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Tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases

Section edited by Edward Graviss and Eyal Oren 

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of of the prevention, diagnosis and management of tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases in humans, including HIV-associated tuberculosis, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Ethiopia is one of the world health organization defined higher tuberculosis (TB) burden countries where the disease remains a massive public health threat. This study aimed to identify the prevalence and asso...

    Authors: Biresaw Demile, Amare Zenebu, Haile Shewaye, Siqing Xia and Awoke Guadie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:249

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Prior to clinical trials of new TB drugs or therapeutic vaccines, it is necessary to develop monitoring tools to predict treatment outcomes in TB patients. Urine interferon gamma inducible protein 10 (IP-10) i...

    Authors: Song Yee Kim, Jungho Kim, Deok Ryun Kim, Young Ae Kang, Sungyoung Bong, Jonghee Lee, Suyeon Kim, Nam Suk Lee, Bora Sim, Sang-Nae Cho, Young Sam Kim and Hyejon Lee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:240

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  3. Content type: Research article

    With the widespread use of rifampicin and isoniazid, bacterial resistance has become a growing problem. Additionally, the lack of relevant baseline information for the frequency of drug-resistant tuberculosis ...

    Authors: Ming-Jin Zhang, Wen-Zhi Ren, Xue-Juan Sun, Yang Liu, Ke-Wei Liu, Zhong-Hao Ji, Wei Gao and Bao Yuan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:234

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) is an established microbiologic cause of pulmonary disease, lymphadenitis, and disseminated disease in cases of advanced immune suppression. However, MAC manifesting as vertebral...

    Authors: Megan E. Gray, Peter W. Liu and Brian Wispelwey

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:235

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is the major cause of death in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-infected individuals. However, diagnosis of TB in HIV remains challenging particularly when HIV infection is advanced. Severa...

    Authors: Sheetal Verma, Peicheng Du, Damalie Nakanjako, Sabine Hermans, Jessica Briggs, Lydia Nakiyingi, Jerrold J. Ellner, Yukari C. Manabe and Padmini Salgame

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:220

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Mycobacterium arupense, first identified in 2006, is a slow-growing nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) and an emerging cause of tenosynovitis, potentially associated with immunosuppression. However, unlike the di...

    Authors: Xian Zhou, Qiaoling Ruan, Weimin Jiang, Xinyu Wang, Yuan Jiang, Shenglei Yu, Yu Xu, Jing Li, Yangyi Zhang, Wenhong Zhang and Yuekai Hu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:221

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  7. Content type: Research article

    TB outbreaking in schools is extremely complex, and presents a major challenge for public health. Understanding the knowledge, attitudes and practices among student TB patients in such settings is fundamental ...

    Authors: Yahui Fan, Shaoru Zhang, Yan Li, Yuelu Li, Tianhua Zhang, Weiping Liu and Hualin Jiang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:213

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  8. Content type: Research article

    India plans to eliminate tuberculosis (TB) by 2025, and has identified screening and prevention as key activities. Household contacts (HHCs) of index TB cases are a high-risk population that would benefit from...

    Authors: Andrea DeLuca, Gauri Dhumal, Mandar Paradkar, Nishi Suryavanshi, Vidya Mave, Rewa Kohli, Shri Vijay Bala Yogendra Shivakumar, Vidula Hulyolkar, Archana Gaikwad, Ashwini Nangude, Geeta Pardeshi, Dileep Kadam and Amita Gupta

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:202

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The introduction of Bedaquiline, the first new antimycobacterial drug in over 40 years, has highlighted the critical importance of medication adherence in drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) treatment to preve...

    Authors: N. Bionghi, A. Daftary, B. Maharaj, Z. Msibi, K. R. Amico, G. Friedland, C. Orrell, N. Padayatchi and M. R. O’Donnell

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:171

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Characterization of the Mycobacterium leprae genome has made possible the development of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) systems that can amplify different genomic regions. Increased reliability and technical eff...

    Authors: Rafael Silva Gama, Thalisson Artur Ribeiro Gomides, Chaiana Fróes Magalhães Gama, Suelen Justo Maria Moreira, Fernanda Saloum de Neves Manta, Lorena Bruna P. de Oliveira, Pedro Henrique Ferreira Marçal, Euzenir Nunes Sarno, Milton Ozório Moraes, Raúl Marcel González Garcia and Lucia Alves de Oliveira Fraga

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:153

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis drug resistance is a major challenge to the use of standardized regimens for tuberculosis (TB) therapy, especially among previously treated patients. We aimed to investigate the frequen...

    Authors: Audrey Forson, Awewura Kwara, Samuel Kudzawu, Michael Omari, Jacob Otu, Florian Gehre, Bouke de Jong and Martin Antonio

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:149

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Pretreatment loss to follow-up (PTLFU) is a barrier to tuberculosis (TB) control in India’s Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP). PTLFU studies have not been conducted in India’s mega-cities, where pa...

    Authors: Beena E. Thomas, Ramnath Subbaraman, Senthil Sellappan, Chandra Suresh, J. Lavanya, Savari Lincy, Agnes Lawrence Raja, B. Javeed, S. Kokila, S. Arumugam, Soumya Swaminathan and Kenneth H. Mayer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:142

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Since 2006, the Peruvian National TB program (NTP) recommends voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) for all tuberculosis (TB) patients. Responding to the differential burden of both diseases in Peru, TB is ma...

    Authors: Suzanne Ramírez, Fernando Mejía, Marlene Rojas, Carlos Seas, Patrick Van der Stuyft, Eduardo Gotuzzo and Larissa Otero

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:136

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Precise designation of high risk forms of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis-M.tb infections (LTBI) is impossible. Delineation of high-risk LTBI can, however, allow for chemoprophylaxis and curtail majority cases ...

    Authors: Misaki Wayengera, David P. Kateete, Benon Asiimwe and Moses L. Joloba

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:133

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Drug resistant tuberculosis (TB) is increasing in prevalence worldwide. Treatment failure and relapse is known to be high for patients with isoniazid resistant TB treated with standard first line regimens. How...

    Authors: Phan Vuong Khac Thai, Dang Thi Minh Ha, Nguyen Thi Hanh, Jeremy Day, Sarah Dunstan, Nguyen Thi Quynh Nhu, Vo Sy Kiet, Nguyen Huu Lan, Nguyen Huy Dung, Nguyen Thi Ngoc Lan, Nguyen Thuong Thuong, Nguyen Ngoc Lan, Phạm Thị Thúy Liễu, Nguyễn Thị Hồng, Đào Công Điệp, Nguyễn Thị Kim Thanh…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:112

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) contact tracing is a key strategy for containing TB and provides addition to the passive case finding approach. However, this practice has not been implemented in Tanzania, where there is una...

    Authors: Medard Beyanga, Benson R. Kidenya, Lisa Gerwing-Adima, Eleanor Ochodo, Stephen E. Mshana and Christa Kasang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:110

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Few prospective cohort studies, none in China, have investigated the relationship between treatment outcomes of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients and sputum culture conversion. Factors affecti...

    Authors: Qiao Liu, Peng Lu, Leonardo Martinez, Haitao Yang, Wei Lu, Xiaoyan Ding and Limei Zhu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:114

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Monitoring the treatment outcomes of tuberculosis and determining the specific factors associated with unsuccessful treatment outcome are essential to evaluate the effectiveness of tuberculosis control program...

    Authors: Yufeng Wen, Zhiping Zhang, Xianxiang Li, Dan Xia, Jun Ma, Yuanyuan Dong and Xinwei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:104

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  19. Content type: Research article

    In 2012, the World Health Organization launched guidelines for systematically investigating contacts of persons with infectious tuberculosis (TB) in low- and middle-income countries. As such, it is necessary t...

    Authors: Gladys Kigozi, Michelle Engelbrecht, Christo Heunis and André Janse van Rensburg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:106

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) disease is a generally well-known problem among immunocompromised adults and children. In pediatric oncology, only few cases of M. tuberculosis disease are reported so...

    Authors: Karoline van de Loo, Stefan Balzer, Colin R. MacKenzie, Thomas M. Boemers, Monika Ortmann, Jörg Schaper, Arndt Borkhardt, Hans-Jürgen Laws and Michaela Kuhlen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:105

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Growth-based drug susceptibility testing (DST) is the reference standard for diagnosing drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB), but standard time to result (TTR) is typically ≥ 3 weeks. Rapid tests can reduce that T...

    Authors: Erik J. Groessl, Theodore G. Ganiats, Naomi Hillery, Andre Trollip, Roberta L. Jackson, Donald G. Catanzaro, Timothy C. Rodwell, Richard S. Garfein, Camilla Rodrigues, Valeriu Crudu, Thomas C. Victor and Antonino Catanzaro

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:102

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) has raised public health concern for global TB control. Although multi drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR- TB) prevalence and associated genetic ...

    Authors: Amal Oudghiri, Hind Karimi, Fouad Chetioui, Fathiah Zakham, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi, My Driss Elmessaoudi, Amin Laglaoui, Imane Chaoui and Mohammed El Mzibri

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:98

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) recurrence represents a challenge to control programs. In low incidence countries, the prevailing risk factors leading to recurrence are poorly characterised.

    Authors: Andrew Rosser, Matthew Richardson, Martin J. Wiselka, Robert C. Free, Gerrit Woltmann, Galina V. Mukamolova and Manish Pareek

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:94

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Smear microscopy lacks sensitivity especially in HIV co-infection, resulting in undiagnosed tuberculosis (TB) and high mortality. The loop-mediated isothermal amplification (TB-LAMP) assay can be staged with m...

    Authors: Lydia Nakiyingi, Prossy Nakanwagi, Jessica Briggs, Tifu Agaba, Frank Mubiru, Mark Mugenyi, Willy Ssengooba, Moses L. Joloba and Yukari C. Manabe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:87

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) transmission is influenced by patient-related risk, environment and bacteriological factors. We determined the risk factors associated with cluster size of IS6110 RFLP based genotypes of Mycobac...

    Authors: Renata Lyrio Peres, Solange Alves Vinhas, Fabíola Karla Correa Ribeiro, Moisés Palaci, Thiago Nascimento do Prado, Bárbara Reis-Santos, Eliana Zandonade, Philip Noel Suffys, Jonathan E. Golub, Lee W. Riley and Ethel Leonor Maciel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:71

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Although atypical mycobacteria had been increasingly found in various ocular infections in the past decades, a slow-growing Mycobacterium haemophilum (M. haemophilum) was scarcely reported. Similar to tuberculous...

    Authors: Warinyupa Pinitpuwadol, Sucheera Sarunket, Sutasinee Boonsopon, Nattaporn Tesavibul and Pitipol Choopong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:70

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the major infectious diseases worldwide. Adverse reactions are common during TB treatment. Few reports, however, are available on treatment-related acute biliary events (ABEs),...

    Authors: Lih-Yu Chang, Chih-Hsin Lee, Chia-Hao Chang, Ming-Chia Lee, Meng-Rui Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang and Li-Na Lee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:64

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) incidence is decreasing worldwide and eradication is becoming plausible. In low-incidence countries, intervention on migrant populations is considered one of the most important strategies for...

    Authors: Teresa Rito, Carlos Matos, Carlos Carvalho, Henrique Machado, Gabriela Rodrigues, Olena Oliveira, Eduarda Ferreira, Jorge Gonçalves, Lurdes Maio, Clara Morais, Helena Ramos, João Tiago Guimarães, Catarina L. Santos, Raquel Duarte and Margarida Correia-Neves

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:53

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Buruli ulcer (BU) is a neglected mycobacterial skin infection caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. This disease mostly affects poor rural populations, especially in areas with low hygiene standards and sanitation co...

    Authors: Issaka Maman, Tchadjobo Tchacondo, Abiba Banla Kere, Ebekalisai Piten, Marcus Beissner, Yiragnima Kobara, Komlan Kossi, Kossi Badziklou, Franz Xaver Wiedemann, Komi Amekuse, Gisela Bretzel and Damintoti Simplice Karou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:48

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most deadly infectious diseases. One-third to one-fourth of the human population is estimated to be infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) without showing clinical sym...

    Authors: Leonar Arroyo, Diana Marín, Kees L. M. C. Franken, Tom H. M. Ottenhoff and Luis F. Barrera

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:26

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The non-tuberculous mycobacteria include those mycobacterium species that are not members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, the causative agent of pulmonary tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae. In Zamb...

    Authors: Ngula Monde, Musso Munyeme, Adrian Muwonge, John Bwalya Muma and Sydney Malama

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:20

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Presence of Mycobacterium fortuitum in respiratory tracts usually indicates mere colonization or transient infection, whereas true pulmonary infection occurs in patients with gastroesophageal disease. However, li...

    Authors: Satoshi Okamori, Takanori Asakura, Tomoyasu Nishimura, Eiko Tamizu, Makoto Ishii, Mitsunori Yoshida, Hanako Fukano, Yuichiro Hayashi, Masaki Fujita, Yoshihiko Hoshino, Tomoko Betsuyaku and Naoki Hasegawa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:1

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  33. Content type: Technical advance

    The introduction of Xpert MTB/RIF assay (Xpert) has significantly improved diagnosis of Tuberculosis (TB) in resource limited human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) endemic settings. We aimed to modify the Xpert p...

    Authors: Peter M. Mbelele, Said Aboud, Stellah G. Mpagama and Mecky I. Matee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:808

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a major complication of total hip and total knee arthroplasty (THA, TKA). Although mycobacteria are rarely the causative pathogens, it is important to recognize and treat th...

    Authors: Anupop Jitmuang, Varah Yuenyongviwat, Keerati Charoencholvanich and Methee Chayakulkeeree

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:802

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The challenges posed by Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection require the gradual removal of the pool of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). The current cell-immune-based diagnostic tests used to identify LTBI i...

    Authors: Fangbin Zhou, Xindong Xu, Sijia Wu, Xiaobing Cui and Weiqing Pan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:793

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is increasing and the emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is a major challenge. Controlling resistance, reducing transmissio...

    Authors: Nontuthuko E. Maningi, Lesibana A. Malinga, John F. Antiabong, Ruth M. Lekalakala and Nontombi M. Mbelle

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:795

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Up to one third of HIV-infected individuals with suspected TB are sputum-scarce. The Alere Determine™ TB LAM Ag lateral flow strip test can be used to diagnose TB in HIV-infected patients with advanced immunos...

    Authors: Natasha F. Sabur, Aliasgar Esmail, Mantaj S. Brar and Keertan Dheda

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:803

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection in immunocompromized patients is currently a growing health concern, and we aimed to examine the relative risk of NTM infection in patients with Sjögren’s syndrome ...

    Authors: Wen-Cheng Chao, Ching-Heng Lin, Tsai-Ling Liao, Yi-Ming Chen, Chiann-Yi Hsu, Jun-Peng Chen, Der-Yuan Chen and Hsin-Hua Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:796

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Provision of information plays a critical role in supporting patients to be engaged or empowered to be involved with infection prevention measures in hospitals. This explorative study evaluated the suitability...

    Authors: J. Park and H. Seale

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:788

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Treatment outcomes serve as proxy measures of the quality of tuberculosis treatment provided by the health care system, and it is essential to evaluate the effectiveness of Directly Observed Therapy-Short cour...

    Authors: Fentabil Getnet, Henok Sileshi, Wubareg Seifu, Selam Yirga and Abere Shiferaw Alemu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:762

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis remains a major health problem and knowledge of the diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains in specific geographical regions can contribute to the control of the disease. This study describes...

    Authors: N. T. C. Maguga-Phasha, N. S. Munyai, F. Mashinya, M. E. Makgatho and E. F. Mbajiorgu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:764

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  42. Content type: Research article

    A lot of time and money was needed during the diagnosis and treatment process of leprosy, the delayed leprosy would also impair the labor capability of patients as well, and these put a heavy burden for the le...

    Authors: Mingzhou Xiong, Ming Li, Daocheng Zheng, Xiaohua Wang, Ting Su, Yongfeng Chen and Bin Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:760

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) and Non-tuberculosis Mycobacterium (NTM) infections differ clinically, making rapid identification and drug susceptibility testing (DST) very ...

    Authors: Kennedy Kwasi Addo, Samuel Ofori Addo, Gloria Ivy Mensah, Lydia Mosi and Frank Adae Bonsu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:743

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Meticulous identification and investigation of patients presenting with tuberculosis (TB) suggestive symptoms rarely happen in crowded outpatient departments (OPDs). Making health providers in OPDs diligently ...

    Authors: Sally-Ann Ohene, Frank Bonsu, Nii Nortey Hanson-Nortey, Ardon Toonstra, Adelaide Sackey, Knut Lonnroth, Mukund Uplekar, Samuel Danso, George Mensah, Felix Afutu, Paul Klatser and Mirjam Bakker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:739

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  45. Content type: Research article

    We investigated the epidemiology and prevalence of potential risk factors of tuberculosis (TB) recurrence in a population-based registry cohort of 8084 TB cases between 1995 and 2013.

    Authors: Virve Korhonen, Hanna Soini, Tuula Vasankari, Jukka Ollgren, Pieter W. Smit and Petri Ruutu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:721

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a threat for the global TB epidemic control. Despite existing evidence that individualized treatment of MDR-TB is superior to standardized regimens, the latter are ...

    Authors: Mayara Lisboa Bastos, Lorrayne Beliqui Cosme, Geisa Fregona, Thiago Nascimento do Prado, Adelmo Inácio Bertolde, Eliana Zandonade, Mauro N. Sanchez, Margareth Pretti Dalcolmo, Afrânio Kritski, Anete Trajman and Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:718

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a global health problem. Several studies have implicated genetic host factors in predisposing populations to TB disease. In this study, we have selected NSMAF (Neutral Sphingomyelinase A...

    Authors: Mounia Qrafli, Imane Asekkaj, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi, Rajae El Aouad and Khalid Sadki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:712

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