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BMC Infectious Diseases

Tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases

Section edited by Edward Graviss, Eyal Oren & Anna Vassall

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of of the prevention, diagnosis and management of tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases in humans, including HIV-associated tuberculosis, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Buruli ulcer (BU) is a neglected mycobacterial skin infection caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. This disease mostly affects poor rural populations, especially in areas with low hygiene standards and sanitation co...

    Authors: Issaka Maman, Tchadjobo Tchacondo, Abiba Banla Kere, Ebekalisai Piten, Marcus Beissner, Yiragnima Kobara, Komlan Kossi, Kossi Badziklou, Franz Xaver Wiedemann, Komi Amekuse, Gisela Bretzel and Damintoti Simplice Karou

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:48

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most deadly infectious diseases. One-third to one-fourth of the human population is estimated to be infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) without showing clinical sym...

    Authors: Leonar Arroyo, Diana Marín, Kees L. M. C. Franken, Tom H. M. Ottenhoff and Luis F. Barrera

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:26

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  3. Content type: Research article

    The non-tuberculous mycobacteria include those mycobacterium species that are not members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, the causative agent of pulmonary tuberculosis and Mycobacterium leprae. In Zamb...

    Authors: Ngula Monde, Musso Munyeme, Adrian Muwonge, John Bwalya Muma and Sydney Malama

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:20

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Presence of Mycobacterium fortuitum in respiratory tracts usually indicates mere colonization or transient infection, whereas true pulmonary infection occurs in patients with gastroesophageal disease. However, li...

    Authors: Satoshi Okamori, Takanori Asakura, Tomoyasu Nishimura, Eiko Tamizu, Makoto Ishii, Mitsunori Yoshida, Hanako Fukano, Yuichiro Hayashi, Masaki Fujita, Yoshihiko Hoshino, Tomoko Betsuyaku and Naoki Hasegawa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2018 18:1

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  5. Content type: Technical advance

    The introduction of Xpert MTB/RIF assay (Xpert) has significantly improved diagnosis of Tuberculosis (TB) in resource limited human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) endemic settings. We aimed to modify the Xpert p...

    Authors: Peter M. Mbelele, Said Aboud, Stellah G. Mpagama and Mecky I. Matee

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:808

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a major complication of total hip and total knee arthroplasty (THA, TKA). Although mycobacteria are rarely the causative pathogens, it is important to recognize and treat th...

    Authors: Anupop Jitmuang, Varah Yuenyongviwat, Keerati Charoencholvanich and Methee Chayakulkeeree

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:802

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The challenges posed by Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection require the gradual removal of the pool of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). The current cell-immune-based diagnostic tests used to identify LTBI i...

    Authors: Fangbin Zhou, Xindong Xu, Sijia Wu, Xiaobing Cui and Weiqing Pan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:793

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  8. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is increasing and the emergence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is a major challenge. Controlling resistance, reducing transmissio...

    Authors: Nontuthuko E. Maningi, Lesibana A. Malinga, John F. Antiabong, Ruth M. Lekalakala and Nontombi M. Mbelle

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:795

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Up to one third of HIV-infected individuals with suspected TB are sputum-scarce. The Alere Determine™ TB LAM Ag lateral flow strip test can be used to diagnose TB in HIV-infected patients with advanced immunos...

    Authors: Natasha F. Sabur, Aliasgar Esmail, Mantaj S. Brar and Keertan Dheda

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:803

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection in immunocompromized patients is currently a growing health concern, and we aimed to examine the relative risk of NTM infection in patients with Sjögren’s syndrome ...

    Authors: Wen-Cheng Chao, Ching-Heng Lin, Tsai-Ling Liao, Yi-Ming Chen, Chiann-Yi Hsu, Jun-Peng Chen, Der-Yuan Chen and Hsin-Hua Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:796

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Provision of information plays a critical role in supporting patients to be engaged or empowered to be involved with infection prevention measures in hospitals. This explorative study evaluated the suitability...

    Authors: J. Park and H. Seale

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:788

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Treatment outcomes serve as proxy measures of the quality of tuberculosis treatment provided by the health care system, and it is essential to evaluate the effectiveness of Directly Observed Therapy-Short cour...

    Authors: Fentabil Getnet, Henok Sileshi, Wubareg Seifu, Selam Yirga and Abere Shiferaw Alemu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:762

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis remains a major health problem and knowledge of the diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains in specific geographical regions can contribute to the control of the disease. This study describes...

    Authors: N. T. C. Maguga-Phasha, N. S. Munyai, F. Mashinya, M. E. Makgatho and E. F. Mbajiorgu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:764

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  14. Content type: Research article

    A lot of time and money was needed during the diagnosis and treatment process of leprosy, the delayed leprosy would also impair the labor capability of patients as well, and these put a heavy burden for the le...

    Authors: Mingzhou Xiong, Ming Li, Daocheng Zheng, Xiaohua Wang, Ting Su, Yongfeng Chen and Bin Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:760

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) and Non-tuberculosis Mycobacterium (NTM) infections differ clinically, making rapid identification and drug susceptibility testing (DST) very ...

    Authors: Kennedy Kwasi Addo, Samuel Ofori Addo, Gloria Ivy Mensah, Lydia Mosi and Frank Adae Bonsu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:743

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Meticulous identification and investigation of patients presenting with tuberculosis (TB) suggestive symptoms rarely happen in crowded outpatient departments (OPDs). Making health providers in OPDs diligently ...

    Authors: Sally-Ann Ohene, Frank Bonsu, Nii Nortey Hanson-Nortey, Ardon Toonstra, Adelaide Sackey, Knut Lonnroth, Mukund Uplekar, Samuel Danso, George Mensah, Felix Afutu, Paul Klatser and Mirjam Bakker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:739

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  17. Content type: Research article

    We investigated the epidemiology and prevalence of potential risk factors of tuberculosis (TB) recurrence in a population-based registry cohort of 8084 TB cases between 1995 and 2013.

    Authors: Virve Korhonen, Hanna Soini, Tuula Vasankari, Jukka Ollgren, Pieter W. Smit and Petri Ruutu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:721

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a threat for the global TB epidemic control. Despite existing evidence that individualized treatment of MDR-TB is superior to standardized regimens, the latter are ...

    Authors: Mayara Lisboa Bastos, Lorrayne Beliqui Cosme, Geisa Fregona, Thiago Nascimento do Prado, Adelmo Inácio Bertolde, Eliana Zandonade, Mauro N. Sanchez, Margareth Pretti Dalcolmo, Afrânio Kritski, Anete Trajman and Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:718

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a global health problem. Several studies have implicated genetic host factors in predisposing populations to TB disease. In this study, we have selected NSMAF (Neutral Sphingomyelinase A...

    Authors: Mounia Qrafli, Imane Asekkaj, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi, Rajae El Aouad and Khalid Sadki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:712

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Pyrazinamide (PZA) plays a unique role in the treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in both first- and second-line regimens. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and molecu...

    Authors: Yu Pang, Damian Zhu, Huiwen Zheng, Jing Shen, Yan Hu, Jie Liu and Yanlin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:711

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