Skip to main content


Tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases

Section edited by Edward Graviss and Eyal Oren 

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of of the prevention, diagnosis and management of tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases in humans, including HIV-associated tuberculosis, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology.

Page 1 of 14

  1. Content type: Research article

    The accuracy of different laboratory tests for diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM) and prediabetes (preDM) in populations exposed to tuberculosis (TB) remains poorly understood. Here, we examined the prevalenc...

    Authors: Roger I. Calderon, Maria B. Arriaga, Kattya Lopez, Nadia N. Barreda, Oswaldo M. Sanabria, José F. Fróes Neto, Davi Neri Araújo, Leonid Lecca and Bruno B. Andrade

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:799

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    Regimens that could treat both rifampin-resistant (RR) and rifampin-susceptible tuberculosis (TB) while shortening the treatment duration have reached late-stage clinical trials. Decisions about whether and ho...

    Authors: Emily A. Kendall, Shelly Malhotra, Sarah Cook-Scalise, Claudia M. Denkinger and David W. Dowdy

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:794

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the prevalence and factors associated with the prevalence of multidrug/rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis among suspected drug resistant tuberculosis patients in Botswana.

    Authors: Blackson Pitolo Tembo and Ntambwe Gustav Malangu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:779

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    Environmental bacteria, nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), are recognized as one of the major human infection pathogens. NTM are prone to be mistaken as multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis and challeng...

    Authors: Chunmei Hu, Lili Huang, Min Cai, Weixiao Wang, Xudong Shi and Wei Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:764

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Technical advance

    Leprosy continues to be a health problem in endemic areas. More than 200,000 new cases of leprosy per year suggest that transmission of the disease is still ongoing, presumably as airborne infection through na...

    Authors: Marcus Beissner, Anna Woestemeier, Malkin Saar, Kossi Badziklou, Issaka Maman, Charlotte Amedifou, Magdalena Wagner, Franz X. Wiedemann, Komi Amekuse, Basile Kobara, Karl-Heinz Herbinger, Abiba Banla Kere, Thomas Löscher and Gisela Bretzel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:753

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Although the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) has decreased in South Korea, the mortality rate remains high. TB mortality is a key indicator for TB control interventions. The purpose of this study was to assess ...

    Authors: Jinsoo Min, Ju Sang Kim, Hyung Woo Kim, Ah Young Shin, Hyeon-Kyoung Koo, Sung-Soon Lee, Yang-Ki Kim, Kyeong-Cheol Shin, Jung Hyun Chang, Gayoung Chun, Joosun Lee, Mi Sun Park and Jae Seuk Park

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:735

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Study protocol

    At a time when programs were struggling to design effective regimens for the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), the marketing authorization of bedaquiline and delamanid was a critical deve...

    Authors: Uzma Khan, Helena Huerga, Aamir J. Khan, Carole D. Mitnick, Catherine Hewison, Francis Varaine, Mathieu Bastard, Michael Rich, Molly F. Franke, Sidney Atwood, Palwasha Y. Khan and Kwonjune J. Seung

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:733

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Isoniazid resistant tuberculosis is the most prevalent type of resistance in Swaziland and over two-thirds of the isoniazid resistant tuberculosis patients are tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus co-...

    Authors: Nonhlanhla Christinah Dlamini, Dar-Der Ji and Li-Yin Chien

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:731

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT) have been used as a diagnostic tool for pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in Taiwan for many years. In accordance with Taiwanese legislation, health care personnel are requir...

    Authors: Chih-Wei Wu, Yao-Kuang Wu, Chou-Chin Lan, Mei-Chen Yang, Ting-Qian Dong, I-Shiang Tzeng and Shu-Shien Hsiao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:726

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Case report

    Non-tuberculous mycobacteria cause chronic pulmonary infection, but pleuritis and pleural effusion are rarely associated with infection with non-tuberculous mycobacteria, especially rapid-growing mycobacteria.

    Authors: Ryosuke Hirabayashi, Atsushi Nakagawa, Hiroshi Takegawa and Keisuke Tomii

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:720

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Despite rapid scale up of antiretroviral therapy (ART), Tuberculosis (TB) remains the commonest opportunistic infection and cause of death among HIV infected individuals in resource limited settings like India...

    Authors: Ameet Dravid, Kartik Natarajan, Mahenderkumar Medisetty, Raviraj Gawali, Uma Mahajan, Milind Kulkarni, Chinmay Saraf, Charuta Ghanekar, Sachin Kore, Niranjan Rathod and Mrudula Dravid

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:714

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    In recent years, studies on the diagnostic accuracy of in-house real-time PCR (hRT-PCR) assay for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) have been reported with unignorable discrepancies. To assess the...

    Authors: Zhenhong Wei, Xiaoping Zhang, Chaojun Wei, Liang Yao, Yonghong Li, Xiaojing Zhang, Hui Xu, Yanjuan Jia, Rui Guo, Yu Wu, Kehu Yang and Xiaoling Gao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:701

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) represents about 14% of all cases of tuberculosis (TB) in Malaysia. The aims of the study include evaluation of socio-demographic factors, clinical manifestations, co-morbid...

    Authors: Amer Hayat Khan, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman, Madeeha Laghari, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Abdul Razak Muttalif, Zohra Bhatti, Long Chiau Ming and Bandeh Ali Talpur

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:691

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Isoniazid (INH) represents the cornerstone for the treatment of cases infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) strains. Several molecular mechanisms have been shown to be the major causes for INH resistance...

    Authors: Fengmin Huo, Jie Lu, Zhaojing Zong, Wei Jing, Jin Shi, Yifeng Ma, Lingling Dong, Liping Zhao, Yufeng Wang, Hairong Huang and Yu Pang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:689

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Adolescents are a prime target group for tuberculosis (TB) vaccine trials that include prevention of infection (POI). The BCG vaccine is given at birth and does not prevent TB infection. TB infection, a critic...

    Authors: Videlis Nduba, Anna H. van’t Hoog, Annefleur de Bruijn, Ellen M. H. Mitchell, Kayla Laserson and Martien Borgdorff

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:682

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    Previous qualitative studies suggested that the false negative rate of the T cell spot test for tuberculosis infection (T-SPOT.TB) is associated with many risk factors in tuberculosis patients. However, more prec...

    Authors: Kui Li, Caiyong Yang, Zicheng Jiang, Shengxi Liu, Jun Liu, Chuanqi Fan, Tao Li and Xuemin Dong

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:673

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NL ratio) has been reported to be a predictive biomarker of tuberculosis (TB). We assessed the association between the NL ratio and the incidence of active TB cases within 1...

    Authors: Reiko Miyahara, Surachai Piyaworawong, Vivek Naranbhai, Prarit Prachamat, Prapimporn Kriengwatanapong, Naho Tsuchiya, Jiraporn Wongyai, Surasit Bupachat, Norio Yamada, Surin Summanapan, Surakameth Mahasirimongkol and Hideki Yanai

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:667

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    The diagnoses of active smear negative PTB, remains difficult. As a result, treatment is often carried out empirically relaying on clinical criteria. The distribution and magnitude of smear negative PTB, smear...

    Authors: Waganeh Sinshaw, Abebaw Kebede, Adane Bitew, Ephrem Tesfaye, Mengistu Tadesse, Zemedu Mehamed, Bazezew Yenew, Misikir Amare, Biniyam Dagne, Getu Diriba, Ayinalem Alemu, Muluwork Getahun, Dinka Fikadu, Kassu Desta and Habteyes Hailu Tola

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:641

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is the infectious disease that kills the most people worldwide. The use of geoepidemiological techniques to demonstrate the dynamics of the disease in vulnerable communities is essential for ...

    Authors: Luana Seles Alves, Danielle Talita dos Santos, Marcos Augusto Moraes Arcoverde, Thais Zamboni Berra, Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Antônio Carlos Vieira Ramos, Ivaneliza Simionato de Assis, Ana Angélica Rêgo de Queiroz, Jonas Boldini Alonso, Josilene Dália Alves, Marcela Paschoal Popolin, Mellina Yamamura, Juliane de Almeida Crispim, Elma Mathias Dessunti, Pedro Fredemir Palha, Francisco Chiaraval-Neto…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:628

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    Malnutrition and diabetes are risk factors for active tuberculosis (TB), possible risk factors for latent TB infection (LTBI), and may interact to alter their effect on these outcomes. Studies to date have not...

    Authors: Rachel W. Kubiak, Sonali Sarkar, C. Robert Horsburgh, Gautam Roy, Mario Kratz, Ayiraveetil Reshma, Selby Knudsen, Padmini Salgame, Jerrold J. Ellner, Paul K. Drain and Natasha S. Hochberg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:627

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    About 10% latent tuberculosis infections (LTBI) would progress to active tuberculosis (TB), if left prophylactic therapy. Tuberculin skin test (TST) is the most widely used method for LTBI screening in the sch...

    Authors: Demin Cao, Zhiguo Zhang, Zhen Yang, Shubo Ma, Zhaogang Sun, Huijuan Duan, Baoli Zhu and Fei Zhao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:619

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    The increased transmission of multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis (TB) poses a challenge to tuberculosis prevention and control in Sri Lanka. Isoniazid (INH) is a key element of the first line anti tubercul...

    Authors: Roshanthi Eranga Karunaratne, Lahiru A. Wijenayaka, Sandya Sulochana Wijesundera, K. M. Nalin De Silva, Chamila Priyangani Adikaram and Jennifer Perera

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:618

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    China contributed 8.9% of all incident cases of tuberculosis globally in 2017, and understanding the spatiotemporal distribution of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in major transmission foci in the country is cri...

    Authors: Ting Li, Qu Cheng, Charles Li, Everleigh Stokes, Philip Collender, Alison Ohringer, Xintong Li, Jing Li, Jonathan L. Zelner, Song Liang, Changhong Yang, Justin V. Remais and Jin’ge He

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:615

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Case report

    Early diagnosis of gastric tuberculosis is often challenging because the disease is very rare and its clinical manifestation is nonspecific and misleading. To raise the awareness and emphasize early diagnosis ...

    Authors: Jun Ma, Hongyun Yin and Huikang Xie

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:589

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    With the aim of preparing a more effective, safe and economical vaccine for tuberculosis, inhalable live mycobacterium formulations were evaluated.

    Authors: Puja S. Nagpal, Ashwani Kesarwani, Parul Sahu and Pramod Upadhyay

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:568

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    Increasing multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) incidence is a major threat against TB eradication worldwide. We aim to conduct a detailed MDR-TB study in Portugal, an European country with endemic TB, co...

    Authors: Olena Oliveira, Rita Gaio, Carlos Carvalho, Margarida Correia-Neves, Raquel Duarte and Teresa Rito

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:567

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    The increased incidence of drug-resistant TB is a major challenge for effective TB control. Limited therapeutic options and poor treatment outcomes of DR-TB may increase drug-resistance rates. The objective of...

    Authors: Niccolò Riccardi, Riccardo Alagna, Laura Saderi, Maurizio Ferrarese, Paola Castellotti, Ester Mazzola, Saverio De Lorenzo, Pietro Viggiani, Zarir Udwadia, Giorgio Besozzi, Daniela Cirillo, Giovanni Sotgiu and Luigi Codecasa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:564

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research article

    Rapid and accurate diagnosis of childhood tuberculosis (TB) is challenging because children are often unable to produce the sputum sample required for conventional tests. Stool is an alternative sample type th...

    Authors: Annelies W. Mesman, Martin Soto, Julia Coit, Roger Calderon, Juan Aliaga, Nira R. Pollock, Milagros Mendoza, Francisco M. Mestanza, Carlos J. Mendoza, Megan B. Murray, Leonid Lecca, Rebecca Holmberg and Molly F. Franke

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:563

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    In recent decades, Mycobacterium tuberculosis with the RDRio genotype, frequently isolated from tuberculosis patients in Rio de Janeiro, has become part of the Latin American – Mediterranean (LAM) family and has ...

    Authors: Isabela Neves de Almeida, Sidra Ezidio Gonçalves Vasconcellos, Lida Jouca de Assis Figueredo, Nayanne Gama Teixeira Dantas, Cláudio José Augusto, João Paulo Amaral Hadaad, Philip Noel Suffys, Wânia da Silva Carvalho and Silvana Spíndola de Miranda

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:556

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    Kazakhstan remains a high-burden TB prevalence country with a concomitent high-burden of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis. For this reason, we performed an in depth genetic diversity and population structure cha...

    Authors: B. J. Klotoe, S. Kacimi, E. Costa-Conceicão, H. M. Gomes, R. B. Barcellos, S. Panaiotov, D. Haj Slimene, N. Sikhayeva, S. Sengstake, A. R. Schuitema, M. Akhalaia, A. Alenova, E. Zholdybayeva, P. Tarlykov, R. Anthony, G. Refrégier…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:553

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    This retrospective study evaluated the performance of a lipoarabinomannan (LAM)-based immunological method for diagnosing pleural tuberculosis (TB) from pleural effusion samples. Results were compared to those...

    Authors: Qingtao Liang, Yu Pang, Yang Yang, Hua Li, Chao Guo, Xinting Yang and Xiaoyou Chen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:548

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    The role of health literacy on tuberculosis patients has not been evaluated in China, in part because few special health literacy measurements exist.

    Authors: Yan Li, Shaoru Zhang, Tianhua Zhang, Yi Cao, Weiping Liu, Hualin Jiang, Dan Ren, Jing Ren, Haini Liu and Zhongqiu Hua

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:545

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Bedaquiline was recently introduced into World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended regimens for treatment of drug resistant tuberculosis. There is limited data on the long-term safety of bedaquiline. Because...

    Authors: Jackie Jones, Vanessa Mudaly, Jacqueline Voget, Tracey Naledi, Gary Maartens and Karen Cohen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:544

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis rapid molecular assays, including GeneXpert MTB/RIF® and Loopamp MTBC Detection Kit®, are highly sensitive and specific. Such performance does not automatically translate in improved disease contr...

    Authors: Niaina Rakotosamimanana, Simon Grandjean Lapierre, Vaomalala Raharimanga, Mamy Serge Raherison, Astrid M. Knoblauch, Antso Hasina Raherinandrasana, Andrianantenaina Rakotoson, Julio Rakotonirina and Voahangy Rasolofo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:542

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    There is a pressing need for systematic approaches for monitoring how much TB treatment is ongoing in the private sector in India: both to cast light on the true scale of the problem, and to help monitor the p...

    Authors: Nimalan Arinaminpathy, Deepak Batra, Nilesh Maheshwari, Kishan Swaroop, Lokesh Sharma, Kuldeep Singh Sachdeva, Sunil Khaparde, Raghuram Rao, Devesh Gupta, Bhavin Vadera, Sreenivas A. Nair, Kiran Rade, Sameer Kumta and Puneet Dewan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:539

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    There is controversy regarding the relative influence of ‘exogenous’ versus ‘endogenous’ factors on the risk of progression from latent tuberculosis infection to active tuberculosis (TB) disease in children.

    Authors: Davaasambuu Ganmaa, Polyna Khudyakov, Uyanga Buyanjargal, Delgerekh Baigal, Munkhzul Baatar, Nomin Enkhamgalan, Sumiya Erdenebaatar, Batbayar Ochirbat, Buyankhishig Burneebaatar, Enkhtamir Purevdorj, Yanjindulam Purevsuren, Gantsetseg Garmaa, Erdenetuya Ganbaatar and Adrian R. Martineau

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:532

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    Leprosy is is still considered a public health issue and in Colombia 7–10% of new cases are found in children, indicating both active transmission and social inequality. We hypothesized that circulating antibo...

    Authors: Héctor Serrano-Coll, Hugo Rene Mora, Juan Camilo Beltrán, Malcolm S. Duthie and Nora Cardona-Castro

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:520

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    The island of Anjouan (Comoros) is highly endemic for leprosy with an annual incidence of 5–10/10,000. In May/June, 2015 single-dose Rifampicin post-exposure prophylaxis (SDR-PEP) was administered to 269 close...

    Authors: Nimer Ortuno-Gutierrez, Abdallah Baco, Sofie Braet, Assoumani Younoussa, Aboubacar Mzembaba, Zahara Salim, Mohamed Amidy, Saverio Grillone, Bouke C. de Jong, Jan Hendrik Richardus and Epco Hasker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:501

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    A delayed initiation of tuberculosis treatment results in high morbidity, mortality, and increased person-to-person transmissions. The aim of this study was to assess treatment delay and its associated factors...

    Authors: Kenaw Tegegne Tefera, Nebiyu Mesfin, Mebratu Mitiku Reta, Malede Mequanent Sisay, Koku Sisay Tamirat and Temesgen Yihunie Akalu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:489

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Delayed tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis and treatment increase morbidity, mortality, expenditure, and transmission in the community. This study assessed patient and provider related delays to diagnosis and treatme...

    Authors: Abyot Asres, Degu Jerene and Wakgari Deressa

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:481

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death from an infectious disease in Ethiopia, killing more than 30 thousand people every year. This study aimed to determine whether the rates of poor TB treatment out...

    Authors: Kefyalew Addis Alene, Kerri Viney, Darren J. Gray, Emma S. McBryde, Maereg Wagnew and Archie C. A. Clements

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:474

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    Microbiological criteria for diagnosing nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTM-PD) include positive culture results from at least two separately expectorated sputum specimens or one bronchial wash...

    Authors: Hyung-Jun Kim, Jong Hyuk Lee, Soon Ho Yoon, Sung A. Kim, Myoung Sil Kim, Sun Mi Choi, Jinwoo Lee, Chang-Hoon Lee, Sung Koo Han and Jae-Joon Yim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:468

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported that Yemen has a high burden of drug resistance and a worrying shortage of implemented diagnostic methods and drug treatment regimens. Therefore, in this study,...

    Authors: Ammar Ali Saleh Jaber and Baharudin Ibrahim

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:464

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    The multidrug therapy (MDT) for leprosy treatment adopted by Brazil in the 1990s was important for reducing leprosy in the country; however, recurrent cases remained problematic. Mechanisms involved in leprosy...

    Authors: Franciely Gomes Gonçalves, Andréa de Faria Fernandes Belone, Patrícia Sammarco Rosa and Gabriel Zorello Laporta

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:460

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Case report

    Leprosy typically manifests with skin and peripheral nerve involvement. Musculoskeletal complaints are the third most common, and can be the sole presenting manifestation. They range from arthralgia/arthritis ...

    Authors: Miguel Gomes Guerra, Taciana Marta Ferreira Cardoso Videira, Hugo Alexandre Gomes Morais, Telma Cristiana Resse Nunes Santos, Ricardo Jorge Ferreira Taipa, Miguel Araújo Abreu, Romana Carisa Carvalho Vieira, Diogo Miranda Gonçalves Guimarães da Fonseca, Joana Patrícia Abelha Aleixo dos Santos and Sandra Patrícia Abreu Monteiro Pinto

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:455

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Case report

    Mycolicibacterium phlei (M. phlei) is known to be a non-pathogenic nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) which rarely causes diseases in humans. A disseminated NTM infection is mostly caused by the Mycobacterium avi...

    Authors: Satomi Tanaka, Yoshihiko Hoshino, Takuro Sakagami, Hanako Fukano, Yohei Matsui and Osamu Hiranuma

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:454

    Published on:

  47. Content type: Research article

    Information on non-tuberculosis mycobacterial (NTM) diseases remains limited in Singapore and other Southeast Asian countries. This study aimed to delineate epidemiological and clinical features of pulmonary N...

    Authors: Zoe Xiaozhu Zhang, Benjamin Pei Zhi Cherng, Li-Hwei Sng and Yen Ee Tan

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:436

    Published on:

  48. Content type: Research article

    The study was conducted in a remote sputum sample collection sites and GeneXpert® MTB/RIF testing centers to detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Malawi. The main purpose of the study was to evaluate whether sput...

    Authors: Wondwossen A. Alemayehu, S. Neri, S. Dalebout, R. Nalikungwi, A. Trusov, E. Ahmed, A. Dimba, A. Weirich, P. S. Curry and C. D. Kelly-Cirino

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2019 19:424

    Published on: