Tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases

Section edited by Edward Graviss, Eyal Oren & Anna Vassall

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of of the prevention, diagnosis and management of tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases in humans, including HIV-associated tuberculosis, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology.

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  1. Research article

    Assessment of tuberculosis spatial hotspot areas in Antananarivo, Madagascar, by combining spatial analysis and genotyping

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a public health problem in Madagascar. A crucial element of TB control is the development of an easy and rapid method for the orientation of TB control strategies in the country. Our ...

    Noël Harijaona Ratovonirina, Niaina Rakotosamimanana, Solohery Lalaina Razafimahatratra, Mamy Serge Raherison, Guislaine Refrégier, Christophe Sola, Fanjasoa Rakotomanana and Voahangy Rasolofo Razanamparany

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:562

    Published on: 14 August 2017

  2. Research article

    The efficacy, safety, and feasibility of inhaled amikacin for the treatment of difficult-to-treat non-tuberculous mycobacterial lung diseases

    In multidrug regimens, including an intravenous aminoglycoside (e.g. amikacin [AMK]) is recommended for difficult-to-treat non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lung diseases. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy, ...

    Kazuma Yagi, Makoto Ishii, Ho Namkoong, Takahiro Asami, Osamu Iketani, Takanori Asakura, Shoji Suzuki, Hiroaki Sugiura, Yoshitake Yamada, Tomoyasu Nishimura, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Yohei Funatsu, Yoshifumi Uwamino, Tetsuro Kamo, Sadatomo Tasaka, Tomoko Betsuyaku…

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:558

    Published on: 9 August 2017

  3. Research article

    The neglected burden of tuberculosis disease among health workers: a decade-long cohort study in South Africa

    Health workers (HWs) in resource-limited settings are at high-risk of exposure to tuberculosis (TB) at work. The aim of this study was to estimate the rate of TB disease among HWs in the Free State Province of...

    Lyndsay M. O’Hara, Annalee Yassi, Muzimkhulu Zungu, Molebogeng Malotle, Elizabeth A. Bryce, Stephen J. Barker, Lincoln Darwin and J. Mark FitzGerald

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:547

    Published on: 7 August 2017

  4. Software

    Modular programming for tuberculosis control, the “AuTuMN” platform

    Tuberculosis (TB) is now the world’s leading infectious killer and major programmatic advances will be needed if we are to meet the ambitious new End TB Targets. Although mathematical models are powerful tools...

    James McCracken Trauer, Romain Ragonnet, Tan Nhut Doan and Emma Sue McBryde

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:546

    Published on: 7 August 2017

  5. Research article

    Plasmid-based high-resolution melting analysis for accurate detection of rpoB mutations in Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Moroccan patients

    Rapid diagnosis of drug resistance in tuberculosis (TB) is pivotal for the timely initiation of effective antibiotic treatment to prevent the spread of drug-resistant strains. The development of low-cost, rapi...

    El Mehdi Bentaleb, My Driss El Messaoudi, Mohammed Abid, Malika Messaoudi, Ali K. Yetisen, Hassan Sefrioui, Saaïd Amzazi and Hassan Ait Benhassou

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:548

    Published on: 7 August 2017

  6. Research article

    Preservation of sputum samples with cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) for tuberculosis cultures and Xpert MTB/RIF in a low-income country

    Culture contamination with environmental bacteria is a major challenge in tuberculosis (TB) laboratories in hot and humid climate zones. We studied the effect of cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) preservation on ...

    Hellen Hiza, Basra Doulla, Mohamed Sasamalo, Jerry Hella, Lujeko Kamwela, Francis Mhimbira, Klaus Reither, Sebastien Gagneux, Levan Jugheli and Lukas Fenner

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:542

    Published on: 4 August 2017

  7. Research article

    Risk factors associated with loss to follow-up from tuberculosis treatment in Tajikistan: a case-control study

    There are very few studies on reasons for loss to follow-up from TB treatment in Central Asia. This study assessed risk factors for LTFU and compared their occurrence with successfully treated (ST) patients in...

    Jessica Wohlleben, Mavluda Makhmudova, Firuza Saidova, Shahnoza Azamova, Christina Mergenthaler and Suzanne Verver

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:543

    Published on: 4 August 2017

  8. Research article

    The association between Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccination (1331 SSI) skin reaction and subsequent scar development in infants

    The Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine (BCG) against tuberculosis is administered intradermally, and vaccination is often followed by a scar at the injection site. Among BCG-vaccinated individuals, having a scar...

    Nina Marie Birk, Thomas Nørrelykke Nissen, Monica Ladekarl, Vera Zingmark, Jesper Kjærgaard, Trine Mølbæk Jensen, Signe Kjeldgaard Jensen, Lisbeth Marianne Thøstesen, Poul-Erik Kofoed, Lone Graff Stensballe, Andreas Andersen, Ole Pryds, Susanne Dam Nielsen, Christine Stabell Benn and Dorthe Lisbeth Jeppesen

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:540

    Published on: 3 August 2017

  9. Research article

    Immunological recovery in tuberculosis/HIV co-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy: implication for tuberculosis preventive therapy

    Understanding the immune response to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) is essential for a clear approach to tuberculosis (TB) preventive therapy. We investigated the immunological recovery in cART-trea...

    Basel Karo, Gérard Krause, Stefanie Castell, Christian Kollan, Osamah Hamouda and Walter Haas

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:517

    Published on: 25 July 2017

  10. Research article

    Validity and reliability of the tuberculosis-related stigma scale version for Brazilian Portuguese

    Stigma associated with tuberculosis (TB) has been an object of interest in several regions of the world. The behaviour presented by patients as a result of social discrimination has contributed to delays in di...

    Juliane de Almeida Crispim, Laís Mara Caetano da Silva, Mellina Yamamura, Marcela Paschoal Popolin, Antônio Carlos Vieira Ramos, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Ana Angélica Rêgo de Queiroz, Aylana de Souza Belchior, Danielle Talita dos Santos, Flávia Meneguetti Pieri, Ludmila Barbosa Bandeira Rodrigues, Simone Terezinha Protti, Ione Carvalho Pinto, Pedro Fredemir Palha and Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:510

    Published on: 21 July 2017

  11. Research article

    Pyrazinamide resistance-conferring mutations in pncA and the transmission of multidrug resistant TB in Georgia

    The ongoing epidemic of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Georgia highlights the need for more effective control strategies. A new regimen to treat MDR-TB that includes pyrazinamide (PZA) is current...

    Sarah Sengstake, Indra L Bergval, Anja R Schuitema, Jessica L de Beer, Jody Phelan, Rina de Zwaan, Taane G Clark, Dick van Soolingen and Richard M Anthony

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:491

    Published on: 12 July 2017

  12. Research article

    Evaluation of the relationship between MARCO and CD36 single-nucleotide polymorphisms and susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis in a Chinese Han population

    Gene polymorphisms impact greatly on a person’s susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). Macrophage receptor with collagenous structure (MARCO) and CD36 are two scavenger receptors (SRs) that can recogn...

    Wenting Lao, Hui Kang, Guojiang Jin, Li Chen, Yang Chu, Jiao Sun and Bingqi Sun

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:488

    Published on: 11 July 2017

  13. Research article

    Treatment delay and fatal outcomes of pulmonary tuberculosis in advanced age: a retrospective nationwide cohort study

    Studies focusing on pulmonary tuberculosis in advanced age (≥80 years) are lacking. This study aimed to explore treatment delay, outcomes and their predictors in this group.

    Chih-Hsin Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang, Hsien-Chun Lin, Pai-Yang Lin, Jer-Hwa Chang, Chi-Won Suk, Li-Na Lee, Chou-Chin Lan and Kuan-Jen Bai

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:449

    Published on: 24 June 2017

  14. Study protocol

    Efficacy of ultra-short course chemotherapy for new smear positive drug susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis: study protocol of a multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial

    Shortening the standard 6-month treatment for drug-susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis (DS-PTB) would be a major improvement for TB case management and disease control.

    Mengqiu Gao, Jingtao Gao, Jian Du, Yuhong Liu, Yao Zhang, Liping Ma, Fengling Mi, Liang Li and Shenjie Tang

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:435

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  15. Research article

    Development and validation of a prognostic scoring model for Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease: an observational cohort study

    Patients with Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) lung disease (LD) have a heterogeneous prognosis. This study aimed to develop and validate a prognostic scoring model for these patients using independent risk fact...

    Shogo Kumagai, Akihiro Ito, Toru Hashimoto, Satoshi Marumo, Hironobu Tokumasu, Aya Kotani, Haruka Yamaki, Masahiro Shirata, Koji Furuuchi, Motonari Fukui and Tadashi Ishida

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:436

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  16. Research article

    Using genotyping to delineate tuberculosis transmission in long-term care facilities: single facility 4-year experience

    Residents in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are vulnerable to tuberculosis (TB) transmission; however, to delineate possible routes of TB transmission in LTCFs is difficult. This study aimed to address the ...

    Wen-Cheng Chao, Pei-Chun Chuang, Don-Han Wu, Chieh-Liang Wu, Po-Yu Liu, Chi-Chang Shieh and Ruwen Jou

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:421

    Published on: 13 June 2017

  17. Case report

    Peripheral neuropathy in a diabetic child treated with linezolid for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: a case report and review of the literature

    Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis (TB) and multidrug resistant (MDR)-TB with additional resistance to injectable agents or fluoroquinolones are challenging to treat due to lack of available, effect...

    Aravind Swaminathan, Philipp du Cros, James A. Seddon, Shamsiya Mirgayosieva, Rajabov Asladdin and Zulfiya Dusmatova

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:417

    Published on: 12 June 2017

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