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Viral diseases

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of of the prevention, diagnosis and management of viral diseases in humans, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology. HIV, HIV-associated infections and sexually transmitted diseases are considered in separate sections.

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  1. In 2016 and 2017, Zika virus (ZIKV) infection outbreaks occurred in two communities in southern Thailand. This re-immerging infection can widely spread by mosquito bites and cause serious complications in a ce...

    Authors: Theerut Densathaporn, Rassamee Sangthong, Monvaris Sakolnapa, Smonrapat Surasombatpattana, Marisa Kemapunmanus, Promsin Masrinoul, Sutee Yoksan, Edward B. McNeil and Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:921

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) is a natural epidemic disease caused by various types of viruses of the genus Hantavirus, which are mainly transmitted by contact with the infected rodents and their ...

    Authors: Xiang Ying, Xiaoli Lai, Xiaoxiao Jin, Linghong Cai and Xiaotian Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:920

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Brazil became the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic in Latin America since May 2020, reporting the highest number of cases and deaths in the region. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at increased risk of SARS-CoV...

    Authors: Carolina Palamin Buonafine, Beatriz Nobre Monteiro Paiatto, Fabyano Bruno Leal, Samantha Faria de Matos, Camila Ohomoto de Morais, Giovanna Guazzelli Guerra, Marcus Vinicius Vidal Martuchelli, Danielle Bruna Leal Oliveira, Edison Luiz Durigon, Camila Pereira Soares, Erika Donizette Candido, Bruna Larotonda Telezynski, Marco Aurélio Palazzi Sáfadi and Flávia Jacqueline Almeida

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:917

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Influenza B is often perceived as a less severe strain of influenza. The epidemiology and clinical outcomes of influenza B have been less thoroughly investigated in hospitalised patients. The aims of this stud...

    Authors: Yogesh Sharma, Chris Horwood, Paul Hakendorf and Campbell Thompson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:913

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Human Sapoviruses (SaVs) has been reported as one of the causative agents of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) worldwide. An outbreak of SaVs affected 482 primary school students during spring activities from Februa...

    Authors: Yuxiao Yan, Yuan Li, Wen Shi, Xiangyu Kong, Huiying Li, Qing Zhang, Lili Pang, Li Jiang, Junying Liu, Miao Jin, Yuning Li and Zhaojun Duan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:911

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Both COVID-19 and influenza A contribute to increased mortality among the elderly and those with existing comorbidities. Changes in the underlying immune mechanisms determine patient prognosis. This study aime...

    Authors: Fang Qian, Guiju Gao, Yangzi Song, Yanli Xu, Aibin Wang, Sa Wang, Yiwei Hao, Meiling Chen, Xiaoyang Ma, Tianwei Zhao, Xiaodi Guo, Zhihai Chen and Fujie Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:910

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Estimate the incidence of herpes zoster (HZ), its complications and healthcare utilization rates in adults (≥ 18-years-old) with a wide range of immunocompromised (IC) conditions compared to IC-free cohort.

    Authors: Cintia Muñoz-Quiles, Mónica López-Lacort, Javier Díez-Domingo and Alejandro Orrico-Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:905

    Content type: Research article

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  8. COVID-19 has become a major global threat. The present study aimed to develop a nomogram model to predict the survival of COVID-19 patients based on their clinical and laboratory data at admission.

    Authors: Xiaojun Ma, Huifang Wang, Junwei Huang, Yan Geng, Shuqi Jiang, Qiuping Zhou, Xuan Chen, Hongping Hu, Weifeng Li, Chengbin Zhou, Xinglin Gao, Na Peng and Yiyu Deng

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:899

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Belgium was among the first countries in Europe with confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases. Since the first diagnosis on February 3rd, the epidemic has quickly evolved, with Belgium at the crossr...

    Authors: Karlijn van Halem, Robin Bruyndonckx, Jeroen van der Hilst, Janneke Cox, Paulien Driesen, Matthias Opsomer, Eveline Van Steenkiste, Björn Stessel, Jasperina Dubois and Peter Messiaen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:897

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The State of Ceará, in Northeastern Brazil, suffers from a triple burden of arboviruses (dengue, Zika and chikungunya). We measured the seroprevalence of chikungunya, dengue and Zika and its associated factors...

    Authors: Francisca Kalline de Almeida Barreto, Carlos Henrique Alencar, Fernanda Montenegro de Carvalho Araújo, Rhaquel de Morais Alves Barbosa Oliveira, John Washington Cavalcante, Daniele Rocha Queiroz Lemos, Luís Arthur Brasil Gadelha Farias, Isac Lucca Frota Boriz, Leticia Queiroz Medeiros, Marcelo Nunes Pereira Melo, Fábio Miyajima, André Machado Siqueira, André Ricardo Ribas Freitas and Luciano Pamplona de Góes Cavalcanti

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:881

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Germinal center derived memory B cells and plasma cells constitute, in health and during EBV reactivation, the largest functional EBV reservoir. Hence, by reducing germinal center derived formation of memory B...

    Authors: Kristian Assing, Christian Nielsen, Marianne Jakobsen, Charlotte B. Andersen, Kristin Skogstrand, Shahin Gaini, Birgitte Preiss, Sussi Bagge Mortensen, Marianne Nielsine Skov and Line Dahlerup Rasmussen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:878

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common herpesvirus which is estimated to infect 83% of the global population. Whilst many infections are asymptomatic, it is an important cause of morbidity and mortality, part...

    Authors: Joanne R. Winter, Graham S. Taylor, Olivia G. Thomas, Charlotte Jackson, Joanna E. A. Lewis and Helen R. Stagg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:875

    Content type: Research article

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  13. COVID-19 is an emerging respiratory disease caused by a novel coronavirus. There is not much evidence assessing the knowledge of dental surgeons regarding COVID-19. This study was conducted to assess the knowl...

    Authors: Mukesh Kumar Sah, Abanish Singh and Raj Kumar Sangroula

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:871

    Content type: Research article

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  14. COVID-19 infection may present with atypical signs and symptoms and false negative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests predisposing healthy people and health care workers to infection. The aim of the current...

    Authors: Maryam Haghighi-Morad, Ilad Alavi Darazam, Hooman Bahrami-Moltagh, Maryam Amerifar, Nasim Zamani and Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:870

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Since December 2019, when a cluster of pneumonia cases due to SARS-CoV-2 initially emerged in Wuhan city and then rapidly spread throughout the world, the necessity for data concerning the clinical and para-cl...

    Authors: Mohsen Rokni, Kazem Ahmadikia, Somaye Asghari, Shahabodin Mashaei and Fahimeh Hassanali

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:869

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Routine blood parameters, such as the lymphocyte (LYM) count, platelet (PLT) count, lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocytes multiplied by platelets (LYM*PLT) and m...

    Authors: Ronghe Zhu, Cuie Chen, Qiu Wang, Xixi Zhang, Chaosheng Lu and Yuanyuan Sun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:864

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The speed and reach of the COVID-19 pandemic has created special scenarios to be considered, such as those in where patients who meet criteria for hospitalization due to moderate/severe disease cannot be hospi...

    Authors: Ivan Chérrez-Ojeda, Emanuel Vanegas and Miguel Felix

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:862

    Content type: Case report

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  18. COVID-19 pandemic impacts many communities worldwide. In this study the Poles’ knowledge about COVID-19 as well as people’s behaviours, attitudes and fears during the pandemic were assessed. Changes in these b...

    Authors: Wojciech Nazar, Julia Leszkowicz, Agata Pieńkowska, Michał Brzeziński, Agnieszka Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz and Katarzyna Plata-Nazar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:861

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The accuracy of a new optical biosensor (OB) point-of-care device for the detection of severe infections is studied.

    Authors: Sarantia Doulou, Konstantinos Leventogiannis, Maria Tsilika, Matthew Rodencal, Konstantina Katrini, Nikolaos Antonakos, Miltiades Kyprianou, Emmanouil Karofylakis, Athanassios Karageorgos, Panagiotis Koufargyris, Gennaios Christopoulos, George Kassianidis, Kimon Stamatelopoulos, Robert Newberry and Evangelos J. Giamarellos-Bourboulis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:860

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Efficient control and management in the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic needs to carefully balance economical and realizable interventions. Simulation models can play a cardinal role in forecasting possible scenario...

    Authors: Kristan A. Schneider, Gideon A. Ngwa, Markus Schwehm, Linda Eichner and Martin Eichner

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:859

    Content type: Research article

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  21. No clinical scoring system has yet been established to estimate the likelihood of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and determine the suitability of diagnostic testing in suspected COVID-19 patients.

    Authors: Sho Nakakubo, Masaru Suzuki, Keisuke Kamada, Yu Yamashita, Junichi Nakamura, Hiroshi Horii, Kazuki Sato, Munehiro Matsumoto, Yuki Abe, Kosuke Tsuji, Nobuhisa Ishiguro, Yasuyuki Nasuhara and Satoshi Konno

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:858

    Content type: Research article

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  22. With the worldwide spread of the 2019 novel coronavirus, scarce knowledge is available on the clinical features of more than two passages of patients. Further, in China, early intervention policy has been enac...

    Authors: Xiaohong Zhang, Hailian Wang, Youwei Wang, Yu Lei, Kaiju Xu, Jie Zhang, Ying Han, Jun Zeng, Shaoping Deng and Yi Wang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:855

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Healthcare workers (HCW) are presumed to be at increased risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection due to occupational exposure to infected patients. However, there has bee...

    Authors: Emily S. Barrett, Daniel B. Horton, Jason Roy, Maria Laura Gennaro, Andrew Brooks, Jay Tischfield, Patricia Greenberg, Tracy Andrews, Sugeet Jagpal, Nancy Reilly, Jeffrey L. Carson, Martin J. Blaser and Reynold A. Panettieri Jr

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:853

    Content type: Research article

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  24. In December 2019, a new disease (COVID-19) caused by a novel coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2 emerged in China and spread to many other countries. There is only limited data about the clinical features of COVID-1...

    Authors: F. Lamazou, P. Oger, R. Dieli-crimi, A. Guerin, V. Letouzey, S. Octernaud, V. Place, P. Calès, P. Descamps and L. Delaroche

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:845

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerging viral disease. Here, we report the clinical features, management, and short-term outcomes of COVID-19 patients in Wenzhou, China, an area outside Wuhan.

    Authors: Liang Hong, Enling Ye, Gangqiang Sun, Xiaoyang Wang, Shengguo Zhang, Yanghe Wu, Xiangao Xie, Shichun Xia, Xudong Zheng, Ling Dong, Fujing Cai, Xixian Lou, Renguo Zhao, Yongqi Hu, Zhanwei Ruan, Jiguang Ding…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:841

    Content type: Research article

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  26. A functioning Viral Haemorrhagic Fever (VHF) surveillance system in countries at risk for outbreaks can reduce early transmission in case of an outbreak. Surveillance performance depends on the application of ...

    Authors: Manuel Raab, Lisa M. Pfadenhauer, Vinh-Kim Nguyen, Dansira Doumbouya, Michael Hoelscher and Guenter Froeschl

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:838

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The spatial distribution and burden of dengue in sub-Saharan Africa remains highly uncertain, despite high levels of ecological suitability. The goal of this study was to describe the epidemiology of dengue am...

    Authors: Ross M. Boyce, Matthew Collins, Rabbison Muhindo, Regina Nakakande, Emily J. Ciccone, Samantha Grounds, Daniel Espinoza, Yerun Zhu, Michael Matte, Moses Ntaro, Dan Nyehangane, Jonathan J. Juliano and Edgar M. Mulogo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:835

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Carvacrol, as the major components of aromatic plants used for treating human skin diseases including origanum, Satureja, thymus, and coridothymus species, presented a kind of antiviral activity. To explore th...

    Authors: Li Wang, Dan Wang, Xingan Wu, Rui Xu and Yunlan Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:832

    Content type: Research article

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  29. In December 2019, the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emerged in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. It rapidly spread and many cases were identified in multiple countries, posing a global health problem. ...

    Authors: Jian Zhou, Ziqin Cao, Wanchun Wang, Kang Huang, Fang Zheng, Yuanlin Xie, Dixuan Jiang and Zhiguo Zhou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:824

    Content type: Case report

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  30. The highly pathogenic avian influenza A/H5N1 virus is one of the causative agents of acute lung injury (ALI) with high mortality rate. Studies on therapeutic administration of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal s...

    Authors: Resti Yudhawati, Muhammad Amin, Fedik A. Rantam, Rima R. Prasetya, Jezzy R. Dewantari, Aldise M. Nastri, Emmanuel D. Poetranto, Laksmi Wulandari, Maria I. Lusida, Soetjipto Koesnowidagdo, Gatot Soegiarto, Yohko K. Shimizu, Yasuko Mori and Kazufumi Shimizu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:823

    Content type: Research article

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  31. To explore the kinetic changes in virology, specific antibody response and imaging during the clinical course of COVID-19.

    Authors: Qiu-jing Wang, Yan-zhen Yao, Jun-shuai Song, Qiao Wang, Li-yun Xu, Zhou-jun Bao, Dai-wen Mao, Ji-hang Zhou, Zhe-en Zhang, Yan Wang, Yi-wei Li, He-ping Wang, Lue Li, Hai-yan Pan, Guo-qiang Zhang and Shi-bo Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:818

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The COVID-19 spread worldwide quickly. Exploring the epidemiological characteristics could provide a basis for responding to imported cases abroad and to formulate prevention and control strategies in areas wh...

    Authors: Xinyin Xu, Jing Zeng, Runyou Liu, Yang Liu, Xiaobo Zhou, Lijun Zhou, Ting Dong, Yuxin Cha, Zhuo Wang, Ying Deng, Yu Zhang, Liao Feng, Chen Pu, Xianping Wu and Bo Zhong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:807

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Both coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) are caused by coronaviruses and have infected people in China and worldwide. We aimed to investigate whether COVID-19 and S...

    Authors: Xi Zhang, Huaxiang Rao, Yuwan Wu, Yubei Huang and Hongji Dai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:805

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Jamestown Canyon virus (JCV) is a mosquito-borne orthobunyavirus that causes acute febrile illness, meningitis, and meningoencephalitis, mainly among adults. JCV is widely distributed in North America and the ...

    Authors: Hirofumi Kato, Masaaki Satoh, Madoka Kawahara, Satoshi Kitaura, Tomoki Yoshikawa, Shuetsu Fukushi, Kristina Dimitrova, Heidi Wood, Masayuki Saijo and Mutsuyo Takayama-Ito

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:790

    Content type: Research article

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  35. A cluster of acute respiratory illness, now known as Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), has become a global pandemic. Aged population with cardiovascular diseas...

    Authors: Shiqiang Xiong, Lin Liu, Feng Lin, Jinhu Shi, Lei Han, Huijian Liu, Lewei He, Qijun Jiang, Zeyang Wang, Wenbo Fu, Zhigang Li, Qing Lu, Zhinan Chen and Shifang Ding

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:787

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has infected people in many countries worldwide. Discovering an effective treatment for this disease, particularly in severe cases, has become the subject of intense scienti...

    Authors: Naser Gharebaghi, Rahim Nejadrahim, Seyed Jalil Mousavi, Seyyed-Reza Sadat-Ebrahimi and Reza Hajizadeh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:786

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:895

  37. A cost effective and efficient diagnostic tool for COVID-19 as near to the point of care (PoC) as possible would be a game changer in the current pandemic. We tested reverse transcription loop mediated isother...

    Authors: Marc F. Österdahl, Karla A. Lee, Mary Ni Lochlainn, Stuart Wilson, Sam Douthwaite, Rachel Horsfall, Alyce Sheedy, Simon D. Goldenberg, Christopher J. Stanley, Tim D. Spector and Claire J. Steves

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:783

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Primary herpetic gingivostomatitis (PHGS) in children, though usually self-limited, might mimic bacterial and enteroviral pharyngitis clinically. We conducted a study to define the clinical features of PHGS in...

    Authors: Chen-Wei Huang, Chi-Hsien Hsieh, Ming-Ru Lin and Yhu-Chering Huang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:782

    Content type: Research article

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  39. In December 2019, the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) began in Wuhan, China, and rapidly spread to other regions. We aimed to further describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics o...

    Authors: Sheng Lin, Hao Pan, Huanyu Wu, Xiao Yu, Peng Cui, Ruobing Han, Chenyan Jiang, Dechuan Kong, Yaxu Zheng, Xiaohuan Gong, Wenjia Xiao, Shenghua Mao, Bihong Jin, Yiyi Zhu and Xiaodong Sun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:780

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has become a public health emergency of international concern. SARS-CoV-2 RNA detection is the diagnostic criterion for coronavirus diseas...

    Authors: Jialin Xiang, Zuyi Chen, Jie Zhou, Di Tian, Xiusheng Ran, Zhimin Zhang, Shi Shi, Daimin Xiao and Yuanzhong Zhou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:779

    Content type: Research article

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  41. International organizations advocate for the elimination of dog-mediated rabies, but there is only limited guidance on interpreting surveillance data for managing elimination programmes. With the regional prog...

    Authors: Kristyna Rysava, Tamara Mancero, Eduardo Caldas, Mary Freire de Carvalho, André P. B. Castro, Veronica Gutiérrez, Daniel T. Haydon, Paul C. D. Johnson, Rebecca Mancy, Lúcia R. Montebello, Silene M. Rocha, Jesús F. Gonzalez Roldan, Marco Antonio Natal Vigilato, Victor Del Rio Vilas and Katie Hampson

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:778

    Content type: Research article

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  42. There are limited data on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) outcomes at a national level, and none after 60 days of follow up. The aim of this study was to describe national, 60-day all-cause mortality assoc...

    Authors: Ali S. Omrani, Muna A. Almaslamani, Joanne Daghfal, Rand A. Alattar, Mohamed Elgara, Shahd H. Shaar, Tawheeda B. H. Ibrahim, Ahmed Zaqout, Dana Bakdach, Abdelrauof M. Akkari, Anas Baiou, Bassem Alhariri, Reem Elajez, Ahmed A. M. Husain, Mohamed N. Badawi, Fatma Ben Abid…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:777

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Since December 2019, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged as a novel etiologic agent of viral pneumonia. We aimed to compare clinical features of 165 Italian patients with l...

    Authors: Giulia De Angelis, Brunella Posteraro, Federico Biscetti, Gianluca Ianiro, Lorenzo Zileri Dal Verme, Paola Cattani, Francesco Franceschi, Maurizio Sanguinetti and Antonio Gasbarrini

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:775

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Thrombocytopenia was common in the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) patients during the infection, especially in severe COVID-19 patients, but was less in the non-severe Covid-19 patients. However, the platelet ...

    Authors: Xia Wu, Dongxia Luo, Yaling Liu, Yilan Zeng and Yuping Gong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:774

    Content type: Case report

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  45. Norwegian children are more frequently hospitalized with influenza than adults. Little is known about the characteristics of these children. Our aim was to investigate the presence of pre-existing risk conditi...

    Authors: Siri Helene Hauge, Inger Johanne Bakken, Birgitte Freiesleben de Blasio and Siri Eldevik Håberg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:769

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a double stranded DNA virus and ubiquitous in nature. Association of Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) and CMV is well known but CMV acute myositis is a rare condition. Restriction of move...

    Authors: Varatharajan Sakthivadivel, Palanisamy Naveenraj, Arjun Kachhwaha, Deepak Kumar, Puneeth Babu Anne, Poonam Elhence and Mahadev Meena

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:768

    Content type: Case report

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  47. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, the causative agent of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), may lead to severe systemic inflammatory response, pulmonary damage, and even...

    Authors: Sergio Fragoso-Saavedra, David A. Iruegas-Nunez, Alejandro Quintero-Villegas, H. Benjamín García-González, Isaac Nuñez, Sergio L. Carbajal-Morelos, Belem M. Audelo-Cruz, Sarahi Arias-Martínez, Yanink Caro-Vega, Juan José Calva, Verónica Luqueño-Martínez, Alejandra González-Duarte, Brenda Crabtree-Ramírez, José C. Crispín, Juan Sierra-Madero, Pablo F. Belaunzarán-Zamudio…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:765

    Content type: Study protocol

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  48. Herpes esophagitis is uncommon disease caused by Herpes simplex virus (HSV). While the disease most often occurs in immunocompromised patients, including post-chemotherapy, immunosuppression with organ transpl...

    Authors: Nabil Antaki, Ziad Aljarad, Howayda Dabbas, Walid Haddad, M. Amin Akil and Ahmad Sankari Tarabishi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:754

    Content type: Case report

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