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Viral diseases

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of of the prevention, diagnosis and management of viral diseases in humans, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology. HIV, HIV-associated infections and sexually transmitted diseases are considered in separate sections.

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  1. Herpes zoster (HZ) is caused by a reactivation of the varicella-zoster-virus (VZV) and mainly affects individuals aged ≥ 50 years. Vaccines have been licensed or are under development that can protect against ...

    Authors: Bernhard Ultsch, Anette Siedler, Thorsten Rieck, Thomas Reinhold, Gérard Krause and Ole Wichmann

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:173

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Recent studies strongly suggest that some respiratory viruses are associated with the induction of acute wheezing and/or exacerbation of bronchial asthma. However, molecular epidemiology of these viruses is no...

    Authors: Asako Fujitsuka, Hiroyuki Tsukagoshi, Mika Arakawa, Kazuko Goto-Sugai, Akihide Ryo, Yoshimichi Okayama, Katsumi Mizuta, Atsuyoshi Nishina, Masakazu Yoshizumi, Yoichi Kaburagi, Masahiro Noda, Masato Tashiro, Nobuhiko Okabe, Masaaki Mori, Shumpei Yokota and Hirokazu Kimura

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:168

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Interferon alpha (IFNα) therapy has been widely used in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) for decades. Nucleos(t)ide analogues are also increasingly used to treat CHB recently. More and more studies a...

    Authors: Wen-cong Li, Mao-rong Wang, Ling-bo Kong, Wei-guang Ren, Yu-guo Zhang and Yue-min Nan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:165

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Acute otitis media with perforation (AOMwiP) affects 40% of remote Indigenous children during the first 18 months of life. Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis are the primar...

    Authors: Michael J Binks, Allen C Cheng, Heidi Smith-Vaughan, Theo Sloots, Michael Nissen, David Whiley, Joseph McDonnell and Amanda J Leach

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:161

    Content type: Research article

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  5. In the United States, about 70% of 2.9-3.7 million people with hepatitis C (HCV) are unaware of their infection. Although universal screening might be a cost-effective way to identify infections, prevent morbi...

    Authors: Phillip O Coffin, Anne M Stevens, John D Scott, Joanne D Stekler and Matthew R Golden

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:160

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Norway is classified as a low prevalence country for hepatitis B virus infection. Vaccination is only recommended for risk groups (intravenous drug users (IDUs), Men who have Sex with Men (MSM), immigrants and...

    Authors: Gražina Rimšelienė, Øivind Nilsen, Hilde Kløvstad, Hans Blystad and Preben Aavitsland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:153

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Viral reservoir size refers to cellular human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) DNA levels in CD4+ T lymphocytes of peripheral blood obtained from patients with plasma HIV-1-RNA levels (viral load, VL) maintained ...

    Authors: Dai Watanabe, Shiro Ibe, Tomoko Uehira, Rumi Minami, Atsushi Sasakawa, Keishiro Yajima, Hitoshi Yonemoto, Hiroki Bando, Yoshihiko Ogawa, Tomohiro Taniguchi, Daisuke Kasai, Yasuharu Nishida, Masahiro Yamamoto, Tsuguhiro Kaneda and Takuma Shirasaka

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:146

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Hantaviruses are the causative agents of two zoonotic diseases: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS). The pathogenesis of HFRS is poorly understood. Howev...

    Authors: Ana Saksida, Branka Wraber and Tatjana Avšič-Županc

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:142

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The World Health Organization recommends universal and quality-controlled screening of blood donations for the major transfusion-transmissible infections (TTIs): human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B...

    Authors: Jocelijn Stokx, Philippe Gillet, Anja De Weggheleire, Esther C Casas, Rosa Maendaenda, Adelino J Beulane, Ilhes V Jani, Solon Kidane, Carla D Mosse, Jan Jacobs and Emmanuel Bottieau

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:141

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Dengue re-emerges in Singapore despite decades of effective vector control; the infection predominantly afflicts adults. Severe dengue not fulfilling dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) criteria according to World ...

    Authors: Yee-Sin Leo, Tun L Thein, Dale A Fisher, Jenny G Low, Helen M Oh, Rajmohan L Narayanan, Victor C Gan, Vernon J Lee and David C Lye

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:123

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The swine influenza H1N1 first identified in Mexico, spread rapidly across the globe and is considered the fastest moving pandemic in history. The early phase of an outbreak, in which data is relatively scarce...

    Authors: Uri Roll, Rami Yaari, Guy Katriel, Oren Barnea, Lewi Stone, Ella Mendelson, Michal Mandelboim and Amit Huppert

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:92

    Content type: Research article

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