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BMC Infectious Diseases

Tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases

Section edited by Edward Graviss, Eyal Oren & Anna Vassall

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of of the prevention, diagnosis and management of tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases in humans, including HIV-associated tuberculosis, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a public health problem in Madagascar. A crucial element of TB control is the development of an easy and rapid method for the orientation of TB control strategies in the country. Our ...

    Authors: Noël Harijaona Ratovonirina, Niaina Rakotosamimanana, Solohery Lalaina Razafimahatratra, Mamy Serge Raherison, Guislaine Refrégier, Christophe Sola, Fanjasoa Rakotomanana and Voahangy Rasolofo Razanamparany

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:562

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In multidrug regimens, including an intravenous aminoglycoside (e.g. amikacin [AMK]) is recommended for difficult-to-treat non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lung diseases. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy, ...

    Authors: Kazuma Yagi, Makoto Ishii, Ho Namkoong, Takahiro Asami, Osamu Iketani, Takanori Asakura, Shoji Suzuki, Hiroaki Sugiura, Yoshitake Yamada, Tomoyasu Nishimura, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Yohei Funatsu, Yoshifumi Uwamino, Tetsuro Kamo, Sadatomo Tasaka, Tomoko Betsuyaku…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:558

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Extensively Drug-Resistant (XDR) Tuberculosis (TB) has posed a great threat to global health and finance systems, especially for developing countries with high TB and Multidrug-Resistant (MDR) TB burden.

    Authors: Xiao-chun He, Ning-ning Tao, Yao Liu, Xian-xin Zhang and Huai-chen Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:555

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Health workers (HWs) in resource-limited settings are at high-risk of exposure to tuberculosis (TB) at work. The aim of this study was to estimate the rate of TB disease among HWs in the Free State Province of...

    Authors: Lyndsay M. O’Hara, Annalee Yassi, Muzimkhulu Zungu, Molebogeng Malotle, Elizabeth A. Bryce, Stephen J. Barker, Lincoln Darwin and J. Mark FitzGerald

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:547

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  5. Content type: Software

    Tuberculosis (TB) is now the world’s leading infectious killer and major programmatic advances will be needed if we are to meet the ambitious new End TB Targets. Although mathematical models are powerful tools...

    Authors: James McCracken Trauer, Romain Ragonnet, Tan Nhut Doan and Emma Sue McBryde

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:546

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Rapid diagnosis of drug resistance in tuberculosis (TB) is pivotal for the timely initiation of effective antibiotic treatment to prevent the spread of drug-resistant strains. The development of low-cost, rapi...

    Authors: El Mehdi Bentaleb, My Driss El Messaoudi, Mohammed Abid, Malika Messaoudi, Ali K. Yetisen, Hassan Sefrioui, Saaïd Amzazi and Hassan Ait Benhassou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:548

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Since 20% of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients are asymptomatic, the early detection of PTB is a challenge particularly in sputum-scarce patients and diagnostic accuracy based solely on clinical characteri...

    Authors: Liping Yan, Qing Zhang and Heping Xiao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:545

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Culture contamination with environmental bacteria is a major challenge in tuberculosis (TB) laboratories in hot and humid climate zones. We studied the effect of cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) preservation on ...

    Authors: Hellen Hiza, Basra Doulla, Mohamed Sasamalo, Jerry Hella, Lujeko Kamwela, Francis Mhimbira, Klaus Reither, Sebastien Gagneux, Levan Jugheli and Lukas Fenner

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:542

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  9. Content type: Research article

    There are very few studies on reasons for loss to follow-up from TB treatment in Central Asia. This study assessed risk factors for LTFU and compared their occurrence with successfully treated (ST) patients in...

    Authors: Jessica Wohlleben, Mavluda Makhmudova, Firuza Saidova, Shahnoza Azamova, Christina Mergenthaler and Suzanne Verver

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:543

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine (BCG) against tuberculosis is administered intradermally, and vaccination is often followed by a scar at the injection site. Among BCG-vaccinated individuals, having a scar...

    Authors: Nina Marie Birk, Thomas Nørrelykke Nissen, Monica Ladekarl, Vera Zingmark, Jesper Kjærgaard, Trine Mølbæk Jensen, Signe Kjeldgaard Jensen, Lisbeth Marianne Thøstesen, Poul-Erik Kofoed, Lone Graff Stensballe, Andreas Andersen, Ole Pryds, Susanne Dam Nielsen, Christine Stabell Benn and Dorthe Lisbeth Jeppesen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:540

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Understanding the immune response to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) is essential for a clear approach to tuberculosis (TB) preventive therapy. We investigated the immunological recovery in cART-trea...

    Authors: Basel Karo, Gérard Krause, Stefanie Castell, Christian Kollan, Osamah Hamouda and Walter Haas

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:517

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Stigma associated with tuberculosis (TB) has been an object of interest in several regions of the world. The behaviour presented by patients as a result of social discrimination has contributed to delays in di...

    Authors: Juliane de Almeida Crispim, Laís Mara Caetano da Silva, Mellina Yamamura, Marcela Paschoal Popolin, Antônio Carlos Vieira Ramos, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Ana Angélica Rêgo de Queiroz, Aylana de Souza Belchior, Danielle Talita dos Santos, Flávia Meneguetti Pieri, Ludmila Barbosa Bandeira Rodrigues, Simone Terezinha Protti, Ione Carvalho Pinto, Pedro Fredemir Palha and Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:510

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The ongoing epidemic of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Georgia highlights the need for more effective control strategies. A new regimen to treat MDR-TB that includes pyrazinamide (PZA) is current...

    Authors: Sarah Sengstake, Indra L Bergval, Anja R Schuitema, Jessica L de Beer, Jody Phelan, Rina de Zwaan, Taane G Clark, Dick van Soolingen and Richard M Anthony

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:491

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Gene polymorphisms impact greatly on a person’s susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). Macrophage receptor with collagenous structure (MARCO) and CD36 are two scavenger receptors (SRs) that can recogn...

    Authors: Wenting Lao, Hui Kang, Guojiang Jin, Li Chen, Yang Chu, Jiao Sun and Bingqi Sun

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:488

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Studies focusing on pulmonary tuberculosis in advanced age (≥80 years) are lacking. This study aimed to explore treatment delay, outcomes and their predictors in this group.

    Authors: Chih-Hsin Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang, Hsien-Chun Lin, Pai-Yang Lin, Jer-Hwa Chang, Chi-Won Suk, Li-Na Lee, Chou-Chin Lan and Kuan-Jen Bai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:449

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  16. Content type: Study protocol

    Shortening the standard 6-month treatment for drug-susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis (DS-PTB) would be a major improvement for TB case management and disease control.

    Authors: Mengqiu Gao, Jingtao Gao, Jian Du, Yuhong Liu, Yao Zhang, Liping Ma, Fengling Mi, Liang Li and Shenjie Tang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:435

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Patients with Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) lung disease (LD) have a heterogeneous prognosis. This study aimed to develop and validate a prognostic scoring model for these patients using independent risk fact...

    Authors: Shogo Kumagai, Akihiro Ito, Toru Hashimoto, Satoshi Marumo, Hironobu Tokumasu, Aya Kotani, Haruka Yamaki, Masahiro Shirata, Koji Furuuchi, Motonari Fukui and Tadashi Ishida

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:436

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infections is increasing worldwide, however formal evaluations of the epidemiology of NTM infections are limited. Understanding the trends and true prevalence...

    Authors: Hee Jung Yoon, Hwa Young Choi and Moran Ki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:432

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Residents in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are vulnerable to tuberculosis (TB) transmission; however, to delineate possible routes of TB transmission in LTCFs is difficult. This study aimed to address the ...

    Authors: Wen-Cheng Chao, Pei-Chun Chuang, Don-Han Wu, Chieh-Liang Wu, Po-Yu Liu, Chi-Chang Shieh and Ruwen Jou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:421

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis (TB) and multidrug resistant (MDR)-TB with additional resistance to injectable agents or fluoroquinolones are challenging to treat due to lack of available, effect...

    Authors: Aravind Swaminathan, Philipp du Cros, James A. Seddon, Shamsiya Mirgayosieva, Rajabov Asladdin and Zulfiya Dusmatova

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:417

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