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Vaccines

This section aims to publish studies looking at the development and application of vaccines, including efficacy, safety, population coverage and barriers to vaccination.

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  1. The objectives of this review were to evaluate the vaccine effectiveness (VE) of the two-dose varicella vaccine for healthy children in China and explore the application of the approach of Grades of Recommenda...

    Authors: Zhujiazi Zhang, Luodan Suo, Jingbin Pan, Dan Zhao and Li Lu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:543

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Iranian children were vaccinated with the scheduled two doses of monovalent measles vaccine (mMV) from 1984. In December 2003, a nationwide campaign of measles-rubella (MR) immunization was established to vacc...

    Authors: Hana Saffar, Maryam Khalifeloo, Mohammad-Jafar Saffar, Alireza Abdollahi, Mohammad-Reza Parsaei, Gholam-Reza Ghorbani, Samaneh Salarvand and Mohsen Aarabi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:305

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Case fatality ratio (CFR) among all age groups during the 2016–2018 measles outbreak in Romania was increased compared with previous outbreaks. To identify risk factors for measles death, we conducted a case-c...

    Authors: Morgane Donadel, Aurora Stanescu, Adriana Pistol, Brock Stewart, Cassandra Butu, Dragan Jankovic, Bogdan Paunescu and Laura Zimmerman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:279

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Knowledge among the rural parents about the vaccinations and vaccination coverage of children in the first year of life in Papua New Guinea – analysis of data provided by Christian Health Services.

    Authors: Ewelina Gowin, Jerzy Kuzma and Danuta Januszkiewicz-Lewandowska

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:130

    Content type: Research article

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  5. As immunisation program launches have previously demonstrated, it is essential that careful planning occurs now to ensure the readiness of the public for a COVID-19 vaccine. As part of that process, this study...

    Authors: Holly Seale, Anita E. Heywood, Julie Leask, Meru Sheel, David N. Durrheim, Katarzyna Bolsewicz and Rajneesh Kaur

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:120

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Herpes zoster (HZ) infection of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients is of clinical concern. Vaccination could help restore immunity to varicella zoster virus (VZV); however, temporal changes in ...

    Authors: June Young Chun, Kichun Kim, Min Kyeong Lee, Chang Kyung Kang, Youngil Koh, Dong-Yeop Shin, Junshik Hong, Pyoeng Gyun Choe, Nam Joong Kim, Sung-Soo Yoon, Wan Beom Park, Inho Kim and Myoung-don Oh

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:117

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The Taiwanese national 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) program in adults ≥75 years of age and the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) program for children were implemented in...

    Authors: Wei-Ju Su, Pei-Hung Chuang, Luan-Yin Chang, Hsiu-Yun Lo, Chuen-Sheue Chiang, Ez-Tzu Wang and Chin-Hui Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:45

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Over the last two decades, several countries have initiated universal varicella vaccination (UVV) programs in infants. In 2019, the Swiss National Immunization Technical Advisory Group (NITAG) decided to start...

    Authors: Florian Lienert, Olivia Weiss, Kathrin Schmitt, Ulrich Heininger and Patrik Guggisberg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:12

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Combined with cancer screening programs, vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) can significantly reduce the high health and economic burden of HPV-related disease in Japan. The objective of this study...

    Authors: Palmer Cody, Keisuke Tobe, Machiko Abe and Elamin H. Elbasha

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2021 21:11

    Content type: Research article

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  10. About 10% of Hepatitis B vaccinated individuals mount no protective antibody levels against the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBs-Ag). Older age at primary immunization, obesity and smoking have previously been...

    Authors: Marc A. Meier and Christoph T. Berger

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:891

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted pathogen and the cause of several cancers and of anogenital warts. With this study, we estimated the trend of hospitalizations for anogenital warts (...

    Authors: S. Cocchio, G. M. Prandi, P. Furlan, C. Bertoncello, M. Fonzo, M. Saia, T. Baldovin and V. Baldo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:857

    Content type: Research article

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  12. It is widely acknowledged that HPV prophylactic vaccine could prevent new infections and their associated lesions among women who are predominantly HPV-naive at vaccination. Yet there still remains uncertainty...

    Authors: Shuang Zhao, Shangying Hu, Xiaoqian Xu, Xun Zhang, Qinjing Pan, Feng Chen and Fanghui Zhao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:846

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Although more than 10 years have passed since HPV vaccination was implemented, first as an interim programme (Emergent vaccine promotion programme) in November 2010, followed by incorporating into the National...

    Authors: Yuki Shiko, Ryo Konno, Hiroshi Konishi, Catherine Sauvaget, Yasuo Ohashi and Tadao Kakizoe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:808

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Safety of live vaccines in patients treated with immunosuppressive therapies is not well known, resulting in contradictory vaccination recommendations. We describe here the first case of vaccine-associated mea...

    Authors: Alix Miauton, Rainer Tan, Vasiliki Pantazou, Renaud Du Pasquier and Blaise Genton

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:753

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Japan’s National Immunization Program does not cover rotavirus vaccine and no government subsidies are available. This study aimed to measure the uptake of and determinants that influenced self-paid rotavirus ...

    Authors: Megumi Hara, Rie Koshida, Kaoru Araki, Masahide Kondo and Yoshio Hirota

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:712

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Approximately 80% - 90% of individuals infected with latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) remain protected throughout their life-span. The release of unique, latent-phase antigens are known to have a protectiv...

    Authors: Sudeep Kumar Maurya, Mohammad Aqdas, Deepjyoti Kumar Das, Sanpreet Singh, Sajid Nadeem, Gurpreet Kaur and Javed Naim Agrewala

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:677

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Several studies have shown a substantial impact of Rotavirus (RV) vaccination on the burden of RV and all-cause acute gastroenteritis (AGE). However, the results of most impact studies could be confused by a d...

    Authors: Mónica López-Lacort, Alejandro Orrico-Sánchez, Miguel Ángel Martínez-Beneito, Cintia Muñoz-Quiles and Javier Díez-Domingo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:656

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Maternal poliovirus antibodies could provide passive immunity to the newborns from poliovirus infection during their first few months of life, but they may impair the immune responses of infants to the poliovi...

    Authors: Siyue Jia, Rong Tang, Guifan Li, Yuemei Hu and Qi Liang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:641

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite that can infect almost all warm-blooded animals, avian species and humans. Toxoplasmosis is asymptomatic in healthy individuals, whereas it may lead to deat...

    Authors: Esra Atalay Şahar, Hüseyin Can, Sultan Gülçe İz, Aysu Değirmenci Döşkaya, Mina Kalantari-Dehaghi, Remziye Deveci, Adnan Yüksel Gürüz and Mert Döşkaya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:493

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is endorsed by the World Health Organization as an intermediate endpoint for evaluating HPV vaccine effectiveness/efficacy. There are different approac...

    Authors: R. Donken, J. Hoes, M. J. Knol, G. S. Ogilvie, S. Dobson, A. J. King, J. Singer, P. J. Woestenberg, J. A. Bogaards, C. J. L. M. Meijer and H. E. de Melker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:482

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Ethiopia has low measles immunization coverage and little is known about the disparities surrounding what coverage is provided. This study assessed disparities in measles immunization and its change over time ...

    Authors: Gebretsadik Shibre, Betregiorgis Zegeye, Dina Idriss-Wheeler and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:481

    Content type: Research article

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  22. A previous phase 2 study demonstrated the immunogenicity of a single dose of meningococcal A, C, W, Y-tetanus toxoid conjugate (MenACWY-TT) or polysaccharide (MenACWY-PS) vaccine for up to 5 years in individua...

    Authors: Charissa Fay Corazon Borja-Tabora, Paula Peyrani, Chris Webber, Marie Van der Wielen, Brigitte Cheuvart, Nathalie De Schrevel, Veronique Bianco, Emmanuel Aris, Mark Cutler, Ping Li and John L. Perez

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:426

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Most individuals are infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) at least once in their lifetime. Infections with low-risk types can cause genital warts, whereas high-risk types can cause malignant tumors. The ai...

    Authors: Miriam Reuschenbach, Sarah Mihm, Regine Wölle, Kim Maren Schneider, Christian Jacob, Sebastian Braun, Wolfgang Greiner and Monika Hampl

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:297

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The objectives of this review were to evaluate the effect of age at administration of the first dose of a measles-containing vaccine (MCV1) on protection against measles and on antibody response after one- and...

    Authors: Sara Carazo, Marie-Noëlle Billard, Amélie Boutin and Gaston De Serres

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:251

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The current national influenza vaccination schedule in Mexico does not recommend vaccination in the school-aged population (5–11 years). Currently, there are limited data from middle-income countries analysing...

    Authors: Jorge Abelardo Falcón-Lezama, Rodrigo Saucedo-Martínez, Miguel Betancourt-Cravioto, Myrna María Alfaro-Cortes, Roberto Isaac Bahena-González and Roberto Tapia-Conyer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:240

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Kiribati introduced rotavirus vaccine in 2015. To estimate the impact of rotavirus vaccine on acute gastroenteritis (AGE) and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) among children under 5 in Kiribati, a retrospective...

    Authors: Jana Lai, Cattram Nguyen, Beia Tabwaia, Agnes Nikuata, Nikarawa Baueri, Eretii Timeon, Mohammed Diaaldeen, Tinai Iuta, Murat Hakan Ozturk, Aaron Moore, Alice Hall, Batmunkh Nyambat, Stephanie Davis, Ataur Rahman, Wendy Erasmus, Kimberley Fox…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:207

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Infants < 3 months of age are at highest risk for developing severe complications after pertussis. The majority of pregnant women has low concentrations of pertussis-specific antibodies and thus newborns are i...

    Authors: Sabine Vygen-Bonnet, Wiebke Hellenbrand, Edeltraut Garbe, Rüdiger von Kries, Christian Bogdan, Ulrich Heininger, Marianne Röbl-Mathieu and Thomas Harder

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:136

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Yellow fever vaccine exists for over 80 years and is considered to be relatively safe. However, in rare cases it can produce serious neurotropic and viscerotropic complications. We report a case of a patient w...

    Authors: Lev Volkov, Gilda Grard, Pierre-Edouard Bollaert, Guillaume A. Durand, Aurélie Cravoisy, Marie Conrad, Lionel Nace, Guilhem Courte, Rémy Marnai, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart and Sébastien Gibot

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:116

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage is often asymptomatic but can cause invasive pneumococcal disease. Pneumococcal carriage is a prerequisite for disease, with children as main reservoir and transmitters. Childhoo...

    Authors: A. Løvlie, D. F. Vestrheim, I. S. Aaberge and A. Steens

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2020 20:29

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Human group A rotavirus is the leading cause of severe acute gastroenteritis in young children worldwide. Immunization programs have reduced the disease burden in many countries. Vaccination coverage in the Au...

    Authors: Raúl Pérez-Ortín, Cristina Santiso-Bellón, Susana Vila-Vicent, Noelia Carmona-Vicente, Jesús Rodríguez-Díaz and Javier Buesa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:998

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Although DAAs hold promise to significantly reduce rates of chronic HCV infections, its eradication still requires development of an effective vaccine. Prolonged T cell responses and cross neutralizing antibod...

    Authors: Reham M. Dawood, Rehab I. Moustafa, Tawfeek H. Abdelhafez, Reem El-Shenawy, Yasmine El-Abd, Noha G. Bader El Din, Jean Dubuisson and Mostafa K. El Awady

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:932

    Content type: Research article

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  32. To prospectively analyze the efficacy of uromune® in the prevention of uncomplicated recurrent urinary tract infections at 3 and 6 months, and according to gender and menopause.

    Authors: Cristóbal Ramírez Sevilla, Esther Gómez Lanza, Juan Llopis Manzanera, Jose Antonio Romero Martín and Miguel Ángel Barranco Sanz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:901

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Early Childhood Education Centre (ECEC) staff are strongly recommended to receive several immunizations including influenza and pertussis. However, evidence regarding the uptake is either old or lacking across...

    Authors: Holly Seale, Stephanie Dwyer, Alamgir Kabir and Rajneesh Kaur

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:805

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Dengue is an arbovirus that has rapidly spread worldwide, and the incidence of dengue has greatly increased in recent decades. The actual numbers of dengue cases are underreported, and many cases are not class...

    Authors: Lucia Teresa Côrtes da Silveira, Bernardo Tura and Marisa Santos

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:750

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Female sex workers (FSWs) at substantial risk of HIV are potentially a suitable group for HIV prevention trials including vaccine trials. Few HIV vaccine preparatory studies have been conducted among FSWs in S...

    Authors: Yunia Mayanja, Andrew Abaasa, Gertrude Namale, Gershim Asiki, Matthew A. Price and Anatoli Kamali

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:725

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The immune response to seasonal influenza vaccines decreases with advancing age. Therefore, an adjuvanted inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine (Fluad®) exists for elderly individuals. Fluad® is more immunog...

    Authors: Manas K. Akmatov, Peggy Riese, Stephanie Trittel, Marcus May, Jana Prokein, Thomas Illig, Christoph Schindler, Carlos A. Guzmán and Frank Pessler

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:656

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of pneumonia, meningitis, and other serious infections among children in India. India introduced the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) in several states in 2...

    Authors: Catherine G. Sutcliffe, Anita Shet, Rosemol Varghese, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Anand Manoharan, Brian Wahl, Sara Chandy, Jack Sternal, Raziuddin Khan, Rakesh Kumar Singh, Mathuram Santosham and Narendra K. Arora

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:605

    Content type: Research article

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  38. In recent years Pakistan has faced frequent measles outbreaks killing hundreds of children despite the availability of vaccine for decades. This study was undertaken to determine the persistence of maternal tr...

    Authors: Najma Javed, Muhammad Arif Nadeem Saqib, Mir. Muhammad Hassan Bullo and Rana Jawad Asghar

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:587

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Influenza vaccination is recognized as a primary public health intervention which prevents the illness of patients and relieves the societal burdens of influenza for medical community as well as the economy. T...

    Authors: Natsumi Shibata, Shinya Kimura, Takahiro Hoshino and Hisashi Urushihara

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:586

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:709

  40. To describe patients with inherited and acquired complement deficiency who developed invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in England over the last decade.

    Authors: Shamez N. Ladhani, Helen Campbell, Jay Lucidarme, Steve Gray, Sydel Parikh, Laura Willerton, Stephen A. Clark, Aiswarya Lekshmi, Andrew Walker, Sima Patel, Xilian Bai, Mary Ramsay and Ray Borrow

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:522

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Pneumococcal infections are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. We use routine hospital admissions data and time-series modelling analysis to estimate the impact of the seven and thirteen valent...

    Authors: Tinevimbo Shiri, Noel D. McCarthy and Stavros Petrou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:510

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Population immunity against hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Lao People’s Demographic Republic (PDR) has not been examined since the national HBV vaccination program was started in 2002. Vaccine has been observed to...

    Authors: Masataro Norizuki, Tomomi Kitamura, Kenichi Komada, Masaya Sugiyama, Masashi Mizokami, Anonh Xeuatvongsa, Vilasak Som-Oulay, Phengta Vongphrachanh, Munehito Machida, Koji Wada, Koji Ishii, Tomoko Kiyohara, Takaji Wakita and Masahiko Hachiya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:507

    Content type: Research article

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  43. To assess the immune persistence conferred by a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-derived hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) 17 to 20 years after primary immunization during early life.

    Authors: Yu-Liang Zhao, Bi-Hua Han, Xin-Jiang Zhang, Lu-Lu Pan, Hai-Song Zhou, Zhao Gao, Zhi-Yong Hao, Zhi-Wei Wu, Tian-Li Ma, Feng Wang, Qi Li, Sheng-Li Bi and Jing-Chen Ma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:482

    Content type: Research article

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  44. This paper outlines the methodology, study population and response rate of a third large Dutch population-based cross-sectional serosurvey carried-out in 2016/2017, primarily aiming to obtain insight into age-...

    Authors: Janneke Doortje Maria Verberk, Regnerus Albertus Vos, Liesbeth Mollema, Jeffrey van Vliet, Joanna Wilhelmina Maria van Weert, Hester Ellen de Melker and Fiona Regina Maria van der Klis

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:470

    Content type: Research article

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  45. High hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) and neuraminidase inhibition (NAI) titers are generally associated with reduced influenza risk. While repeated influenza vaccination reduces seroresponse, vaccine effecti...

    Authors: Peter B Gilbert, Youyi Fong, Michal Juraska, Lindsay N Carpp, Arnold S Monto, Emily T Martin and Joshua G Petrie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:453

    Content type: Research article

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  46. Cholera increases the risk of harmful effects on foetuses. We prospectively followed pregnant women unaware of their pregnancy status who received a study agent in a clinical trial evaluating the association b...

    Authors: Ashraful Islam Khan, Mohammad Ali, Julia Lynch, Alamgir Kabir, Jean-Louis Excler, Md. Arifuzzaman Khan, Md. Taufiqul Islam, Afroza Akter, Fahima Chowdhury, Amit Saha, Iqbal Ansary Khan, Sachin N. Desai, Deok Ryun Kim, Nirod Chandra Saha, Ajit P. Singh, John D. Clemens…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:422

    Content type: Research article

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  47. The Zambian Ministry of Health implemented a reactive one-dose Oral Cholera Vaccine (OCV) campaign in April 2016 in three Lusaka compounds, followed by a pre-emptive second-round in December. Understanding upt...

    Authors: Leonard W. Heyerdahl, Miguel Pugliese-Garcia, Sharon Nkwemu, Taniya Tembo, Chanda Mwamba, Rachel Demolis, Roma Chilengi, Bradford D. Gessner, Elise Guillermet and Anjali Sharma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:421

    Content type: Research article

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COVID-19 Announcement

As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we are very aware that many researchers will have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with our peer review process during normal times.  Please do let us know if you need additional time. Our systems will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be highly flexible at this time.