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Tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases

Section edited by Edward Graviss and Eyal Oren 

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of of the prevention, diagnosis and management of tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases in humans, including HIV-associated tuberculosis, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Smear microscopy lacks sensitivity especially in HIV co-infection, resulting in undiagnosed tuberculosis (TB) and high mortality. The loop-mediated isothermal amplification (TB-LAMP) assay can be staged with m...

    Authors: Lydia Nakiyingi, Prossy Nakanwagi, Jessica Briggs, Tifu Agaba, Frank Mubiru, Mark Mugenyi, Willy Ssengooba, Moses L. Joloba and Yukari C. Manabe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:87

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) transmission is influenced by patient-related risk, environment and bacteriological factors. We determined the risk factors associated with cluster size of IS6110 RFLP based genotypes of Mycobac...

    Authors: Renata Lyrio Peres, Solange Alves Vinhas, Fabíola Karla Correa Ribeiro, Moisés Palaci, Thiago Nascimento do Prado, Bárbara Reis-Santos, Eliana Zandonade, Philip Noel Suffys, Jonathan E. Golub, Lee W. Riley and Ethel Leonor Maciel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:71

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Although atypical mycobacteria had been increasingly found in various ocular infections in the past decades, a slow-growing Mycobacterium haemophilum (M. haemophilum) was scarcely reported. Similar to tuberculous...

    Authors: Warinyupa Pinitpuwadol, Sucheera Sarunket, Sutasinee Boonsopon, Nattaporn Tesavibul and Pitipol Choopong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:70

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the major infectious diseases worldwide. Adverse reactions are common during TB treatment. Few reports, however, are available on treatment-related acute biliary events (ABEs),...

    Authors: Lih-Yu Chang, Chih-Hsin Lee, Chia-Hao Chang, Ming-Chia Lee, Meng-Rui Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang and Li-Na Lee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:64

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) incidence is decreasing worldwide and eradication is becoming plausible. In low-incidence countries, intervention on migrant populations is considered one of the most important strategies for...

    Authors: Teresa Rito, Carlos Matos, Carlos Carvalho, Henrique Machado, Gabriela Rodrigues, Olena Oliveira, Eduarda Ferreira, Jorge Gonçalves, Lurdes Maio, Clara Morais, Helena Ramos, João Tiago Guimarães, Catarina L. Santos, Raquel Duarte and Margarida Correia-Neves

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:53

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Buruli ulcer (BU) is a neglected mycobacterial skin infection caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. This disease mostly affects poor rural populations, especially in areas with low hygiene standards and sanitation co...

    Authors: Issaka Maman, Tchadjobo Tchacondo, Abiba Banla Kere, Ebekalisai Piten, Marcus Beissner, Yiragnima Kobara, Komlan Kossi, Kossi Badziklou, Franz Xaver Wiedemann, Komi Amekuse, Gisela Bretzel and Damintoti Simplice Karou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:48

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most deadly infectious diseases. One-third to one-fourth of the human population is estimated to be infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) without showing clinical sym...

    Authors: Leonar Arroyo, Diana Marín, Kees L. M. C. Franken, Tom H. M. Ottenhoff and Luis F. Barrera

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:26

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The non-tuberculous mycobacteria include those mycobacterium species that are not members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, the causative agent of pulmonary tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae. In Zamb...

    Authors: Ngula Monde, Musso Munyeme, Adrian Muwonge, John Bwalya Muma and Sydney Malama

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:20

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Presence of Mycobacterium fortuitum in respiratory tracts usually indicates mere colonization or transient infection, whereas true pulmonary infection occurs in patients with gastroesophageal disease. However, li...

    Authors: Satoshi Okamori, Takanori Asakura, Tomoyasu Nishimura, Eiko Tamizu, Makoto Ishii, Mitsunori Yoshida, Hanako Fukano, Yuichiro Hayashi, Masaki Fujita, Yoshihiko Hoshino, Tomoko Betsuyaku and Naoki Hasegawa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:1

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  10. Content type: Technical advance

    The introduction of Xpert MTB/RIF assay (Xpert) has significantly improved diagnosis of Tuberculosis (TB) in resource limited human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) endemic settings. We aimed to modify the Xpert p...

    Authors: Peter M. Mbelele, Said Aboud, Stellah G. Mpagama and Mecky I. Matee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:808

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a major complication of total hip and total knee arthroplasty (THA, TKA). Although mycobacteria are rarely the causative pathogens, it is important to recognize and treat th...

    Authors: Anupop Jitmuang, Varah Yuenyongviwat, Keerati Charoencholvanich and Methee Chayakulkeeree

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:802

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The challenges posed by Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection require the gradual removal of the pool of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). The current cell-immune-based diagnostic tests used to identify LTBI i...

    Authors: Fangbin Zhou, Xindong Xu, Sijia Wu, Xiaobing Cui and Weiqing Pan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:793

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is increasing and the emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is a major challenge. Controlling resistance, reducing transmissio...

    Authors: Nontuthuko E. Maningi, Lesibana A. Malinga, John F. Antiabong, Ruth M. Lekalakala and Nontombi M. Mbelle

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:795

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Up to one third of HIV-infected individuals with suspected TB are sputum-scarce. The Alere Determine™ TB LAM Ag lateral flow strip test can be used to diagnose TB in HIV-infected patients with advanced immunos...

    Authors: Natasha F. Sabur, Aliasgar Esmail, Mantaj S. Brar and Keertan Dheda

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:803

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection in immunocompromized patients is currently a growing health concern, and we aimed to examine the relative risk of NTM infection in patients with Sjögren’s syndrome ...

    Authors: Wen-Cheng Chao, Ching-Heng Lin, Tsai-Ling Liao, Yi-Ming Chen, Chiann-Yi Hsu, Jun-Peng Chen, Der-Yuan Chen and Hsin-Hua Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:796

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Provision of information plays a critical role in supporting patients to be engaged or empowered to be involved with infection prevention measures in hospitals. This explorative study evaluated the suitability...

    Authors: J. Park and H. Seale

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:788

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Treatment outcomes serve as proxy measures of the quality of tuberculosis treatment provided by the health care system, and it is essential to evaluate the effectiveness of Directly Observed Therapy-Short cour...

    Authors: Fentabil Getnet, Henok Sileshi, Wubareg Seifu, Selam Yirga and Abere Shiferaw Alemu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:762

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis remains a major health problem and knowledge of the diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains in specific geographical regions can contribute to the control of the disease. This study describes...

    Authors: N. T. C. Maguga-Phasha, N. S. Munyai, F. Mashinya, M. E. Makgatho and E. F. Mbajiorgu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:764

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  19. Content type: Research article

    A lot of time and money was needed during the diagnosis and treatment process of leprosy, the delayed leprosy would also impair the labor capability of patients as well, and these put a heavy burden for the le...

    Authors: Mingzhou Xiong, Ming Li, Daocheng Zheng, Xiaohua Wang, Ting Su, Yongfeng Chen and Bin Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:760

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) and Non-tuberculosis Mycobacterium (NTM) infections differ clinically, making rapid identification and drug susceptibility testing (DST) very ...

    Authors: Kennedy Kwasi Addo, Samuel Ofori Addo, Gloria Ivy Mensah, Lydia Mosi and Frank Adae Bonsu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:743

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