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Parasitological diseases

Section edited by Honorine Ward & Laith Yakob 

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of the prevention, diagnosis and management of parasitological diseases in humans, as well as related studies on molecular and cellular biology, pathophysiology, and epidemiology.

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  1. Asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum parasitemia (APFP) has been reported to be highly prevalent in Sub-Saharan Africa, a region heavily burdened by malaria, yet, the impact of APFP on the immunological reference v...

    Authors: Eduardo Samo Gudo, António Prista and Ilesh V Jani

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:244

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The distribution of and factors associated with intestinal parasitic infections are poorly defined in high risk vulnerable populations such as urban slums in tropical sub-Saharan Africa.

    Authors: Cecilia Kathure Mbae, David James Nokes, Erastus Mulinge, Joyce Nyambura, Anthony Waruru and Samuel Kariuki

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:243

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Malaria is a public health problem in Uganda; affecting mainly women and children. Effective treatment has been hampered by over-diagnosis and over-treatment with anti-malarial drugs among patients presenting ...

    Authors: Anthony K Mbonye, Josephine Birungi, Stephanie Yanow and Pascal Magnussen

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:237

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Particular cytokine gene polymorphisms are involved in the regulation of the antibody production. The consequences of already described IL-4, IL-10 and IL-13 gene polymorphisms on biological parameters and antibo...

    Authors: Adjimon Gatien Lokossou, Célia Dechavanne, Aziz Bouraïma, David Courtin, Agnès Le Port, Rodolphe Ladékpo, Julien Noukpo, Désiré Bonou, Claude Ahouangninou, Audrey Sabbagh, Benjamin Fayomi, Achille Massougbodji, André Garcia and Florence Migot-Nabias

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:215

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The present study sought to investigate the association between HLA-A, HLA-B and HLA-DRB1 genes and susceptibility or resistance to the different clinical manifestations of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (AC...

    Authors: Rejane C Ribas-Silva, Adriana D Ribas, Maria CG dos Santos, Waldir V da Silva, Maria VC Lonardoni, Sueli D Borelli and Thaís GV Silveira

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:198

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Countries aiming for malaria elimination need to define their malariogenic potential, of which measures of both receptive and current transmission are major components. As Namibia pursues malaria elimination, ...

    Authors: Abdisalan M Noor, Petrina Uusiku, Richard N Kamwi, Stark Katokele, Benson Ntomwa, Victor A Alegana and Robert W Snow

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:184

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Reservoirs created by damming rivers are often believed to increase malaria incidence risk and/or stretch the period of malaria transmission. In this paper, we report the effects of a mega hydropower dam on P. fa...

    Authors: Delenasaw Yewhalaw, Yehenew Getachew, Kora Tushune, Kifle W/Michael, Wondwossen Kassahun, Luc Duchateau and Niko Speybroeck

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:161

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) is a disseminated protozoan infection caused by Leishmania donovani parasites which affects almost half a million persons annually. Most of these are from the Indian sub-continent, Eas...

    Authors: Ibrahim Abbasi, Samar Aramin, Asrat Hailu, Welelta Shiferaw, Aysheshm Kassahun, Shewaye Belay, Charles Jaffe and Alon Warburg

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:153

    Content type: Technical advance

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  9. Amoebic liver abscess (ALA) is the most frequent clinical presentation of extra-intestinal amoebiasis. The diagnosis of ALA is typically based on the developing clinical symptoms, characteristic changes on rad...

    Authors: Tan Zi Ning, Wong Weng Kin, Rahmah Noordin, See Too Wei Cun, Foo Phiaw Chong, Zeehaida Mohamed, Alfonso Olivos-Garcia and Lim Boon Huat

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:144

    Content type: Research article

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  10. In heavily endemic malaria areas, it is almost inevitable that malarial infection will be associated with anaemia, although malaria may not be the prime cause of it. Anaemia is a major public health problem in...

    Authors: Irene Ule Ngole Sumbele, Moses Samje and Theresa Nkuo-Akenji

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:123

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Malaria is the commonest imported infection in the UK. Malaria requiring ICU admission has a reported mortality of up to 25%. The relationship between ethnicity, immunity, and risk of malaria is complex. The M...

    Authors: Michael E Marks, Margaret Armstrong, Muhiddin M Suvari, Steve Batson, Christopher J M Whitty, Peter L Chiodini, Geoff Bellinghan and Justin F Doherty

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:118

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Children presenting to hospital with recent or current Plasmodium falciparum malaria are at increased the risk of invasive bacterial disease, largely enteric gram-negative organisms (ENGO), which is associated wi...

    Authors: Peter Olupot-Olupot, Britta C Urban, Julie Jemutai, Julius Nteziyaremye, Harry M Fanjo, Henry Karanja, Japhet Karisa, Paul Ongodia, Patrick Bwonyo, Evelyn N Gitau, Alison Talbert, Samuel Akech and Kathryn Maitland

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:117

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Human babesiosis is a rare tick-borne infectious disease. The clinical presentation ranges from an asymptomatic form to a life threatening infection with severe hemolysis. Human babesiosis due to Babesia microti ...

    Authors: Elodie Poisnel, Mikael Ebbo, Yael Berda-Haddad, Benoit Faucher, Emmanuelle Bernit, Bernard Carcy, Renaud Piarroux, Jean-Robert Harlé and Nicolas Schleinitz

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:99

    Content type: Case report

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  14. With declining vectorial transmission, Chagas disease predominantly affects adults nowadays. The efficacy of nifurtimox in the chronic phase in adult patients is poorly known, particularly in regions where the...

    Authors: Yves Jackson, Eric Chatelain, Anne Mauris, Marylise Holst, Qianqian Miao, Francois Chappuis and Momar Ndao

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:85

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Strongyloidiasis is commonly a clinically unapparent, chronic infection, but immuno suppressed subjects can develop fatal disease. We carried out a review of literature on hyperinfection syndrome (HS) and diss...

    Authors: Dora Buonfrate, Ana Requena-Mendez, Andrea Angheben, Jose Muñoz, Federico Gobbi, Jef Van Den Ende and Zeno Bisoffi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:78

    Content type: Research article

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  16. An improved understanding in transmission variation of kala-azar is fundamental to conduct surveillance and implementing disease prevention strategies. This study investigated the spatio-temporal patterns and ...

    Authors: Gouri Sankar Bhunia, Shreekant Kesari, Nandini Chatterjee, Vijay Kumar and Pradeep Das

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:64

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a major public health problem in Bangladesh with the highest disease burden in the Mymensingh District. The disease is transmitted by sand fly bites, but it may also be transmitt...

    Authors: M Mamun Huda, Shikha Rudra, Debashis Ghosh, Khondaker Rifat Hasan Bhaskar, Rajib Chowdhury, Aditya Prasad Dash, Sujit Kumar Bhattacharya, Rashidul Haque and Dinesh Mondal

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:62

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Acute schistosomiasis constitutes a rare but serious condition in individuals experiencing their first prepatent Schistosoma infection. To circumvent costly and time-consuming diagnostics, an early and rapid diag...

    Authors: Dominic Wichmann, Sven Poppert, Heidrun Von Thien, Joannes Clerinx, Sebastian Dieckmann, Mogens Jensenius, Philippe Parola, Joachim Richter, Mirjam Schunk, August Stich, Philipp Zanger, Gerd D Burchard and Egbert Tannich

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:55

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Persistent digestive disorders account for considerable disease burden in the tropics. Despite advances in understanding acute gastrointestinal infections, important issues concerning epidemiology, diagnosis, ...

    Authors: Sören L Becker, Jürg Vogt, Stefanie Knopp, Marcus Panning, David C Warhurst, Katja Polman, Hanspeter Marti, Lutz von Müller, Cedric P Yansouni, Jan Jacobs, Emmanuel Bottieau, Moussa Sacko, Suman Rijal, Fransiska Meyanti, Michael A Miles, Marleen Boelaert…

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:37

    Content type: Review

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  20. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a predominantly rural disease, common in the low lands of eastern Nepal. Since 1997 VL cases have also been reported among residents of the city of Dharan. Our main research obje...

    Authors: Surendra Uranw, Epco Hasker, Lalita Roy, Filip Meheus, Murari Lal Das, Narayan Raj Bhattarai, Suman Rijal and Marleen Boelaert

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:21

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Expatriates are a distinct population at unique risk for health problems related to their travel exposure.

    Authors: Poh-Lian Lim, Pauline Han, Lin H Chen, Susan MacDonald, Prativa Pandey, DeVon Hale, Patricia Schlagenhauf, Louis Loutan, Annelies Wilder-Smith, Xiaohong M Davis and David O Freedman

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:386

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The immune response to Schistosoma mansoni is characterized by a granulomatous reaction around the parasite eggs that are trapped in the host liver, and this reaction modulates the immune response during the chro...

    Authors: Roberta Oliveira-Prado, Iramaya Rodrigues Caldas, Andréa Teixeira-Carvalho, Marcus Vinicius Andrade, Rafaelle Christine Gomes Fares, Laís Maroni Portugal, Andréa Gazzinelli, Rodrigo Corrêa-Oliveira and José Renan Cunha-Melo

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:380

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a complication of severe malaria, and rhabdomyolysis with myoglobinuria is an uncommon cause. We report an unusual case of severe falciparum malaria with dengue coinfection complic...

    Authors: Kok Pin Yong, Ban Hock Tan and Chian Yong Low

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:364

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Toxoplasmosis is a common parasitic infection caused by an obligate intracellular protozoan, Toxoplasma gondii. If primary toxoplasmosis occurs during pregnancy about one third of the cases could lead to congenit...

    Authors: Endalew Zemene, Delenasaw Yewhalaw, Solomon Abera, Tariku Belay, Abdi Samuel and Ahmed Zeynudin

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:337

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Specific land cover types and activities have been correlated with Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense distributions, indicating the importance of landscape for epidemiological risk. However, methods proposed to ident...

    Authors: Nicola A Wardrop, Eric M Fèvre, Peter M Atkinson, Abbas SL Kakembo and Susan C Welburn

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:316

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The mosquito Aedes albopictus is undergoing a worldwide expansion with potential consequences on transmission of various arboviruses. This species has been first detected in Lebanon in 2003.

    Authors: Nabil Haddad, Laurence Mousson, Marie Vazeille, Soulaima Chamat, Joelle Tayeh, Mike Abboud Osta and Anna-Bella Failloux

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:300

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The effects of helminth co-infection on malaria in humans remain uncertain. This study aimed to evaluate the nature of association of intestinal helminths with prevalence and clinical outcomes of Plasmodium infec...

    Authors: Abraham Degarege, Mengistu Legesse, Girmay Medhin, Abebe Animut and Berhanu Erko

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:291

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Rapid demographic growth in Douala city, Cameroon, has resulted in profound ecological and environmental changes. Although demographic changes can affect anopheline mosquito breeding sites, there is a lack of ...

    Authors: Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio, Blaise Defo-Talom, Romuald Tagne-Fotso, Billy Tene-Fossog, Cyrille Ndo, Leopold Gustave Lehman, Timoléon Tchuinkam, Pierre Kengne and Parfait Awono-Ambene

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:275

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Managing a severe dengue infection is a challenge specially when complicated by other comorbidities. We report a patient with dengue haemorrhagic fever and spontaneous bleeding who required mandatory anticoagu...

    Authors: Champika Gamakaranage, Chaturaka Rodrigo, Sincy Samarawickrama, Dilushi Wijayaratne, Malaka Jayawardane, Panduka Karunanayake and Saroj Jayasinghe

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:272

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Burkholderia pseudomallei, the etiologic agent of melioidosis, is endemic to tropic regions, mainly in Southeast Asia and northern Australia. Melioidosis occurs only sporadically in travellers returning from dis...

    Authors: Detlev Schultze, Brigitt Müller, Thomas Bruderer, Günter Dollenmaier, Julia M Riehm and Katia Boggian

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:242

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Appropriate monitoring of vector insecticide susceptibility is required to provide the rationale for optimal insecticide selection in vector control programs.

    Authors: Mouhamadou S Chouaibou, Joseph Chabi, Georgina V Bingham, Tessa B Knox, Louis N’Dri, Nestor B Kesse, Bassirou Bonfoh and Helen V Pates Jamet

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:214

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The diagnosis of the leishmaniases poses enormous challenges in Argentina. The Polymorphism-Specific PCR (PS-PCR) designed and validated in our laboratories has been proven effective for typifying the Leishmania ...

    Authors: Jorge D Marco, Paola A Barroso, Tatsuyuki Mimori, Fabricio M Locatelli, Ayako Tomatani, María C Mora, S Pamela Cajal, Julio R Nasser, Luis A Parada, Taketoshi Taniguchi, Masataka Korenaga, Miguel A Basombrío and Yoshihisa Hashiguchi

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:191

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Dengue is considered one of the most common mosquito borne illnesses in the world. Although its clinical course is usually uneventful, complications have rarely been known to arise. These include neurological ...

    Authors: Eranda C Ratnayake, Chrishan Shivanthan and Bandula C Wijesiriwardena

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:46

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Forward planning and preventative measures before travelling can significantly reduce the risk of many vaccine preventable travel-related infectious diseases. Higher education students may be at an increased r...

    Authors: Anita E Heywood, Meng Zhang, C Raina MacIntyre and Holly Seale

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:43

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Establishing antibody correlates of protection against malaria in human field studies and clinical trials requires, amongst others, an accurate estimation of antibody levels. For polymorphic antigens such as a...

    Authors: Kwadwo A Kusi, Daniel Dodoo, Samuel Bosomprah, Marjolein van der Eijk, Bart W Faber, Clemens HM Kocken and Edmond J Remarque

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:32

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Leptospires are presumed to enter their host via small abrasions or breaches of the skin. The intraperitoneal route, although commonly used in guinea pig and hamster models of leptospirosis, does not reflect c...

    Authors: Yan Zhang, Xiao-Li Lou, Hong-Liang Yang, Xiao-Kui Guo, Xiang-Yan Zhang, Ping He and Xu-Cheng Jiang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:20

    Content type: Research article

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  37. The first-ever round of school-based mass drug administration (MDA) with praziquantel together with mebendazole targeting school-aged children in endemic districts was conducted in 2009 by the National Neglect...

    Authors: Mary H Hodges, Nsa Dada, Anna Warmsley, Jusufu Paye, Momodu M Bangura, Emanuel Nyorkor, Mustapha Sonnie and Yaobi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:16

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The human malaria parasite remains a burden in developing nations. It is responsible for up to one million deaths a year, a number that could rise due to increasing multi-drug resistance to all antimalarial dr...

    Authors: Serena Cervantes, Paige E Stout, Jacques Prudhomme, Sebastian Engel, Matthew Bruton, Michael Cervantes, David Carter, Young Tae-Chang, Mark E Hay, William Aalbersberg, Julia Kubanek and Karine G Le Roch

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:1

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Although malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) have been extensively evaluated since their introduction in the early 1990's, sensitivity and specificity vary widely limiting successful integration into clinica...

    Authors: Lisa K Allen, Jennifer M Hatfield, Giselle DeVetten, Jeremy C Ho and Mange Manyama

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:308

    Content type: Research article

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  40. In Tanzania, malaria is the major cause of morbidity and mortality, accounting for about 30% of all hospital admissions and around 15% of all hospital deaths. Severe anaemia and cerebral malaria are the two ma...

    Authors: Hamisi A Msangeni, Mathias L Kamugisha, Samuel H Sembuche, Ezekiel K Malecela, Juma A Akida, Filbert F Temba, Bruno P Mmbando and Martha M Lemnge

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:256

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Offspring of women with schistosomiasis may exhibit immune responsiveness to schistosomes due to in utero sensitisation or trans-placental transfer of antibodies. Praziquantel treatment during pregnancy boosts ma...

    Authors: Robert Tweyongyere, Patrice A Mawa, Macklyn Kihembo, Frances M Jones, Emily L Webb, Stephen Cose, David W Dunne, Birgitte J Vennervald and Alison M Elliott

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:234

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Conventional serological tests, using total soluble proteins or a cocktail of recombinant proteins from T. cruzi as antigens, are highly sensitive for Chagas disease diagnosis. This type of tests, however, does n...

    Authors: Ana Fernández-Villegas, María Jesús Pinazo, Concepción Marañón, M Carmen Thomas, Elizabeth Posada, Bartolomé Carrilero, Manuel Segovia, Joaquim Gascon and Manuel C López

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:206

    Content type: Research article

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  43. In Ethiopia, because of low quality drinking water supply and latrine coverage, helminths infections are the second most predominant causes of outpatient morbidity. Indeed, there is a scarcity of information o...

    Authors: Abebe Alemu, Asmamaw Atnafu, Zelalem Addis, Yitayal Shiferaw, Takele Teklu, Biniam Mathewos, Wubet Birhan, Simon Gebretsadik and Baye Gelaw

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:189

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Countries aiming for malaria elimination require a detailed understanding of the current intensity of malaria transmission within their national borders. National household sample surveys are now being used to...

    Authors: Abdisalan M Noor, Maoulid B Mohamed, Cleopatra K Mugyenyi, Mouna A Osman, Hawa H Guessod, Caroline W Kabaria, Ifrah A Ahmed, Mary Nyonda, Jackie Cook, Christopher J Drakeley, Margaret J Mackinnon and Robert W Snow

    Citation: BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:121

    Content type: Research article

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