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BMC Infectious Diseases

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Tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases

Section edited by Edward Graviss, Eyal Oren & Anna Vassall

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of of the prevention, diagnosis and management of tuberculosis and other mycobacterial diseases in humans, including HIV-associated tuberculosis, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Treatment outcomes serve as proxy measures of the quality of tuberculosis treatment provided by the health care system, and it is essential to evaluate the effectiveness of Directly Observed Therapy-Short cour...

    Authors: Fentabil Getnet, Henok Sileshi, Wubareg Seifu, Selam Yirga and Abere Shiferaw Alemu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:762

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis remains a major health problem and knowledge of the diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains in specific geographical regions can contribute to the control of the disease. This study describes...

    Authors: N. T. C. Maguga-Phasha, N. S. Munyai, F. Mashinya, M. E. Makgatho and E. F. Mbajiorgu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:764

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  3. Content type: Research article

    A lot of time and money was needed during the diagnosis and treatment process of leprosy, the delayed leprosy would also impair the labor capability of patients as well, and these put a heavy burden for the le...

    Authors: Mingzhou Xiong, Ming Li, Daocheng Zheng, Xiaohua Wang, Ting Su, Yongfeng Chen and Bin Yang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:760

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) and Non-tuberculosis Mycobacterium (NTM) infections differ clinically, making rapid identification and drug susceptibility testing (DST) very ...

    Authors: Kennedy Kwasi Addo, Samuel Ofori Addo, Gloria Ivy Mensah, Lydia Mosi and Frank Adae Bonsu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:743

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Meticulous identification and investigation of patients presenting with tuberculosis (TB) suggestive symptoms rarely happen in crowded outpatient departments (OPDs). Making health providers in OPDs diligently ...

    Authors: Sally-Ann Ohene, Frank Bonsu, Nii Nortey Hanson-Nortey, Ardon Toonstra, Adelaide Sackey, Knut Lonnroth, Mukund Uplekar, Samuel Danso, George Mensah, Felix Afutu, Paul Klatser and Mirjam Bakker

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:739

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  6. Content type: Research article

    We investigated the epidemiology and prevalence of potential risk factors of tuberculosis (TB) recurrence in a population-based registry cohort of 8084 TB cases between 1995 and 2013.

    Authors: Virve Korhonen, Hanna Soini, Tuula Vasankari, Jukka Ollgren, Pieter W. Smit and Petri Ruutu

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:721

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a threat for the global TB epidemic control. Despite existing evidence that individualized treatment of MDR-TB is superior to standardized regimens, the latter are ...

    Authors: Mayara Lisboa Bastos, Lorrayne Beliqui Cosme, Geisa Fregona, Thiago Nascimento do Prado, Adelmo Inácio Bertolde, Eliana Zandonade, Mauro N. Sanchez, Margareth Pretti Dalcolmo, Afrânio Kritski, Anete Trajman and Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:718

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a global health problem. Several studies have implicated genetic host factors in predisposing populations to TB disease. In this study, we have selected NSMAF (Neutral Sphingomyelinase A...

    Authors: Mounia Qrafli, Imane Asekkaj, Jamal Eddine Bourkadi, Rajae El Aouad and Khalid Sadki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:712

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Pyrazinamide (PZA) plays a unique role in the treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in both first- and second-line regimens. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and molecu...

    Authors: Yu Pang, Damian Zhu, Huiwen Zheng, Jing Shen, Yan Hu, Jie Liu and Yanlin Zhao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:711

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3) is an important factor for development and function of Regulatory T cells (Treg). Studies have found an association between common gene polymorphisms in FoxP3 and some infectious di...

    Authors: Elham Beiranvand, Saeid Abediankenari, Soghra Khani, Hamideh Mahmoodzadeh Hosseini, Sirous Zeinali, Behnoush Beiranvand, Mehdi Goudarzi and Sima Sadat Seyedjavadi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:673

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  11. Content type: Commentary

    A recently published Ugandan study on tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis in HIV-positive patients with presumptive smear-negative TB, which showed that out of 90 patients who started TB treatment, 20% (18/90) had a p...

    Authors: Tom Decroo, Aquiles R. Henríquez-Trujillo, Anja De Weggheleire and Lutgarde Lynen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:674

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Reported tuberculosis (TB) incidence globally continues to be heavily influenced by expert opinion of case detection rates and ecological estimates of disease duration. Both approaches are recognised as having...

    Authors: Debebe Shaweno, James M. Trauer, Justin T. Denholm and Emma S. McBryde

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:662

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  13. Content type: Technical advance

    Maintaining the quality of clinical specimens for tuberculosis (TB) testing is a major challenge in many high TB burden-limited resources countries. Sample referral systems in low and middle income countries a...

    Authors: Elisa Tagliani, Riccardo Alagna, Silva Tafaj, Hasan Hafizi and Daniela Maria Cirillo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:663

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Interim treatment outcomes at 6-months for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) treatment are among the most basic performance monitoring and key evaluation indicators in the Stop and End TB strategy of t...

    Authors: Muhammad Atif, Arslan Bashir, Nafees Ahmad, Razia Kaneez Fatima, Sehar Saba and Shane Scahill

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:655

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Since the recent introduction of GeneXepert for the detection of Tuberculosis (TB) drug resistance mutations in both primary resistance and acquired resistance in Zambia, little has been documented in literatu...

    Authors: Sepiso K. Masenga, Harrison Mubila and Benson M. Hamooya

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:640

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Sub-Saharan Africa continues to document high pediatric tuberculosis (TB) burden, especially among the urban poor. One recommended preventive strategy involves tracking and isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) f...

    Authors: Florence Nafula Okwara, John Paul Oyore, Fred Nabwire Were and Samson Gwer

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:623

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The relatively simple and cheaper light-emitting diode fluorescent microscopy (LED-FM) was recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to replace the conventional tuberculosis (TB) microscopy in both hi...

    Authors: Alemu Gadissa Gelalcha, Abebaw Kebede and Hassen Mamo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:613

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Concurrent diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis represent a significant health problem worldwide. Patients with diabetes mellitus have a high risk of tuberculosis, which may be mediated by an abnormal innate imm...

    Authors: María Teresa Herrera, Yolanda Gonzalez, Fernando Hernández-Sánchez, Guadalupe Fabián-San Miguel and Martha Torres

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:610

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Every year, over 1 million people develop isoniazid (INH) resistant tuberculosis (TB). Yet, the optimal treatment regimen remains unclear. Given increasing prevalence, the clinical efficacy of regimens used by...

    Authors: Kamila Romanowski, Leslie Y. Chiang, David Z. Roth, Mel Krajden, Patrick Tang, Victoria J. Cook and James C. Johnston

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:604

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  20. Content type: Research article

    In the search for fast, simple and better ways for diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB), there is need to discover and evaluate new biomarkers that are found in samples other than sputum to determine their effective...

    Authors: Anna Ritah Namuganga, Novel N. Chegou, Paul Mubiri, Gerhard Walzl and Harriet Mayanja-Kizza

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:600

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