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Tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases

Section edited by Edward Graviss and Eyal Oren 

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of of the prevention, diagnosis and management of tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases in humans, including HIV-associated tuberculosis, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) has raised public health concern for global TB control. Although multi drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR- TB) prevalence and associated genetic ...

    Authors: Amal Oudghiri, Hind Karimi, Fouad Chetioui, Fathiah Zakham, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi, My Driss Elmessaoudi, Amin Laglaoui, Imane Chaoui and Mohammed El Mzibri

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:98

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) recurrence represents a challenge to control programs. In low incidence countries, the prevailing risk factors leading to recurrence are poorly characterised.

    Authors: Andrew Rosser, Matthew Richardson, Martin J. Wiselka, Robert C. Free, Gerrit Woltmann, Galina V. Mukamolova and Manish Pareek

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:94

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Smear microscopy lacks sensitivity especially in HIV co-infection, resulting in undiagnosed tuberculosis (TB) and high mortality. The loop-mediated isothermal amplification (TB-LAMP) assay can be staged with m...

    Authors: Lydia Nakiyingi, Prossy Nakanwagi, Jessica Briggs, Tifu Agaba, Frank Mubiru, Mark Mugenyi, Willy Ssengooba, Moses L. Joloba and Yukari C. Manabe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:87

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) transmission is influenced by patient-related risk, environment and bacteriological factors. We determined the risk factors associated with cluster size of IS6110 RFLP based genotypes of Mycobac...

    Authors: Renata Lyrio Peres, Solange Alves Vinhas, Fabíola Karla Correa Ribeiro, Moisés Palaci, Thiago Nascimento do Prado, Bárbara Reis-Santos, Eliana Zandonade, Philip Noel Suffys, Jonathan E. Golub, Lee W. Riley and Ethel Leonor Maciel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:71

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Although atypical mycobacteria had been increasingly found in various ocular infections in the past decades, a slow-growing Mycobacterium haemophilum (M. haemophilum) was scarcely reported. Similar to tuberculous...

    Authors: Warinyupa Pinitpuwadol, Sucheera Sarunket, Sutasinee Boonsopon, Nattaporn Tesavibul and Pitipol Choopong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:70

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the major infectious diseases worldwide. Adverse reactions are common during TB treatment. Few reports, however, are available on treatment-related acute biliary events (ABEs),...

    Authors: Lih-Yu Chang, Chih-Hsin Lee, Chia-Hao Chang, Ming-Chia Lee, Meng-Rui Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang and Li-Na Lee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:64

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) incidence is decreasing worldwide and eradication is becoming plausible. In low-incidence countries, intervention on migrant populations is considered one of the most important strategies for...

    Authors: Teresa Rito, Carlos Matos, Carlos Carvalho, Henrique Machado, Gabriela Rodrigues, Olena Oliveira, Eduarda Ferreira, Jorge Gonçalves, Lurdes Maio, Clara Morais, Helena Ramos, João Tiago Guimarães, Catarina L. Santos, Raquel Duarte and Margarida Correia-Neves

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:53

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Buruli ulcer (BU) is a neglected mycobacterial skin infection caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. This disease mostly affects poor rural populations, especially in areas with low hygiene standards and sanitation co...

    Authors: Issaka Maman, Tchadjobo Tchacondo, Abiba Banla Kere, Ebekalisai Piten, Marcus Beissner, Yiragnima Kobara, Komlan Kossi, Kossi Badziklou, Franz Xaver Wiedemann, Komi Amekuse, Gisela Bretzel and Damintoti Simplice Karou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:48

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most deadly infectious diseases. One-third to one-fourth of the human population is estimated to be infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) without showing clinical sym...

    Authors: Leonar Arroyo, Diana Marín, Kees L. M. C. Franken, Tom H. M. Ottenhoff and Luis F. Barrera

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:26

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The non-tuberculous mycobacteria include those mycobacterium species that are not members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, the causative agent of pulmonary tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae. In Zamb...

    Authors: Ngula Monde, Musso Munyeme, Adrian Muwonge, John Bwalya Muma and Sydney Malama

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:20

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Presence of Mycobacterium fortuitum in respiratory tracts usually indicates mere colonization or transient infection, whereas true pulmonary infection occurs in patients with gastroesophageal disease. However, li...

    Authors: Satoshi Okamori, Takanori Asakura, Tomoyasu Nishimura, Eiko Tamizu, Makoto Ishii, Mitsunori Yoshida, Hanako Fukano, Yuichiro Hayashi, Masaki Fujita, Yoshihiko Hoshino, Tomoko Betsuyaku and Naoki Hasegawa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:1

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  12. Content type: Technical advance

    The introduction of Xpert MTB/RIF assay (Xpert) has significantly improved diagnosis of Tuberculosis (TB) in resource limited human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) endemic settings. We aimed to modify the Xpert p...

    Authors: Peter M. Mbelele, Said Aboud, Stellah G. Mpagama and Mecky I. Matee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:808

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a major complication of total hip and total knee arthroplasty (THA, TKA). Although mycobacteria are rarely the causative pathogens, it is important to recognize and treat th...

    Authors: Anupop Jitmuang, Varah Yuenyongviwat, Keerati Charoencholvanich and Methee Chayakulkeeree

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:802

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The challenges posed by Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection require the gradual removal of the pool of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). The current cell-immune-based diagnostic tests used to identify LTBI i...

    Authors: Fangbin Zhou, Xindong Xu, Sijia Wu, Xiaobing Cui and Weiqing Pan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:793

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is increasing and the emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is a major challenge. Controlling resistance, reducing transmissio...

    Authors: Nontuthuko E. Maningi, Lesibana A. Malinga, John F. Antiabong, Ruth M. Lekalakala and Nontombi M. Mbelle

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:795

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Up to one third of HIV-infected individuals with suspected TB are sputum-scarce. The Alere Determine™ TB LAM Ag lateral flow strip test can be used to diagnose TB in HIV-infected patients with advanced immunos...

    Authors: Natasha F. Sabur, Aliasgar Esmail, Mantaj S. Brar and Keertan Dheda

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:803

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection in immunocompromized patients is currently a growing health concern, and we aimed to examine the relative risk of NTM infection in patients with Sjögren’s syndrome ...

    Authors: Wen-Cheng Chao, Ching-Heng Lin, Tsai-Ling Liao, Yi-Ming Chen, Chiann-Yi Hsu, Jun-Peng Chen, Der-Yuan Chen and Hsin-Hua Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:796

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Provision of information plays a critical role in supporting patients to be engaged or empowered to be involved with infection prevention measures in hospitals. This explorative study evaluated the suitability...

    Authors: J. Park and H. Seale

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:788

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Treatment outcomes serve as proxy measures of the quality of tuberculosis treatment provided by the health care system, and it is essential to evaluate the effectiveness of Directly Observed Therapy-Short cour...

    Authors: Fentabil Getnet, Henok Sileshi, Wubareg Seifu, Selam Yirga and Abere Shiferaw Alemu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:762

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis remains a major health problem and knowledge of the diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains in specific geographical regions can contribute to the control of the disease. This study describes...

    Authors: N. T. C. Maguga-Phasha, N. S. Munyai, F. Mashinya, M. E. Makgatho and E. F. Mbajiorgu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:764

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  21. Content type: Research article

    A lot of time and money was needed during the diagnosis and treatment process of leprosy, the delayed leprosy would also impair the labor capability of patients as well, and these put a heavy burden for the le...

    Authors: Mingzhou Xiong, Ming Li, Daocheng Zheng, Xiaohua Wang, Ting Su, Yongfeng Chen and Bin Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:760

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) and Non-tuberculosis Mycobacterium (NTM) infections differ clinically, making rapid identification and drug susceptibility testing (DST) very ...

    Authors: Kennedy Kwasi Addo, Samuel Ofori Addo, Gloria Ivy Mensah, Lydia Mosi and Frank Adae Bonsu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:743

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Meticulous identification and investigation of patients presenting with tuberculosis (TB) suggestive symptoms rarely happen in crowded outpatient departments (OPDs). Making health providers in OPDs diligently ...

    Authors: Sally-Ann Ohene, Frank Bonsu, Nii Nortey Hanson-Nortey, Ardon Toonstra, Adelaide Sackey, Knut Lonnroth, Mukund Uplekar, Samuel Danso, George Mensah, Felix Afutu, Paul Klatser and Mirjam Bakker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:739

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  24. Content type: Research article

    We investigated the epidemiology and prevalence of potential risk factors of tuberculosis (TB) recurrence in a population-based registry cohort of 8084 TB cases between 1995 and 2013.

    Authors: Virve Korhonen, Hanna Soini, Tuula Vasankari, Jukka Ollgren, Pieter W. Smit and Petri Ruutu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:721

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a threat for the global TB epidemic control. Despite existing evidence that individualized treatment of MDR-TB is superior to standardized regimens, the latter are ...

    Authors: Mayara Lisboa Bastos, Lorrayne Beliqui Cosme, Geisa Fregona, Thiago Nascimento do Prado, Adelmo Inácio Bertolde, Eliana Zandonade, Mauro N. Sanchez, Margareth Pretti Dalcolmo, Afrânio Kritski, Anete Trajman and Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:718

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a global health problem. Several studies have implicated genetic host factors in predisposing populations to TB disease. In this study, we have selected NSMAF (Neutral Sphingomyelinase A...

    Authors: Mounia Qrafli, Imane Asekkaj, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi, Rajae El Aouad and Khalid Sadki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:712

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Pyrazinamide (PZA) plays a unique role in the treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in both first- and second-line regimens. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and molecu...

    Authors: Yu Pang, Damian Zhu, Huiwen Zheng, Jing Shen, Yan Hu, Jie Liu and Yanlin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:711

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3) is an important factor for development and function of Regulatory T cells (Treg). Studies have found an association between common gene polymorphisms in FoxP3 and some infectious di...

    Authors: Elham Beiranvand, Saeid Abediankenari, Soghra Khani, Hamideh Mahmoodzadeh Hosseini, Sirous Zeinali, Behnoush Beiranvand, Mehdi Goudarzi and Sima Sadat Seyedjavadi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:673

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  29. Content type: Commentary

    A recently published Ugandan study on tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis in HIV-positive patients with presumptive smear-negative TB, which showed that out of 90 patients who started TB treatment, 20% (18/90) had a p...

    Authors: Tom Decroo, Aquiles R. Henríquez-Trujillo, Anja De Weggheleire and Lutgarde Lynen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:674

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Reported tuberculosis (TB) incidence globally continues to be heavily influenced by expert opinion of case detection rates and ecological estimates of disease duration. Both approaches are recognised as having...

    Authors: Debebe Shaweno, James M. Trauer, Justin T. Denholm and Emma S. McBryde

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:662

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  31. Content type: Technical advance

    Maintaining the quality of clinical specimens for tuberculosis (TB) testing is a major challenge in many high TB burden-limited resources countries. Sample referral systems in low and middle income countries a...

    Authors: Elisa Tagliani, Riccardo Alagna, Silva Tafaj, Hasan Hafizi and Daniela Maria Cirillo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:663

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Interim treatment outcomes at 6-months for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) treatment are among the most basic performance monitoring and key evaluation indicators in the Stop and End TB strategy of t...

    Authors: Muhammad Atif, Arslan Bashir, Nafees Ahmad, Razia Kaneez Fatima, Sehar Saba and Shane Scahill

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:655

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Since the recent introduction of GeneXepert for the detection of Tuberculosis (TB) drug resistance mutations in both primary resistance and acquired resistance in Zambia, little has been documented in literatu...

    Authors: Sepiso K. Masenga, Harrison Mubila and Benson M. Hamooya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:640

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Sub-Saharan Africa continues to document high pediatric tuberculosis (TB) burden, especially among the urban poor. One recommended preventive strategy involves tracking and isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) f...

    Authors: Florence Nafula Okwara, John Paul Oyore, Fred Nabwire Were and Samson Gwer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:623

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The relatively simple and cheaper light-emitting diode fluorescent microscopy (LED-FM) was recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to replace the conventional tuberculosis (TB) microscopy in both hi...

    Authors: Alemu Gadissa Gelalcha, Abebaw Kebede and Hassen Mamo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:613

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Concurrent diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis represent a significant health problem worldwide. Patients with diabetes mellitus have a high risk of tuberculosis, which may be mediated by an abnormal innate imm...

    Authors: María Teresa Herrera, Yolanda Gonzalez, Fernando Hernández-Sánchez, Guadalupe Fabián-San Miguel and Martha Torres

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:610

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Every year, over 1 million people develop isoniazid (INH) resistant tuberculosis (TB). Yet, the optimal treatment regimen remains unclear. Given increasing prevalence, the clinical efficacy of regimens used by...

    Authors: Kamila Romanowski, Leslie Y. Chiang, David Z. Roth, Mel Krajden, Patrick Tang, Victoria J. Cook and James C. Johnston

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:604

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  38. Content type: Research article

    In the search for fast, simple and better ways for diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB), there is need to discover and evaluate new biomarkers that are found in samples other than sputum to determine their effective...

    Authors: Anna Ritah Namuganga, Novel N. Chegou, Paul Mubiri, Gerhard Walzl and Harriet Mayanja-Kizza

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:600

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The relative fitness of organisms causing drug-susceptible (DS) and multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) is unclear. We compared the risk of TB infection and TB disease in young child household contacts...

    Authors: Vera Golla, Kathryn Snow, Anna M. Mandalakas, H. Simon Schaaf, Karen Du Preez, Anneke C. Hesseling and James A. Seddon

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:593

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:713

  40. Content type: Research article

    Globally, almost 40% of tuberculosis (TB) patients remain undiagnosed, and those that are diagnosed often experience prolonged delays before initiating correct treatment, leading to ongoing transmission. While...

    Authors: Richard James, Keovathanak Khim, Lydia Boudarene, Joanne Yoong, Chea Phalla, Saly Saint, Pichenda Koeut, Tan Eang Mao, Richard Coker and Mishal Sameer Khan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:580

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Emergence of Multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains constitutes a significant public health problem worldwide. Prevalence of MDR tuberculosis from Chad is unavailable to date.

    Authors: Awa Ba Diallo, Gedeon W. Ossoga, Geraldine Daneau, Seynabou Lo, Richard Ngandolo, Colette Diguimbaye Djaibé, Barou Djouater, Souleymane Mboup, Bouke C. de Jong, Aissatou G. Diallo and Florian Gehre

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:579

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Although the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) in most parts of China are well under control now, in less developed areas such as Qinghai, TB still remains a major public health problem. This study aims to reveal...

    Authors: Huaxiang Rao, Xinyu Shi and Xi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:578

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  43. Content type: Research article

    In household contact investigations of tuberculosis (TB), a second tuberculin skin test (TST) obtained several weeks after a first negative result consistently identifies individuals that undergo TST conversio...

    Authors: Edward C. Jones-López, Carlos Acuña-Villaorduña, Geisa Fregona, Patricia Marques-Rodrigues, Laura F. White, David Jamil Hadad, Lucilia Pereira Dutra-Molina, Solange Vinhas, Avery I. McIntosh, Mary Gaeddert, Rodrigo Ribeiro-Rodrigues, Padmini Salgame, Moises Palaci, David Alland, Jerrold J. Ellner and Reynaldo Dietze

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:576

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The worldwide emergence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) has posed additional challenges for global tuberculosis (TB) control efforts, as limite...

    Authors: Kefyalew Addis Alene, Hengzhong Yi, Kerri Viney, Emma S. McBryde, Kunyun Yang, Liqiong Bai, Darren J. Gray, Archie C. A. Clements and Zuhui Xu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:573

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  45. Content type: Research article

    The implementation of rapid drug susceptibility testing (DST) is a current global priority for TB control. However, data are scarce on patient-relevant outcomes for presumptive diagnosis of drug-resistant tube...

    Authors: D. M. P. Ramalho, P. F. C. Miranda, M. K. Andrade, T. Brígido, M. P. Dalcolmo, E. Mesquita, C. F. Dias, A. N. Gambirasio, J. Ueleres Braga, A. Detjen, P. P. J. Phillips, I. Langley, P. I. Fujiwara, S. B. Squire, M. M. Oliveira and A. L. Kritski

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:571

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  46. Content type: Research article

    Reducing delay to accessing care is necessary to reduce the Tuberculosis (TB) burden in high incidence countries such as India. This study aimed to identify factors associated with delays in seeking care for T...

    Authors: Sarah E. Van Ness, Ankit Chandra, Sonali Sarkar, Jane Pleskunas, Jerrold J. Ellner, Gautam Roy, Subitha Lakshminarayanan, Swaroop Sahu, C. Robert Horsburgh Jr, Helen E. Jenkins and Natasha S. Hochberg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:567

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  47. Content type: Research article

    The existence of a bi-directional relationship between tuberculosis (TB) and insulin resistance (IR)/diabetes has been alluded to in literature. Although diabetes has been linked to increased tuberculosis risk...

    Authors: Lauren Philips, Janicke Visser, Daan Nel and Renée Blaauw

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:570

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  48. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a public health problem in Madagascar. A crucial element of TB control is the development of an easy and rapid method for the orientation of TB control strategies in the country. Our ...

    Authors: Noël Harijaona Ratovonirina, Niaina Rakotosamimanana, Solohery Lalaina Razafimahatratra, Mamy Serge Raherison, Guislaine Refrégier, Christophe Sola, Fanjasoa Rakotomanana and Voahangy Rasolofo Razanamparany

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:562

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  49. Content type: Research article

    In multidrug regimens, including an intravenous aminoglycoside (e.g. amikacin [AMK]) is recommended for difficult-to-treat non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lung diseases. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy, ...

    Authors: Kazuma Yagi, Makoto Ishii, Ho Namkoong, Takahiro Asami, Osamu Iketani, Takanori Asakura, Shoji Suzuki, Hiroaki Sugiura, Yoshitake Yamada, Tomoyasu Nishimura, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Yohei Funatsu, Yoshifumi Uwamino, Tetsuro Kamo, Sadatomo Tasaka, Tomoko Betsuyaku…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:558

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  50. Content type: Research article

    Extensively Drug-Resistant (XDR) Tuberculosis (TB) has posed a great threat to global health and finance systems, especially for developing countries with high TB and Multidrug-Resistant (MDR) TB burden.

    Authors: Xiao-chun He, Ning-ning Tao, Yao Liu, Xian-xin Zhang and Huai-chen Li

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:555

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