme, Timo Savunen, Kaj Metsärinne, Erik Engblom, Jukka Nikoskelainen and Pirkko Kotilainen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:49

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Invasive amebiasis is an emerging parasitic disorder in Taiwan, especially in patients diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Thirty-three Taiwanese subjects with amebic liver abscess (AL...

    Authors: Meng-Shuian Hsu, Szu-Min Hsieh, Mao-Yuan Chen, Chien-Ching Hung and Shan-Chwen Chang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:48

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Noroviruses are one of the principal biological agents associated with the consumption of contaminated food. The objective of this study was to analyse the size and epidemiological characteristics of foodborne...

    Authors: Ana Martinez, Angela Dominguez, Nuria Torner, Laura Ruiz, Neus Camps, Irene Barrabeig, Cesar Arias, Josep Alvarez, Pere Godoy, Pilar Jorgina Balaña, Analia Pumares, Rosa Bartolome, Dolors Ferrer, Unai Perez, Rosa Pinto and Javier Buesa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:47

    Content type: Research article

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  6. French Guiana has the highest tuberculosis (TB) burden among all French departments, with a strong increase in the TB incidence over the last few years. It is now uncertain how best to explain this incidence. ...

    Authors: Vanina Guernier, Christophe Sola, Karine Brudey, Jean-François Guégan and Nalin Rastogi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:46

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Prevalence and risk factors for Chlamydia trachomatis infection among young men in Switzerland is still unknown. The objective of the present study was to assess prevalence and risk factors for C. trachomatis inf...

    Authors: David Baud, Katia Jaton, Claire Bertelli, Jean-Pierre Kulling and Gilbert Greub

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:45

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Infectious disease is often the reason for intravenous drug users being seen in a clinical setting. The objective of this study was to evaluate the appropriateness of treatment and outcomes for this patient po...

    Authors: Dominik Mertz, Nina Viktorin, Marcel Wolbers, Gerd Laifer, Bernd Leimenstoll, Ursula Fluckiger and Manuel Battegay

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:42

    Content type: Research article

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  9. On 20–21 February 2006, six cases of diarrhoea-associated haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) were reported by paediatricians to the Norwegian Institute of Public Health. We initiated an investigation to identif...

    Authors: Barbara Schimmer, Karin Nygard, Hanne-Merete Eriksen, Jørgen Lassen, Bjørn-Arne Lindstedt, Lin T Brandal, Georg Kapperud and Preben Aavitsland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:41

    Content type: Research article

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  10. There is little information on nasopharyngeal (NP) flora or bacteremia in HIV-infected children. Our aim was to describe the organisms and antimicrobial resistance patterns in children enrolled in a prospectiv...

    Authors: Mark F Cotton, Elizabeth Wasserman, Juanita Smit, Andrew Whitelaw and Heather J Zar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:40

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Rectal administration of artemisinin derivatives has potential for early treatment for severe malaria in remote settings where injectable antimalarial therapy may not be feasible. Preparations available includ...

    Authors: Melba Gomes, Isabela Ribeiro, Marian Warsame, Harin Karunajeewa and Max Petzold

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:39

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In the ICU, bacteremia is a life-threatening infection whose prognosis is highly dependent on early recognition and treatment with appropriate antibiotics. Procalcitonin levels have been shown to distinguish b...

    Authors: Pierre Emmanuel Charles, Sylvain Ladoire, Serge Aho, Jean-Pierre Quenot, Jean-Marc Doise, Sébastien Prin, Niels-Olivier Olsson and Bernard Blettery

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:38

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Several public health strategic interventions are required for effective prevention and control of avian influenza (AI) and it is necessary to create a communication plan to keep families adequately informed o...

    Authors: Gabriella Di Giuseppe, Rossella Abbate, Luciana Albano, Paolo Marinelli and Italo F Angelillo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:36

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Diagnosis of tuberculous (TB) pleuritis is difficult and better diagnostic tools are needed. New blood based interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) tests are promising, but sensitivity could be low in HIV positive patients....

    Authors: Kamaldeen Baba, Steinar Sørnes, Anwar A Hoosen, Jacob M Lekabe, Mathew J Mpe, Nina Langeland and Anne M Dyrhol-Riise

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:35

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Surgical site infections (SSI) remain a major clinical problem in terms of morbidity, mortality, and hospital costs. Nearly 60% of SSI diagnosis occur in the postdischarge period. However, literature provides ...

    Authors: Nicola Petrosillo, Cecilia MJ Drapeau, Emanuele Nicastri, Lorena Martini, Giuseppe Ippolito and Maria Luisa Moro

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:34

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Prisons are known to be high-risk environments for the spread of bloodborne and sexually transmitted infections. Prison officers are considered to have an intermittent exposure potential to bloodborne infectio...

    Authors: Andrew A Adjei, Henry B Armah, Foster Gbagbo, William K Ampofo, Isaac Boamah, Clement Adu-Gyamfi, Isaac Asare, Ian FA Hesse and George Mensah

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:33

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Active tuberculosis (TB) is common among HIV-infected persons living in tuberculosis endemic countries, and screening for tuberculosis (TB) is recommended routinely. We sought to determine the role of chest x-...

    Authors: Muhammad Bakari, Robert D Arbeit, Lillian Mtei, Johnson Lyimo, Richard Waddell, Mecky Matee, Bernard F Cole, Susan Tvaroha, C Robert Horsburgh, Hanna Soini, Kisali Pallangyo and C Fordham von Reyn

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:32

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The performance of the WHO recommendations for pediatric antiretroviral treatment (ART) in resource poor settings is insufficiently documented in routine care.

    Authors: Steven FJ Callens, Faustin Kitetele, Jean Lusiama, Nicole Shabani, Samuel Edidi, Robert Colebunders, Frieda Behets and Annelies Van Rie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:31

    Content type: Research article

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  19. A simple filter paper method was developed for, the transport and storage of monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) at room temperature or -20°C after spotting on filter paper, for subsequent serotyping of outer membran...

    Authors: Aline S Ferraz, Elza FT Belo, Ligia MCC Coutinho, Ana P Oliveira, Andréia MS Carmo, Daniele L Franco, Tatiane Ferreira, André Y Yto, Marta SF Machado, Monica CG Scola and Elizabeth De Gaspari

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:30

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Patients with chemotherapy-related neutropenia and fever are usually hospitalized and treated on empirical intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotic regimens. Early diagnosis of sepsis in children with febrile neu...

    Authors: Miriam Diepold, Peter Noellke, Ulrich Duffner, Udo Kontny and Reinhard Berner

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:28

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Host genetic factors may play a role in the occurrence and progress of SARS-Cov infection. This study was to investigate the relationship between tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α gene polymorphisms with the occurren...

    Authors: Shixin Wang, Maoti Wei, Yi Han, Keju Zhang, Li He, Zhen Yang, Bing Su, Zhilun Zhang, Yilan Hu and Wuli Hui

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:27

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Anaemia is the most common haematological complication of HIV and associated with a high morbidity and a poor prognosis. The pathogenesis of HIV-associated anaemia is poorly understood and may include a direct...

    Authors: Job CJ Calis, Hellen P Rotteveel, Antoinette C van der Kuyl, Fokla Zorgdrager, David Kachala, Michaël Boele van Hensbroek and Marion Cornelissen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:26

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The risk factors for the transmission of HCV vary substantially between countries and geographic regions. The overall prevalence in south and east Africa region has been estimated to be 1.6% but limited inform...

    Authors: Charles E Ramarokoto, Fanjasoa Rakotomanana, Maherisoa Ratsitorahina, Vaomalala Raharimanga, Richter Razafindratsimandresy, Rindra Randremanana, Mala Rakoto-Andrianarivelo, Dominique Rousset, Voahangy Andrianaja, Vincent Richard, Jean-Louis Soares and Leon P Rabarijaona

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:25

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Disseminated mycobacterial disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with HIV-infection. Nonspecific clinical presentation makes the diagnosis difficult and sometimes neglected.

    Authors: Rodrigo P dos Santos, Karin L Scheid, Denise MC Willers and Luciano Z Goldani

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:24

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Circulating levels of endothelin-1 are increased in sepsis and correlate with severity of disease. A rapid and easy immunoassay has been developed to measure the more stable ET-1 precursor peptides proET-1. Th...

    Authors: Philipp Schuetz, Daiana Stolz, Beat Mueller, Nils G Morgenthaler, Joachim Struck, Christian Mueller, Roland Bingisser, Michael Tamm and Mirjam Christ-Crain

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:22

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Guidelines established for the treatment of HIV-1 infection and genotype interpretation do not apply for HIV-2. Data about antiretroviral (ARV) drug efficacy and resistance mutations is scarce.

    Authors: Jean Ruelle, François Roman, Anne-Thérèse Vandenbroucke, Christine Lambert, Katrien Fransen, Fedoua Echahidi, Denis Piérard, Chris Verhofstede, Kristel Van Laethem, Marie-Luce Delforge, Dolorès Vaira, Jean-Claude Schmit and Patrick Goubau

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:21

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The common response to stopping anti-HIV treatment is an increase of HIV-RNA load and decrease in CD4+, but not all the patients have similar responses to this therapeutic strategy. The aim was to identify predic...

    Authors: Elena Seoane, Salvador Resino, Santiago Moreno, Juan Carlos Lopez Bernaldo de Quiros, Ana Moreno, Rafael Rubio, Juan Gonzalez-García, José Ramón Arribas, Federico Pulido and Ma Ángeles Muñoz-Fernández

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:20

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Nigeria is home to more people living with HIV than any other country in the world, except South Africa and India-where an estimated 2.9 million [1.7 million – 4.2 million] people were living with the virus in...

    Authors: Olalekan A Uthman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:19

    Content type: Correspondence

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  29. Recent data have suggested that 18 million of new sepsis cases occur each year worldwide, with a mortality rate of almost 30%. There is not consensus on the clinical definition of sepsis and, because of lack o...

    Authors: Gisela D De La Rosa, Marta L Valencia, Clara M Arango, Carlos I Gomez, Alex Garcia, Sigifredo Ospina, Susana Osorno, Adriana Henao and Fabián A Jaimes

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:18

    Content type: Study protocol

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  30. High antibiotic resistance is described in atypical Mycobacteriosis, mainly by Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC).

    Authors: María T Milanés-Virelles, Idrian García-García, Yamilet Santos-Herrera, Magalys Valdés-Quintana, Carmen M Valenzuela-Silva, Gaspar Jiménez-Madrigal, Thelvia I Ramos-Gómez, Iraldo Bello-Rivero, Norma Fernández-Olivera, Reinaldo B Sánchez-de la Osa, Carmen Rodríguez-Acosta, Lidia González-Méndez, Gregorio Martínez-Sánchez and Pedro A López-Saura

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:17

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The durations of untreated stage 1 (early stage, haemo-lymphatic) and stage 2 (late stage, meningo-encephalitic) human African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) due to Trypanosoma brucei gambiense are poorly qu...

    Authors: Francesco Checchi, João AN Filipe, Daniel T Haydon, Daniel Chandramohan and François Chappuis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:16

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Nonencapsulated and nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is a major cause of human respiratory tract infections. Some strains of NTHi can cause invasive diseases such as septicemia and meningitis, even if H....

    Authors: Yukie Sekiya, Masahiro Eguchi, Masahiko Nakamura, Kimiko Ubukata, Satoshi Omura and Hidenori Matsui

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:15

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteraemia remains a condition associated with considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is a common but little-studied problem outside of Europe and...

    Authors: Jonathan Wei-Zhong Chia, Li-Yang Hsu, Louis Yi-Ann Chai and Paul Ananth Tambyah

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:14

    Content type: Research article

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  34. There is currently a lack of consensus for the diagnosis, investigations and treatments of acute bacterial prostatitis (AP).

    Authors: Manuel Etienne, Pascal Chavanet, Louis Sibert, Frédéric Michel, Hervé Levesque, Bernard Lorcerie, Jean Doucet, Pierre Pfitzenmeyer and François Caron

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:12

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Tuberculosis (TB) is the most frequent co-infection in HIV-infected individuals still presenting diagnostic difficulties particularly in developing countries. Recently an assay based on IFN-gamma response to M. t...

    Authors: Delia Goletti, Stefania Carrara, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Joy Baseke, Michael Angel Mugerwa, Enrico Girardi and Zahra Toossi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:11

    Content type: Research article

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  36. With almost 9 million new cases each year, tuberculosis remains one of the most feared diseases on the planet. Led by the STOP-TB Partnership and WHO, recent efforts to combat the disease have made considerabl...

    Authors: Ellen M Zager and Ruth McNerney

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:10

    Content type: Debate

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  37. Although BCG vaccination is recommended in most countries of the world, little is known of the persistence of BCG-induced immune responses. As novel TB vaccines may be given to boost the immunity induced by ne...

    Authors: Rosemary E Weir, Patricia Gorak-Stolinska, Sian Floyd, Maeve K Lalor, Sally Stenson, Keith Branson, Rose Blitz, Anne Ben-Smith, Paul EM Fine and Hazel M Dockrell

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:9

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Studies from developed countries have reported on host-related risk factors for extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). However, similar studies from high-burden countries like Nepal are lacking. Therefore, we ca...

    Authors: Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, Kishore V Panduru, Sharat C Verma, Hari S Joshi and Michael N Bates

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:8

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea (CDAD) is a frequently occurring healthcare-associated infection, which is responsible for significant morbidity and mortality amongst elderly patients in healthcare fa...

    Authors: Katherine Roberts, Caroline F Smith, Anna M Snelling, Kevin G Kerr, Kathleen R Banfield, P Andrew Sleigh and Clive B Beggs

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:7

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Although resistance to isoniazid (INH) is the most common form of drug resistance seen among Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates, there have been few studies on the efficacy and optimal duration of treatment for ...

    Authors: Yee Hyung Kim, Gee Young Suh, Man Pyo Chung, Hojoong Kim, O Jung Kwon, Seong Yong Lim, Si Young Lim and Won-Jung Koh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:6

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Blood transfusion has always been an important route for Chagas Disease (CD) transmission. The high prevalence of CD in Latin America and its lifelong asymptomatic clinical picture pose a threat for the safety...

    Authors: Erich V De Paula, Neiva SL Goncales, Serge Xueref, Marcelo Addas-Carvalho, Simone CO Gilli, Rodrigo N Angerami and Fernando L Goncales Jr

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:5

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Escherichia coli infections are common and often treated with fluoroquinolones. Fluoroquinolone resistance is of worldwide importance and is monitored by national and international surveillance networks. In this...

    Authors: Lauren Becnel Boyd, Robert L Atmar, Graham L Randall, Richard J Hamill, David Steffen and Lynn Zechiedrich

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:4

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a significant public health problem that may lead to chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Approximately 30% of the world's population has b...

    Authors: Zheng Zeng, Li Guan, Ping An, Shan Sun, Stephen J O'Brien and Cheryl A Winkler

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2008 8:1

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

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